Seattle Post-Intelligencer

The Seattle Post-Intelligencer is an online newspaper and former print newspaper based in Seattle, United States. The newspaper was founded in 1863 as the weekly Seattle Gazette, was published daily in broadsheet format, it was long one of the city's two daily newspapers, along with The Seattle Times, until it became an online-only publication on March 18, 2009. J. R. Watson founded Seattle's first newspaper, on December 10, 1863, as the Seattle Gazette; the paper failed after a few years, was renamed the Weekly Intelligencer in 1867 by new owner Sam Maxwell. In 1878, after publishing the Intelligencer as a morning daily, Thaddeus Hanford bought the Daily Intelligencer for $8,000. Hanford acquired the daily Puget Sound Dispatch and the weekly Pacific Tribune and folded both papers into the Intelligencer. In 1881, the Intelligencer merged with the Seattle Post; the names were combined to form the present-day name. In 1886, Indiana businessman Leigh S. J. Hunt came to Seattle and purchased the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, which he owned and published until he was forced to sell in the Panic of 1893.

At this point the newspaper was acquired by attorney and real estate developer James D. Hoge under whom it was representative of an establishment viewpoint, it was the state's predominant newspaper. Circulation was increased by coverage of the Klondike Gold Rush in 1897. Hoge, involved in other business sought to find a buyer and sold in 1899; the newspaper was acquired with assistance from James J. Hill by John L. Wilson who had first started the Seattle Klondike Information Bureau; the newspaper was acquired by Hearst in 1921. Circulation stood at 31,000 in 1911. In 1912, editor Eric W. Allen left the paper to found the University of Oregon School of Journalism, which he ran until his death in 1944. William Randolph Hearst took over the paper in 1921, the Hearst Corporation owns the P-I to this day. In 1936, 35 P-I writers and members of The Newspaper Guild went on three-month strike against "arbitrary dismissals and assignment changes and other'efficiency' moves by the newspaper." The International Brotherhood of Teamsters joined the strike in solidarity.

Roger Simpson and William Ames co-wrote their book Unionism or Hearst: the Seattle Post-Intelligencer Strike of 1936 on the topic. Anna Roosevelt Halsted, the daughter of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt, began working as the editor of the women's page at the P-I after her husband Clarence John Boettiger took over as publisher in 1936. Boettiger left Seattle to enter the U. S. Army in April 1943, while Anna stayed at the paper to help keep a liberal voice in the running of the paper. After Boettiger's absence, the paper turned conservative with Hearst's new acting publisher. Anna left Seattle in December 1943 to live in the White House with Johnny; this ended the Roosevelt-Boettiger ties with the P-I. On December 15, 2006, no copies were printed as a result of a power outage caused by the December 2006 Pacific Northwest storms, it was the first time in 70 years. On January 9, 2009, the Hearst Corporation announced that after losing money on it every year since 2000, Hearst was putting the P-I up for sale.

The paper would be put on the market for 60 days, if a buyer could not be found within that time, the paper would either be turned into an Internet-only publication with a drastically reduced staff, or closed outright. The news of the paper's impending sale was broken by local station KING-TV the night prior to the official announcement, came as a surprise to the P-I's staff and the owners of rival newspaper The Seattle Times. Analysts did not expect a buyer to be found, in view of declining circulation in the U. S. newspaper industry and other newspapers on the market going unsold. Five days before the 60-day deadline, the P-I reported that the Hearst Corporation had given several P-I reporters provisional job offers for an online edition of the P-I. On March 16, 2009, the newspaper posted a headline on its front page, followed shortly after by a short news story, that explained that the following day's edition would be its final one in print; the newspaper's publisher, Roger Oglesby, was quoted saying that the P-I would continue as an online-only operation.

Print subscribers had their subscriptions automatically transferred to The Seattle Times on March 18. As of 2018, the P-I continues as an online-only newspaper. In September 2010, the site had an estimated 2.8 million unique visitors and 208,000 visitors per day. From 1983 to 2009, the P-I and The Seattle Times had a joint operating agreement whereby advertising, production and circulation were run for both papers by the Seattle Times Company, they maintained separate editorial departments. The papers published a combined Sunday edition, although the Times handled the majority of the editorial content while the P-I only provided a small editorial/opinions section. In 2003 the Times tried to cancel the JOA, citing a clause in it that three consecutive years of losses were cause for cancelling the agreement. Hearst disagreed, filed suit to prevent the Times from cancelling the agreement. Hearst argued that a force majeure clause prevented the Times from claiming losses in 2000 and 2001 as reason to end the JOA, because they resulted from extraordinary events.

