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Sedgley is a town in the north of the Metropolitan Borough of Dudley, in the West Midlands, England. Part of Staffordshire, Sedgley is on the A459 road between Wolverhampton and Dudley, was the seat of an ancient manor comprising several smaller villages, including Gornal, Gospel End, Ettingshall and Brierley. In 1894, the manor was split to create the Sedgley and Coseley urban districts, the bulk of which were merged into the Dudley County Borough in 1966. Most of Sedgley was absorbed into an expanded County Borough of Dudley in 1966, with some parts being incorporated into Seisdon and Wolverhampton. Since 1974 it has been part of the Metropolitan Borough of Dudley; the place name Sedgley was first mentioned in a 985 charter from King Æthelred to Lady Wulfrūn, when describing the Wolverhampton border. The original Old English place name was'Secg's lēah' – Secg being a personal name and lēah meaning wood, glade or woodland clearing. Sedgley was mentioned in the Domesday Book, as an estate held by William Fitz-Ansculf, Lord of Dudley.

Dotted with farming communities in the middle-ages, the village became industrialized as natural resources such as coal and limestone were exploited, by the 18th century it was producing goods such as iron and brick. Sedgley expanded during the early part of the 20th century in response to the development of the nearby Baggeridge Colliery, despite a depletion in raw materials and a general decline in industry; as industry continued to decline, much of the area became redeveloped, with residential suburbs now dominating the landscape. Many pre-1900 buildings in Sedgley survive to this day, they include Queen Victoria Primary School, All Saints' Church and the early 19th century courthouse, now used as a public house. The ancient Manor of Sedgley consisted of nine villages. In 1897, the villages of Coseley and Brierley broke away from the Manor of Sedgley to form the Coseley Urban District, while Sedgley itself, Gospel End, Cotwall End, Upper Gornal, Lower Gornal, Woodsetton were formed into the Sedgley Urban District.

The entire area was part of the Wolverhampton Parliamentary Borough, created in 1832. The east of the Sedgley district was transferred into Dudley as long ago as 1926, to allow for the development of the Priory and Wrens Nest Estates, where new council housing was built to rehouse families from the slum clearances in central Dudley in the 10 years leading up to the outbreak of World War II in 1939; the Old Park Farm Estate was added in the early 1950s. Sedgley Urban District Council survived until 1966, when the majority of the area was merged into the Dudley County Borough, along with the Coseley and Brierley Hill districts; the Gospel End area, was merged into the Seisdon Rural District, the Goldthorn Park estate in the extreme north of the area was transferred into Wolverhampton. The Gornal villages are not considered part of modern-day Sedgley, nor is the bulk of Woodsetton. Gospel End is no longer in the same county as Sedgley, having remained in Staffordshire; the central area of Sedgley, so named because it was the site of bull baiting before the sport was declared illegal in 1835.

All signs of the actual ring were destroyed in about 1930 on the construction of a traffic island, but the traffic island is still known as the Bull Ring. The current Bull Ring is surrounded by a number of notable buildings; the Court House, built in the early 19th century, was the law court for Sedgley but is now empty despite their attempts of a succession of owners to keep in competitive with other local pubs. These law courts were relocated to a building at the nearby police station until the town's courts were declared redundant in 1988; the Red Lion is the same age as the Court House, was once the village prison. It is still connected to the Court House by a passageway; the Clifton was opened in 1937 as Sedgley's first cinema, remained open until 1978, when it closed and was converted into a bingo hall before being taken over by JD Wetherspoon and converted into a public house in 1998. The White Horse was built in the 19th century and was refurbished in 2014. Since it has been the liveliest pub in Sedgley.

Monty's wine bar opened in 1998 in what was once a food store. Presto opened a large supermarket on High Holborn in the town centre in 1987, on the site of a former filling station – with a former public car park being incorporated into the supermarket. A year it was re-branded Safeway, in 2004 it was taken over by the Midcounties Co-Operative; this in turn closed in the April 2017 and was re-opened in August 2017 as an Asda following a major refurbishment. Situated to the south of the town centre, it was developed in phases on part of a large field between 1992 and 1996. The estate consists of around 300 Housing Association houses and bungalows. Three-bedroom houses are the most frequent type of property in the area. Most residents on the estate are tenants of their homes, while some have shared ownership or full ownership. High Arcal is the largest post-1970s housing development in Sedgley. Cotwall End is situated around the rural Cotwall End Valley, is one of the nine historic villages of the Sedgley manor.

