Ortho R. Fairbanks

Ortho R. Fairbanks was one of the many members of the Fairbanks family who have been prominent artists. Fairbanks was the grandson of painter John B. Fairbanks and the grand-nephew of Avard Fairbanks, he was born in Salt Lake City and received a BFA from the University of Utah in 1952 taking classes from his Uncle Avard. He received his MFA in 1953 from the University of Utah, he married Myrna on February 1949, right before he left on an LDS church mission to New Zealand. From 1960 to 1968 Fairbanks was a professor at the Church College of Hawaii, he contributed carvings to some of Avard Fairbanks's works. He taught at the Northland Pioneer College. In 1965, Fairbanks was in Italy doing a study of sculpture in Italy and was able to obtain a copy of Vincenzo Di Francesca's unique conversion story to the LDS Church, which he gave to the Improvement Era, the first to print it, it was adapted into the film How Rare a Possession by the LDS Church. Fairbanks sculpted a monument to John Morgan and his commercial college, one of the first business schools in Utah.

He has made a sculpture to remember young children who die. The statue of Karl G. Maeser on Brigham Young University campus is by Fairbanks. Fairbanks's busts of Brigham Young, David O. McKay and Ezra Taft Benson are on display at the LDS Conference Center, he has made sculptures of Hyrum Smith, Orson Pratt, Philo T. Farnsworth. Ortho Fairbanks sculpted a bust of the prophet Joseph Smith, he had access to the death mask of Joseph for facial details. A copy is owned by the Church History Museum in Utah. A copy is on display in the Harold B. Lee Library

Operation Martyr's Right

Operation Martyr's Right is an ongoing military operation conducted by the Egyptian Armed Forces in cooperation with the Egyptian National Police officers, aimed at rooting out and killing jihadist militants. The operation was launched on 7 September 2015, it is considered to be the largest military action in the Sinai Peninsula in months. The operation targets sites in Rafah and Sheikh Zuweid, all towns in northern area of the peninsula. A part of the larger background of an international campaign against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, over two hundred militants tied to the terrorist group have been reported dead. According to The Economist, despite the heavy toll on the militants, their ranks appeared only to be growing, as a result of the harsh methods used against the local populations by the Egyptian security forces. According to the official armed forces spokesman, the operation has been launched based on an estimation of the situation and fresh information about many hideouts and targets.

The operation came days after the Sinai Province militant group released a video documenting its attacks on the Egyptian military in Sinai, including footage of a wire-guided missile strike that destroyed a naval vessel. Eyewitnesses in North Sinai confirmed there had been a buildup for the operation and an increased number of security checkpoints; the Egyptian military deployed naval special forces units in order to patrol the shore line and prevent any attempt for the militants to receive help or escape by sea. As of 17 September, over four hundred ISIL fighters are believed to have been killed. First phase On 23 September 2015, the Egyptian military spokesman announced the ending of the first phase of the operation, after 16 days, resulting in the following: The destruction of a vast network of militant-sanctuaries, weapons and explosives storage warehouses. Achieve full control over all the roads and the main axes and sub extended ones in the cities of Rafah, Sheikh Zuweid, Al-Arish, the surrounding villages.

The destruction of a large number of armed trucks and motorcycles used by the militants in their operations. The disposal of large amounts of explosives and IEDs. Second phase The second stage of the operation began on 7 October 2015, in commemoration of Egypt's victory in the 6 October War; the second phase included development projects and reconstruction of Northern Sinai cities that were damaged by fighting in the first phase of the operation as well as humanitarian aid to civilians in those areas. Third phase Fourth phase Fifth phase Sixth phase Military intervention against ISIL Timeline of the Sinai insurgency