click links in text for more info

Searcy County, Arkansas

Searcy County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,195; the county seat is Marshall. The county was formed December 13, 1838, from a portion of Marion County and named for Richard Searcy, the first clerk and judge in the Arkansas Territory; the city of Searcy, some seventy miles away, shares the name despite having never been part of Searcy County. The county is dry county. During the American Civil War, Searcy County, Arkansas had strong, pro-Union leanings, forming an organization known as the "Arkansas Peace Society"; the Chocolate Roll is a dessert little known outside the near region. A typical Chocolate Roll is made from pie dough spread with a mixture of cocoa powder and sugar rolled up and baked. In 2012 The Greater Searcy County Chamber of Commerce declared Searcy County the "Chocolate Roll Capital of the World™", asserted trademarks. Since 2012 Marshall High School has hosted an annual Chocolate Roll Festival that includes the World Champion Chocolate Roll Contest.

The 6th was held on March 18, 2017. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 669 square miles, of which 666 square miles is land and 2.4 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 65 Arkansas Highway 14 Arkansas Highway 16 Arkansas Highway 27 Arkansas Highway 66 Arkansas Highway 74 Arkansas Highway 235 Arkansas Highway 333 Arkansas Highway 374 Arkansas Highway 377 Marion County Baxter County Stone County Van Buren County Pope County Newton County Boone County Buffalo National River Ozark National Forest As of the 2000 census, there were 8,261 people, 3,523 households, 2,466 families residing in the county; the population density was 12 people per square mile. There were 4,292 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.26% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, 1.34% from two or more races. 1.04 % of the population were Latino of any race.

There were 3,523 households out of which 27.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.50% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.00% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.83. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 24.50% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $21,397, the median income for a family was $27,580. Males had a median income of $21,768 versus $16,276 for females; the per capita income for the county was $12,536. About 17.80% of families and 23.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.00% of those under age 18 and 26.60% of those age 65 or over.

Along with adjacent Newton County, Searcy is unique among Arkansas counties in being traditionally Republican in political leanings during the overwhelmingly Democratic "Solid South" era. This Republicanism resulted from their historical paucity of slaves, in turn created by infertile soils unsuitable for intensive cotton farming, produced support for the Union during the Civil War; these were the only two counties in Arkansas to be won by Alf Landon in 1936, Wendell Willkie in 1940, Charles Evans Hughes in 1916, Calvin Coolidge in 1924. In Presidential elections post-1932, Harry S. Truman and Jimmy Carter are the only Democrats to carry the county. In the 1992 election George H. W. Bush won his second-highest margin in the state, the Republican nominee has received over 60 percent in Presidential elections from 2000 to 2012 inclusive. In 2016, Searcy County voted over 79 percent for Donald Trump, while former Arkansas First Lady Hillary Clinton received just 16 percent; the county is in Arkansas's 1st congressional district, which from Reconstruction until 2010 sent only Democrats to the U.

S. House; that year, it elected Republican Rick Crawford, who holds the seat as of 2014. In the Arkansas House of Representatives Searcy County is represented by second-term Republican David Branscum from the 83rd district; the state senator, Missy Thomas Irvin, is a Republican, serving her second term from the 18th district. Since 1980, in gubernatorial races, the county has tended to favor Republicans in all but one contest, it voted for Frank White in his successful run against freshman Democrat incumbent Bill Clinton in 1980. It supported White again in 1986 in rematches with Clinton, it voted for Woody Freeman over Clinton in 1984. It was the only county in Arkansas where Republican Sheffield Nelson won in both 1990 and 1994. In 1990, it was Nelson's best county in the entire state, winning 64 percent to then-Governor Bill Clinton's 36 percent in Searcy County. In 1994, Searcy County was among the two counties to vote for Nelson over incumbent Democrat Jim Guy Tucker, Benton County being the other.

