Seine-Maritime

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Seine-Maritime
Prefecture building of the Seine-Maritime department, in Rouen
Prefecture building of the Seine-Maritime department, in Rouen
Flag of Seine-Maritime
Flag
Coat of arms of Seine-Maritime
Coat of arms
Location of Seine-Maritime in France
Location of Seine-Maritime in France
Coordinates: 49°40′N 0°50′E / 49.667°N 0.833°E / 49.667; 0.833Coordinates: 49°40′N 0°50′E / 49.667°N 0.833°E / 49.667; 0.833
CountryFrance
RegionNormandy
PrefectureRouen
SubprefecturesDieppe
Le Havre
Government
 • President of the General CouncilPascal Martin
Area
 • Total6,278 km2 (2,424 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total1,255,755
 • Rank14th
 • Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number76
Arrondissements3
Cantons35
Communes708
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Seine-Maritime (French pronunciation: ​[sɛn maʁitim]) is a department of France in the Normandy region of northern France. It is situated on the northern coast of France, at the mouth of the Seine, and includes the cities of Rouen and Le Havre; until 1955 it was named Seine-Inférieure.

History[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801609,843—    
1821655,804+0.36%
1831693,683+0.56%
1841737,206+0.61%
1851762,039+0.33%
1861789,988+0.36%
1872790,022+0.00%
1881814,068+0.33%
1891839,876+0.31%
1901853,883+0.17%
1911877,383+0.27%
1921880,671+0.04%
1931905,278+0.28%
1936915,628+0.23%
1946846,131−0.79%
1954941,684+1.35%
19621,035,844+1.20%
19681,113,977+1.22%
19751,172,743+0.74%
19821,193,039+0.25%
19901,223,429+0.31%
19991,239,138+0.14%
20061,243,830+0.05%
20161,255,755+0.10%
source:[1]
1790 - Creation of the Seine-Inférieure department
The department was created from part of the old province of Normandy during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790, through the application of a law of 22 December 1789.
1815 - Occupation
After the victory at Waterloo of the coalition armies, the department was occupied by British forces from June 1815 till November 1818.
1843 – Railways and industry
In Rouen, Elbeuf, and Bolbec, the number of textile factories is increasing. Metallurgy and naval construction as well.
1851 - A republican department
Following the then president, Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte's 1851 Coup d'état, Seine-Inférieure was one of several departments placed under a state of emergency (literally, in French, state of siege) [2] following fears of significant resistance to the new government.
World War II
In 1942, during occupation by Nazi Germany, at the channel coast of Seine-Inférieure took place two Allied raids, the Bruneval raid and Dieppe raid.
2005 - Inhabitants renamed
Previously lacking a demonym, the inhabitants of Seine-Maritime (as the department had been renamed in 1955) determined, following a public consultation, that they should be known in official documents as "Seinomarins" [3] (males) and "Seinomarines" (females).

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of the French Department of Seine-Maritime.svg
The arms of the departement Seine-Maritime are blazoned :
Gules a fess wavy argent between two lions passant gardant or armed and langued azure.




Geography[edit]

The department can be split into three main areas:[4]

Administration[edit]

The département was created in 1790 as Seine-Inférieure, one of five departements that replaced the former province of Normandy. In 1800 five arrondissements were created within the département, namely Rouen, Le Havre, Dieppe, Neufchatel and Yvetot, although the latter two were disbanded in 1926. On 18 January 1955 the name of the département was changed to Seine-Maritime, in order to provide a more positive-sounding name and in-keeping with changes made in a number of other French departements.

Politics[edit]

Current National Assembly Representatives[edit]

Constituency Member[5] Party
Seine-Maritime's 1st constituency Damien Adam La République En Marche!
Seine-Maritime's 2nd constituency Annie Vidal La République En Marche!
Seine-Maritime's 3rd constituency Hubert Wulfranc French Communist Party
Seine-Maritime's 4th constituency Sira Sylla La République En Marche!
Seine-Maritime's 5th constituency Christophe Bouillon Socialist Party
Seine-Maritime's 6th constituency Sébastien Jumel French Communist Party
Seine-Maritime's 7th constituency Agnès Firmin-Le Bodo The Republicans
Seine-Maritime's 8th constituency Jean-Paul Lecoq French Communist Party
Seine-Maritime's 9th constituency Stéphanie Kerbarh La République En Marche!
Seine-Maritime's 10th constituency Xavier Batut La République En Marche!


Transport[edit]

In 1843 the railway from Paris reached the region; the département is connected to the adjacent Eure department via the Tancarville and Pont de Normandie bridge crossings of the Seine.

Culture[edit]

Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert is set in Seine Maritime.

The novel La Place by Annie Ernaux largely takes place in Seine-Maritime and describes events and changes that take place in relation to French society in the 20th century especially in relation to the rural population.

The first story of the long-running series Valérian and Laureline is set in Seine-Maritime, with the character Laureline originating from the area.

Cauchois is the dialect of the Pays de Caux, and is one of the most vibrant forms of the Norman language beyond Cotentinais.

Tourism[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  2. ^ Jacques Olivier Boudon, Les Bonaparte : regards sur la France impériale. La Documentation photographique, dossier 8073, janvier-février 2010, p. 11 (carte de Gilles Pécout)
  3. ^ "Seinomarins, un beau nom !". Commune76.
  4. ^ "Seine Maritime". France-For-Visitors.com. Rough Guides. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
  5. ^ http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/

External links[edit]