A few pre-1900 buildings still exist, but the face of the area has changed since the Second World War by the construction of upmarket detached houses in Cotwall End Road and Catholic Lane. Cotwall End Primary School

Andrew C. Axtell

Andrew C. Axtell was an American Republican Party politician from New Jersey, he served as Mayor of New Jersey, in the 1950s. When Robert W. Kean of Livingston stepped down as Essex County Republican Chairman in 1962, he supported Axtell to succeed him. In a close race, Axtell defeated former U. S. Attorney William F. Tompkins, 438 to 416, he ran on a ticket with Ruth Stevenson. Axtell served as County Chairman until replaced by George M. Wallhauser, Jr.. As County Chairman, Axtell supported the nomination of William L. Stubbs as the first major party African American candidate for the U. S. House of Representatives from New Jersey. Governor William Cahill appointed Axtell to serve as a Commissioner of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey in 1972. During the 1973 campaign, Democratic gubernatorial candidate Brendan Byrne criticized Axtell for pushing to increase PATH fares. In 1977, he became involved in a scandal when an audit by the New York State Comptroller Arthur Levitt found that the Port Authority spent over $100,000 on foreign trips for Commissioners and agency executives, including Axtell and his wife, Ruth C.

Axtell. The audit revealed that the officials flew first class to Europe and Africa on trips organized by World Trade Center executive Guy F. Tozzoli; when his six-year term expired, Byrne declined to reappoint Axtell as a Commissioner. Born in Australia and raised in Ohio, Axtell was the President of the Essex Welding Equipment Company, he married Ruth Cunningham in 1937

Ogilvy (agency)

Ogilvy is a New York City-based British advertising and public relations agency. It was founded in 1850 by Edmund Mather as a London-based agency. In 1964, the firm became known as Ogilvy & Mather after merging with a New York City agency, founded in 1948 by David Ogilvy; the agency is known for its work with Dove, American Express, IBM. It is now part of the WPP Group, one of the largest advertising and public relations companies in the world; the company provides services in six areas: brand strategy, customer engagement and commerce, public relations and influence, digital transformation, partnerships. The company's strategy division OgilvyRED became Ogilvy Consulting; the agency was founded in London in 1850, when Edmund Charles Mather began an advertising agency on Fleet Street. After his death in 1886, his son, Harley Lawrence Mather, partnered with Herbert Oakes Crowther, the agency became known as Mather & Crowther; the agency pioneered newspaper advertising, in its infancy, due to a loosening of tax restrictions.

The company grew in prominence in the 1920s after creating leading non-branded advertising campaigns such as "an apple a day keeps the doctor away" and "Drinka Pinta Milka Day". In 1921, Mather and Crowther hired Francis Ogilvy as a copywriter. Ogilvy became the first non-family member to chair the agency; when the agency launched the AGA cooker, a Swedish cook stove, Francis composed letters in Greek to appeal to British public schools, the appliance's best sales leads. Francis helped his younger brother, David Ogilvy, secure a position as an AGA salesman; the younger Ogilvy was so successful at selling the cooker, he wrote a sales manual for the company in 1935 called "The Theory and Practice of Selling the Aga Cooker". It was called "probably the best sales manual written", by Fortune magazine. David Ogilvy sent the manual to Francis, persuaded to hire him as a trainee. Ogilvy began studying advertising campaigns from America, which he viewed as the gold standard. In 1938, David Ogilvy convinced Francis to send him to the United States on sabbatical to study American advertising.

