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Semperoper

The Semperoper is the opera house of the Sächsische Staatsoper Dresden and the concert hall of the Staatskapelle Dresden. It is home to the Semperoper Ballett; the building is located near the Elbe River in the historic centre of Germany. The opera house was built by the architect Gottfried Semper in 1841. After a devastating fire in 1869, the opera house was rebuilt again by Semper, completed in 1878; the opera house has a long history of premieres, including major works by Richard Wagner and Richard Strauss. The first opera house at the location of today's Semperoper was built by the architect Gottfried Semper, it opened on 13 April 1841 with an opera by Carl Maria von Weber. The building style itself is debated among many, as it has features that appear in three styles: early Renaissance and Baroque, with Corinthian style pillars typical of Greek classical revival; the most suitable label for this style would be eclecticism, where influences from many styles are used, a practice most common during this period.

The opera building, Semper's first, was regarded as one of the most beautiful European opera houses. Following a devastating fire in 1869, the citizens of Dresden set about rebuilding their opera house, they demanded that Gottfried Semper do the reconstruction though he was in exile because of his involvement in the May 1849 uprising in Dresden. The architect had Manfred Semper, build the second opera house using his plans. Completed in 1878, it was built in Neo-Renaissance style. During the construction period, performances were held at the Gewerbehaussaal, which opened in 1870; the building is considered to be a prime example of "Dresden Baroque" architecture. It is situated on the Theatre Square in central Dresden on the bank of the Elbe River. On top of the portal there is a Panther quadriga with a statue of Dionysos; the interior was created by architects such as Johannes Schilling. Monuments on the portal depict artists, such as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Schiller, William Shakespeare, Molière and Euripides.

The building features work by Ernst Rietschel and Ernst Julius Hähnel. In the pre-war years, the Semperoper premiered many of the works of Richard Strauss. In 1945, during the last months of World War II, the building was destroyed again, this time by the bombing of Dresden and subsequent firestorm, leaving only the exterior shell standing. 40 years on 13 February 1985, the opera's reconstruction was completed. It was rebuilt to be identical to its appearance before the war, but with the benefit of new stage machinery and an accompanying modern rear service building; the Semperoper reopened with the opera, performed just before the building's destruction in 1945, Carl Maria von Weber's Der Freischütz. When the Elbe flooded in 2002, the building suffered heavy water damage. With substantial help from around the world, it reopened in December of that year. Today, the orchestra for most operas is the Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden; the Generalmusikdirektor of the Semperoper is a different person from that of the Staatskapelle when it presents concerts.

Exceptions have been Karl Böhm, Hans Vonk, Fabio Luisi who have held both positions. Whilst the Semperoper does not have a GMD as of 2015, the current chief conductor of the Staatskapelle Dresden is Christian Thielemann, as of the 2012/13 season; the current Intendant of the company is Wolfgang Rothe. Opernhaus am Taschenberg Media related to Semperoper at Wikimedia Commons Official website Official shop

Panchlora nivea

Panchlora nivea, the Cuban cockroach or green banana cockroach, is a small species of cockroach found in Cuba and the Caribbean, along the Gulf Coast from Florida to Texas, has been observed as far north as Summerville, South Carolina. It is found in tropical climates; the females can grow up to 24 mm and the smaller males are 12 to 15 mm long. It is winged and a strong flier, pale green to yellowish green in color, with a yellow line running up the sides; the nymphs are burrowers. It is an outdoor species and is found indoors, so is not considered a pest; the adults can be found in shrubbery and plants. The young can be found under other debris, it is attracted to both indoor and outdoor lights and it is a nocturnal species. It is a popular pet roach due to its pleasant green color, because it is not an invasive indoor species, it is used as food for other pets. The ootheca is 3–4 mm long, is curved, has indentations that show where the eggs are located. A study found; the ootheca is carried internally by the female until the eggs hatch.

