A sect is a subgroup of a religious, political, or philosophical belief system an offshoot of a larger group. Although the term was a classification for religious separated groups, it can now refer to any organization that breaks away from a larger one to follow a different set of rules and principles. In an Indian context, sect refers to an organized tradition; the word sect comes from the Latin noun secta, meaning "a way, road", figuratively a way, mode, or manner, hence metonymously, a discipline or school of thought as defined by a set of methods and doctrines. The present gamut of meanings of sect has been influenced by confusion with the homonymous Latin word secta. There are descriptions for the term. Among the first to define them were Max Weber and Ernst Troeltsch. In the church-sect typology they are described as newly formed religious groups that form to protest elements of their parent religion, their motivation tends to be situated in accusations of apostasy or heresy in the parent denomination.
The American sociologists Rodney Stark and William Sims Bainbridge assert that "sects claim to be authentic purged, refurbished version of the faith from which they split". They further assert that sects have, in contrast to churches, a high degree of tension with the surrounding society. Other sociologists of religion such as Fred Kniss have asserted that sectarianism is best described with regard to what a sect is in tension with; some religious groups exist in tension only with co-religious groups of different ethnicities, or exist in tension with the whole of society rather than the church which the sect originated from. Sectarianism is sometimes defined in the sociology of religion as a worldview that emphasizes the unique legitimacy of believers' creed and practices and that heightens tension with the larger society by engaging in boundary-maintaining practices; the English sociologist Roy Wallis argues that a sect is characterized by "epistemological authoritarianism": sects possess some authoritative locus for the legitimate attribution of heresy.
According to Wallis, "sects lay a claim to possess unique and privileged access to the truth or salvation" and "their committed adherents regard all those outside the confines of the collectivity as'in error'". He contrasts this with a cult that he described as characterized by "epistemological individualism" by which he means that "the cult has no clear locus of final authority beyond the individual member." The corresponding words for "sect" in European languages other than English – Sekte, secta, sectă, sekta, sekte, szekta, секта, σέχτα – refer to a harmful religious sect and translate into English as "cult". In France, since the 1970s, secte has a specific meaning, different from the English word; the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Religion distinguishes three types of classification of Buddhism, separated into "Movements", "Nikāyas" and "Doctrinal schools": Schools: Theravada in South Asia and Southeast Asia. Nikāyas, or monastic fraternities, three of which survive at the present day: Theravāda, in Southeast Asia and South Asia.
The term remains valid for this purpose. There are many groups outside the Roman Catholic Church which regard themselves as Catholic, such as the Community of the Lady of All Nations, the Palmarian Catholic Church, the Philippine Independent Church, the Brazilian Catholic Apostolic Church, the Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God, Most Holy Family Monastery, others; the Indologist Axel Michaels writes in his book about Hinduism that in an Indian context the word "sect does not denote a split or excluded community, but rather an organized tradition established by founder with ascetic practices." According to Michaels, "Indian sects do not focus on heresy, since the lack of a center or a compulsory center makes this impossible – instead, the focus is on adherents and followers." The ancient schools of fiqh or sharia in Islam are known as "madhhabs." In the beginning Islam was classically divided into three major sects. These political divisions are well known as Shia Islam and Khariji Islam.
Each sect developed several distinct jurisprudence systems reflecting their own understanding of the Islamic law during the course of the history of Islam. For instance, Sunnis are separated into five sub-sects, Hanafi, Shafi'i, Hanbali and Ẓāhirī; the Shia, on the other hand, first developed Kaysanism, which in turn divided into three major groupings known as Fivers and Twelvers. The Zaydis separated first; the non-Zaydis are initially
"Sit on My Face" is a short song by the members of the comedy troupe Monty Python which appeared on the album Monty Python's Contractual Obligation Album and appeared on the compilation Monty Python Sings. Written by Eric Idle, the song's lyrics are sung to the melody of "Sing" by Gracie Fields; the opening gives way to the voices of The Fred Tomlinson Singers singing "Sit on my face and tell me that you love me." The remaining lyrics contain numerous references to fellatio and cunnilingus, such as "when I'm between your thighs you blow me away" and "life can be fine if we both 69". The song opened the 1982 film Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl, where it was lip-synched by Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam and Terry Jones dressed as waiters in a performance which, at the suggestion of Python touring member Neil Innes, ended with them revealing their bare backsides. In 2002, a similar rendition was mimed by Eric Idle, Terry Jones, Terry Gilliam and Neil Innes at the Concert for George, a memorial concert for George Harrison which took place at the Royal Albert Hall.
At the end of this rendition the four men turned their backs to face a portrait of George Harrison, thereby revealing their naked buttocks and mooning the Albert Hall audience. More it was featured as an animated number in A Liar's Autobiography, performed by the London Gay Men's Chorus, both on the recorded soundtrack and live, as a flash mob, during the screening shown during the London Film Festival; the song opened the second half of Monty Python's 2014 reunion shows where it accompanied a suggestive dance routine by the 20-strong dance ensemble, with Eric Idle and Michael Palin encouraging an audience singalong. Prior to the album's release, Monty Python received legal threats for alleged copyright infringement due to the use of the tune of "Sing as We Go". Nonetheless, the Pythons decided to retain the song; the US Federal Communications Commission has ruled that the song is actionably indecent, concluding that "despite English accent and'ambient noise' … the lyrics were sufficiently understandable".
In 1992, it pursued legal action against KGB-FM, a San Diego, California classic rock radio station, for playing the song forcing the station to pay US$9,200 in fines. A French language rendition of the song presented in Edinburgh in 2003 translated the title as "Cum in My Mouth". According to producer Rémy Renoux, "Cum in My Mouth is … what Monty Python would have written today." Renoux pointed out that a literal translation into French would not fit the melody of the song, claimed that the translation met with the approval of the Monty Python team. Censorship of broadcasting in the United States Censorship of music
Michael Roesch is a Canadian film director, film producer and screenwriter. He collaborates on his movies with fellow filmmaker Peter Scheerer. A movie aficionado since he was a kid, Michael Roesch started shooting short 8 mm movies at age 12. While Roesch was at college, he worked as a film journalist for several magazines, he started together with his writing partner Peter Scheerer a successful career as a screenwriter, worked in various production capacities. Among their screenwriting credits are Alone in House of the Dead 2 and Far Cry. In 2006 Roesch and Scheerer directed their first feature, the vampire thriller Brotherhood of Blood, starring Victoria Pratt, Sid Haig and Ken Foree; the movie had its world premiere at the prestigious Sitges Film Festival in Sitges, Spain in October 2007. In the US and Canada, Sam Raimi´s label Ghosthouse Underground acquired the movie, released it through Lionsgate. In 2007 Roesch and Scheerer directed Alone in the Dark II, starring Rick Yune, Lance Henriksen and Danny Trejo.
It is a sequel to the 2005 film Alone in the Dark. Among Roesch´s recent work as a producer is Prisoners of the Sun, directed by Academy Award winner Roger Christian and starring John Rhys-Davies and Carmen Chaplin. Female Fight Club Viy Prisoners of the Sun BloodRayne: The Third Reich Blubberella Alone in the Dark II Far Cry In the Name of the King Brotherhood of Blood BloodRayne House of the Dead 2 Alone in the Dark House of the Dead Michael Roesch on IMDb Official website