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West Bay Shore, New York

West Bay Shore is a hamlet and census-designated place in the Town of Islip, Suffolk County, New York, United States. The population of the CDP was 4,648 at the time of the 2010 census. West Bay Shore is located in the Town of Islip. Sagtikos Manor is one of the oldest structures in the Town of Islip; the original structure, expanded, was built in 1697 by New York City's first native-born mayor, Stephanus Van Cortlandt. The manor functioned for a time, during the American Revolution, as local headquarters for British forces under General Sir Henry Clinton. George Washington used it as a stopover during a 1790 tour of Long Island, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1976. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.3 square miles, of which 2.2 square miles is land and 0.08 square miles, or 4.12%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,775 people, 1,721 households, 1,366 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 1,996.9 per square mile.

There were 1,789 housing units at an average density of 748.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 94.62% White, 0.94% African American, 0.17% Native American, 2.20% Asian, 0.92% from other races, 1.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.08% of the population. There were 1,721 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.3% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.6% were non-families. 16.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.11. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $73,194, the median income for a family was $75,055. Males had a median income of $61,635 versus $41,667 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $31,998. About 3.1% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over

Matthias Zimprecht

Matthias Zimprecht, native Bavarian, was a Bohemian painter, active in Prague from mid-1650s till 1680. His known work consists of altar pieces but he was a sought-after portraitist and author of gallery paintings. Matthias Zimprecht, in written sources named Simbrecht, Zimbrecht, Cymbrecht, Sinbrecht, Cimbert, was the eldest son of an employee at the elector's court Peter Zimprecht in Munich, trained at the court painter there Kaspar Amort. After 1646 he set out on the journeyman's path, he stayed in Italy, where under the influence of contemporary Roman painting he finished shaping his artistic expression. From 1655, he is documented in Prague, where he worked until 1667 in the services of Count Wenzel Michna of Vacínov as a private painter. After the death of his patron, he settled in Prague's New Town and became the head of the painters’ guild there. From that time, it is possible to observe his painting activity more coherently – he supplied altarpieces for the churches there, but in Lesser Town, he was the author of portraits and highly regarded gallery pieces, on which we with some exceptions find out about from collection inventory lists.

With his colorfully vivid Baroque expression marked by Italian painting, Zimprecht headed further than Anton Stevens and he represented an antipode to the more concentrated in expression and more dramatic in light Karel Škréta. With his death in the Great Plague Epidemic in 1680, epoch of the first creators of the Baroque art in Prague and Bohemia ends, his work represents a link to the generation emerging in the last decades of the 17th century, Johann Georg Heinsch, Johann Rudolf Byss, Johann Christoph Liška and Michael Wenzel Halbax. Štěpán Vácha and Radka Heisslerová, Ve stínu Karla Škréty. Pražští malíři v letech 1635–1680. Antonín Stevens, Jan Bedřich Hess, Matěj Zimprecht. Prague: Academia, 2017. ISBN 978-80-200-2801-3 Štěpán Vácha and Radka Heisslerová, Pražský malíř Matěj Zimprecht. Životopis umělce v limitech historické paměti. In: Umění/Art Vol. 60, 2012, pp. 255–280. ISSN 1804-6509 Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie 45. Zeisberger–Zyrl, Nachtrag bis 1899: von Abendroth–Anderssen, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, 1900, pp. 577–578.

Media related to Matthias Zimprecht at Wikimedia Commons

Italian cruiser Giovanni delle Bande Nere

Giovanni dalle Bande Nere was an Italian light cruiser of the Giussano class, which served in the Regia Marina during World War II. She was named after member of the Medici family, her keel was laid down in 1928 at Cantieri Navali di Castellammare di Stabia, Castellammare di Stabia. Unlike her three sisters, the finish and workmanship on the vessel were not rated highly, she was sunk on 1 April 1942 by the British submarine HMS Urge. The Giussano type of cruiser sacrificed protection for high speed and weaponry, as a counter to new French large destroyers. Bande Nere's service was in the Mediterranean as a precaution during the Spanish Civil War and afterwards in the Navy Ministry's Training Command. At the outbreak of Italy's war in June 1940, she formed the 2nd Cruiser Division with Luigi Cadorna, she did some mine-laying in the Sicilian Channel on 10 June and in July covered troop convoys to North Africa. Bande Nere and Bartolomeo Colleoni, en route from Tripoli to Leros, took part in the Battle of Cape Spada, when the light protection was exposed.