In 1998, Searcy County voted for Republican Mike Huckabee with just under 70 percent, again in 2002, albeit with a reduced margin of 57 percent. In 2006, it voted 52 percent for Republican ex-Congressman Asa Hutchinson, who lost to Democrat Mike Beebe. In 2010, however

Ryan Smith (cornerback, born 1993)

Ryan Smith is an American football cornerback for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the National Football League. He was drafted by the Buccaneers 108th overall in the 2016 NFL Draft, he played college football for the North Carolina Central Eagles. Ryan Smith was born in Germany on September 7, 1993 to parents Damon and Traci Richardson, raised in Clinton, where he spent the majority of his childhood, he moved to Maryland in high school. He attended Jr.. High School in Upper Marlboro, Maryland, his younger brother Tre Smith played defense at NCCU with him. In high school, Smith was a dual athlete playing basketball, he made up in his mind that football was the more logical sport to pursue in order to help his family pay for his college tuition. In a press conference shortly after he was drafted, Smith stated that if his plans of playing in the NFL didn't succeed, he would have joined the United States Marshals Service. Smith attended North Carolina Central University from 2012 to 2015, playing in 45 games and starting 42.

He set multiple team records for kickoff return yard average. On top of that among NCCU career leaders, Smith finished sixth in tackles and tied for 11th in passes defended with 31. In his freshman season, he was played in all 11 games, starting 8 of them. Smith ended his freshman season as NCCU’s second-leading tackler with 65 total takedowns, second with three interceptions and third with eight passes defended. Smith was selected to the College Sports Journal Football Championship Subdivision Freshman All-America team. Smith started all 12 games in his redshirt sophomore season, he ranked 19th in the MEAC with 88 total tackles. He was ranked number one on the team and ranked fourth in the MEAC with 3 fumble recoveries. In his redshirt junior campaign, he started all 12 games making the switch from safety to cornerback in his redshirt junior season. Smith tallied a team second-best 44 solo tackles, he was voted to the Preseason All-MEAC Third Team. As a redshirt senior, Smith started in 10 of 11 games as a cornerback, only missing the game against the Bethune-Cookman Wildcats.

He ended the year ranking third in the MEAC with a team-best 11 passes defended, a total of 52 tackles. Smith led the conference and ranked 10th in the nation with an average of 28.1 yards per kickoff return. The Tampa Bay Buccaneers selected Smith in the fourth round of the 2016 NFL Draft. Smith was the 18th cornerback drafted in 2016. On May 5, 2016, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers signed Smith to a four-year, $2.93 million contract with a signing bonus of $592,161. The Buccaneers converted Smith to safety. Throughout training camp, Smith competed for a job as a backup safety against Isaiah Johnson, Kimario McFadden, Elijah Shumate. Head coach Dirk Koetter named Smith the backup free safety, behind Bradley McDougald, to begin the regular season. On September 25, 2016, Smith made his professional regular season debut as the Buccaneers lost 37–32 against the Los Angeles Rams in Week 3. In Week 9, he recorded his only tackle of the season during a 43–28 loss against the Atlanta Falcons, he finished his rookie season in 2016 with one tackle in zero starts.

Following the 2016 season, the Buccaneers announced. During training camp, Smith competed to be the third cornerback on the depth chart against Javien Elliott, Jude Adjei-Barimah, Robert McClain, Josh Robinson. Head coach Dirk Koetter named Smith the third cornerback on the depth chart to begin the regular season, behind Brent Grimes and Vernon Hargreaves. On September 24, 2017, Smith earned his first career start in place of Brent Grimes, sidelined due to a shoulder injury. Smith finished the Buccaneers’ 34–17 loss at the Minnesota Vikings with three solo tackles and one pass deflection. Smith started another two games in place of Grimes. In Week 9, he collected a season-high nine combined tackles during a 30–10 loss at the New Orleans Saints. In Week 10, Grimes became a starting cornerback for the remainder of the season after Vernon Hargrove suffered a hamstring injury and was subsequently placed on injured reserve on December 20, 2017. On November 26, 2017, Smith made a season-high eight solo tackles during a 34–20 loss at the Atlanta Falcons in Week 12.

