Donalsonville is a city in Seminole County, United States. The population was 2,796 at the 2000 census; the city is the county seat of Seminole County. Donalsonville was part of Decatur County, it is named after John Ernest Donalson known as Jonathan or John E. Donalson, a prominent businessman of the area. Donalson built the first lumber mill in Donalson Lumber Company, he built homes and a commissary for the workers of the mill. The lumber company paved the way for the town's growth. Donalsonville was first chartered as a town in Georgia on December 8, 1897; when Seminole County was formed in January 1920, Donalsonville was named as its county seat. By August 1922, the Town of Donalsonville became known as the City of Donalsonville, with the charter passing on August 19, 1922; the Seminole County Courthouse is still standing today. The Courthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Donalsonville is located at 31°2′27″N 84°52′42″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.0 square miles, of which 4.0 square miles is land and 0.25% is water.
The city is located 20 minutes north of Lake Seminole, 62 miles south of Albany, 36 miles east of Dothan, Alabama and 107 miles west of Valdosta. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,650 people residing in the city; the racial makeup of the city was 61.4% Black, 34.1% White, 0.0% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.3% from some other race and 1.2% from two or more races. 2.1% were Hispanic or Latino of any race. At the 2000 census, there were 2,796 people, 1,008 households, 697 families residing in the city; the population density was 702.8 people per square mile. There were 1,116 housing units at an average density of 280.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 37.23% White, 58.73% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 2.75% from other races, 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.90% of the population. There were 1,008 households of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 27.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.8% were non-families.
28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.23. The age distribution was 29.3% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.4 males. The median household income was $20,687, the median family income was $25,679. Males had a median income of $24,464 versus $16,451 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,095. About 25.4% of families and 32.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.6% of those under age 18 and 27.6% of those age 65 or over. According to the 2000 Census of the U. S. Census Bureau, there is a total of 2,796 people living in Donalsonville, with 45.3% males and 54.7% females. There is 58.7% African American, 37.2% Caucasians, 3.9% Hispanic, 4.1% other races living in Donalsonville.
Donalsonville has about a 63% high school graduate rate with about 52% in the work force. The biggest industries are education and social services; the average median income for households according to the U. S. Census report in 2000 was $20,687 and median family income was $25,679, with the average household size around 2 and family size around 3 people. According to 2012 data from the Donalsonville Chamber of Commerce, the top five employers in the city are as follows: Culture Agriculture and music reflect the tone of the city; the Olive Theatre is in an old building downtown, renovated and periodically hosts local talent in addition to several plays, talent contests and other artistic events. Hand-painted murals are present on a few of the downtown buildings and depict the main industry in the county, agriculture; the former "Harvest Festival", now "Georgia's Big Fish Festival", is a part of Donalsonville’s culture as well. This festival is held each October to educate visitors and promote the many sporting and recreational opportunities available at nearby Lake Seminole.
There are many other attractions that are held in and around the City as well including the Christmas Tour of Homes, the PRCA Rodeo, mug track racing, occasional street dances, outdoor concerts, movie nights, indoor concerts, parades, book signings, more. The Seminole County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, consists of one elementary school and one middle-high school; the district has 120 full-time teachers and over 1,754 students. Seminole County Elementary School Seminole County Middle/High School Donalsonville is home to the Seminole County Public Library; the library serves the citizens of Donalsonville and Seminole County with a collection of print and audiovisual materials. The library is located at 103 W. 4th Street in Donalsonville. Donalsonville was the site of the second largest mass murder in Georgia history. On May 14, 1973, Carl Isaacs, his half brother Wayne Coleman, fellow prisoner George Dungee escaped from the Maryland State Prison, they were joined by Carl's younger brother, 15-year-old Billy Isaacs.
While en route to Florida the men came upon the Alday farm in Donalsonville. They stopped at a mobile home owned by Jerry Alday and his wife Mary, to look for gas as there was a gas pump on the property. Alday and his fathe
The Chattahoochee River forms the southern half of the Alabama and Georgia border, as well as a portion of the Florida - Georgia border. It is a tributary of the Apalachicola River, a short river formed by the confluence of the Chattahoochee and Flint rivers and emptying from Florida into Apalachicola Bay in the Gulf of Mexico; the Chattahoochee River is about 430 miles long. The Chattahoochee and Apalachicola rivers together make up the Apalachicola–Chattahoochee–Flint River Basin; the Chattahoochee makes up the largest part of the ACF's drainage basin. The source of the Chattahoochee River is located in Jacks Gap at the southeastern foot of Jacks Knob, in the southeastern corner of Union County, in the southern Blue Ridge Mountains, a subrange of the Appalachian Mountains; the headwaters of the river flow south from ridges. The Appalachian Trail crosses the river's uppermost headwaters; the Chattahoochee's source and upper course lies within Chattahoochee National Forest. From its source in the Blue Ridge Mountains, the Chattahoochee River flows southwesterly to Atlanta and through its suburbs.