In the fight between the two Italian light cruisers and the Australian cruiser HMAS Sydney with five British destroyers, the Allies sank Colleoni and damaged Bande Nere. Colleoni was disabled by a shell that penetrated to her engine room, allowing the destroyers to torpedo and sink her. Bande Nere returned to Tripoli. From December 1940 into 1941, she was assigned to the 4th Cruiser Division and covered several important troop convoys and attempts to interdict Malta. In June 1941, Bande Nere and Alberto da Giussano laid a defensive minefield off Tripoli which, in December destroyed the hitherto aggressive and successful British Force K. Further minelaying was done in July in the Sicilian Channel. In 1942, Bande Nere continued to interdict British ones; the Italian operation K7 ran supplies from Messina and Corfu to Tripoli with heavy naval support and there was an attempt to block the British convoy MW10, which led to the Second Battle of Sirte on 22 March 1942. Bande Nere was part of the battleship Littorio's flotilla.

The Italian cruiser scored a hit on a British counterpart HMS Cleopatra during this engagement, damaging her after turrets. Other reports state that Cleopatra's radio installations were disabled. On 23 March, Bande Nere was damaged in storms and, needing repairs, was sent to La Spezia on 1 April 1942. While en route, she was hit by two torpedoes from the submarine HMS Urge, broke in two and sank with the loss of 381 men. During the war, Bande Nere participated in 15 missions: four interceptions, eight convoy escorts, three mine layings, for an overall total of 35,000 miles. 7 July: Battle of Calabria 19 July: Battle of Cape Spada 8 May: attack against Tiger convoy 21 February: operation K 7 22 March: Second Battle of Sirte On the morning of 1 April 1942, Bande Nere left Messina for La Spezia, escorted by the destroyer Aviere and patrol boat Libra. Eleven miles from Stromboli, at 0900, the group was intercepted by the British submarine Urge. On 9 March 2019 it was reported that an Italian Navy minesweeper had discovered the wreck of Bande Nere.

From photos shown, at least part of the cruiser lies on its port side in 1,400 meters of water. Brescia, Maurizio. Mussolini's Navy: A Reference Guide to the Regina Marina 1930–45. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-59114-544-8. Chesneau, Roger, ed.. Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. Fraccaroli, Aldo. Italian Warships of World War II. Shepperton, UK: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-0002-6. Whitley, M. J.. Cruisers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-141-6. Italian light cruisers

B-25 Mitchell aircraft in Catch-22

When Catch-22 began preliminary production, Paramount made a decision to hire the Tallmantz Aviation organization to obtain sufficient North American B-25 Mitchell bomber aircraft to recreate a Mediterranean wartime base as depicted in the Joseph Heller novel of the same name. Tallmantz president, Frank G. Tallman found the war-surplus aircraft, he gathered aircrew to fly the aircraft and ground support crew to maintain the fleet. Catch-22's budget could accommodate 17 flyable B-25s, an additional non-flyable hulk was acquired in Mexico, made ferry-able and flown with landing gear down to the Guaymas, Mexico filming location, only to be burned and destroyed in the landing crash scene; the wreck was buried in the ground next to the runway, where it remains. Paramount planned to film the Catch-22 aerial sequences for six weeks, but the production required three months to shoot and the bombers flew a total of about 1,500 hours, they appeared on screen for 12 minutes. Fifteen of the 18 bombers used in the film still remain intact, including one housed at the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum.

