Semites, Semitic peoples or Semitic cultures was a term for an ethnic, cultural or racial group. The terminology is now obsolete outside the grouping "Semitic languages" in linguistics. First used in the 1770s by members of the Göttingen School of History, this Biblical terminology for race was derived from Shem, one of the three sons of Noah in the Book of Genesis, together with the parallel terms Hamites and Japhetites. In archaeology, the term is sometimes used informally as "a kind of shorthand" for ancient Semitic-speaking peoples; the term Semitic in a racial sense was coined by members of the Göttingen School of History in the early 1770s. Other members of the Göttingen School of History coined the separate term Caucasian in the 1780s; these terms were developed by numerous other scholars over the next century. In the early 20th century, the racialist classifications of Carleton S. Coon defined the Semitic peoples as members of the Caucasian race, not dissimilar in appearance to the neighbouring Indo-European, Northwest Caucasian, Kartvelian-speaking peoples of the region.
As language studies are interwoven with cultural studies, the term came to describe the religions and Semitic-speaking ethnicities, as well as the history of these varied cultures as associated by close geographic and linguistic distribution. In his 1952 book, American physiologist and science writer Homer W. Smith wrote: It is accepted that the Semites, before their specialization from other Arabian peoples, possessed a matriarchal society made up of the mothers and their brothers and children who inhabited a particular oasis in the Arabian desert; the fathers were men of other tribes, dwelling in other oases, who contracted only temporary unions with the women of neighboring clans. Descent was traced through the mother, not only the head of the clan but its leader in battle, all masculine authority... was vested in the brother or the maternal uncle of the matriarch.... Fatherhood was biologically unrecognized; the terms "anti-Semite" or "antisemitism" came by a circuitous route to refer more narrowly to anyone, hostile or discriminatory towards Jews in particular.
Anthropologists of the 19th century such as Ernest Renan aligned linguistic groupings with ethnicity and culture, appealing to anecdote and folklore in their efforts to define racial character. Moritz Steinschneider, in his periodical of Jewish letters Hamaskir, discusses an article by Heymann Steinthal criticising Renan's article "New Considerations on the General Character of the Semitic Peoples, In Particular Their Tendency to Monotheism". Renan had acknowledged the importance of the ancient civilisations of Mesopotamia, Israel etc. but called the Semitic races inferior to the Aryan for their monotheism, which he held to arise from their supposed lustful, violent and selfish racial instincts. Steinthal summed up these predispositions as "Semitism", so Steinschneider characterised Renan's ideas as "anti-Semitic prejudice". In 1879 the German journalist Wilhelm Marr began the politicisation of the term by speaking of a struggle between Jews and Germans in a pamphlet called Der Weg zum Siege des Germanenthums über das Judenthum.
He accused the Jews of being liberals, a people without roots who had Judaized Germans beyond salvation. In 1879 Marr's adherents founded the "League for Anti-Semitism", which concerned itself with anti-Jewish political action. Objections to the usage of the term, such as the obsolete nature of the term "Semitic" as a racial term and the exclusion of discrimination against non-Jewish Semitic peoples, have been raised since at least the 1930s. Ancient Semitic-speaking peoples Generations of Gil. Semites: Race, Literature. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-5694-5. Liverani, Mario. "Semites". In Geoffrey W. Bromiley; the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. Pp. 387–392. ISBN 978-0-8028-3784-4. Semitic genetics Semitic language family tree included under "Afro-Asiatic" in SIL's Ethnologue; the south Arabian origin of ancient Arabs The Edomite Hyksos connection The perished Arabs The Midianites of the north Ancient Semitic peoples
Ivybridge Mogden, is a locality in the southern part of Isleworth in west London. Agricultural, it was the site of Mogden Isolation Hospital South Middlesex Hospital, from 1897 to 1991, since 1936 has been the location of Mogden Sewage Treatment Works; the area is now called Ivybridge rather than Mogden. The Ivybridge estate is a council development with four tower blocks, with one of the highest levels of poverty in the Borough of Hounslow; the area was agricultural. In the early 19th century, Michael Keens developed two commercially important varieties of strawberry, Keens' Imperial and Keens' Seedling, on Worton Lane. In the 1890s, George Tebbutt was growing prize-winning lilies at Mogden House; the 18th-century house survives in Bankside Close. The Ivy Bridge itself is situated where London Road crosses a distributary of the River Crane to the south of the Ivybridge retail park; the Duke of Northumberland's River flows through Ivybridge and was diverted to provide coolant for the sewage treatment plant.