Each side publicly accused the other of attempting to put its rival out of business. The trial judge granted a summary judgment in Hearst's favor on the force majeure issue, but after two appeals, the Washington State Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Times on June 30, 2005, on the force majeure clause, reversing the tri

National Institute of Technology Sikkim

The National Institute of Technology Sikkim referred to as NIT Sikkim or NIT SKM, is a public engineering and research institution near the city of Ravangla in Sikkim, India,It is one of the 31 National Institutes of Technology in India and has been declared as an Institute of National Importance by the Government of India. It is an autonomous institute and functioning under the aegis of Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. National Institute of Technology, Sikkim is one among the ten newly sanctioned National Institutes of Technology by the Government of India under the 11th Five year Plan, 2009. NIT Sikkim started functioning in August, 2010, it is being operated from a temporary campus at the Barfung Block, Sub Division of South Sikkim. Ravangla campus is surrounded by great scenic beauty, it is to continue its activities at Ravangla Campus till its permanent campus comes up at Khamdong, Sikkim. All courses and examinations are conducted in the English language as the only mode of instruction.

NIT Sikkim offers a 4-year Bachelor of Technology programme in various engineering fields, as well as a 2-year Master of Technology programmes and Ph. D. Programmes. Admission to undergraduate programmes is taken through JEE. Admission to the postgraduate courses is through the GATE for Master of Technology. Academic departments include: EngineeringDepartment of Civil Engineering Department of Computer Science and Engineering Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering Department of Mechanical EngineeringSciencesDepartment of Chemistry Department of Physics Department of MathematicsAllied departmentsDepartment of Humanities and Social Sciences Currently, it is operating from a temporary campus at Ravangla. NIT Sikkim is home to one of the PARAM series of supercomputers. Unveiled in April 2016, it is the fastest supercomputer among NITs. Costing ₹3 crore, it was built with collaboration of Centre for Development of Advanced Computing.

The institute has a central library. The library subscribes to a number of scientific journals and magazines; the institute is part of the multi-gigabit National Knowledge Network, a National research and education network. The academic buildings are all Wi-Fi enabled and they are connected through high speed LAN too. All the labs are connected to the internet through high speed LAN. All hostels are provided with internet facility through Wi-Fi or LAN and other hostels will be provided in near future. An Auditorium is inside the campus for cultural events; the Institute provides boarding facilities on the campus. The Institute provides separate hostels for the male and female students with separate mess facilities; the Institute has playgrounds with facilities for playing cricket, volleyball etc. It has facilities to play badminton, table tennis etc; the institution hosts a number of intra-sports tournaments for its students which are handled by the student body of NIT Sikkim. Sports Week provides an opportunity for the students to participate in inter-department volleyball, table-tennis, badminton and kho-kho tournaments as well as athletic events.

Xplode Cricket Cup is the annual intra-NIT cricket tournament. The institute has well equipped labs for every department which facilitates the learning of a student giving her a practical approach; the computer labs are well facilitated with 105 systems in total with good LAN facility. The other department labs have good equipments in them. Extracurricular activities include an innovation cell, the community development society Aayas, mechanical engineer's society Yantrikaa, the Illuzion dance club and the photography club. A new literary club, Regnant Ink got formed that organises various literary activities every week; the club was formed to hone and bring out the talents of the students. Declamation, film making are all encouraged here. NIT Sikkim students hold an annual technology festival called Abhiyantran, held for the first time in 2014, a three-day socio-cultural fest called Udgam. National Institutes of Technology Ministry of Human Resource Development Sikkim Official website