6A B-25H-1NA 43-4643, " The Bug Smasher ", Olive Drab B-25C - Destroyed in a crash in 1978. Used as a camera ship during filming.6B B-25J-30NC 44-86843, " Passionette Paulette 03507G " - presently displayed at the Grissom Air Museum at Grissom Air Reserve Base, Indiana, 6C B-25J-25NC 44-29939, 09456Z ", Camouflage B-25J - airworthy with the Mid-Atlantic Air Museum in Reading, Pennsylvania. Flies as Briefing Time.6D B-25J-30NC 44-31032, " Free and Ready 13174G ", Olive Drab B-25J - on display at the March Field Air Museum at March Air Reserve Base in Riverside, California. Marked as Problem Child.6F B-25J-15NC 44-28925, " Tokyo Express " - airworthy with the Cavanaugh Flight Museum in Addison, Texas. Flies as How'Boot That!?6G B-25J-5NC 43-28204, " Booby Trap 39856C ", Olive Drab B-25J - airworthy with Aero Trader in Chino, California. Flies as Pacific Princess.6H B-25J-25NC 44-30748, Camouflage B-25J - airworthy with the Erickson Aircraft Collection in Madras, Oregon. Flies as Heavenly Body.6I B-25J-30NC 44-30925, " Laden Maiden ", Desert Tan B-25J - under restoration with the Belgian Aviation Preservation Association, Belgium, 6J B-25J-30NC 44-86701, " Annzas " - 25 missions, Camouflage B-25J - destroyed in a hangar fire at Musee de l'Air in Paris, France.6K B-25J-25NC 44-30801, " Vestal Virgin 13699G ", Olive Drab B-25J - airworthy with the American Aeronautical Foundation in Camarillo, California.

Flies as Executive Sweet.6M B-25J-20NC 44-29366, " aBominable Snowman ", Olive Drab B-25J - displayed at the Royal Air Force Museum London at the former Hendon Aerodrome in London, United Kingdom.6N B-25H-1NA 43-4432, " Berlin Express 410V ", Camouflage B-25J - airworthy with the Experimental Aircraft Association Museum in Oshkosh, Wisconsin. Flies as Berlin Express.6Q B-25J-25NC 44-30077, " The Denver Dumper ", Olive Drab B-25J - presently displayed at the Pacific Aviation Museum on Ford Island in Honolulu, Hawaii, 6S B-25J-35NC 44-8843, Camouflage B-25C - Destroyed during filming.6V B-25J-25NC 44-30493, " Dumbo 39451Z ", Olive Drab B-25C - displayed at Malmstrom AFB in Great Falls, Montana.6W B-25J-25NC 44-30649, " Hot Pants 32452Z ", B-25C - displayed at Maxwell AFB in Montgomery, Alabama.6Y B-25J-20NC 44-29887, " 6Y Luscious Lulu, Olive Drab - in storage at the National Air and Space Museum. Marked as Carol Jean.6? B-25J-25NC 44-30823, Olive Drab - airworthy with the Mid America Flight Museum in Mount Pleasant, Texas.

Flies as God and Country. Used as a camera ship during filming. Dumbo B-25J, nose section, Tennessee Air Museum, Tennessee, All the B-25s had the tip of the vertical stabilizer painted blue. For the film, mock upper turrets were installed. To represent different models several aircraft had the turrets installed behind the wings representing early aircraft; the camera ships had the mock turrets installed, but problems with buffeting required their removal. North American B-25 Mitchell survivors Notes Bibliography Warbird Registry Tallmantz B-25H N1203 Catch-22 Camera Aircraft history B-25s: Where to find them Catch-22 on IMDb

Action of 8 March 1795

The Action of 8 March 1795 was a minor naval engagement in the Mediterranean theatre of the French Revolutionary Wars. The action was part of series of battles fought in the spring of 1795 between British and French fleets for control of the Ligurian Sea and thus the blockade of the French naval base of Toulon; the engagement was the first significant action of the year and was fought principally between the damaged British 74-gun ship of the line HMS Berwick and the French 32-gun frigate Alceste, with the assistance of the frigate Vestale and the 74-gun Duquesne, distantly supported by the rest of the French Mediterranean Fleet. The action took place against the backdrop of a wider campaign, in which much of the French fleet had been badly damaged in 1793 during the Siege of Toulon. Freshly repaired, the French had sailed on a mission to intimidate the neutral city of Genoa and invade British-held Corsica; the British fleet had until been anchored for the winter in San Fiorenzo Bay off Northern Corsica, but Vice-Admiral William Hotham sailed for Leghorn for refit in late February and left behind Berwick, badly damaged in an accident over the winter.

