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Sela (Edom)

Sela is a geographical name encountered several times in the Hebrew Bible. Since, when used with article, it translates to "the rock", it is unreasonable to connect it to just one location. A site by this name is placed by the Second Book of Kings in Edom. In the Book of Judges there is a mention of a place called Sela, "the rock", on the southern border of the lands still inhabited by the Amorites after the partial conquest of Canaan by the Israelites. 2 Kings sets "Sela" in the great valley extending from the Dead Sea to the Red Sea. It was near Mount Hor, close by the desert of Zin. In the story of King Amaziah of Judah, a place called. Amaziah is described as throwing 10,000 Edomites to their death from the heights of Sela; when Amaziah took Sela he called it Kathoel in the Septuagint. Places called Sela are mentioned by the prophets Obadiah as doomed to destruction. Sela in Edom is identified with the ruins of Sela, east of Tafileh and near Bozrah, both Edomite cities in the mountains of Edom, in modern-day Jordan.

As of 2012 Sela, or es-Sela in Arabic, had not yet been excavated, but surveys of the plateau have produced surface finds from the Early Bronze Age through to the Nabataean period, but from the time of the Edomites of the Hebrew Bible: the early to mid-first millennium BCE. This is the period. Sela appears in history and in the Vulgate under the name of'Petra', the Greek translation of the Semitic word'Sela', meaning'rock'; this led to Sela being confused with the Nabataean city of Rekem, known to the Hellenistic world as Petra. Sela in the Nabataean period and photos of the site This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George. "Sela". Easton's Bible Dictionary. T. Nelson and Sons. Pp. 611–612

Eastern Electricity

Eastern Electricity plc was an electricity supply and distribution utility serving eastern England, including East Anglia and part of Greater London. It was renamed Eastern Group under which name it was listed on the London Stock Exchange and was a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index until it was acquired by Hanson plc in 1995; the Eastern Electricity Board was formed in 1948 as part of the nationalisation of the electricity industry by the Electricity Act 1947. The Board was responsible for the purchase of electricity from the electricity generator and its distribution and sale of electricity to customers; the key people on the Board were: Chairman H. D. B. Wood, Deputy Chairman C. C. Hill, Full time member P. Sydney J. S. Mills; the total number of customers supplied by the Eastern Electricity Board was: The amount of electricity, in GWh, sold by the Eastern Electricity Board over its operational life was: In 1990 the assets of the board passed to Eastern Electricity plc, one of the regional electricity companies formed by the Electricity Act 1989.

The company was privatised in the year in a stock market flotation, one of many UK Government public share offers which saw state-owned utilities sold off, including British Telecom, British Gas, the UK's regional water companies. It subsequently became known as Eastern Group, with offices across the east of England including Norwich and Ipswich. In 1995 Hanson plc gained control of Eastern Group. Hanson ownership lasted until 1997 when The Energy Group was demerged from Hanson plc and floated on the London Stock Exchange. In 1998 the Energy Group was bought by TXU Europe. Following the acquisition Texas Utilities was renamed TXU, with The Energy Group becoming TXU Energi, part of TXU Europe. In October 2002 TXU announced it was pulling out of Europe due to the collapse of its UK operations. Powergen purchased TXU's UK businesses for £1.37bn that year. The company's distribution rights were sold on to EDF Energy, owners of London Electricity, SWEB Energy and SEEBOARD, three other former regional electricity companies.

The Eastern and South-Eastern distribution networks were sold on to UK Power Networks. In 2006, artist Rory Macbeth painted Sir Thomas More’s entire novel Utopia onto an old Eastern Electricity building on Westwick Street in Norwich. Companies merged into Eastern Electricity Board

Invasion of the Saucer Men

Invasion of the Saucer Men, is a 1957 black-and-white comic science fiction horror film produced by James H. Nicholson for release by American International Pictures; the film was directed by stars Steven Terrell and Gloria Castillo. The screenplay by Robert J. Gurney Jr. and Al Martin was based on the 1955 short story "The Cosmic Frame" by Paul W. Fairman. Invasion of the Saucer Men was released as a double feature. A flying saucer lands in the woods. A teenage couple, Johnny Carter and Joan Hayden, while driving to their local lover's lane without the headlights on, accidentally run down one of the saucer's large-headed occupants. Joe Gruen, a drunken opportunist, stumbles across the alien's corpse after the teenagers have left to report the incident. Imagining future riches and fame, he plans storing it for now in his refrigerator. After failing to convince his buddy Artie Burns to help him retrieve the alien body, Joe decides to head for home. Other aliens soon arrive and inject alcohol into his veins via their retractable needle fingernails.

