Second line yeomanry regiments of the British Army

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Yeomanry training 1915

Yeomanry are part of the reserve for the British Army. At the start of First World War there were fifty-four yeomanry regiments in the British Army. Soon after the declaration of war, it was decided to increase the number of regiments, these new regiments were mirror formations, of the existing first line regiments, with the same name and served initially in the same brigades. However they were all numbered the second, the first line regiments, were numbered the 1/1st while the second line became the 2/1st or in cases where there were more regiments with the same name, or already numbered, the 2/2nd or 2/3rd. Territorial Force mounted brigades were known by their district name until August 1915, when the became numbered,[1] for the majority of their existence the second line regiments and brigades were used as a coastal defence force.[2] Most of the second line regiments were converted to cyclist battalions in 1916, and never served in a recognised theatre of war.[3] Several were disbanded and its men transferred to other regiments and one served as an army corps cavalry regiment on the Western Front.

List[edit]

Regiment Brigade Fate
2/1st Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry (Prince of Wales's Own Royal Regiment) 15th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[4]
2/1st Warwickshire Yeomanry 10th Mounted Brigade In March 1918 all those fit sent to France as replacements.[5]
2/1st Yorkshire Hussars (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own) 18th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[6]
2/1st Nottinghamshire Yeomanry (Sherwood Rangers) 9th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1917.[7]
2/1st Staffordshire Yeomanry (Queen's Own Royal Regiment) 3rd Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1917.[8]
2/1st Shropshire Yeomanry 17th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[9]
2/1st Ayrshire (Earl of Carrick's Own) Yeomanry 20th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[10]
2/1st Cheshire Yeomanry (Earl of Chester's) 17th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[11]
2/1st Queen's Own Yorkshire Dragoons 18th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[12]
2/1st Leicestershire Yeomanry (Prince Albert's Own) 3rd Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1917.[13]
2/1st North Somerset Yeomanry 15th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[14]
2/1st Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry 21st Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[15]
2/1st Lanarkshire Yeomanry 20th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[16]
2/1st Northumberland Hussars Became the XIX Corps Cavalry Regiment then converted to the 9th (Northumberland Hussars Yeomanry) Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers in September 1917.[17]
2/1st South Nottinghamshire Hussars 9th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1917.[18]
2/1st Denbighshire Hussars 17th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[19]
2/1st Westmorland and Cumberland Yeomanry 21st Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[20]
2/1st Pembroke Yeomanry 4th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[21]
2/1st Royal East Kent Yeomanry (The Duke of Connaught's Own) 14th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[22]
2/1st Hampshire Yeomanry (Carabiniers) 15th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[23]
2/1st Royal Buckinghamshire Yeomanry 11th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1917.[24]
2/1st Derbyshire Yeomanry 9th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[25]
2/1st Queen's Own Dorset Yeomanry 16th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1917.[26]
2/1st Royal Gloucestershire Hussars 10th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[27]
2/1st Hertfordshire Yeomanry Converted to a cyclist unit in 1917.[28]
2/1st Berkshire Yeomanry (Hungerford) 11th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[29]
2/1st County of London Yeomanry (Middlesex, Duke of Cambridge's Hussars) 12th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[30]
2/1st Royal 1st Devon Yeomanry 2nd Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[31]
2/1st Suffolk Yeomanry (Duke of York's Own Loyal Suffolk Hussars) 13th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[32]
2/1st Royal North Devon Yeomanry 2nd Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[33]
2/1st Queen's Own Worcestershire Hussars 10th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[34]
2/1st Queen's Own West Kent Yeomanry 14th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[35]
2/1st West Somerset Yeomanry 2nd Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[36]
2/1st Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars 11th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[37]
2/1st Montgomeryshire Yeomanry 4th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[38]
2/1st Lothians and Border Horse 20th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[39]
2/1st Queen's Own Royal Glasgow Yeomanry Disbanded and men taken into the 1st Reserve Cavalry Regiment in February 1918.[40]
2/1st Lancashire Hussars 21st Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[41]
2/1st Surrey Yeomanry (Queen Mary's Regiment) 16th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[42]
2/1st Fife and Forfar Yeomanry 1st Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1917.[43]
2/1st Norfolk Yeomanry (King's Own Royal Regiment) 13th Mounted Brigade Converted to a cyclist unit in 1916.[44]
2/1st Sussex Yeomanry 14th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[45]
2/1st Glamorgan Yeomanry 4th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[46]
2/1st Welsh Horse Yeomanry 4th Mounted Brigade[a] Disbanded in 1916, men taken into the 2/1st Montgomeryshire Yeomanry.[48]
2/1st Lincolnshire Yeomanry 3rd Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[49]
2/1st City of London Yeomanry (Rough Riders) 12th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[50]
2nd County of London Yeomanry (Westminster Dragoons) Men transferred to the Tank Corps in 1917.[51]
