Selbu

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Selbu kommune
Municipality
View of Fongen from Baklifjell
View of Fongen from Baklifjell
Coat of arms of Selbu kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Selbu kommune
Trøndelag within
Norway
Selbu within Trøndelag
Selbu within Trøndelag
Coordinates: 63°11′54″N 11°08′25″E / 63.19833°N 11.14028°E / 63.19833; 11.14028Coordinates: 63°11′54″N 11°08′25″E / 63.19833°N 11.14028°E / 63.19833; 11.14028
Country Norway
County Trøndelag
District Neadalen
Established 1 Jan 1838
Administrative centre Mebonden
Government
 • Mayor (2015) Ole Morten Balstad (Ap)
Area
 • Total 1,234.84 km2 (476.77 sq mi)
 • Land 1,140.95 km2 (440.52 sq mi)
 • Water 93.89 km2 (36.25 sq mi)  7.6%
Area rank #79 in Norway
Population (2017)
 • Total 4,098
 • Rank #230 in Norway
 • Density 3.6/km2 (9/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 4.0%
Demonym(s) Selbygg[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
ISO 3166 code NO-5032
Official language form Neutral
Website selbu.kommune.no

Selbu is a municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Mebonden. Other villages in Selbu include Flora, Fossan, Hyttbakken, Innbygda, Selbustrand, Trøa, Tømra, and Vikvarvet.

The 1,235-square-kilometre (477 sq mi) municipality is the 79th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Selbu is the 230th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 4,098. The municipality's population density is 3.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (9.3/sq mi) and its population has increased by 4% over the last decade.[2]

General information[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) of Selbu was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 1 January 1901, the eastern part of the municipality was separated to form the new municipality of Tydal. This left Selbu with 4,607 inhabitants. The borders of Selbu have not changed since that date.[3] On 1 January 2018, the municipality switched from the old Sør-Trøndelag county to the new Trøndelag county.

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Selabú. The first element is the genitive case of the old name of the lake Selbusjøen (Old Norse: Seli). The last element is which means "district". (The old name of the lake is probably derived from the word seli which means "harness" since the lake is long and narrow.)[4]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were adopted on 31 May 1991. The arms show a silver background with three black selburoses, designs which are typical for the patterns used in the local lusekofte (traditional Norwegian sweaters) and other woollen garments. Home knitting has been a long tradition in the municipality.[5]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Selbu. It is part of the Stjørdal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Selbu
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Selbu Selbu Church Mebonden 1150
Selbustrand Church Selbustrand 1901
Flora Chapel Flora 1936

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Selbu, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipality falls under the Sør-Trøndelag District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Selbu is made up of 25 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[6]

Selbu Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet10
 Conservative PartyHøyre4
 Green PartyMiljøpartiet De Grønne1
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti2
 Local ListsLokale lister8
Total number of members:25

Geography[edit]

Selbu borders nine municipalities. The municipalities of Trondheim, Malvik, and Stjørdal are to the north; Meråker and Tydal are to the east; Tydal, Holtålen, and Midtre Gauldal are to the south; and Melhus and Klæbu are to the west.

The largest lake in Selbu is Selbusjøen with an area of about 60 square kilometres (23 sq mi). It is located 160 metres (520 ft) above sea level. Another lake in the municipality is Sørungen. The highest mountain in Selbu is the 1,441-metre (4,728 ft) tall mountain Fongen, located inside Skarvan and Roltdalen National Park. The Nea River and Rotla River both flow through the municipality. The municipality covers a total of 1,254 square kilometres (484 sq mi) which consists of:

Land use in Selbu
Land type Area
square kilometres square miles percentage
Freshwater lakes[note 1] and rivers 85 33 6.8
Agriculture 31 12 2.5
Woodlands 308 119 14.7
Swampland and mountains 830 320 66.0
Note:
  1. ^ Including the Selbusjøen Lake, which itself is over 58 square kilometres (22 sq mi) in area, making it the largest lake in Sør-Trøndelag and the 17th largest lake in Norway.

Transportation[edit]

The main road through Selbu is Norwegian County Road 705 that runs between Stjørdal, Selbu, and Tydal. Selbu is located near important destinations:

Destination Distance
kilometres miles
Stjørdalshalsen 45 28
Trondheim Airport, Værnes 40 25
Trondheim 70 43
Ås (Tydal) 45 28
Røros 120 75

Economy[edit]

Traditionally, Selbu has been an agricultural and forest managing community. The area is well known for its special knitting techniques. The last decades have led to efforts in business such as high technology, electronics, and mechanics. The newspaper Selbyggen has been published in Selbu since 1889.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-08. 
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2009). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality". 
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1901). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Trondhjems amt (in Norwegian) (14 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 376. 
  5. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-03-11. 
  6. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 
  7. ^ Breivik Pettersen, Øyvind, ed. (2017-02-17). "Selbyggen". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-03-11. 

External links[edit]