Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Defence is a senior official within Her Majesty's Government and head of the Ministry of Defence. The office is a British Cabinet–level position, has been held by Ben Wallace since July 2019; the post was created in 1964 as successor to the posts of Minister for Coordination of Defence and Ministry of Defence. It replaced the positions of First Lord of the Admiralty, Secretary of State for War, Secretary of State for Air, as the Admiralty, War Office and Air Ministry were merged into the Ministry of Defence; the position of Minister for Co-ordination of Defence was a British Cabinet-level position established in 1936 to oversee and co-ordinate the rearmament of Britain's defences. The position was established by the Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin in response to criticism that Britain's armed forces were understrength compared to those of Nazi Germany; this campaign had been led by Winston Churchill and many expected him to be appointed as the new minister, though nearly every other senior figure in the National Government was speculated upon by politicians and commentators.
Despite this, Baldwin's choice of the Attorney General Sir Thomas Inskip provoked widespread astonishment. A famous comment made in response to Inskip's appointment was "This is the most cynical appointment since Caligula made his horse a consul"; the appointment is now regarded as a sign of caution by Baldwin who did not wish to appoint someone like Churchill who would have been interpreted by foreign powers as a sign of the United Kingdom preparing for war, as well as a desire to avoid taking on board a controversial and radical minister. In 1939 Inskip was succeeded by First Sea Lord Lord Chatfield; when the Second World War broke out, the new Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain formed a small War Cabinet and it was expected that Chatfield would serve as a spokesperson for the three service ministers, the Secretary of State for War, the First Lord of the Admiralty and the Secretary of State for Air. In April 1940 the position was formally wound up and the functions transferred to other Ministers.
The post of Minister of Defence was responsible for co-ordination of defence and security from its creation in 1940 until its abolition in 1964. The post was a Cabinet level post and ranked above the three service ministers, some of whom, continued to serve in Cabinet. On his appointment as Prime Minister in May 1940, Winston Churchill created for himself the new post of Minister of Defence; the post was created in response to previous criticism that there had been no clear single minister in charge of the prosecution of World War II. In 1946, the post became the only cabinet-level post representing the military, with the three service ministers – the Secretary of State for War, the First Lord of the Admiralty, the Secretary of State for Air, now formally subordinated to the Minister of Defence; the post of Secretary of State for Defence was created on 1 April 1964. The former Cabinet positions of First Lord of the Admiralty, Secretary of State for War and Secretary of State for Air were incorporated into it and the offices of the Admiralty, War Office and the Air Ministry were abolished and their functions transferred to an expanded Ministry of Defence.
"I Thought About Killing You" is a song by American rapper and producer Kanye West from his eighth studio album, Ye. The song is the opening track on the album and its production is driven by repetitive a capella intonations that play in the background; the lyrical content of the song centers around West's thoughts of suicide and homicide, delivered in both rapping and spoken word. West imparted. "I Thought About Killing You" received mixed to positive reviews from music critics, with some directing praise towards West's lyricism and the beat switch, though other critics expressed negative feelings of such content. The original version of the song contained an unlicensed sample of "Fr3sh" by Kareem Lofty, it was removed in November 2018 after legal action was threatened by Lofty's record label, PAN. While not released as a single, the song peaked at number 28 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and reached top 40 positions on the singles charts in Canada and Ireland. In addition to "I Thought About Killing You", Francis and the Lights helped produce Ye tracks "All Mine" and "Ghost Town".
The two first worked together on the Lights' 2016 single "Friends" alongside Bon Iver. British grime rapper Wiley commented on West's TMZ interview in which he suggested slavery was a choice via Twitter on May 3, 2018, claiming in one of his tweets that "Slavery was not a choice it was forced upon us. We were born into it." Despite tweeting out against his remarks, Wiley described West as "very smart." The contributions of Wiley and fellow British rapper Skepta weren't revealed until the credits of Ye were updated on June 14 to show them as co-writers on "I Thought About Killing You". It stands along with "Yikes" as one of only two tracks on the album where the vocals are by West. West explained that he has had contemplations of suicide during an interview with The New York Times on June 25, 2018; when asked to what degree song's title was literal and metaphoric, West replied, "Oh yeah, I've thought about killing myself all the time. It's always an option and. Like Louis C. K. said. I weigh all the options.