At 24 °C the eggs hatch in about 48 days, after which male nymphs mature in about 144 days, female nymphs mature in about 181 days. Http://www.angelfire.com/oh2/Roaches/ Close-up photography of the Green banana cockroach under CC-BY-SA Black and white photographs from showing top and underside views, including a specimen with red areas characteristic of Serratia marcescens infection

Svenska Scoutr├ądet

Svenska Scoutrådet was until 2012 the national Scouting and Guiding federation of Sweden. The council was dissolved in September 2013, after a restructuring process creating the new single national Scout association, Scouterna. Scouting in Sweden was founded in 1908, Guiding followed in 1910; the Swedish Boy Scouts were among the charter members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement in 1922, the Girl Guides were among the founders of the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts in 1928. The members of the Swedish Scouting federation were: Svenska Scoutförbundet Svenska Missionskyrkans Ungdom Scout KFUK-KFUMs Scoutförbund Nykterhetsrörelsens Scoutförbund Frälsningsarméns Scoutförbund Since 2012 all of the member organizations have been incorporated into Scouterna. Svenska Scoutförbundet founded in 1909, was Sweden's largest Scouting organization with 55,000 members, their approach to Scouting was interreligious. Headquarter were in Tellusborgsvägen Stockholm. Vässarö is a Scout camp site located on the island of Vässarö in the archipelago of Öregrund.

Vässarö was long used for farming but was bought in 1936 by sea captain Ragnar Westin, who planned to use it for his retirement. But in 1942 his ship was torpedoed and he died. In his will he stated. In 1956 the first confirmation camp for Boy Scouts was held; the first camp for Girl Guides was 1966. Svenska Missionskyrkans Ungdom Scout known as "SMU-Scout" was the Guide and Scout Organization of the Mission Covenant Youth of Sweden, Sweden's second largest Scouting organization with 18,500 members, its headquarters were in Stockholm. The organization was open to both boys and girls. Since 2007, all dutiess at national level within SMU have been transferred to the collaborative organization equmenia; the members were distributed into 545 local Scout groups, which in turn are assembled in seven districts. These districts were shared with the Mission Covenant Church of Sweden. Since SMU-Scout was an integral part of equmenia, the board of trustees in equmenia delegated the Scouting issues to a Scout Committee in order to deal with other issues as well.

The remunerated chairman of the board, was the chairman of the Scout Committee. Since 2012 SMU-Scout has been incorporated into Scouterna, the national Scouting and Guiding organisation of Sweden; the organization had a campsite called Skräddartorp, Ludvika with accommodation for 1,000 participants. The programme for boys started in 1931 and for girls in 1936. Boys and girls got the same programme in 1957 but still in different sections; the sections became co-ed in 1972. Nyingscout started in 1974 and Seniorscout in 1988. In 1961, SMU-Scout applied for membership in Svenska Scoutrådet, granted in 1963. KFUK-KFUMs Scoutförbund was Sweden's third largest Scouting association with 12,500 members; the headquarters were in Stockholm. Scouternas almanacka was a wall almanac sold annually by KFUK-KFUMs Scoutförbund, starting in 1945; each month is represented by a season-related nature illustration. While most illustrations depict children, some others depict anthropomorphic animals. For many years, Kerstin Frykstrand was famous for the illustrations.

Nykterhetsrörelsens Scoutförbund was a Scouting organization in Sweden with 6,000 members. It was headquartered in Stockholm. Frälsningsarméns Scoutförbund, was a Scouting association in Sweden with 600 members, it was founded in 1912, headquartered in Stockholm. From 2010 it functioned as an "ideological district" within Svenska Scoutförbundet. Equmenia Scouterna Official Website Scouterna in English Svenska Scoutförbundet Official website Vässarö Official website Vässarö Official website equmenia Official website in Swedish NSF Official website