It turns due-south to form the southern half of the Georgia/Alabama state line. Flowing through a series of reservoirs and artificial lakes, it flows by Columbus, the second-largest city in Georgia, the Fort Benning Army base. At Columbus, it crosses the Fall Line of the eastern United States. From Lake Oliver to Fort Benning, the Chattahoochee Riverwalk provides cycling and walking along 15 miles of the river's banks. Farther south, it merges with the Flint River and other tributaries at Lake Seminole near Bainbridge, to form the Apalachicola River that flows into the Florida Panhandle. Although the same river, this portion was given a different name by separated settlers in different regions during the colonial times; the name Chattahoochee is thought to come from a Muskogean word meaning "rocks-marked", from chato plus huchi. This refers to the many colorful granite outcroppings along the northeast-to-southwest segment of the river. Much of that segment of the river runs through the Brevard fault zone.
A local Georgia nickname for the Chattahoochee River is "The Hooch". The vicinity of the Chattahoochee River was inhabited in prehistoric times by indigenous peoples since at least 1000 BC; the Kolomoki Mounds, now protected in the Kolomoki Mounds Historic Park near present-day Blakely in Early County in southwest Georgia, were built from 350 AD to 650 AD and constitute the largest mound complex in the state. Among the historical Indigenous nations, the Chattahoochee served as a dividing line between the Muscogee and the Cherokee territories in the Southeast; the Chattahoochee River became the dividing point for the Creek Confederacy, which straddled the river and became known as the Upper Creek Red Sticks and the Lower Creek White Sticks. The United States accomplished the removal of Native Americans, to extinguish their claims and make way for European-American settlement, through a series of treaties, land lotteries, forced removals lasting from 1820 through 1832; the Muscogee were first removed from the southeastern side of the river, the Cherokee from the northwest.
The Chattahoochee River was of considerable strategic importance during the Atlanta Campaign by Union General William Tecumseh Sherman of the American Civil War. Between the tributaries of Proctor Creek and Nickajack Creek on the Cobb and Fulton county lines in metropolitan Atlanta, are nine remaining fortifications nicknamed "Shoupades" that were part of a defensive line occupied by the Confederate Army in early July 1864. Designed by Confederate Brigadier General Francis A. Shoup, the line became known as Johnston's River Line after Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. A month prior to the Battle of Atlanta, Shoup talked with Johnston on June 18, 1864 about building fortifications. Johnston agreed, Shoup supervised the building of 36 small elevated earth and wooden triangular fortifications, arranged in a sawtooth pattern to maximize the crossfire of defenders. Sherman tried to avoid the Shoupade defenses by crossing the river to the northeast.
The nine remaining Shoupades consist of the earthworks portion of the original earth and wooden structures. Two of the last battles of the war, West Point and Columbus took place at strategically important crossings of the Chattahoochee. Since the nineteenth century, early improvements and alterations to the river were for the purposes of navigation; the river was a major transportation route. In the twentieth century, the United States Congress passed legislation in 1944 and 1945 to improve navigation for commercial traffic on the river, as well as to establish hydroelectric power and recreational facilities on a series of lakes to be created by building dams and establishing reservoirs. Creating the manmade, 46,000-acre Walter F. George Lake required evacuating numerous communities, including the majority-Native American settlement of Oketeyeconne, Georgia; the lakes were complete in 1963, covering over numerous historic and prehistoric sites of settlement. Beginning in the late twentieth century, the nonprofit organization called "Upper Chattahoochee Riverkeeper" has advocated for the preservation of the environment and ecology of the northern part of the river the part traversing Metropolitan Atlanta.
In 2010, a campaign to create a whitewater river course was launched in the portion of the Chattahoochee River that runs through Columbus, Georgia. Between 2010 and 2013, const
Miller County, Georgia
Miller County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,125; the county seat is Colquitt. The county was created on February 26, 1856 and named after Andrew Jackson Miller, president of the Medical College of Georgia. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 284 square miles, of which 282 square miles is land and 1.2 square miles is water. The majority of Miller County, west of a north-to-south line made as a continuation of the eastern Early County border, is located in the Spring Creek sub-basin of the ACF River Basin; the county's northeastern corner is located in the Ichawaynochaway Creek sub-basin of the same ACF River Basin, while the southeastern portion, from just north of State Route 91 going south, is located in the Lower Flint River sub-basin of the same larger ACF River Basin. Baker County Decatur County Seminole County Early County As of the census of 2000, there were 6,383 people, 2,487 households, 1,765 families residing in the county.
