Sega Games Co. Ltd. is a Japanese multinational video game developer and publisher headquartered in Shinagawa, Tokyo. Its international branches, Sega of America and Sega Europe, are headquartered in Irvine and London. Sega's arcade division, once part of Sega Corporation, has existed as Sega Interactive Co. Ltd. since 2015. Both companies are subsidiaries of Sega Holdings Co. Ltd., in turn a part of Sega Sammy Holdings. From 1983 until 2001, Sega developed and sold video game consoles. Sega was founded by Martin Bromley and Richard Stewart as Nihon Goraku Bussan on June 3, 1960; the company became known as Sega Enterprises, Ltd. after acquiring Rosen Enterprises, an importer of coin-operated games. Sega developed its first coin-operated game with Periscope in the late 1960s. In an effort to become a publicly traded company, Sega was sold to Gulf and Western Industries in 1969. Following a downturn in the arcade business in the early 1980s, Sega began to develop video game consoles, starting with the SG-1000 and Master System, but struggled against competitors such as the Nintendo Entertainment System.
In 1984, Sega executives David Rosen and Hayao Nakayama led a management buyout of the company with backing from CSK Corporation. Sega released its next console, the Sega Genesis, in 1988. Although it was a distant third in Japan, the Genesis found major success after the release of Sonic the Hedgehog in 1991 and outsold its main competitor, the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, in the U. S; however in the decade, Sega suffered commercial failures such as the 32X, Dreamcast consoles. In 2001, Sega stopped manufacturing consoles to become a third-party developer and publisher, was acquired by Sammy Corporation in 2004. In the years since the acquisition, Sega has been more profitable. Sega Holdings Co. Ltd. was established in 2015, with Sega Corporation being renamed Sega Games Co. Ltd. and its arcade and toy divisions separated into other companies. Sega produces multi-million-selling game franchises including Sonic the Hedgehog, Total War, Yakuza, is the world's most prolific arcade game producer.
It operates amusement arcades and produces other entertainment products, including Sega Toys. As a company, Sega is retrospectively remembered for its time supporting its own video game consoles, its creativity, its innovations. In more recent years, it has been criticized for misguided business decisions and lack of creativity. In 1940, American businessmen Martin Bromley, Irving Bromberg, James Humpert formed Standard Games in Honolulu, Hawaii, their aim was to provide coin-operated amusement machines, including slot machines, to military bases as the increase in personnel with the onset of World War II would create demand for entertainment. After the war, the founders sold Standard Games and established Service Games, named for the military focus. After the United States government outlawed slot machines in its territories in 1951, Bromley sent employees Richard Stewart and Ray LeMaire to Tokyo to establish Service Games of Japan to provide coin-operated slot machines to U. S. bases in Japan.
A year all five men established Service Games Panama to control the various entities of Service Games worldwide. The company expanded over the next seven years to include distribution in South Korea, the Philippines, South Vietnam; the name Sega, an abbreviation of Service Games, was first used in 1954 on a slot machine, the Diamond Star. Due to notoriety received from investigations into criminal business practices, Service Games of Japan was dissolved on May 31, 1960. On June 3, Bromley established two companies to take over its business activities, Nihon Goraku Bussan and Nihon Kikai Seizō; the two new companies purchased all of Service Games of Japan's assets. Kikai Seizō, doing business as Sega, Inc. focused on manufacturing slot machines. Goraku Bussan, doing business under Stewart as Utamatic, Inc. served as a distributor and operator of coin-operated machines jukeboxes. The companies merged in 1964. David Rosen, an American officer in the United States Air Force stationed in Japan, launched a photo booth business in Tokyo in 1954.
This company became Rosen Enterprises, in 1957 began importing coin-operated games into Japan. In 1965, Nihon Goraku Bussan acquired Rosen Enterprises to form Sega Enterprises, Ltd. Rosen was installed as the CEO and managing director, while Stewart was named president and LeMaire was the director of planning. Shortly afterward, Sega stopped leasing to military bases and moved its focus from slot machines to coin-operated amusement machines, its imports included Rock-Ola jukeboxes, pinball games by Williams, gun games by Midway Manufacturing. Because Sega imported second-hand machines that required frequent maintenance, it began constructing replacement guns and flippers for its imported games; this began the company's transition from importer to manufacturer. According to former Sega director Akira Nagai, this led to the company developing their own games; the first electromechanical game Sega manufactured was the submarine simulator Periscope, released worldwide in the late 1960s. It featured light and sound effects considered innovative, was successful in Japan.
It was exported to malls and department stores in Europe and the United States, helped standardize the 25-cent-per-play cost for arcade games in the U. S. Sega was surprised by the success, for the next two years the company produced and exported between eight and ten games per year. Despite this, rampant piracy in the industry would lead to Sega stepping away from exporting its games around 1970. In 1969, Sega was sold to American conglomerate Gulf and West
Spiritsville is the second album led by American jazz trombonist Julian Priester, recorded in 1960 for Riverside's subsidiary Jazzland label. The Allmusic site awarded the album 3 stars. All compositions by Julian Priester except as indicated "Chi-Chi" - 4:43 "Blue Stride" - 6:15 "It Might as Well Be Spring" - 5:47 "Excursion" - 5:42 "Spiritsville" - 7:31 "My Romance" - 5:50 "Donna's Waltz" - 5:32 Julian Priester - trombone Walter Benton - tenor saxophone Charles Davis - baritone saxophone McCoy Tyner - piano Sam Jones - bass Art Taylor - drums
Héctor Rafael García-Godoy Cáceres was a politician from the Dominican Republic. He served as the 7th provisional president of the Dominican Republic from September 3, 1965, until July 1, 1966, following the Dominican Civil War. García-Godoy was the grandson of the Cuban-born Dominican poet Federico García Godoy and the Dominican President Ramón Cáceres, he was the cousin of the Dominican painter Darío Suro. After serving as a diplomat in the mid-1940s, García-Godoy was employed at the Foreign Ministry and served on the Board of Directors of the Reserve Bank, he was appointed Deputy Chairman of the Central Bank of the Dominican Republic in 1955. In 1963, he served as foreign minister under Juan Bosch, who’s government was overthrown that year. Afterward he temporarily acted as president and organized the 1966 elections in which Joaquín Balaguer regained the presidency. Balaguer subsequently appointed him as ambassador to the United States, serving until 1969. Biography at the Enciclopedia Virtual Dominicana