SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Selective Service System

The Selective Service System is an independent agency of the United States government that maintains information on those subject to military conscription. All male U. S. citizens who are between the ages of 18 and 26 are required by law to have registered within 30 days of their 18th birthdays, must notify the Selective Service within ten days of any changes to any of the information they provided on their registration cards, such as a change of address. The Selective Service System is a contingency mechanism for the possibility that conscription becomes necessary. Registration with Selective Service is required for various federal programs and benefits, including the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, student loans and Pell Grants, job training, federal employment, naturalization; the Selective Service System provides the names of all registrants to the Joint Advertising Marketing Research & Studies program for inclusion in the JAMRS Consolidated Recruitment Database. The names are distributed to the Services for recruiting purposes on a quarterly basis.

Regulations are codified at Title 32 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter XVI. Following the U. S. declaration of war against Germany on 6 April, the Selective Service Act of 1917 was passed by the 65th United States Congress on 18 May 1917, creating the Selective Service System. President Woodrow Wilson signed the Act into law after the U. S. Army failed to meet its target of expanding to 1 million men after six weeks; the Act gave the President the power to conscript men for military service. All men aged 21 to 30 were required to enlist for military service for a service period of 12 months; as of mid-November 1917, all registrants were placed in one of five new classifications. Men in Class I were the first to be drafted, men in lower classifications were deferred. Dependency deferments for registrants who were fathers or husbands were widespread; the age limit was raised in August 1918 to a maximum age of 45. The military draft was discontinued in 1920; the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 was passed by Congress on 16 September 1940, establishing the first peacetime conscription in United States history.

It required all men between the ages of 18 to 64 to register with Selective Service. It conscripted all men aged 21 to 35 for a service period of 12 months. In 1941 the military service period was extended to 18 months. Following the Japanese air raid attack on Pearl Harbor on Sunday, 7 December 1941, the subsequent declarations of war by the United States against the Empire of Japan and a few days against Nazi Germany, the service period was subsequently extended in early 1942 to last for the duration of the war, plus a six-month service in the Organized Reserves. In his 1945 State of the Union address, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt requested that the draft be expanded to include female nurses, to overcome a shortage, endangering military medical care; this began a debate over the drafting of all women, defeated in the House of Representatives. A bill to draft nurses died without a vote in the Senate; the publicity caused more nurses to volunteer, agencies streamlined recruiting. The Selective Service System created by the 1940 Act was terminated by the Act of 31 March 1947.

The Selective Service Act of 1948, enacted in June of that year, created a new and separate system, the basis for the modern system. All men 18 years and older had to register with Selective Service. All men between the ages of 18 to 26 were eligible to be drafted for a service requirement of 21 months; this was followed by a commitment for either 12 consecutive months of active service or 36 consecutive months of service in the reserves, with a statutory term of military service set at a minimum of five years total. Conscripts could volunteer for military service in the Regular United States Army for a term of four years or the Organized Reserves for a term of six years. Due to deep postwar budget cuts, only 100,000 conscripts were chosen in 1948. In 1950, the number of conscripts was increased to meet the demands of the Korean War; the outbreak of the Korean War fostered the creation of the Universal Military Training and Service Act of 1951. This lowered the draft age from 19 to ​18 1⁄2, increased active-duty service time from 21 to 24 months, set the statutory term of military service at a minimum of eight years.

Students attending a college or training program full-time could request an exemption, extended as long as they were students. A Universal Military Training clause was inserted that would have made all men obligated to perform 12 months of military service and training if the Act was amended by legislation. Despite successive attempts over the next several years, such legislation was never passed. Thirty fifth President John F. Kennedy set up Executive Order 11119, granting an exemption from conscription for married men between the ages of 19 and 26, his Vice President and successor as 36th President Lyndon B. Johnson rescinded the exemption for married men without children by Executive Order 11241. However, married men with children or other dependents and men married before the Executive Order went into effect were still exempt. Fortieth President Ronald Reagan revoked both of them with Executive Order 12553; the Military Selective Service Act of 1967 expanded the ages

Pleurotaceae

The Pleurotaceae are a family of small to medium-sized mushrooms which have white spores. The family contains 94 species. Members of Pleurotaceae can be mistaken for members of Marasmiaceae; the best known member is the oyster mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus. Many species in the genera Pleurotus and Hohenbuehelia are nematophagous, that is, they derive nutrition by consuming nematodes; this is made possible by hyphae that may have adhesive knobs that attach to passing nematodes and secrete nematotoxic compounds. List of Agaricales families " Pleurotaceae Kühner". Atlas of Living Australia

West Virginia Derby

The West Virginia Derby is a Thoroughbred horse race held annually at Mountaineer Race Track in Chester, West Virginia, United States. The race is run over a distance of 1 1⁄8 miles. A Grade 3 stakes race, it offers a purse of $500,000. Inaugurated in 1923, the race has been run at three different West Virginia racetracks: Tri State Park Racetrack in Huntington, West Virginia Wheeling Downs in Wheeling, West Virginia Mountaineer Park known as Waterford Park There was no race in 1925, 1927, 1957, 1960, 1962, 1982–1987, 1991-1997. In 1926 it was raced at a distance of ​1 1⁄16 miles. Time record: 1:46:29 - Soto Most wins by a jockey: 4 - Floyd Green