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Sedan, Ardennes

Sedan is a commune in the Ardennes department and Grand Est region of north-eastern France. It is the chef-lieu of the arrondissement of the same name; the town is situated some 200 km from Paris, 85 km north-east of Reims, 10 km south of the border with Belgium. The historic centre occupies a peninsula formed by a bend in the River Meuse. Sedan was founded in 1424. In the sixteenth century Sédan was an asylum for Protestant refugees from the Wars of Religion; until 1651, the Principality of Sedan belonged to the La Tour d'Auvergne family. It was at that time a sovereign principality, their most illustrious representative, Marshal Turenne, was born at Sedan on 11 September 1611. With help from the Holy Roman Empire, it managed to defeat France at the Battle of La Marfée, though afterwards it was besieged and its prince, Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne, duc de Bouillon, submitted to France. Only a year after that submission, it was annexed to France in return for sparing his life after he became involved in a conspiracy against France.

This town was the birthplace of Jacques MacDonald, a general who served in the Napoleonic Wars. During the Franco-Prussian War, on 2 September 1870 the French emperor Napoleon III was taken prisoner with 100,000 of his soldiers at the First Battle of Sedan. Due to this major victory, which made the unification of Germany possible, 2 September was declared "Sedan Day" and a national German holiday in 1871, it remained a holiday until 1919. Sedan was occupied by the Germans for four years during World War I. On 13 November 1917, the German Crown Prince paraded the 13th Infantry Division over the course of "d'Alsace-Lorraine". During World War II the German troops first invaded neutral Belgium and crossed the Meuse River by winning the Second Battle of Sedan that lasted from 12 to 15 May 1940; this battle allowed them to win the whole Battle of France as they not only bypassed the French fortification system, the Maginot Line, but it enabled them to entrap the Allied Forces that were advancing east into Belgium, as part of the Allied Dyle Plan strategy.

Today Sedan is known for its castle, claimed to be the largest fortified medieval castle in Europe with a total area of 30,000 square metres on seven levels. Construction started in 1424 and the castle's defences were improved over the ages, it is the only remaining part of the once enormous fortifications around the town. Jardin botanique de Sedan Festival médiéval de Sedan in May A centre of cloth production, begun under the patronage of Cardinal Mazarin, supported the town until the late nineteenth century. CS Sedan Ardennes is based in the town; the following notable people lived there: Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Marshal of France Jean de Collas, architect Étienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre MacDonald, Marshal of France Charles Baudin, admiral René Guyon, jurist Yves Congar, French Dominican theologian and cardinal Pierre Cartier, mathematician Yannick Noah, former professional tennis player Michel Fourniret, serial killer Frédéric Brillant professional soccer player Eisenach, since 1991 Sedan, Kansas Communes of the Ardennes department CS Sedan Ardennes, football club based in Sedan French Towns and Lands of Art and History Stade Louis Dugauguez, a multi-use stadium in Sedan Sedan city council website The German breakthrough in 1940 Webpage about the fortifications of Sedan Article on the Battle of Sedan at'Battlefields Europe' INSEE

Project Row Houses

Project Row Houses is a development in the Third Ward area of Houston, Texas. Project Row Houses includes a group of shotgun houses restored in the 1990s. Eight houses serve as studios for visiting artists; those houses are art studios for art related to African-American themes. A row behind the art studio houses single mothers. Rick Lowe, a native of Alabama and 2014 MacArthur "genius" grant winner, founded Project Row Houses in 1993 with James Bettison, Bert Long, Jr. Jesse Lott, Floyd Newsum, Bert Samples, George Smith. In 1990, according to Lowe, a group of high school students approached Lowe and asked him to create solutions to problems instead of creating works that tell the community about issues it is aware of. Lowe and a coalition of artists purchased a group of 22 shotgun houses across two blocks that were built in 1930 and, by the 1990s, were in poor condition. Lisa Gray of the Houston Chronicle said that the houses used as rentals, were "previously ruled by drugs and prostitutes."Inspired by the work of John T. Biggers, the group used seed money funds from the Elizabeth Firestone Graham Foundation and the National Endowment for the Arts to restore the houses.

Corporate sponsor Chevron renovated the outside of several shotgun houses. The director of the Menil Foundation allowed Monday to be a day off of work for the employees so that they could help renovate the shotgun houses. Volunteers numbering in the hundreds fortified porches, removed trash and used needles from lots, hung wallboard. Several individuals and families from the area and one local church "adopted" individual houses. Garnet Coleman adopted one house; the houses first opened in 1994. Deborah Grotfeldt created the concept of the Young Mothers Residential Program, which began operations in 1996; the program gives single mothers one year of housing to allow them to finish their education and organize themselves. Michael Kimmelman of The New York Times said "It has been as successful as the artist residency program." But they weren't trying to do something to serve the arts community. So after listening to tragic stories about teen pregnancy and the large number of households being led by single parents, they decided that they could utilize single mothers as a symbol for the need for housing in this community.

