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Sean Taylor

Sean Michael Maurice Taylor was an American football free safety for the Washington Redskins of the National Football League. He was drafted by the Redskins with the fifth overall pick of the 2004 NFL Draft where he played for four seasons until his death in 2007; as a high school player, Taylor led Gulliver Prep to a Florida state championship and rushed for a state record 44 touchdowns in a season. He subsequently played college football as a defensive back for the University of Miami, where he was a member of the Hurricanes' 2001 BCS National Championship team, earned unanimous All-American honors. Taylor's success in college led to him being selected in the first round of the 2004 draft by the Redskins where he gained a reputation as a hard-hitting player. Due to his ferocious hits, several of his Redskins teammates nicknamed him "Meast", from the expression "half man, half beast." He made one Pro Bowl appearance in 2006. During the 2007 NFL season, on November 26 Taylor was shot by intruders at his Miami area home and died the next day on November 27.

His death led to an outpouring of national support and sympathy in the Washington, D. C. area, where Taylor had been a fan favorite as a Redskin, the Miami area, where he had starred in high school and college. Posthumously, he earned First Team All-Pro honors. Sean Taylor was born in Florida to Pedro Taylor, a policeman, Donna Junor, he spent his early years growing up with his great-grandmother Aulga Clarke in Homestead and moved to his father's home at the age of 11. Taylor was baptized at the Bethel Seventh-day Adventist Church in Florida City by Pastor David Peay, and many members of his family transferred their membership to the Perrine Seventh-day Adventist Church in Miami. He grew up in a low-income neighborhood on a street lined with candy-colored houses. Taylor played high school football in Pinecrest, a suburb of Miami, he began his high school football career at Miami Killian High School, a Class 2A public school, but transferred to Gulliver Preparatory School, a Class prep school, where he was a three-sport star in football and basketball.

He played both defense. Despite missing the first game of the season, he helped Gulliver win the Florida Class 2A State Championship in 2000 with a 14–1 record. Taylor was a star on both sides of the ball during that season, playing running back, defensive back and linebacker, he rushed for 1,400 yards and a state-record 44 touchdowns and on two separate occasions, rushed for more than 200 yards during Gulliver's state playoff run. He compiled more than 100 tackles during the season and scored three touchdowns in the state title game victory over Marianna High School. In track & field, Taylor won the state 2A 100-meter dash in 2000 and was one of the state's top 400-meter dash sprinters. At Gulliver, Taylor was a teammate of future NFL player Buck Ortega, his championship HS team was coached by Steve Howey, Ralph Ortega, Dirk Moran, Lee Horn, Dave Burns, John McCloskey. Taylor was considered the No. 1 prospect in Miami-Dade County by the Miami Herald. He was rated the nation's No. 1 skill athlete and an All-American by Super Prep.

Taylor was an Orlando Sentinel Super Southern Team selection, the No. 1 athlete on the Florida Times-Union Super 75 list and rated the No. 1 player in Florida by The Gainesville Sun. In 2007, he was named to the Florida High School Association All-Century Team, which selected the Top 33 players in the 100-year history of high school football in the state. After his death, Taylor was honored at Gulliver by a plaque, placed in the school's cafeteria; the football field at Gulliver Prep was renamed Sean Taylor Memorial Field on September 5, 2009. Taylor was recruited to play for coach Larry Coker's Miami Hurricanes football team at the University of Miami, he was a member of the Hurricanes track & field team, competing in events such as the 100-meter and 200-meters. As a freshman, Taylor carved a niche for himself in Miami's secondary in nickel and dime defensive schemes. During the season, Taylor was named Big East Special Teams Player of the Week for his performance against the Pittsburgh Panthers.

The Hurricanes won the national championship in 2001. In 2002, his first season as a starter, Taylor was a second-team All-Big East selection by the league's head coaches, he finished third on the team in tackles with 85, broke up 15 passes, intercepted 4 passes, forced one fumble, blocked one kick and returned a punt for a touchdown. He led all Miami defensive backs in tackles and passes broken up, had a career-high 11 tackles and intercepted 2 passes in the Fiesta Bowl loss to Ohio State, he made a critical play during the game, in which he intercepted Buckeyes quarterback Craig Krenzel in the endzone and returned the ball out of the endzone. Buckeyes running back Maurice Clarett ran Taylor down, in the process stripped the ball away from him. Clarett recovered the ball for Ohio State, allowing them to kick a field goal to go up 17–7 at the time; this fumble was one of Miami's 5 turnovers and was viewed as critical in the Hurricanes 31-24 double overtime loss. Taylor produced a historic season during his final year at Miami that culminated with a plethora of honors and awards.

