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Selinunte

Selinunte was an ancient Greek city on the south-western coast of Sicily in Italy. It was situated between the valleys of the Modione rivers, it now lies in the comune Castelvetrano, between the frazioni of Triscina di Selinunte in the west and Marinella di Selinunte in the east. The archaeological site contains five temples centered on an acropolis. Of the five temples, only the Temple of Hera known as "Temple E", has been re-erected. At its peak before 409 BC the city may have contained up excluding slaves. Selinunte was one of the most important of the Greek colonies in Sicily, situated on the southwest coast of that island, at the mouth of the small river of the same name, 6.5 km west of the Hypsas river. It was founded, according to the historian Thucydides, by a colony from the Sicilian city of Megara Hyblaea, under the leadership of a man called Pammilus, about 100 years after the foundation of Megara Hyblaea, with the help of colonists from Megara in Greece, Megara Hyblaea's mother city.

The date of its foundation cannot be fixed, as Thucydides indicates it only by reference to the foundation of Megara Hyblaea, itself not known, but it may be placed about 628 BCE. Diodorus places it 22 years earlier, or 650 BCE, Hieronymus still further back in 654 BCE; the date from Thucydides, the most is incompatible with this earlier date. The name is supposed to have been derived from quantities of wild celery. For the same reason, they adopted the celery leaf as the symbol on their coins. Selinunte was the most westerly of the Greek colonies in Sicily, for this reason they soon came into contact with the Phoenicians of western Sicily and the native Sicilians in the west and northwest of the island; the Phoenicians do not at first seem to have conflicted with them. A body of emigrants from Rhodes and Cnidus who subsequently founded Lipara, supported the Segestans on this occasion, leading to their victory; the river Mazarus, which at that time appears to have formed the boundary with Segesta, was only about 25 km west of Selinunte.

On the other side Selinunte's territory extended as far as the Halycus, at the mouth of which it founded the colony of Minoa, or Heracleia, as it was afterward called. It is clear, that Selinunte had achieved great power and prosperity. Like most of the Sicilian cities, it passed from an oligarchy to a tyranny, about 510 BCE was subject to a despot named Peithagoras, overthrown with the assistance of the Spartan Euryleon, one of the companions of Dorieus. Euryleon himself ruled the city, for a little while, but was speedily overthrown and put to death by the Selinuntines; the Selinuntines supported the Carthaginians during the great expedition of Hamilcar. The Selinuntines are next mentioned in 466 BCE, co-operating with the other cities of Sicily to help the Syracusans to expel Thrasybulus. Thucydides speaks of Selinunte just before the Athenian expedition in 416 BCE as a powerful and wealthy city, possessing great resources for war both by land and sea, having large stores of wealth accumulated in its temples.

Diodorus represents it at the time of the Carthaginian invasion, as having enjoyed a long period of tranquility, possessing a numerous population. The walls of Selinunte enclosed an area of 100 hectares; the population of the city has been estimated at 14,000 to 19,000 people during the fifth century BC. In 416 BCE, a renewal of the earlier disputes between Selinunte and Segesta led to the great Athenian expedition to Sicily; the Selinuntines called on Syracuse for assistance, were able to blockade the Segestans. The Athenians do not appear to have taken any immediate action to save Segesta, but no further conflict around Segesta is recorded; when the Athenian expedition first arrived in Sicily, Thucydides presents the general Nicias as proposing that the Athenians should proceed to Selinunte at once and compel the Selinuntines to surrender on moderate terms. As a result, the Selinuntines played only a minor part in the subsequent operations, they are, mentioned on several occasions providing troops to the Syracusans.

The defeat of the Athenian armament left the Segestans at the mercy of their rivals. They surrendered the frontier district, the original subject of dispute to Selinunte; the Selinuntines, were not satisfied with this concession, continued their hostility against them, leading the Segestans to seek assistance from Carthage. After some hesitation, Carthage sent

Peter Welsh (footballer, born 1954)

Peter James Welsh was an Australian rules footballer who played for Hawthorn and Richmond in the Victorian Football League. A utility player, used in the back pocket, Welsh started his VFL career in 1973 with Hawthorn and played in their 1975 Grand Final loss to North Melbourne, he was a member of their side which won the premiership that season. Welsh was on occasions pushed forward and kicked 22 goals in 1981. Welsh died on 18 July 2008 after a long illness, he was the son of Collingwood footballer Bill Welsh. Peter Welsh's playing statistics from Tony. "Top 20 Tiger trade pick-ups: No. 14". Richmond Football Club. Retrieved 21 October 2012

From Wimbledon to Waco

From Wimbledon to Waco is a 1995 travelogue book written by Nigel Williams describing his family's first visit to the United States. The Williamses do not live in Wimbledon, nor do they reach Waco, but as Nigel Williams explains in the last chapter of the book "I like the title..." The first two chapters deal with the journey from the Williams home in Putney, south-west London, to Heathrow Airport and arrival in LAX. The next two deal with their stay at the Chateau Marmont on Sunset Boulevard, a visit to Universal Studios and to a successful friend in Hollywood; the next three chapters cover the journey by hire car through the Hopi Reservation in Arizona visiting Window Rock, Canyon de Chelly and Second Mesa and the Hopi Cultural Center. Chapters 8 to 10 covers their journey from the Grand Canyon through to the Yosemite National Park via Boulder City and Caesars Palace in Las Vegas including a boating trip on Lake Mead. Chapter 11 includes Columbia State Historic Park, the Napa Valley and Calistoga.

Chapters 12 and 13 cover San Francisco, including a trip to Pier 39, the journey south to Los Angeles via Monterey. The family fly to New York City and the last three chapters include Darien and Mystic in Connecticut and Hancock and a stay at The Peninsula New York. Do they Speak Latin at Caesar's Palace? Book review from The Independent