Joe intoxicated, soon dies from alcohol poisoning. Having reported the accident and the deceased alien to the police and Joan return with the sheriff, only to find Joe's dead body instead of the alien's; the police decide to charge both teenagers with vehicular manslaughter. Meanwhile, the dead alien's hand runs amok, causing trouble; the military, following up an earlier UFO report, soon get involved surrounding the alien's saucer. In the end, it is the teenagers, not the military, who defeat the aliens when they discover that the saucer's occupants cannot stand the glare from their car's bright headlights. Steven Terrell - Johnny Carter Gloria Castillo - Joan Hayden Frank Gorshin - Joe Gruen Lyn Osborn - Artie Burns Raymond Hatton - Farmer Larkin The film was made by Malibu Productions. Film rights to Fairman's short story were purchased through Forrest J Ackerman's Ackerman Science Fiction Agency. Special effects technician Paul Blaisdell, who provided the alien make-up and flying saucer, recalled that Invasion of the Saucer Men was intended as a serious film but developed into a comedy.

The entire film takes place during the period of one night, with 98% of it filmed on a studio sound stage. Invasion of the Saucer Men was released by AIP on June 19, 1957, as part of a double feature with I Was a Teenage Werewolf. In 1965, self-professed "schlockmeister" Larry Buchanan cheaply remade Invasion of the Saucer Men in color as The Eye Creatures, a made-for-television feature for AIP-TV; the Lillingtons featured a song called "Invasion of the Saucermen" on their 1999 album Death by Television. Variety called the film "a minor entry for the science-fiction trade", noting that it "suffers from poor use of attempted comedy, is further handicapped by a haphazard sort of yarn which makes film's 69-minutes' running time seem much more". Harrison's Reports called it "an ordinary program melodrama... The action on the whole is rather unbelievable, but it does have its horrific moments in the scenes where severed hands are shown creeping about to touch human beings". In the UK, The Monthly Film Bulletin wrote: "The moments of burlesque of horror melodrama traditions, whether intentional or not, are at least curious.

The trickeries are quite convincingly staged, but the film is juvenile in approach and treatment". On his website Fantastic Movie Musings and Ramblings, Dave Sindelar gave the film a mixed review, saying, "Though it maintains a light atmosphere, it is lacking in the basic element of a comedy, that's good jokes. Nonetheless, it's directed with a certain energy, features some memorable aliens courtesy of Paul Blaisdell, juggles its three storylines with ease, in its own way, it may be THE quintessential aliens vs. teenagers movie". Hans J. Wollstein from AllMovie gave the film a negative review, calling it "claustrophobic at best", stating that the film "simply isn't funny but is meant to be"; the film was featured in "Place of Dreams", a short story by writer John Roman Baker in his book Brighton Darkness. Invasion of the Saucer Men on IMDb Invasion of the Saucer Men at AllMovie

List of kings of Numidia

Numidia was an ancient Berber kingdom located in the region of North Africa in what is now northern Algeria and parts of Tunisia and Libya. The Kingdom existed from the 3rd to 1st centuries BC; the Kingdom of Numidia was established as a client kingdom by Rome following the Second Punic War. It was annexed by Rome in 46 BC and, after a brief period of restored independence, again in 25 BC. All dates are BC; the last ruler of the Massylii created the unified Numidian kingdom. Zelalsen Gala Ozalces Capussa Lacumazes Masinissa Syphax Vermina Archobarzane The three sons of Massinissa shared the kingdom, dividing responsibility. Micipsa tried the same thing with his three heirs, but the result was a civil war; the Roman Republic defeated Numidia during the Jugurthine War. Gauda thus succeeded to a reduced Numidian kingdom, he divided the kingdom geographically between his two sons, establishing two different lines of Numidian kings. They were displaced by a certain Hiarbas, but Roman intervention restored them.

Massinissa I Micipsa, son of Massinissa Gulussa, son of Massinissa Mastanabal, son of Massinissa Hiempsal I, son of Micipsa Adherbal, son of Micipsa Jugurtha, son of Mastanabal Gauda, son of Mastanabal Hiarbas This was the main Numidian kingdom after 81. Hiempsal II, son of Gauda Juba I, son of Hiempsal IIAnnexed to Rome as Africa Nova. Juba II, son of Juba I This was a much smaller chiefdom than Eastern Numidia Masteabar Massinissa II Sittius, a Roman mercenary leader Arabio

Near East earthquakes of 1759

The Near East earthquakes of 1759 were a series of devastating earthquakes that shook a large portion of the Levant in October and November of that year. This geographical crossroads in the Eastern Mediterranean includes portions of Syria, Lebanon and Israel; the ruins of Baalbek, a settlement in the Beqaa Valley of Lebanon east of the Litani River, were badly damaged. These events, along with the earlier 1202 Syria earthquake, are the strongest historical earthquakes in the region; the Dead Sea Transform is a 1,000 km long transform fault that runs from the northern end of the Red Sea along the Jordan Rift Valley to the Taurus Mountains complex in southern Turkey. The left-lateral fault zone marks the boundary of the Arabian Plate and the Sinai-Levantine block and has produced pull-apart basins that form the Dead Sea and the Sea of Galilee; the Levant fault system consists of multiple parallel faults with the dominant features being the Yammouneh and Rachaiya faults. The fault strand that produced these earthquakes is not known and has been the source of much debate, but the Yammouneh fault has been cited as the source for the 1202 and 1759 events.