As of 2009 the Project Row Houses campus had 40 properties. As of that year, some houses have art exhibitions and some houses provide housing space for resident artists. Newer low income housing blocks, using designs provided by the Rice Building Workshop, are now a part of the campus; the program for young mothers uses seven shotgun houses. A playground is adjacent to those houses. In addition, several shotgun houses built in the Victorian era, moved there earlier from black communities under development, are a part of the campus. For those not clear on where the "art" comes in, one mother's epiphany provides an answer. "She was perplexed about the relationship between the artists and herself,"Lowe says. "Then she said,'I get it. My life is a work of art too." The Eldorado Ballroom and the Bert Long sculpture "Field of Vision" are a part of the campus. Lisa Gray of the Houston Chronicle said during that year "Driving around, this writer found it's hard to tell where the Row Houses campus begins and ends."

Terry Adkins Edgar Arceneaux William Cordova Erika DeFreitas Brendan Fernandes Coco Fusco Charles Gaines Leslie Hewitt Ayana Jackson Ayanna Jolivet McCloud Rodney McMillian Charles Huntley Nelson Mendi & Keith Obadike Lovie Olivia Kameelah Janan Rasheed Martine Syms Tatyana Fazlalizadeh Autumn Knight Otobong Nkanga Question Bridge: Black Males In 2006, the Houston City Council gave Project Row Houses a grant of $975,000. 1997: Rudy Bruner Award for Urban Excellence silver medal Children living in the houses attend schools in the Houston Independent School District. Zoned schools include Blackshear Elementary School, Cullen Middle School, Yates High School. Students were zoned to Ryan Middle School before 2013. Beginning in 2018 the magnet middle school Baylor College of Medicine Academy at Ryan serves as a boundary option for students zoned to Blackshear and MacGregor elementary schools. Greenberg, Mike. "Project ROW Houses - Neighborhood blight becomes neighborhood hope in Houston's Third Ward".

San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved 15 March 2016. Gaines, Sallie. "Shotgun Houses Gave Artist A Prime Target". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 15 March 2016. Farbstein, Jay. Visions of Urban Excellence: 1997 Rudy Bruner Award for Urban Excellence. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Bruner Foundation. ISBN 978-1-890-28602-6. OCLC 608115343. Retrieved 25 September 2014. Johnson, Patricia C.. "Administrator admits stealing from Project Row Houses". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 15 March 2016. Sewing, Joy. "Project Row Houses melds art and community in the Third Ward." Houston Chronicle. Friday, May 27, 2016. Project Row Houses Third Ward TX – documentary on Project Row Houses

2002–03 Bolton Wanderers F.C. season

The 2002–03 season was the 124th season in Bolton Wanderers F. C.'s existence, was their second consecutive season in the top-flight. This article covers the period from 1 July 2002 to 30 June 2003. A home victory over Aston Villa and a memorable 1-0 victory over Manchester United at Old Trafford got Bolton off to another promising start to the season, but their subsequent form was memorable for all the wrong reasons as they only won 2 of their next 21 games, causing most pundits to write them off by the start of 2003. A 4-2 win over Birmingham City on 1 February kickstarted their campaign and the club only lost two more games during the rest of the season, leaving them in control of their destiny on the final day, they achieved survival with a 2-1 victory over Middlesbrough. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Bolton used a total of 32 players during the season

3rd & Bird

3rd & Bird is a British television programme aimed at young children, commissioned by Michael Carrington and broadcast on the BBC, which revolves around a community of birds and their adventures. The series premiered on CBeebies in 4 June 2008 to 31 July 2010. Described in its initial press release as "a charming new animated series all about community", the programme format involves one or more of the characters encountering a problem which must be solved using the social skills which pre-school children must develop in order to make their way in the world. 3rd & Bird was created by Josh Selig for Little Airplane Productions. The show uses an animation style known as "photo-puppetry", in which the animation is created by the use of manipulation of photographs. Samuel - The eldest of the Lovebird children, Samuel is a green lovebird, he acts as a role model to his younger sister and tries to teach her how to be responsible. Muffin - A pink lovebird and Samuel's younger sister. Not yet old enough to fly, she rides on Samuel's back.