Burgas Peninsula

Burgas Peninsula is a predominantly ice-covered peninsula forming the east extremity of Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica extending 10 km in the east-northeast direction towards Renier Point and 4.7 km wide. It is bounded by Bruix Cove, Moon Bay and Mugla Passage to the north, Bransfield Strait to the south-southeast; the peninsula's interior is occupied by the Delchev Ridge of Tangra Mountains. Burgas Peninsula is named after the Bulgarian city of Burgas, in connection with the company Ocean Fisheries – Burgas whose ships operated in the waters of South Georgia, the South Orkney Islands, South Shetland Islands and Antarctic Peninsula from 1970 to the early 1990s; the Bulgarian fishermen, along with those of the Soviet Union and East Germany are the pioneers of modern Antarctic fishing industry.” The peninsula is centred at 62°37′40″S 59°54′00″W. British mapping in 1822 and 1968, Chilean in 1971, Argentine in 1980, Spanish mapping in 1991, Bulgarian topographic survey Tangra 2004/05 and mapping in 2005 and 2009.

Delchev Ridge Livingston Island L. L. Ivanov et al. Antarctica: Livingston Island and Greenwich Island, South Shetland Islands. Scale 1:100000 topographic map. Sofia: Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria, 2005. L. L. Ivanov. Antarctica: Livingston Island and Greenwich, Robert and Smith Islands. Scale 1:120000 topographic map. Troyan: Manfred Wörner Foundation, 2010. ISBN 978-954-92032-9-5 Antarctic Digital Database. Scale 1:250000 topographic map of Antarctica. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research. Since 1993 upgraded and updated. L. L. Ivanov. Antarctica: Livingston Island and Smith Island. Scale 1:100000 topographic map. Manfred Wörner Foundation, 2017. ISBN 978-619-90008-3-0 Burgas Peninsula. SCAR Composite Antarctic Gazetteer Bulgarian Antarctic Gazetteer. Antarctic Place-names Commission. Ivanov, L. General Geography and History of Livingston Island. In: Bulgarian Antarctic Research: A Synthesis. Eds. C. Pimpirev and N. Chipev. Sofia: St. Kliment Ohridski University Press, 2015. Pp. 17-28. ISBN 978-954-07-3939-7 Burgas Peninsula.

Copernix satellite imageThis article includes information from the Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria, used with permission

Alba Chr├ętien-Vaguet

Albertine Marie Chrétien-Vaguet was a French operatic soprano. Chrétien-Vaguet was born in Paris, she studied the piano at the Conservatoire de Paris and began her career at La Monnaie in Brussels in 1891. Chrétien-Vaguet’s first operatic appearance in Brussels was as Alice in Robert le Diable,, her debut at the Paris Opéra was again as Alice in Robert le Diable on 31 juillet 1893, going on to sing in Lohengrin, Les Huguenots, la Walkyrie and the premiere of Deïdamie. She married Albert Vaguet, a tenor of the Opéra de Paris, with whom she had sung in the première of Deïdamie, on 30 June 1894 in Paris. Chrétien-Vaguet sang Thanastô in the first performance of Chabrier's Briséïs on 13 January 1897, as well as in the first French staged performance on 8 May 1899, she took part in concerts given by the Société des Concerts du Conservatoire in February 1894, January and February 1901. She died, aged 90, in Nay, near Pau

Virginia Emerson Hopkins

Virginia Emerson Hopkins is a Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama. Born in Anniston, Hopkins graduated from University of Alabama with her Bachelor of Arts degree in 1974 and from University of Virginia School of Law with a Juris Doctor in 1977. Following law school graduation, Hopkins was in private practice in Birmingham, from 1977 to 1978, she was in private practice in Washington, D. C. from 1978 to 1991. She was in private practice in Anniston, Alabama from 1991 to 2004. On the recommendation of Senators Richard Shelby and Jeff Sessions, Hopkins was nominated to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama by President George W. Bush on October 14, 2003, to a seat vacated due to the death of Edwin L. Nelson. Hopkins was confirmed by the Senate on June 15, 2004, received her commission on June 17, 2004, she assumed senior status on June 22, 2018. Virginia Emerson Hopkins at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center