Smith was inactive for the Buccaneers’ Week 16 loss at the Carolina Panthers due to an ankle injury, but returned for the last game of the season the following week. He finished the 2017 NFL season with 62 combined tackles, five pass deflections, two forced fumbles in 15 games and ten starts. Smith attempted to retain his role as a starting cornerback during training camp, but saw heavy competition from Vernon Hargreaves and the Buccaneers’ second round picks in the 2018 NFL Draft, M. J. Stewart and Carlton Davis. Head coach Dirk Koetter named Smith the fourth cornerback on the depth chart to start the regular season, behind Brent Grimes, Vernon Hargreaves, Carlton Davis. In Week 2, Smith collected a season-high nine combined tackles and made two pass deflections during a 27–21 victory against the Philadelphia Eagles. On November 25, 2018, Smith broke up a pass attempt and made his first career interception as the Buccaneers defeated the San Francisco 49ers 27–9 in Week 12. Smith intercepted a pass by quarterback Nick Mullens, intended for wide receiver Dante Pettis, during the fourth quarter.

Smith finished th

Peritubular myoid cell

A peritubular myoid cell is one of the smooth muscle cells which surround the seminiferous tubules in the testis. These cells are present in all mammals but their organisation and abundance varies between species; the exact role of PTM cells is still somewhat uncertain and further work into this is needed. However, a number of functions of these cells have been established, they are contractile cells which contain actin filaments and are involved in transport of spermatozoa through the tubules. They provide structural integrity to the tubules through their involvement in laying down the basement membrane; this has been shown to affect Sertoli cell function and PTM cells communicate with Sertoli cells through the secretion of growth factors and ECM components. Studies have shown PTM cells to be critical in achieving normal spermatogenesis. Overall, PTM cells have a role in both maintaining the structure of the tubules and regulating spermatogenesis through cellular interaction. PTM cells are endothelial cells.

The structure and organization between PTM cells have been observed to be distinctly different between mammalian species. In humans, PTM cells are spindle shaped and form several thin elongated layers 5-7 cell layers, surround Sertoli cells; these are detected in the lamina propria of the seminiferous tubule and immunohistochemical studies have shown functional distinctions between these layers. The inner layers have been shown to express desmin, a smooth muscle phenotype, whereas the outer layers express vimentin, a connective tissue phenotype. In rodents, PTM cells are one layer thick. Both human and rodent PTM cells are joined by junctional complexes. Peritubular myoid; this contraction helps move the fluid to the rete testes. There are a number of mediators involved in the regulation of contraction. Oxytocin produced by leydig cells has been shown to be a driving factor in the contractions by acting on peritubular myoid cells; as no oxytocin receptors are found on the peritubular myoid cells it is thought the oxytocin causes the activation of the vasopressin receptors.

However, the full mechanisms behind the contractibility are unknown. Other factors including transforming growth factor b, prostaglandins and nitric oxide are thought to be involved. Peritubular myoid cells play a crucial role in the self-renewal and maintenance of the spermatogonial stem cell population. For those SSCs destined to form differentiating progenitor A1 spermatogonia, this is initiated at a defined stage during the spermatogenic cycle; the precise location of SSCs throughout various staged cohorts of the seminiferous tubule determines their renewal function, to continuously produce progeny. During stages II and IV of spermatogenesis, GDNF is secreted by peritubular myoid cells upon testosterone binding the androgen receptor. Following this, GDNF binds GFRA1 on spermatogonial stem cells, RET co-receptor is signalled throughout all undifferentiated spermatogonia. Thus, SFK signalling is upregulated and genes encoding key transcription factors become activated; the histochemical marker, alkaline phosphatase has been useful for investigating peritubular myoid cell function and differentiation, as it has been shown to have activity in the peritubular myoid cell of the rat.