The population density was 9/km². There were 2,770 housing units at an average density of 4/km²; the racial makeup of the county was 70.26% White, 28.90% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, 0.33% from two or more races. 0.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,487 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.70% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.00% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.03. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 89.10 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,335, the median income for a family was $31,866. Males had a median income of $25,995 versus $20,886 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,435. About 16.90% of families and 21.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.70% of those under age 18 and 21.10% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,125 people, 2,426 households, 1,674 families residing in the county; the population density was 21.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,791 housing units at an average density of 9.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 69.6% white, 28.1% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 14.2% were American, 5.2% were Irish. Of the 2,426 households, 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were non-families, 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 41.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $33,196 and the median income for a family was $40,685. Males had a median income of $31,985 versus $29,110 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,895. About 18.9% of families and 18.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 16.1% of those age 65 or over. The Miller County School District operates public schools serving residents of the county. Boykin Colquitt National Register of Historic Places listings in Miller County, Georgia Miller County Board of Commissioners Official Website Miller County Liberal official website of newspaper founded in 1897 by Zula Cook Brown Toole
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
Early County, Georgia
Early County is a county located on the southwest border of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,008; the county seat is Blakely. Created on December 15, 1818, it was named for 28th Governor of Georgia; the county is bordered on the west by the Chattahoochee River. Prehistoric and nineteenth-century history has been preserved in some of Early County's attractions, it is the site of the Kolomoki Mounds, a park preserving major earthworks built by indigenous peoples of the Woodland culture more than 1700 years ago, from 350 CE to 600 CE. This is one of the largest in Georgia; the siting of the mounds expresses the ancient people's cosmology, as mounds are aligned with the sun at the spring equinox and summer solstice. The county area was long territory of the historic Creek Indian peoples of the Southeast along the Chattahoochee River. Beginning in the early nineteenth century, European-American settlers began to encroach on this territory, pushing the Muscogee out during Indian Removal in the 1830s.
The Muscogee were forced to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. This area was developed by European-American settlers and their African-American enslaved workers for cotton plantations. Agriculture was critical to the economy into the 20th century; the Cohelee Creek Bridge in the county is the southernmost covered bridge still standing. One of the last wooden flagpoles from the American Civil War era is located at the historic courthouse in downtown Blakely. According to the Equal Justice Initiative, in the period from 1877 to 1950, Early County had 24 documented lynchings of African Americans, the second-highest total in the state after the more densely populated Fulton County. Most were committed around the turn of the 20th century, in the period of Jim Crow conditions and suppression of black voting; this was still a agricultural area, some disputes arose from confrontations between black sharecroppers or tenant farmers and white landowners at times to settle accounts. Among these cases were five African-American men lynched by whites in less than a month in the summer of 1899: three on July 23, one on July 25, one on August 3 for attempted rape.
Black men were identified as suspects in such cases and lynched before any trial took place. A mass lynching took place in the county on December 30, 1915, when seven black men were lynched as suspects in a murder. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 516 square miles, of which 513 square miles is land and 3.8 square miles is water. The northeastern and eastern portions of Early County, east of Blakely, extending south to a line east of Jakin, are located in the Spring Creek sub-basin of the ACF River Basin; the western portion of the county is located in the Lower Chattahoochee River sub-basin of the same ACF River Basin. Clay County Calhoun County Baker County Miller County Seminole County Houston County, Alabama Henry County, Alabama As of the census of 2000, there were 12,354 people, 4,695 households, 3,295 families residing in the county; the population density was 24 people per square mile. There were 5,338 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 50.3% White, 48.1% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, 0.8% from two or more races. 1.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,695 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.00% were married couples living together, 20.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.80% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.13. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.70% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, 15.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 87.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $25,629, the median income for a family was $31,215.