After a year, Ogilvy presented 32 "basic rules of good advertising" to Crowther. Over the next ten years, Ogilvy worked in research at the Gallup polling company, worked for British Intelligence during World War II, spent a few years farming among the Amish community in Pennsylvania. In 1948, David Ogilvy proposed that Mather & Crowther and another U. K. agency, S. H. Benson, partner to create an American advertising agency in New York City to support British advertising clients; the agencies each invested US$40,000 in the venture but insisted Ogilvy find a more experienced American to run it. David Ogilvy recruited Anderson Hewitt from J. Walter Thompson to serve as president and to supervise sales. Ogilvy would serve as secretary and research director. Along with their British sponsors, which held a controlling interest, Hewitt mortgaged his house and invested $14,000 in the agency and Ogilvy invested $6,000. On September 23, 1948, David Ogilvy opened his New York agency as Hewitt, Benson, & Mather on Madison Avenue in Manhattan.

Mather and Crowther and S. H. Benson gave the agency four clients that had small advertising budgets and were unknown in the United States: Wedgwood China, British South African Airways and Bovril. Hewitt, Benson, & Mather's first account was securing magazine advertising space for Wedgwood; the agency had its first successful ad with Ogilvy's concept "The Guinness Guide to Oysters", followed by several other similar food and Guinness pairing guides. The first large client was Sunoco, procured by Hewitt in February 1949. Helena Rubinstein cosmetics was the first client won by Ogilvy. A breakthrough came after the agency was approached by Maine-based shirt manufacturer C. F. Hathaway Company; the company only had a small budget, but its president promised to "never change a word of copy". In 1951, they introduced "The man in the Hathaway shirt" campaign; the advertisement featured an aristocratic man wearing an eyepatch that Ogilvy purchased on the way to the ad's photo shoot. Hathaway was sold out of shirts within a week of the first ad's printing.

The campaign increased the shirt maker's sales by 160 percent, resulted in new business for the agency, turned the recognizable "Hathaway Man" and his eyepatch into a popular cultural trope. Disagreements between Hewitt and Ogilvy about creative direction and who should run the agency, resulted in Ogilvy's resignation in 1953; the agency's backers supported Ogilvy, leading to Hewitt's resignation and the agency reopening as Ogilvy, Benson & Mather in 1954. Ogilvy hired retired Benton & Bowles executive Esty Stowell in 1956 to handle operations and non-creative functions. During the 1950s, Benson & Mather became known for its successful campaigns, which David Ogilvy called "big ideas"; the agency under Ogilvy's creative direction, built a reputation for "quality" advertising, defined by its use of well-researched "long copy", large photographs, clean layouts and typography. Ogilvy believed advertising's purpose was to sell through information and persuasion, as opposed to entertaining; that same year, the agency nearly doubled in size after winning the Shell Oil account.

The agency agreed to work for Shell on a fee basis rather than the traditional commission model and became one of the first major advertising agencies to do so. In reaction to the growth of international advertising, Benson & Mather formed an equal partnership with Math

Keith Allen (rugby union)

Keith Allen is a professional rugby union referee who represents the Scottish Rugby Union. He has refereed in the Scottish Premiership. Allen now referees in the Pro14, his debut came in the Scarlets v Zebre match of 13 April 2019. He is now part of the SRU Elite Referee Panel, he has been Assistant Referee in the European Rugby Challenge Cup. Allen has refereed at international level, he took charge of the Rugby Europe match between Georgia and Germany on 10 March 2019. He has been Assistant Referee for the Portugal v Namibia match. Allen is a doctor for NHS Scotland