Equipped with the rigging of a frigate and mounting only 64-guns, Captain Adam Littlejohn was under orders to follow the fleet when practical, but in doing so in early March he ran straight into Contre-amiral Pierre Martin's French fleet. Two French ships of the line and three frigates sailed to intercept Berwick, the frigate Alceste arrived first. Littlejohn was killed after an hour's combat, the inability of the British ship to manoeuvre, the arrival of a second frigate, the looming presence of the larger French detachment in pursuit convinced the surviving British officers that resistance was futile. Berwick was surrendered and taken first to Gourjean Bay and to Toulon; the ship served with the French Navy for ten years, before being recaptured at the Battle of Trafalgar. Martin's fleet was intercepted by Hotham's a few days in the Gulf of Genoa, at the ensuing battle two French ships were lost; the Mediterranean campaign of the French Revolutionary Wars began in earnest in August 1793, seven months after war was declared, with the arrival of a powerful British fleet under Vice-Admiral Lord Hood.

Hood was able to take advantage of the political chaos of the Reign of Terror underway in the new French Republic and force the French naval base of Toulon to declare for the Royalist cause and permit Hood to occupy the city and seize the entire French fleet at anchor in the harbour. Republican forces besieged the city and after four months it was recaptured, Hood burning the French fleet as he left. Despite Hood's orders however only half the fleet was lost, many ships surviving in a damaged state; as the French salvaged their fleet, Hood ordered an invasion of Corsica in February 1794. French garrisons on the island were eliminated one by one in a series of sieges, by August the island and its important anchorage at San Fiorenzo Bay, were under British control; the repaired French fleet, under the command of Contre-amiral Pierre Martin, sailed from Toulon in June 1794 on a limited cruise, was caught by Hood. The French fleet sheltered in Toulon over the winter. In San Fiorenzo Bay, the British fleet had an eventful winter.

Hotham was a cautious and elderly officer, who had ordered limited refits of his ships during their time in the Bay. On 15 January a gale swept the bay. One ship however, the 74-gun ship of the line HMS Berwick had had its rigging removed for the refit, leaving the masts unsupported and as a result destabalising the entire ship. Rocking dangerously, Berwick lost all three lower masts overboard; the masts could not be replaced in San Fiorenzo, Hotham convened an immediate court-martial which found that Captain William Smith, the first lieutenant and the ship's master had not taken the proper precautions to secure the masts. All three were dismissed from the ship. Smith was replaced with Captain Adam Littlejohn, instructed to raise frigate jury masts, the only ones available, on Berwick. Hotham sailed to Leghorn, leaving Littlejohn behind with instructions for Berwick to follow when repairs were complete. Littlejohn raised the jury was forced to dismount a number of guns to improve stability. Delayed by contrary winds, with an improvised sail rig, was only able to follow Hotham on 7 March, steering north out of San Fiorenzo Bay.

Four days earlier, upon learning of Hotham's absence, Martin had sailed once more with the French fleet. His force comprised fifteen ships of the line, including one of 120-guns, two of 80-guns and the remainder of 74-guns, supported by seven frigates and five smaller warships. On board his flagship was a Représentant en mission from the National Convention, Étienne-François Letourneur, sent to provide political oversight for the operation. Martin's mission has never been adequately determined: The report of the Committee of Public Safety to the National Convention states that the fleet was at sea to secure shipping lines in the Mediterranean, although a possible amphibious landing in Corsica is mentioned in Letourneur's correspondence and indicated by the numbers of troopships assembling in Toulon; however these forces did not leave Toulon harbour, historian Adolphe Thiers has suggested that