He was named a unanimous first-team All-American, the Big East Conference Defensive Player of the Year and a finalist for the Jim Thorpe Award, given to the nation's best defensive back. He led the Big East Conference and ranked first nationally in interceptions with 10, tying the record for interceptions in a season with former Hurricanes standout Bennie Bl

Karl Gerhardt

Karl Gerhardt was a United States sculptor, best known for his death mask of President Ulysses S. Grant and a portrait bust of Mark Twain. Karl Gerhardt was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on January 7, 1853, he attended Phillips School in Boston. By 1870 he was apprenticed to a house painter in Chicopee, where he became a machinist at Ames Foundry, he showed considerable talent in mechanics, became a designer of machinery at Hartford, Connecticut. In 1874, he went to California. By 1880, he had returned east to Hartford, married Harriet Josephine Gloyd, he worked for a spell as chief machinist at the Pratt and Whitney Machine Tool Company in Hartford and pursued sculpting in his leisure hours. His first known sculpture was a bust of his wife, titled, A Startled Bather. On February 21, 1881, Harriet Gerhardt knocked on Samuel Clemens's door and asked Clemens to come to their home to view a sculpture that Gerhardt had completed. Clemens went to the couple's home and was surprised to see that the sculpture was a life sized depiction of Josie, nude to the waist.

Clemens asked painter James Wells Champney and prominent portrait bust sculptor, John Quincy Adams Ward to evaluate Gerhardt's work. After consulting with the art experts and his wife Olivia decided to finance Gerhard's art education in Paris at the École des Beaux-Arts. With the support of Clemens's prominent artist friends, including Ward, Augustus St. Gaudens and Olin Warner, Gerhardt sailed to Paris with his wife in March 1881. Gerhardt passed the entrance examination to the École des Beaux-Arts on his first attempt and was enrolled in classes by August 1881. Gerhard soon requested additional money from Clemens to pay for living models and private art instruction. Clemens agreed to the extra funding and offered drawing lessons for Gerhardt's wife, whom Clemens affectionately called "Mrs Joe". By 1883, the Gerhardts sent letters to Clemens asking for more funds. Clemens helped Gerhard in getting commissions, was instrumental in Gerhard being given the commission for a Nathan Hale statute for the Connecticut Capitol in Hartford in 1885.

A photograph of the portrait bust of Clemens, that Gerhardt created, was used on the frontispiece of Clemens's first edition of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Over time, Clemens became dissatisfied with Gerhardt's constant demands for funds and his lack of gratitude. Putting his disappointment aside, Clemens passed along Gerhardt's request to Adam Badeau, Grant's military secretary, to cast the death mask of the terminally ill President Grant. Grant's son Fred agreed to the request. After President Grant had died and the death mask had been cast, Gerhardt refused to give the mask to Grant's family, asserting that the mask was his personal property. Clemens was dismayed by Gerhardt's refusal, intervened when the family threatened Gerhardt with a lawsuit. Clemens agreed to forgive all debts that Gerhard owed to Clemens and his wife, an amount of $17,000, in return for returning the mask to Grant's family, it is not known if Clemens was aware at the time that Gerhardt had secretly made a second death mask of Grant.

In the mid- to late 1880s, Gerhardt received commissions for memorial statues in New Jersey, New York, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania. Gerhardt's wife gave birth to a son, Lawrence, in 1890. In the late 1880s, Clemens faced financial difficulties of his own due to investment failures, he moved with his family to Europe. Gerhard's sole patron would no longer be able to help him find work. Gerhardt's commissions had decreased by 1891 and he sought work as a draftsman and machinist. In 1897, Gerhardt was working for Pope Manufacturing Company in Hartford. Gerhardt's wife died in 1897 succumbing to tetanus after being injured by a rusty nail. By 1906, Gerhardt had moved to New Orleans. In 1909, it was reported by the New Orleans Times Democrat that the famous sculptor was struggling financially and working as a manual laborer. By 1920, Gerhardt had moved to Shreveport and was working as a tailor. Gerhardt died May 1940, in Shreveport. Statuette of Mercury, Mark Twain House, Connecticut, 1883. A copy after a statue at the Naples National Archaeological Museum, in Naples Italy.

Statuette of Echo, Mark Twain House, Connecticut, 1883. Bust of Samuel L. Clemens, Mark Twain House, Connecticut, 1884. Bust of Henry Ward Beecher, Mark Twain House, Connecticut, 1885. Bust of Ulysses S. Grant, Connecticut State Library, Connecticut, 1885. Statue of Nathan Hale, Connecticut State Capitol, Connecticut, 1885–86. Equestrian statue of General Israel Putnam, South Cemetery, Connecticut, 1887–88. Statue of Josiah Bartlett, Huntington Square, Massachusetts, 1888. A signer of the Declaration of Independence. Memorial tablet to John Fitch, Connecticut State Capitol, Connecticut, 1888. Carrie Welton Fountain, The Green, Connecticut, 1888. Statue of Seth Boyden, Washington Park, New Jersey, 1890. Statue of Governor Richard Hubbard, Connecticut State Capitol, Connecticut, 1890. Statue of General George J. Stannard, Lakeview Cemetery, Vermont, 1891. Sculpture group: Pioneers of the Territory, Iowa State Capitol, Des Moines, Iowa, 1892. Statue of Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, Military Park, New Jersey, 1894–1904.