Muffin calls Samuel "Sam'el," Rudy "Udy," and Mr. Beakman "Beaky." Rudy - Rudy is Samuel's best friend. She wears a bracelet of colored stones on her ankle. Mr. Beakman - The children's teacher, a wise toucan who acts as the voice of parental authority, he shows an interest in mariachi bands. Mrs. Billingsley - A New Zealand gardening kiwi and the oldest bird in the treetop community, she wears a sunhat and is incapable of flying, which causes problems. Missy - A fashionable great blue turaco who speaks with a thick French accent, she refers to Samuel and his friends as "little birds." Quinn - - A puffin who works as an inventor. He displays arrogance, as he believes that his ability to build unique contraptions makes him better than the rest of the birds. Mr. and Mrs. Lovebird - Samuel and Muffin's parents. Despite being seen, they care for their children. Baby Jordan - Mr. Beakman's nephew, who uses big words like his uncle, he calls Muffin "Uffin." Elliot - A worm, friends with Samuel and Rudy. The cast includes world champion musical whistler, Michael Barimo, whose whistling accompanies the music of the show.

In 2009, BBC Worldwide sold the rights of the show to Canada-based Treehouse TV. In 2010, Disney Channel is airing it on Playhouse Disney. In September 2011 the show airing was moved to Disney Junior. In January 2009, BBC Worldwide announced plans to release 3rd & Bird merchandise, including wooden stacking toys, pull along vehicles, play sets and musical instruments, as well as wheeled toys, including trikes and ride-ons; the product line was released in spring 2010. Two compact discs featuring the 3rd & Bird theme song were released by CBeebies titled CBeebies: Song Time and CBeebies: The Album. A DVD containing 8 episodes of the series was released in March 2009, will be accompanied by a series of books tying into the show; the DVD release, entitled Bird's The Word!, contains the following episodes: Fly Muffin!. A second DVD, Muffin Land!, was released in June 2009, contained the following episodes: Muffinland!. Dinosaur!. 3rd & Bird official site 3rd & Bird at BBC Programmes 3rd & Bird on IMDb

Action démocratique du Québec candidates in the 2007 Quebec provincial election

The Action démocratique du Québec party ran a full slate of 125 candidates in the 2007 provincial election and elected forty-one members to become the official opposition in the National Assembly of Quebec. Many of the party's candidates have their own biography pages. Georges Lapointe was a Parti Québecois candidate in the 2003 provincial election and before running for the ADQ in 2007. On both occasions, he was defeated by Liberal David Whissell, he lived in Quebec during the 2007 campaign. Jean L'Écuyer was a resident of Quebec at the time of the 2007 election, he had worked for Bell Canada for twenty-eight years. In 2002, he received a Master of Business Administration degree. During the 2007 campaign, he promoted more private sector involvement in Quebec's health system, he received 11,221 votes. L'Écuyer became interim director-general of the ADQ in 2009. There was a Jean L'Écuyer who ran for the Longueuil city council in 1986 and was elected to the Commission scolaire Jacques-Cartier in 1987.

It is not known. Jocelyn Dumais is a cement contractor in Gatineau, he gained notoriety in the 1990s and 2000s for opposing Quebec's labour laws governing construction workers. Dumais was raised in Lac-Bouchette, where his father was a wealthy insurance agent, he worked in a paper mill after graduating and moved to Kitimat, British Columbia, where he worked at an Alcan plant. He was a union member in this period and once helped to organize a strike against restrictive labour legislation, he moved to Windsor, Ontario in 1971 and worked as a unionized carpenter, moved to the Ottawa area in 1981 to work in construction. A newspaper article from December 1993 listed him as forty-three years old. During the 1970s, the government of Robert Bourassa passed legislation requiring that all construction workers in Quebec be members of recognized unions or have permits from the Commission de la construction du Québec. In 1991, Dumais was fined $35,985 for using illegal workers, he subsequently led a public campaign against the labour legislation and the CCQ, forming an organization called the Association pour le droit au travail.

In 1993 and again in 1999, Dumais and his supporters blocked all bridge traffic from Hull to Ottawa to bring attention to their campaign. He launched a constitutional challenge against Quebec's labour laws, arguing that they violated the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms by preventing Ontario residents from working in Quebec; the Supreme Court of Canada rejected his argument. Diane Francis, a right-wing columnist for the Financial Post, promoted Dumais's campaign over the course of several years. Dumais has questioned the effectiveness of Quebec's language laws, arguing that the French language could be better protected through cultural promotion, he wrote against Quebec separatism in 1994, when running for office in 2007, he argued that both Canada and Quebec were indivisible. Dumas finished second against Liberal incumbent Benoît Pelletier, a senior cabinet minister in Jean Charest's government. Pelletier announced that Quebec Ministry of Labour would recognize the Ontario work experience of Quebec construction workers, allowing more to enter Quebec's system.