Philip van Wilder

Philip van Wilder was a Franco-Flemish lutenist and composer, active in England. Like Peter van Wilder, who worked in the Tudor court and was related to him, Philip was born in Millam, near Wormhout, or in the nearby village of Wylder, his father may have been Mathis van Wilder, a lutenist from the court of Philip the Fair of Castile who worked at the Tudor court from 1506 to 1517. It can be speculated that Peter and Philip were his two sons, that he used his influence to secure court employment for them in England, it is not known when Philip arrived in England, but since Peter dated his residence in England from 1515, it is possible that the two travelled together. A note in Italian in the Jacobean scorebook anthology GB-Lbl Egerton 3665 describes Philip as "Master Philip of Flanders, musician to King Henry VIII, who lived in England around the year 1520", he was in London by 1522, living in the parish of St Olave's Hart Street and having £60 "in goodes" and £48 "in fees". The court account books for the year 1525-26 describe him as "mynstrell".

Van Wilder advanced his position at the Tudor court. By 1529 he was a member of the Privy chamber, the select group of musicians who played to the king in private, he was active as a merchant, being given a licence to import Toulouse woad and Gascon wine, in purchasing instruments for the court. He taught the lute to Princess Mary, who rewarded him with a gift on the occasion of his marriage to a woman named Frances in 1537, he taught Prince Edward, who wrote a letter to his father in 1546 thanking him for "sending me your servant Philip, as excellent in music as he is noble... that I might become more excellent in striking the lute". In 1539 Van Wilder became a denizen; this enabled him to profit from the dissolution of the monasteries and engage in a number of lucrative property deals with the Crown. At various times he was granted leaseholds on former monastic properties in London, as well as in Middlemarsh and Littlebredy in Dorset owned by Cerne Abbey. By 1540 he was a Gentleman of the Privy chamber, a prestigious position that enabled him to accept financial inducements to raise legal issues and private grievances with the King.

At the time of Henry VIII's death in 1547 Van Wilder was Keeper of the Instruments and head of the Court instrumental musical establishment, a post known as Master of the King's Music. Van Wilder continued to enjoy royal favour during the reign of the boy-king Edward VI. At Edward's coronation he was placed in charge of a special group of boys, he was granted a coat of arms and a crest, in 1551 was given powers of impressment to recruit boys for the Chapel Royal from anywhere in England. It has sometimes been speculated that Hans Holbein's Man with a Lute, a portrait of a man in French dress with a lute and music books, may be Van Wilder, though a rival claim has been made for John Dudley, the Lord High Admiral. On his death, which took place in London on 24 February 1554, Van Wilder was buried on the south side of the choir in his parish church of St Olave's Hart Street, his tomb has since disappeared. An elegy in the poetry anthology known as Tottel's Miscellany praises Van Wilder's skill as a lutenist: Bewaile with me all ye that haue profest Of musicke tharte by touche of coarde or winde: Laye downe your lutes and let your gitterns rest.

Phillips is dead. Of musicke much exceadyng all the rest, Muses therfore of force now must you wrest Your pleasant notes into an other sounde, The string is broke, the lute is dispossest, The hand is colde, the bodye in the grounde; the lowring lute lamenteth now therfore. Four sons and a daughter survived him. More than forty compositions by Van Wilder survive in about sixty English sources, he was a composer of chansons, of which thirty survive, but there are seven motets, an English psalm setting, one consort piece and at least one composition for lute. The Continental sources, most of them printed anthologies published between 1544 and 1598 give the text and music of the chansons in good order, but the English manuscripts present them in various guises left untexted for instrumental performance or solmization and in arrangements for keyboard, cantus with lute accompaniment, or with substitute English texts; the most extensive English source is the table-book manuscript GB-Lbm Add. 31390, which contains seventeen textless chansons and motets attributed to ‘Mr Phillipps’.

The five-part scoring and imitative textures employed in most of the chansons suggest that Van Wilder took a Flemish stylistic model, contrasting with the lighter, more homophonic style favoured by native French composers. A number of them are resttings of texts set, sometimes several times, by other composers; the fragmentary En despit des envyeulx is a canonic treatment of a 15th-century monophonic chanson, is one of five polyphonic surviving settings. Je dis adieu de tout plaisir is a French contrafactum of a Dutch part-song to a text beginning Ik seg adiu, based on a derived melody; the motets are more varied in character, ranging from four to twelve-part scoring. The brief "monster" motet Deo gratias, composed for a state occasion, is a cantus firmus tre