PTMs become recognisable at 12 weeks gestation in humans, 13.5 days post conception in mice. However, where they arise from is unclear. Previous studies suggested that PTMs originate from a group of cells called mesonephric cells, which migrate into the developing gonad from an adjacent area called the mesonephric primordia, it was thought that the mesonephric cells would have one of three fates: becoming Leydig cells, vascular tissue or myoid cells. Those becoming myoid cells would sit on a basement membrane surrounding the developing seminiferous tubules. However, more recent evidence has found that mesonephric cells do not give rise to PTMs but instead have only a vascular fate, leaving more uncertainty over where PTMs come from; the main difficulty in studying the development of PTMs is the lack of a molecular marker specific to them, visible during early differentiation of the testis. Current knowledge suggests that PTMs arise from cells within the developing gonad itself, or alternatively from a layer of cells surrounding the outside of the gonad, called coelomic epithelium, by a process named epithelial-mesenchymal transition.

PTMs acquire androgen receptors during their development, enabling them to respond to androgens which help them to maintain seminiferous tubule function. PTMs were first observed in 1901, when Claudius Regaud made a detailed study of the histology and physiology of the seminiferous tubules in rats, he described the PTMs as a single layer of flattened cells, which enclose the seminiferous tubules, called them ‘’modified connective tissue cells’’. In 1958, Yves Clermont made a further investigation of the cells by electron microscopy, he found that these cells have a cytological resemblance to smooth muscle cells – they contain actin filaments, have invaginations at the cell surface and their organelles are located in the centre of the cell. He suggested that these cells are responsible for the tubular contraction and referred to them as ‘’interlamellar cells’’. Subsequently, in 1967, Michael Ross studied the fine structure of these cells in mice and proved that the smooth muscle-like cells are contractile.

He called them ‘’peritubular


Qimonda AG was a memory company split out of Infineon Technologies on 1 May 2006, to form at the time the second largest DRAM company worldwide, according to the industry research firm Gartner Dataquest. It is now a patent licensing firm. Headquartered in Munich, Qimonda was a 300 mm manufacturer, was one of the top suppliers of DRAM products for the PC and server markets. Infineon still controls a 77.5 % stake. Infineon was on record as having the aim of divesting itself of this stake, with the purpose of becoming a minority stakeholder in 2009; the company has issued 42 million ADR shares, each ADR share representing one ordinary share in Qimonda. At its height in 2007, Qimonda employed 13,500 personnel worldwide, from whom 1,800 were employed in R&D with access to four 300 mm manufacturing sites and operating six major R&D facilities, included a chip packaging complex in Vila do Conde and its lead R&D center in Dresden, Germany, in total covering three continents. During this time, on into September 2008, the price of DRAM continued to decline due to market oversupply, resulting in significant corporate financial losses throughout 2008.

"Qimonda" is an invented name. These names are designed to evoke the qualities of the product or company rather than explain the actual goods or services the company supplies. Along with the new name, the company supplies an explanation of its meaning: "The name and brand identity of Qimonda express the philosophy and personality of the company, illustrating its vision and values; the word "Qimonda" allows associations in different languages. In Chinese, “Qi”, pronounced as "ch-ee', stands for breathing and flowing energy, while “monda” denotes “world” in Latin-based languages. "Qi", when pronounced as a hard "k", suggests “key to the world”, a positive connotation." Qimonda produced graphics RAM, mobile RAM and Flash memory. Qimonda was reliant on its Deep Trench technology in comparison to the stack capacitor systems of its rival manufacturers. Deep Trench has the benefit of a theoretically smaller footprint than its stack capacitor rival. With one-third lower power consumption due to lower leakage currents, its natural advantages lie in mobile and laptop applications where power supply is a limiting factor.