Usha Mangeshkar

Usha Mangeshkar is an Indian singer who has recorded many Hindi, Marathi, Nepali, Bhojpuri and Assamese songs. She is the second youngest child of Shevanti, she is the youngest sister among Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosle and Meena Khadikar, elder to her music-director brother Hridaynath Mangeshkar. She came into the spotlight as a playback singer after singing some devotional songs for the low-budget movie Jai Santoshi Maa, which became an all-time blockbuster, she was nominated for the Filmfare Best Female Playback Singer award for her song "Main to Aarti" in that film. She sang the same songs for that movie's remake in 2006. Usha has a strong interest in painting, she is known for songs for the Marathi movie Pinjara. She had produced musical drama Phoolwanti for Doordarshan. BFJA Awards for Best Female Playback Singer for Jai Santoshi Maa Nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Female Playback Singer for the song "Main to Aarti" from Jai Santoshi Maa Nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Female Playback Singer for the song "Mangta Hai To Aaja" from Inkaar Nominated for Filmfare Award for Best Female Playback Singer for the song "Humse Nazar To Milao" from Ikraar Winner of Mirchi Awards 2020 for Lifetime Achievement Awards "Bhaabhi Aayi Badi Dhoom Dhaam Se Meri Bhabhi Aayi" from Subah Ka Tara "Main To Aarti Utaroon" from Jai Santoshi Maa "Aplam Chaplam" from Azaad "Yariva nan mana", Kannada song from Kranthiveera Sangolli Rayanna "Khatta Meeta" from Khatta Meetha "Sultana Sultana" from Taraana "Goro Ki Na Kaalon Ki" from Disco Dancer "Kahe Tarasaye Jayara" from Chitralekha, duet With Asha Bhosle "Mungda" from Inkaar "Pakdo, Pakdo" from Naseeb "Rang Jamake Jayenge" from Naseeb "Saare Niyam Tod Do" from Khoobsurat "Muje Pyar Ka Tohfa Deke" from Kaala Patthar ) "Oh Chali Chali Kaisi Hawa Ye Chali" from Bluff Master "Sona-No Sooraj Ugyo" from Noorani Chehra "Aavo Aavo Momino Sahu Aavore" from Noorani ChehraAlso did scores of Marathi songs for Dada Kondke, including the most famous "Dhagala Lagli Kala" and "Tumhawar Keli Me Marji Bahar" from Pinjara.

In 2008, Usha collaborated with Shaukat Kassam for the CD Noorani Chehra, to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of the Aga Khan. Usha Mangeshkar on IMDb

The Xenon Codex

The Xenon Codex is the fifteenth studio album by the English space rock group Hawkwind, released in 1988. It spent two weeks on the UK albums chart peaking at #79; the group's line-up remained unchanged for three years. The album was recorded at Loco Studios and Rockfield Studios, Monmouth in February and March 1988, it was produced with Guy Bidmead, Vic Maile's assistant. The lyrics to "The War I Survived" and "Heads" were written by Roger Neville-Neil, a Hawkwind fan. "Lost Chronicles" is banded as separate track, but it forms the instrumental middle section of "Neon Skyline". The group undertook a 25 date UK tour in April to promote the album; the Hammersmith Odeon show on 21 April was recorded by BBC Radio 1 for broadcast as a 60-minute in-concert programme. After the tour, drummer Thompson left the group, he was replaced by former Dumpy's Rusty Nuts drummer Mick Kirton for some September dates, but the group felt he was unsuitable. Richard Chadwick, a veteran drummer of groups involved with English free-festival scene joined for an 18 date UK tour in November and December.

The Nottingham Rock City show on 7 December was recorded, part released on Undisclosed Files Addendum, with these tracks being included as bonus tracks on the 2010 re-issue. "The War I Survived" – 5:25 "Wastelands of Sleep" – 4:18 "Neon Skyline" – 2:18 "Lost Chronicles" – 5:21 "Tides" – 2:54 "Heads" – 5:04 "Mutation Zone" – 3:56 "E. M. C." – 4:55 "Sword of the East" – 5:25 "Good Evening" – 4:35 "Ejection" – 4:29 "Motorway City" – 6:47 "Dragons and Fables" – 3:19 "Heads" – 3:52 "Angels of Death" – 5:36 Dave Brock – electric guitar, vocals Harvey Bainbridgekeyboards, vocals Huw Lloyd-Langton – electric guitar Alan Daveybass guitar, electric guitar, vocals Danny Thompson Jr – drums Recorded at Loco Studios and Rockfield Studios, Monmouth and March 1988. Produced with Guy Bidmead. Cover by Bob Walker. April 1988: Great Western Records, GWLP 26, vinyl and CD - initial vinyl copies came in a fold out cover. 1989: Enigma/GWR, 7 75407-1, USA CD and vinyl February 1992: Castle Communications, CLACD 281, UK CD July 1999: Essential Records, ESMCD 737, UK CD digipak May 2010: Atomhenge Records, ATOMCD1022, UK CD Atomhenge Records