It is aboveground except for a small section near the main works buildings. The public footpath alongside it forms part of the Crane Walk. Mogden Isolation Hospital opened in July 1891 as a hospital for infectious diseases. In 1939 it became South Middlesex EMS Hospital and in 1948, under the National Health Service, South Middlesex Hospital. During the Second World War it served many gynaecological surgery patients, it closed in 1991. The site, on the south side of Mogden Lane near its junction with Whitton Dene, was sold and is now occupied by housing, a supermarket and a filling station. Mogden Sewage Treatment Works was built in 1931–36 on the site of Mogden Farm, treats sewage from much of north and west London, it now covers 55 hectares. Complaints about odours from the works led the Borough of Hounslow to serve an odour abatement notice on the operator, Thames Water, in 2001, in 2011 a group of residents of the area won damages in court for contravention of their human rights by inadequate odour control
"Baby Come On" is a song by American rock band +44, released in February 2007 as the fourth single from the group's debut studio album, When Your Heart Stops Beating. The song impacted radio on February 20, 2007. "Baby Come On" was written halfway through the recording process and serves as an assessment of "what the band is about." It contains electronic synthesizers that thicken a slow build throughout the track. The lyric "The past is only the future with the lights on" has been cited as a standout. People and situations change and come back again, your experiences in the past give you foresight into the future before you. You can choose to choose to let it happen again. That's what I interpret that line to mean."In 2012, Hoppus remarked that "sometimes I feel like "Baby Come On" is the best song that I could write." CD"Baby Come On" – 2:46 +44Mark Hoppus – lead vocals, bass guitar, additional guitar Shane Gallagher – lead guitar Travis Barker – drums, percussion Craig Fairbaugh – vocals, rhythm guitar, keyboards Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Mages of Mystralia is an action-adventure video game developed and published by Canadian studio Borealys Games and released in 2017, with the Nintendo Switch version in 2019. The game is set in the land of Mystralia and follows Zia, a mage who had discovered her powers. After exiling herself from her village due to causing turmoil with her powers, she travels to a mage sanctuary to improve her skills as a mage. Zia is tasked to prevent a war between an army of trolls and the Kingdom of Mystralia and learn more of her destiny, whilst uncovering a more sinister plot. Reviews for the game had been positive, with the game holding an average score of 74 on Metacritic. Destructoid gave the game a 7 out of 10 calling the game "solid" and stating that it's a "decent adventure with varied combat, cool boss battles, semi-interesting locales". Game Informer gave the game an 8 out of 10 praising its gameplay, describing it as "engrossing", calling the in-game magic system as "brilliant". Official website
The 1923 Florida Gators football team represented the University of Florida during the 1923 Southern Conference football season. This was Major James Van Fleet's first of two seasons as the head coach of the Florida Gators football team. Van Fleet was a serving officer in the U. S. Army and a professor of military tactics in the university's Reserve Officer Training Corps program, had been a standout fullback on the undefeated West Point Cadets team of 1914. Van Fleet's 1923 Florida Gators finished 6–1–2 overall, 1–0–2 in the Southern Conference, placing third of twenty-one teams in the conference standings. Notably, Florida alumni and students celebrated their first-ever Homecoming with a 19–7 victory over the Mercer Baptists; the Gators tied the defending SoCon champion Georgia Tech Golden Tornado, the highlight of the 1923 season was a 16–6 upset of coach Wallace Wade's undefeated Alabama Crimson Tide on a muddy, rain-soaked field in Birmingham, Alabama in the final game of the year. The 1923 team was built on sophomores.
The 1922 Florida freshmen won the southern crown for freshmen squads. The team included Cy Williams, Goldy Goldstein, Edgar Jones, Bill Middlekauff. One preseason account reads: "Big Cy Williams, star Freshman tackle of last year and the Varsity tackle of this year, was the immediate cause of the'dummy's' downfall for when he dove into the lifeless foe, it collapsed and Cy was deluged with sawdust. A new'dummy' was brought out but it is predicted that it will not last long under the fierce tackling of the Gators gridders." Primary source: 2015 Florida Gators Football Media Guide. In the season's first game, the Gators to the surprise of many held coach John McEwan's Army team scoreless in the first half, but managed to lose the game 20–0 in the second. Edgar Garbisch missed two first-half field goals. In the third quarter Army's passing game began leading to a touchdown by William H. Wood. A blocked punt led to another Wood score. In the fourth quarter, Tiny Hewitt broke through the line for a 35-yard run, leading to the final score by quarterback George Smythe.