I'm just having this epiphany now because I didn't do it. But if I didn't think it all the way through it's maybe more of a chance of it happening." On June 14, 2018, West posted a tweet that indicated his thoughts linked to the song were about killing his ego, West revealed that without his ego he is "Just Ye," giving potential context into why West titled his album as such. West's wife Kim Kardashian posted a photo to her Instagram with the caption "I thought about killing you" on August 15, though did not directly reference him; the original version of the song contains an uncredited sample from "Fr3sh", as performed by Kareem Lotfy. Bill Kouligas, head of Lotfy's label PAN, criticized West for the unlicensed sample and indicated intent to pursue legal action, saying "It's sadly another case of an artist who capitalizes on culture without any original ideas" and calling West "the ultimate narcissist." Francis and the Lights, who produced the track with West, took responsibility for the sampling and apologized, saying that he would be "reaching out" to rectify the issue and that the sample was added "at the last minute."
On November 7, 2018, an alternative version of the album on streaming services revealed the song with its sample removed and the beat revised. On the night of the album's premiere, West said that specific lyrics had been cut from it after his controversial interview with TMZ in which he made comments about slavery. On June 7, 2018, six days after the release of Ye, the clean version of "I Thought About Killing You" had the lyric "Sorry, but I chose not to be no slave" added at three minutes and 30 seconds into the song in reference to those comments; the line has not been added to the explicit version of the song. West delivers rap and spoken word lyrics over a cappella voices intoning "I know, I know" in the song, which sees him express thoughts about killing himself and someone else, it stands along with "Yikes" as one of the occasions where West addresses his mental health on the album. The song begins with the line "The most beautiful thoughts are always besides the darkest,", a thesis by West.
At two minutes and 20 seconds into the song, West begins to rap after having delivered spoken word and soft drums kick in at this point. When rapping, West mispronounces "cache" as "cash-ay" at one point, which may have been purposeful due to his history with neologisms. A lyric is left unfinished by West in one of his lines with "Mhm, I don't see no, yeah, I don't see no, mhm." The uncredited sample from "Fr3sh" by Kareem Lotfy within the original version is used for a beat switch at three minutes and ten seconds in. "I Thought About Killing You" was released on June 1, 2018, as the first track on West's eighth studio album Ye. It stands as the longest song on the album, running for a total of 34 seconds. A promotional video was displayed on the official website of West from the album's listening party that included "I Thought About Killing You" and "Ghost Town" being played, though the website was updated on October 22, 2019; the listening party was convened by West on the night before the release of Ye in Jackson Hole, the same place that West recorded the album.
Co-writer Cyhi the Prynce was among the attendees at the listening party. Kid Cudi walked down the runway to the song at a fashion show of Virgil Abloh during 2018 Paris Fashion Week, where West was in attendance; the song was met with mixed to positive reviews from music critics, who were divided in th
Maconacon the Municipality of Maconacon, is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Isabela, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 4,253 people, making it the least populous municipality in the province. Maconacon is one of the four coastal municipalities of the province of Isabela facing the Philippine Sea to the east. Separated from the rest of the province by the mighty Sierra Madre mountains, it is considered to be one of the most remote and isolated community in the province; the town is bounded to the north by Peñablanca in the province of Cagayan, San Pablo and Cabagan to the west, Tumauini to the southwest, Divilacan to the south and the Philippine Sea to the east. Maconacon is politically subdivided into 10 barangays. In the 2015 census, the population of Maconacon was 4,253 people, with a density of 7.9 inhabitants per square kilometre or 20 inhabitants per square mile. Maconacon is accessible via air, its primary gateway is the Maconacon Airport which connects this isolated town to the rest of the province through Cauayan Airport in Cauayan City.
Municipal Profile at the National Competitiveness Council of the Philippines Maconacon at the Isabela Government Website Local Governance Performance Management System Philippine Standard Geographic Code Philippine Census Information Municipality of Maconacon