Although offering significant advantages, deep trench technology is technically difficult to manufacture and has led to slippage of Qimonda's technology shrink roadmap in comparison to many of its rivals in recent years. In 2008, Qimonda announced the development of its Buried Wordline Technology. Retaining many of the advantages of Deep Trench technology, in theory it simplifies the manufacturing process and the time provided Qimonda with a competitive technology shrink roadmap. Qimonda was among the first DRAM suppliers to transition a substantial portion of the manufacturing to 300 mm technology. 2/3 of the DRAM bits shipped were manufactured using 300 mm wafers by February 2007. All 200 mm manufacturing ended by January 2009. On September 18, 2006 Qimonda AG along with Nanya Technology Corporation announced the successful qualification of the 75 nm DRAM trench technology. Process structures of 75 nm further reduce chip size compared to the previous 90 nm technology thereby increasing potential chip output per wafer by about 40 percent.

On November 1, 2007 Qimonda AG announced shipment of first GDDR5 samples. On February 3, 2009 Qimonda AG announced the first 46 nm working production chips using its Buried Wordline technology, fabricated at its Dresden 300 mm plant. In October 2008 major restructuring was announced to try to reduce losses and re-align the company within the struggling DRAM sector; the restructuring saw the sale of Qimonda's interest in its largest 300 mm manufacturing site to its rival Micron Technology for $400m in cash. Additionally, CEO Kin Wah Loh announced the closure by January 2009 of the company's single remaining 200 mm site as well as the adjoining 300 mm facility located in Richmond, Virginia. Other restructuring included the complete closure of the Raleigh R&D facility and the termination of the back-end component and module manufacturing site in Dresden. Altogether 3000 employees would be made redundant by the changes. With a historical emphasis on PC and server products, the company focused on products for graphics and consumer applications using its power-saving deep trench technology.

On October 28, 2008 Qimonda AG achieved the lowest share price of USD 0.19 on NYSE. On November 24, 2008 Qimonda AG achieved the lowest share price of USD 0.05 on NYSE. The company continued to lose money, sought new investors to help keep the company afloat; the continuing fall in the spot price of commodity DRAM resulted in Qimonda’s 75 nm Deep Trench technology no longer being economically viable. The decision was taken in November 2008 to cease production of all commodity DRAM at their Dresden and Richmond 300 mm manufacturing sites; until this point Richmond had predominantly produced graphics DRAM, whilst Dresden manufactured commodity DRAM. This left the Dresden site’s production capability under-utilised. All of the graphics manufacture was therefore transferred from Richmond to Dresden. Qimonda’s financial situation worsened during December and the company focused its efforts on securing additional financial support. On D

Croton Point Park

Croton Point Park is a Westchester County park in the village of Croton-on-Hudson. The park has several public attractions including a miniature aircraft airport, boat launch, tent and RV camping, cabin rental, cross-country skiing, group picnicking and walking trails, a museum, nature study, pavilions, a playground, a beach. In the 1800s the Underhill family owned the land, now Croton Point Park. Grapes and apples were grown. A brickyard was on the property. A few buildings built with these bricks are still standing at Croton Point; the park is home to several historic sites such as a set of wine cellars from an old manor. A substantial portion of the land on which the park is situated today was the site of a landfill, operated by the Westchester County government from 1927 to 1986; the landfill has since been restored to green space. A 1931 map shows the landfill area as marsh; the park hosts a number of events each year, including the annual Hudson River Sloop Clearwater festival, the Croton Point Shindig, Hudson River Eagle Fest.

Official county website

Florida College System Activities Association

Florida College System Activities Association Incorporated is the governing body for all extracurricular activities of the member schools of the Florida College System. Activities include athletics, brain bowl, music, publications and student government; the athletic programs fall under The NJCAA Region 8. There are 28 schools in the FCSAA. In the 1960s, twelve black institutions were merged into other colleges within their districts, with full integration being achieved by 1966. FCSAA's student government division is known as the Florida College System Student Government Association. Dealaney Allen is the 2019–2020 President of the FCSSGA. In this role and her executive board represent the one million students at Florida State and Community colleges before the Florida Legislature. Florida Student Association, Inc. National Junior College Athletic Association Official website Athletics website Student Government website FCSAA's "Organization Profile" at the National Center for Charitable Statistics