2/3rd County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters) 12th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[52]
2/1st Bedfordshire Yeomanry 16th Mounted Brigade Disbanded and men transferred to the 1st Reserve Cavalry Regiment in 1917.[53]
2/1st Essex Yeomanry 13th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1917.[54]
2/1st Northamptonshire Yeomanry One squadron taken over by the Tank Corps, the others by the 6th Reserve Cavalry Regiment in 1917.[55]
2/1st East Riding of Yorkshire Yeomanry 18th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[56]
2/1st Lovat Scouts 1st Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[57]
2/2nd Lovat Scouts 1st Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[57]
2/1st Scottish Horse 19th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[58]
2/2nd Scottish Horse 19th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[58]
2/3rd Scottish Horse 19th Mounted Brigade Converted into a cyclist unit in 1916.[58]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 2/1st Welsh Horse Yeomanry joined the 4th Mounted Brigade as a fourth (extra) regiment.[47]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rinaldi 2008, p. 27
  2. ^ Rinaldi 2008, p. 26
  3. ^ Westlake 1992, p. 19
  4. ^ Baker, Chris. "Wiltshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  5. ^ Baker, Chris. "Warwickshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Archived from the original on 11 March 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  6. ^ Baker, Chris. "Yorkshire Hussars". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  7. ^ Baker, Chris. "Nottinghamshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  8. ^ Baker, Chris. "Staffordshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  9. ^ Baker, Chris. "Shropshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  10. ^ Baker, Chris. "Ayrshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  11. ^ Baker, Chris. "Cheshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  12. ^ Baker, Chris. "Yorkshire Dragoons". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  13. ^ Baker, Chris. "Leicestershire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  14. ^ Baker, Chris. "North Somerset Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  15. ^ Baker, Chris. "Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  16. ^ Baker, Chris. "Lanarkshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  17. ^ Baker, Chris. "Northumberland Hussars". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  18. ^ Baker, Chris. "South Nottinghamshire Hussars". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  19. ^ Baker, Chris. "Denbighshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  20. ^ Baker, Chris. "Westmorland and Cumberland Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  21. ^ Baker, Chris. "Pembroke Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  22. ^ Baker, Chris. "Royal East Kent Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  23. ^ Baker, Chris. "Hampshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  24. ^ Baker, Chris. "Buckinghamshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  25. ^ Baker, Chris. "Derbyshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  26. ^ Baker, Chris. "Dorset Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  27. ^ Baker, Chris. "Royal Gloucestershire Hussars". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  28. ^ Baker, Chris. "Hertfordshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  29. ^ Baker, Chris. "Hampshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  30. ^ Baker, Chris. "1st County of London Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  31. ^ Baker, Chris. "Royal 1st Devon Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  32. ^ Baker, Chris. "Duke of York's Own Loyal Suffolk Hussars". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  33. ^ Baker, Chris. "Royal North Devon Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  34. ^ Baker, Chris. "Queen's Own Worcestershire Hussars". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  35. ^ Baker, Chris. "Queen's Own West Kent Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  36. ^ Baker, Chris. "West Somerset Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  37. ^ Baker, Chris. "Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  38. ^ Baker, Chris. "Montgomeryshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  39. ^ Baker, Chris. "Lothians and Border Horse Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  40. ^ Baker, Chris. "Glasgow Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  41. ^ Baker, Chris. "Lancashire Hussars". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  42. ^ Baker, Chris. "Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  43. ^ Baker, Chris. "Fife & Forfar Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  44. ^ Baker, Chris. "Norfolk Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  45. ^ Baker, Chris. "Sussex Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  46. ^ Baker, Chris. "Glamorgan Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  47. ^ James 1978, p. 30
  48. ^ Baker, Chris. "Welsh Horse". The Long Long Trail. Archived from the original on 12 April 2015. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  49. ^ Baker, Chris. "Lincolnshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  50. ^ Baker, Chris. "City of London Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  51. ^ Baker, Chris. "2nd County of London Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  52. ^ Baker, Chris. "3rd County of London Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  53. ^ Baker, Chris. "Bedfordshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  54. ^ Baker, Chris. "Essex Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  55. ^ Baker, Chris. "Northamptonshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  56. ^ Baker, Chris. "East Riding of Yorkshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  57. ^ a b Baker, Chris. "Lovat's Scouts". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  58. ^ a b c Baker, Chris. "Scottish Horse". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]