The starting lineup was: Lightsey, Goldstein, Norton, Merrin, Middlekauff, Jones. The Gators contest with coach Bill Alexander's Georgia Tech Golden Tornado brought interest after the prior week's game with Army. In front of 12,000 at Grant Field, the Gators were up 7–0 until a rush of substitutes in the fourth quarter got Tech the tying score; the tie "knocked the Golden Tornado...off of its pedestal as the top team in Southern football." The tie excited fans and "provided more positive national for Florida football than it had received." Florida scored after a 25-yard Ark Newton interception return. A Newton pass to Edgar C. Jones got the ball to Tech's 3-yard line. From there, Bill Middlekauff hit the line for a touchdown; the starting lineup was: Lightsey, Norton, Goldstein, Merwin, Brown, Middlekauff. Florida scored three touchdowns in the first quarter against the Rollins Tars and eased up afterwards, winning 28–0; the big score was as expected. The Stetson Collegiate said the Gators "rank as the best in the South."Rollins did not manage a first down the entire first half.
The starting lineup was: Merrin, Smith, Goldstein, Lightsey, Brown, Middlekauff. On Plant Field in Tampa, the Gators defeated the Wake Forest Demon Deacons 16–7. Wake Forest was held scoreless in the first half while Florida scored two touchdowns with one extra point and a field goal; the Demon Deacons scored in the third quarter on a series of runs and forward passes. They again were stopped at the 2-yard line on downs; the starting lineup was: Lightsey, Smith, Goldstein, Merrin, Newton, Middlekauff. In front of the largest crowd yet to see a game in Gainesville, Florida defeated coach Stanley L. Robinson's Mercer Baptists at its first homecoming 19–7. Florida had 18 first downs to Mercer's 2. Mercer's touchdown came in the first quarter on the recovery of an Ark Newton punt blocked by Mercer's Crook Smith. Mercer's Kid Cecil had many spectacular runs. A 28-yard pass from Edgar C. Jones to Spec Lightsey got the Gators' first touchdown. Another touchdown came on a Bill Middlekauff run as the third quarter closed, after a drive utilizing both the run and the pass.
The final score came on a run around end by Dick Brown. Middlekauff said after the game, "Mercer's line is the strongest one I have seen this year–and I have plunged the Army's and Tech's." In the sixth week of play, the Gators defeated the Stetson Hatters 27–0. Florida opened the game expecting to need only substitutes; this was recognized as foolish. Stetson's offense got going, with a run of 28 yards and 55 yards resulting in a touchdown if not for a holding penalty; the Gators sent in the varsity. Still, Stetson outperformed Florida in the second quarter; the lack of reserves wore on Stetson, Florida opened up the contest in the second half. In the seventh week of play, Florida rolled up the largest score of t
Dr. John Billingham, BM BCh, was a British Physician and director of the SETI Program Office and Director of the Life Sciences Division at the NASA Ames Research Center in the USA. After retiring from NASA he became a Trustee of the SETI Institute Board of Directors, he was educated at the Royal Grammar School Worcester. From there he went on to Oxford to study physiology, he gained Guy's Hospital, London. He served as a medical officer with the Royal Air Force for seven years, rising to the rank of Squadron Leader. In 1963, he was invited to join NASA’s Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston, where he headed the Environmental Physiology Branch, worked on the Mercury and Apollo programs. In 1965 he moved to the NASA Ames Research Center in California, where he headed up the Biotechnology Division the Extraterrestrial Research Division, the Life Science Division. In 1977 he appeared in the television documentary Mysteries of the Gods hosted by William Shatner to outline the projected search for extraterrestrial life that would become Project Cyclops.
In 2009 he was inducted into the NASA Ames Hall of Fame where he was recognized for his efforts as the Father of SETI in NASA. After retiring from NASA he joined the SETI Institute as Senior Scientist, in 1995 he became a Member of the SETI Institute's Board of Trustees, serving a term as Vice-Chair, he was one of the people behind Project Cyclops. He died at the age of 83 in Grass Valley, California in August 2013. Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence",1993, NASA Technical Reports Server A reply from earth - A proposed approach to developing a message from humankind to extraterrestrial intelligence after we detect them",1990, NASA Technical Reports Server The Evolution of Complex Life", 1989, NASA Technical Reports Server Cultural aspects of SETI", 1991, NASA Technical Reports Server Detection of the earth with the SETI microwave observing system assumed to be operating out in the Galaxy", 1991, NASA Technical Reports An overview of selected biomedical aspects of Mars missions ", 1989, NASA Technical Reports Server "Billingham, John".