Males had a median income of $36,458 versus $27,277 for females. The mean income for the county was $147,364; the per capita income for the county was $14,936. About 22.20% of families and 25.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.20% of those under age 18 and 20.10% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,008 people, 4,228 households, 2,924 families residing in the county; the population density was 21.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,975 housing units at an average density of 9.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 49.6% black or African American, 48.4% white, 0.4% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.5% from other races, 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 8.2% were American, 6.1% were Irish, 5.5% were German. Of the 4,228 households, 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
Lake Seminole is a reservoir located in the southwest corner of Georgia along its border with Florida, maintained by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers; the Chattahoochee and Flint rivers join in the lake, before flowing from the Jim Woodruff Lock and Dam, which impounds the lake, as the Apalachicola River. The lake contains 37,500 acres of water, has a shoreline of 376 mi; the fish in Lake Seminole include largemouth bass, chain pickerel, striped bass and other species. American alligators and various waterfowl are present in the lake, known for its goose hunting. Authorised by the United States Congress in the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1946 as the Jim Woodruff Lock and Dam Project, construction began the following year. With the dam completed in 1952, in 1957 the lake was opened; the project was expected to cost $29 million USD, but when completed had required $46.5 million USD. In 2000 a Tallahassee man, Michael Williams drowned during a duck-hunting accident on the Jackson County side of the lake.
However, his body was never found after a 44-day search, the only time a body has never been recovered after a drowning on the lake. Searchers assumed it had been eaten by alligators, but several years learned that alligators do not feed in winter. Other oddities with the incident convinced them to suspect foul play. In 2017 his wife's estranged second husband, following his own arrest on kidnapping charges after he held his wife at gunpoint in her car, led police to where Williams' body was buried. Denise Williams was convicted of the crime in December 2018; the Jim Woodruff Dam, located about 1,000 feet south of the original confluence of the Chattahoochee River, Flint River and Spring Creek to form the Apalachicola River and with a spillway 2,224 feet wide, is a hydroelectric and navigational dam named in honor of James W. Woodruff, Sr. a Georgia businessman who spearheaded the development of the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint Project. The dam crosses the state line between Georgia and Florida, with the eastern end of the dam being located in Georgia.
The Jim Woodruff Dam has a single lock, 450 feet in length and 82 feet wide, that provides navigational access to the lake and the upstream rivers from the Apalachicola River and Gulf of Mexico. Lake Seminole extends upstream along the Chattahoochee River for 30 miles and up the Flint River for 35 miles; the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers maintains 10 parks along the shore of the lake, with 35 parks in total available for recreation, including five campgrounds. Seminole State Park covers 604 acres of lakeshore in Georgia, while Three Rivers State Park covers 686 acres of wetland north of Sneads, Florida; the West Bank Overlook at the western end of the dam is the location of the Spanish mission San Carlos de los Chacatos, established in 1674 following a revolt by the Chacato. Used by both Marcos Delgado and Don Laureano de Torres y Ayala on their expeditions, the mission was attacked by Alibamu warriors in 1696 later by British forces led by Colonel James Moore during Queen Anne's War and abandoned.
Resettled during the Creek War in 1813 by Uchee refugees, the site was abandoned again in 1818 during the First Seminole War, was not rediscovered until 1948 during archaeological work by the Florida Park Service supporting the construction of Lake Seminole. Fort Scott was built in 1816 on the west bank of the Flint River, just before it empties into the Apalachicola; the intent was to protect what was the southern border of the United States, subject to various types of invaders operating through or out of Spanish territory. The Fort was abandoned after Florida became a U. S. territory in 1821 and there was no longer a border to defend. The site is under Lake Seminole. Lake Seminole is known for its large bass fishing during summer months and duck hunting in the early winter, it has been a location of preference for the well renowned Bassmasters. Notes Bibliography"Lake Seminole". U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. Archived from the original on 2010-01-26. Retrieved 2010-04-11. "Corps Lakes Gateway: Florida - Seminole Lake".
U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. Retrieved 2010-04-11. "History & Facts: Lake Seminole". Great Lakes of Georgia. Retrieved 2010-04-11. "Welcome to Three Rivers State Park". Florida Park Service. Retrieved 2010-04-22. "JIM WOODRUFF DAM". Lakes Online. Retrieved 2010-04-22. "Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River System History". U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. Archived from the original on 2010-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-22. "Woodruff Breaks Ground for Dam". Palm Beach Post. 4 October 1947. P. 1. "Jackson County, Florida Historic Sites and Research:San Carlos de Chacatos". Explore Southern History. Retrieved 2010-04-22. "History: Jackson County". Apalachicola Region Resources On the Web. Retrieved 2010-04-22. "Waterfowl and coot season dates set". Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Retrieved 2010-04-26. "2009-2010 Migratory Bird Regulations for Dove, Woodcock, Moorhen and early Waterfowl Seasons". Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Retrieved 2010-04-26. Official map Jim Woodruff Dam Shoreline of Florida's Pan-Handle, Jim Woodruff Lock and Dam Lake Seminole Resources