Soldiers' Monument, 2nd & Monument Streets, New York, 1887–88. Soldiers' Monument, Stevens Park, New Jersey, 1887–88. Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument, Oneida Square, New York, 1887–91, George Keller, architect. Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument, Brooklyn Post Office, Connectic

South African National Lottery

The National Lottery is operated by ITHUBA Holdings, to whom the licence was granted in 2015. The lottery is regulated by the National Lottery Commission, was established in 2000. Lottery tickets may be bought only by people of at least 18 years of age. In the 2007 fiscal year transaction values totalled R3.972 billion, with an average of five million transactions per week. In the 2012 National lottery generated R4.7 billion in sales of Powerball tickets. Lotto is the most popular type of gambling in South Africa but Powerball has been the faster-growing for last years due to its high payouts; the National lottery was introduced to South Africa on 11 March 2000. At the time it was run by Uthingo. After a marketing effort that aimed to reach 80 percent of South African homes directly more than 800,000 tickets were sold in the first day of availability Nearly R70 million worth of tickets were sold in the first three weeks of operation. In October 2002 operator Uthingo suggested a daily lottery to supplement the weekly draw.

The concept, called Keno, was rejected by the trade and industry ministry in March 2003. In November 2003 the Lotto Plus game was launched, acting as a supplementary weekly lottery available on the purchase of a primary lottery ticket, with an entry fee of R1. In July 2006 the Gidani consortium, featuring Greek company Intralot as a technical partner, was judged the preferred bidder to operate the lottery for seven years starting April 2007; the operating licence was awarded in October 2006. In March 2007 the Pretoria High Court set aside that award on application by incumbent Uthingo, finding that the failure to adequately investigate the shareholders in some bidding consortia left room for conflicts of interest. Following the final draw by incumbent Uthingo, the lottery was indefinitely suspended in April 2007. In September the operating licence was awarded to Gidani again; when ticket sales re-opened in October more than 200,000 tickets were sold within the first three hours. Gidani introduced scratch cards, but they were discontinued for several months when they lost their licence to Ithuba.

In 2015, Lotto licences were awarded to ITHUBA. In 2015, 2 new games were introduced by Ithuba: EAZiWIN, an instant win game consisting of four types of indigenous inspired games. Players must be 18 years or older Tickets may be bought in person at approved retailers, handheld partners and participating banks in South Africa. Online purchase of tickets are only available to people who have an ABSA, FNB, Nedbank and Standard Bank account or have registered on the South African National Lottery website and are residents of South Africa with a South African ID. 8 games operate under the South African National Lottery brand: Players buy tickets with their choice of six different numbers between 1 and 52. In the draw, six numbered balls are drawn without replacement from a set of 52 balls numbered from 1 to 52. A further Bonus Ball is drawn, which affects only players who match five numbers. Prizes are awarded to players who match at least three of the six drawn numbers, with prizes increasing for matching more of the drawn numbers.

All players who match all six drawn numbers win equal shares of the jackpot. If four, five, or six balls are matched, the relevant prize is divided between all who match that many balls. If no player matches all six numbers, the jackpot is added to that of the next Lotto draw—a Rollover; the entry fee to the LOTTO draw is set at R5.00 per board. The draw is conducted on Wednesdays and Saturdays on SABC 2 at 20:56. LOTTO PLUS 1 is the same as LOTTO, but gives the player a second chance to win; when buying a LOTTO ticket, the player must pay an extra R2.50 per board to enter the LOTTO PLUS 1 draw. Odds are the same, while prizes are slightly lower; the draw is conducted on Wednesdays and Saturdays on SABC 2 at 20:56. LOTTO PLUS 2 is the same as LOTTO, but gives the player a third chance to win; when buying a LOTTO ticket, the player must pay an extra R2.50 per board to enter the LOTTO PLUS 2 draw. Odds are the same, while prizes are slightly lower; the draw is conducted on Wednesdays and Saturdays on SABC 2 at 20:56.

When introduced, the PowerBall jackpot draw required players to pick five main numbers from 1 to 45 and one'PowerBall' number from 1 to 20 for an entry fee of R5 per board. Prizes may be won by matching the main numbers, with matches of the PowerBall number winning higher prizes; the top prize of the game is won by matching all five main numbers as well as the PowerBall. Draws take place on Tuesdays and Fridays on E.tv at 21:00. After 28 November 2015, odds were changed as more possibilities to win. An example of the recent additions were, if the player matched only the Powerball, he or she would win money, while before, that ticket would not win anything. In addition, the number of main balls was raised from 45 to 50; the record prize for any Lottery game in South Africa was in PowerBall at R102,016,595. This prize was never collected; the highest claimed prize was from PowerBall at R91,068,427 PowerBall PLUS is the same as PowerBall, but gives the player a second chance to win. When buying a PowerBall ticket, the player must pay an extra R2.50 per board to enter the PowerBall PLUS draw.

Odds are the same, while prizes are slightly lower. Powerball PLUS was a more recent game added by the National Lottery of South Africa and is the newest game, it was introduced on 28 November 2015. Draws take place on Tuesdays and Fridays on E.tv at 21:00. A player can play SPORTSTAKE 13 by pr