While this legislation did not meet all of Dumais's goals, he nonetheless supported it as a change from the previous model. Dumais subsequently left the ADQ and supported the Quebec Liberal Party in the 2008 provincial election, appearing with Jean Charest at a campaign rally in Gatineau, he ran for city council in the 2009 Gatineau municipal election. Steve Bourassa has been an ADQ candidate in two elections, he was twenty-nine years old in his first campaign and identified as a financial consultant. From 2002 to 2006, he was chairman of the board of directors for a multi-million dollar funeral home. In his first campaign, Bourassa called for public consultation on proposed development at the Mont-Orford National Park and suggested monthly fundraising breakfasts to raise money for low-income children, he focused on regional development, education reform, an outreach to seniors in the 2007 campaign. He was nearly elected amid an increase in ADQ strength across the province. In November 2007, he announced his departure from politics.

His father has been a councillor in Sainte-Anne-de-la-Rochelle. Pierre Harvey was a physician based in Rivière-du-Loup at the time of the election, specializing in C. difficile. He presented the ADQ's election promise that patients would be able to attend private hospitals at public expense if they did not receive necessary surgery due to hospital delays. Considered a strong candidate for his party, he received 2,236 votes for a disappointing fifth-place finish against Liberal Raymond Bachand, he is not to be confused with a different Pierre Harvey who ran for the ADQ in the 2008 provincial election. Philippe Rochat was born in Switzerland and moved to Saint-Robert, Quebec in 1985. A dairy and cattle farmer for many years, he began working for CIT Sorel-Varennes in 2008, he finished second against Parti Québécois incumbent Sylvain Simard in 2007. He subsequently ran for mayor of Saint-Robert in 2009 and was narrowly defeated

Madge Easton Anderson

Madge Easton Anderson was a Scottish lawyer. She was the first woman admitted to practise as a professional lawyer in the UK when, in 1920, she qualified as a solicitor in Scotland. Anderson was born on 24 April 1896 in Glasgow to Anne Catherine Chisholm, daughter of an Inverness bookseller, Robert Easton Anderson, a surgical instrument maker. From 1904 to 1913 she attended Hutcheson's Grammar School, going on to study at the University of Glasgow, she graduated with an MA in 1916, a BL in 1919 and an LLB in 1920. She was the first woman to graduate from the University with a degree in law, she was not however the first female law graduate in Scotland: Eveline MacLaren and Josephine Gordon Stuart graduated from the Faculty of Law at the University of Edinburgh some years earlier, but at that time women were prohibited from practising as lawyers. On 12 May 1917 she began working as an apprentice law agent at the practice of Maclay Murray & Spens. In 1920, Anderson was the first woman to be admitted to the legal profession in the United Kingdom following the passing of the Sex Disqualification Act 1919, when she was admitted as a law agent in Scotland.

Her application for admission as a law agent was refused, because the necessary three years of training began before the passing of the Act, her indenture of training was not properly registered — registration was refused in 1917 because she was a woman. She appealed to the Court of Session, her petition was reported to the Inner House, First Division, heard in December 1920, by the Lord President, Lord Mackenzie, Lord Skerrington and Lord Cullen; the opinion of the Lord Ordinary Lord Ashmore criticised the English terminology used in the Act, but concluded that she was entitled to have her petition granted, the court upheld her appeal. In 1922 Anderson was working at the Glasgow law firm John Steuart and Gillies, where she stayed for five years before establishing her own practice in Giffnock in Glasgow. In 1937 she became the first woman qualified to practice as a solicitor in both England and Scotland, after passing the English Law Society final exam, she practiced law in London, with legal partners Edith Annie Berthen and Beatrice Honour Davy until 1951.

In 1949 she purchased a house near Dunkeld in Perthshire which she ran as a private hotel for some years, before moving first to a cottage near Crieff and to Bankfoot. However, the details of her life remain obscure. Anderson died at the Royal Infirmary, Perth, on 9 August 1982. Margaret Kidd DBE, KC, the first woman to be called to the Scottish Bar, in July 1923 Put her on a pedestal, The Scotsman, 7 March 2004 Women in the World's Legal Professions, Ulrike Schultz, Gisela Shaw, p. 141