The sequence of events in 1759 began on October 30, with the smaller of the two severe main shocks that year, causing the deaths of 2000 people in Safed and other settlements. This initial event was estimated at 6.6 on the surface wave magnitude scale and given a rating of VIII to IX on the Mercalli intensity scale. This was followed by a more significant earthquake on November 25 that destroyed all the villages in the Beqaa Valley; the areas that experienced damage were the same for both the thirteenth and eighteenth-century earthquakes, with the cities of Nablus, Tyre and Hama being affected. The village of Ras Baalbek and the city of Damascus were both damaged and the shock was felt as far as Egypt. John Kitto, a writer and biblical scholar, documented details of the earthquakes in his 1841 book Palestine: the Physical Geography and Natural History of the Holy Land and listed first hand details of the events that were provided to him by the Scottish surgeon and naturalist Patrick Russell via his brother and the Royal Society.

Russell had worked as the physician at the British factory in Aleppo for many years, followed his brother, Dr. Alexander Russel, in that position; the first earthquake occurred at 4 am local time on October 30, was described by Russell as severe and lasting more than a minute, was followed ten minutes by a less violent shock with a duration of no longer than fifteen seconds. Neither of these two events caused damage in Aleppo, in the northern region of Syria. Word came in on that Damascus, in the south, experienced the same earthquakes, along with several others, was reporting considerable damage, as was Tripoli and Acre, all cities along the coast; the event of November 25 took place in the evening at 7:30 pm. The ground motion was described as:... at first tremulous, increasing by degrees until the vibrations became more distinct, and, at the same time, so strong as to shake the walls of the houses with considerable violence. A second slight shock was felt eight minutes and the following night at 9 pm there was an undulating aftershock that lasted a few seconds.

Many more shocks were recorded during the following days with a 40-second event at 2 pm on the 28th. In Aleppo, people were frightened, but no one was killed and damage was slight, in Antioch some buildings collapsed with some deaths occurring there. In Damascus however, a third of the city was with many thousands having been killed. Many who survived there escaped to the fields to remain safe and did not return out of fear to help those in need. Tripoli sustained more damage than Aleppo. Acre and Ladikiah experienced only minor damage to some of their walls, but the town of Safet, located on a hill, was destroyed and many of its inhabitants killed. Several slight aftershocks occurred in December and January; the large scale temples and courts built in Baalbek during the Roman Empire had deteriorated since their construction nearly two thousand years earlier. During this stretch of time, earthquakes occurred in that area, these no doubt contributed to its dilapidated condition. Periods of active seismicity came and went, with significant events like the 551 Beirut earthquake damaging much of the Levant and including Baalbek, but other more active periods such as 1156–57, 1159–70 were destructive and repairs to the walls there were made after the earthquake of 1170.

The region became less active seismically between the fourteenth and seventeenth centuries, aside from a large event, damaging to Jerusalem in 1546. As a result of the multiple earthquakes in 1759, most of the houses and ramparts within Baalbek were destroyed, with many of the temples' columns toppled as well. Paleoseismic investigation of the area has shown that surface faulting may have occurred during these events; the earlier and much stronger 1202 earthquake left evidence of fault displacement measuring 1.6 meters. A more dated half-meter slip was found, but it is unknown whether that movement can be attributed to either of the 1759 events or to the Galilee earthquake of 1837. Further research was done in the Zebadani valley in Syria along the Serghaya fault. A half-meter high scarp was found, after investigative trenching it w

Avant (singer)

Myron Lavell Avant, better known as Avant, is a multi-platinum awarded American R&B singer and songwriter. Avant is best known for hits such as "Separated", he was featured in the remix to the Lloyd Banks song "Karma" from the 2004 album The Hunger for More, has had a cameo appearance in the 2004 feature film BarberShop 2: Back in Business. His self-titled fifth album, was released on December 9, 2008. Avant is now signed to Verve Forecast and released his sixth studio album The Letter on December 21, 2010, featuring production from the likes of The Pentagon. Avant cites R. Kelly as inspiration, his eighth album The VIII was released on September 25, 2015. In 2019, Avant returned with the new single "Not Gone Lose" and signed a new label deal to release his upcoming album. Studio albumsMy Thoughts Ecstasy Private Room Director Avant The Letter Face The Music The VIII Official website Avant on Geffen Records Avant on YouKnowIGotSoul Avant on Singersroom Avant 2011 audio interview at Soulinterviews.com