Seattle Metropolitans

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Seattle Metropolitans
Seattle Metropolitans Crest.gif
City Seattle, Washington
League PCHA
Founded 1915[1]
Folded 1924[1]
Home arena Seattle Ice Arena[1]
Colors Green, red and white
Head coach Pete Muldoon
Regular season titles 1917, 1918, 1920, 1922, 1924
Stanley Cups 1917

The Seattle Metropolitans were a professional ice hockey team based in Seattle, Washington which played in the Pacific Coast Hockey Association from 1915 to 1924. They won the Stanley Cup in 1917, becoming the first American team to do so, eleven years before the NHL's American franchise, the New York Rangers did so in 1928.[2] The Metropolitans played their home games at the Seattle Ice Arena.


The Metropolitans were formed in 1915 as an expansion team by Frank and Lester Patrick, the owners of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association. To stock the team, the Patricks offered lucrative salaries to players from the Toronto Blueshirts of the National Hockey Association (NHA).[3] The Blueshirts had won the Stanley Cup in 1914 and this provided Seattle with an immediately competitive squad. The Blueshirts' players who moved to Seattle were Eddie Carpenter, Frank Foyston, Hap Holmes, Jack Walker and Cully Wilson.[4] The name was derived from the Metropolitan Building Company, the entity which owned the land and built the Seattle Ice Arena where the team played.[5]

First U.S. Stanley Cup[edit]

Seattle Metropolitans Stanley Cup winning team in 1917. Top row: Harry Holmes, Bobby Rowe, Eddie Carpenter, Jack Walker; Middle: Frank Foyston, Pete Muldoon, mgr.; Bottom: Bernie Morris, Cully Wilson, Roy Rickey, Jim Riley.

Seattle won the 1917 championship by defeating the National Hockey Association's Montreal Canadiens three games to one by a combined score of 23 to 11. Fourteen of Seattle's goals were scored by Bernie Morris (including six in game four alone).[6] Games one and three were played under PCHA rules, i.e., seven players per side, forward passing in the neutral zone, and no substitution for penalized players. Games two and four were played under NHA rules, i.e., six players per side, no forward passing, substitutions allowed.[6]

Later years in PCHA[edit]

After winning the 1917 Stanley Cup the Metropolitans also played in the Stanley Cup finals in 1919 (which was cancelled due to the Spanish flu pandemic after five games, with the series tied 2-2-1) and 1920, when they lost to the Ottawa Senators.[6]

In the 1919 cancelled Stanley Cup finals, two brilliant performances by Seattle players were recorded, one by Hap Holmes keeping the last played game scoreless resulting in the referee declaring a tie and another by Frank Foyston, who scored 8 goals in the first 4 games of the series.

During the 1920 Stanley Cup finals, the Ottawa Senators would don solid white Jerseys[7] to avoid confusion with Seattle's barber pole style of green, red and white (Ottawa traditionally wore black red and white pole style jerseys).[6] The 1920 Series was subsequently relocated from Ottawa to Toronto's mutual artificial ice surface at Toronto's Mutual Street Arena due to poor ice conditions.[7]

The PCHA consisted of four teams for the 1915-16 and 1916-17 seasons, while operating under only three teams from 1917-18 until its final season in 1923-1924. From 1922-23, games against the Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL) counted in the PCHA standings. This allowed Seattle to have a losing record yet still win the league regular season championship in 1924. In 1924, the Seattle team folded and the PCHA ceased to operate. In its final season, the team had an average of 1000 fans per game in attendance.[8] Arena owners subsequently did not renew the team's lease.[1] The remaining teams of Vancouver and Victoria joined the WCHL for the 1924-1925 season.

On December 5, 2015, the Seattle Thunderbirds held a special "Seattle Metropolitans Night" to celebrate 100 years of Seattle hockey. During the game, the team wore replicas of the original Metropolitans jersey and temporarily changed the team name to the Seattle Metropolitans. The final score was a 3-2 Metropolitans win over the Tri-City Americans.

Season-by-season record[edit]

Seattle Metropolitans around 1919–1921. Back row: Pete Muldoon, Bobby Rowe, Charles Tobin, Hugh "Muzz" Murray, unknown, Roy Rickey, Harry "Hap" Holmes. Front row: Jack Walker, Frank Foyston, Bernie Morris, Jim Riley.

Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against

PCHA season GP W L T PTS GF GA PIM League
1915–16 18 9 9 0 18 68 67 -- 3rd N/A
1916–17 24 16 8 0 32 125 80 -- 1st League champions
Won Stanley Cup over Montreal Canadiens 3-1
1917–18 18 11 7 0 22 67 65 -- 1st Lost PCHA final to Vancouver Millionaires 3-2
1918–19 20 11 9 0 22 66 46 -- 2nd Won league championship over Vancouver Millionaires 7-5.
No decision in Stanley Cup final with Montreal Canadiens
1919–20 22 12 10 0 24 59 55 -- 1st Won league championship over Vancouver Millionaires 6-3.
Lost Stanley Cup final to Ottawa Senators 3-2
1920–21 24 12 11 1 25 77 68 -- 2nd Lost PCHA final to Vancouver Millionaires 13-2
1921–22 24 12 11 1 25 65 64 -- 1st Lost PCHA final to Vancouver Millionaires 2-0
1922–23 30 15 15 0 30 100 106 -- 3rd Did not qualify
1923–24 30 14 16 0 28 84 99 -- 1st Lost PCHA final to Vancouver Maroons 4-3

Hall of Famers[edit]

Five honored members of the Hockey Hall of Fame are recognized as part of the Seattle Metropolitans team.[9]


  1. ^ a b c d "Seattle Metropolitans". seattle hockey. Retrieved 2014-11-28.
  2. ^ "How a Team in Seattle, of All Places, Changed Hockey Forever". Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  3. ^ Stone, Larry (March 26, 2017). "100 years ago, Seattle won the Stanley Cup and expanded the reach of pro hockey". The Seattle Times. Retrieved December 5, 2017.
  4. ^ Harper 2013.
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b c d Coleman, Charles L. (1964). The Trail of the Stanley Cup, Vol I. Kendall/Hunt.
  7. ^ a b "HHOF Site Map". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
  8. ^ "Bernklow, Seattle Metropolitans". Retrieved 2014-01-28.
  9. ^ "Seattle Metropolitans - Legends of Hockey - The Legends". Legends of Hockey. Retrieved 2014-01-28.

External links[edit]