SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Semyon Timoshenko

Semyon Konstantinovich Timoshenko was a Soviet military commander and Marshal of the Soviet Union. Timoshenko was born into a peasant family of Ukrainian ethnicity at Furmanivka, in the Budjak region. In 1914, he was drafted into the army of the Russian Empire and served as a cavalryman on Russia's western front. On the outbreak of the Russian Revolution in 1917, he sided with the Bolsheviks, joining the Red Army in 1918 and the Bolshevik Party in 1919. During the Russian Civil War, Timoshenko fought on various fronts, his most important encounter occurred at Tsaritsyn, where he commanded a cavalry regiment, met and befriended Joseph Stalin, responsible for the city's defense. This connection would ensure his rapid advancement after Stalin gained control of the Communist Party by the end of the 1920s. In 1920–1921, Timoshenko served under Semyon Budyonny in the 1st Cavalry Army. Timoshenko fought against Polish forces in Kiev and against Pyotr Wrangel's White Army and Nestor Makhno's Black Army.

By the end of the Civil and Polish–Soviet Wars, Timoshenko had become the commander of the Red Army cavalry forces. Thereafter, under Stalin, he became Red Army commander in Byelorussia. In 1939, he was given command of the entire western border region and led the Ukrainian Front during the Soviet invasion of eastern Poland, he became a member of the Communist Party's Central Committee. Due to being a loyal friend of Stalin, Timoshenko survived the Great Purge to become the Red Army's senior professional soldier. In January 1940, Timoshenko took charge of the Soviet armies fighting Finland in the Soviet-Finnish War; this had begun the previous November, under the disastrous command of Kliment Voroshilov. Under Timoshenko's leadership, the Soviets succeeded in breaking through the Finnish Mannerheim Line on the Karelian Isthmus, prompting Finland to sue for peace in March, his reputation increased, Timoshenko was made the People's Commissar for Defence and a Marshal of the Soviet Union in May, replacing Stalin's crony Marshal Voroshilov as the minister of Defence.

British historian John Erickson has written: Although by no means a military intellectual, Timoshenko had at least passed through the higher command courses of the Red Army and was a trained'commander-commissar'. During the critical period of the military purge, Stalin had used Timoshenko as a military district commander who could hold key appointments while their incumbents were liquidated or exiled. Timoshenko was a competent but traditionalist military commander who nonetheless saw the urgent need to modernise the Red Army if, as expected, it was to fight a war against Nazi Germany. Overcoming the opposition of other more conservative leaders, he undertook the mechanisation of the Red Army and the production of more tanks, he reintroduced much of the traditional harsh discipline of the Tsarist Russian Army. In June 1940, Timoshenko ordered the formation of the Baltic Military District in the occupied Baltic states. Following the German invasion of the Soviet Union, Timoshenko was named chairman of Stavka, the Soviet Armed Forces High Command, on June 23, 1941.

In July 1941, Stalin replaced Timoshenko as Defense Commissar and Stavka's chairman before sending him to the Central Front and Western Front to supervise a fighting retreat from the border to Smolensk. In September, he was transferred to the Ukraine to replace Budyonny and restore order in the Southwestern Front at the gates of Kiev. In November and December 1941 Timoshenko organized major counter offensives in the Rostov region, as well as carving a bridgehead into German defenses south of Kharkov in January 1942. In May 1942, with 640,000 men, launched a counter-offensive, the first Soviet attempt to gain initiative in the springtime war. After initial Soviet successes, the Germans struck back at Timoshenko's exposed southern flank, halting the offensive, encircling Timoshenko's armies, turning the battle into a major Soviet defeat. General Georgy Zhukov's success in defending Moscow during December 1941 had persuaded Stalin that he was a better commander than Timoshenko. Stalin removed Timoshenko from front-line command on 23 July 1943, making him Chairman of the High Command.

He was called back into service as overall commander of the Northwestern Front between October 1942 and March 1943. Between 15 August 1945 and 15 September 1945, Marshal Timoshenko traveled alone to review the Starye Dorogi displaced persons camp where Auschwitz concentration camp survivors recuperated after their liberation. Author Primo Levi wrote in The Truce, how the tall Timoshenko "unfolded himself from a tiny Fiat 500A Topolino" to announce the liberated survivors would soon begin their final journey home. After the war, Timoshenko was reappointed commander of the Baranovichi Military District of the South Urals Military District. In 1960, he was appointed Inspector-General of the Defence Ministry, a honorary post. From 1961 he chaired the State Committee for War Veterans, he died in Moscow in 1970. Russian EmpireSoviet UnionHonorary revolutionary weapon - a sword with a nominal Order of the Red Banner (28 No

Pin (amateur wrestling)

A pin, or fall, is a victory condition in various forms of wrestling, met by holding an opponent's shoulders or scapulae on the wrestling mat for a prescribed period of time. This article deals with the pin. In amateur wrestling, a pin ends the match regardless of. Situations which are pins but for whatever reason do not meet the criteria—for example, have only one shoulder down or have the defending wrestler blocked in a neck bridge—are rewarded with exposure points in order to encourage wrestlers to take risks to try to pin their opponents. In Greco Roman and freestyle wrestling, the two shoulders of the defensive wrestler must be held long enough for the referee to "observe the total control of the fall". Either the judge or the mat chairman concurs with the referee that a fall is made. In the United States, for the Kids' Freestyle and Greco-Roman wrestling division in competitions sponsored by USA Wrestling, it is specified that a fall must be held for two seconds. In American collegiate wrestling, a pin must be held for one second.

In American scholastic wrestling, a pin must be held for two seconds. In the half-nelson, the attacking wrestler is on top of the opponent on the ground with both wrestlers face down; the attacker's arm is pushed below the opponent's shoulder from the outside, across and behind the opponent's neck. The attacker's arm lifts the opponent's shoulder. With the opponent on his back and the attacker perpendicular to him chest-on-chest, the attacker tightens his arm around the opponent's neck also controlling the opponent's lower body by hooking the free arm in the opponent's crotch or around the near or far thigh. In a three-quarter nelson, one arm again goes under the opponent's shoulder and behind his neck to press it down, but in addition the attacker's other arm goes under the opponent's body from the same side, across the body to the other side of the neck, up the other side of the neck to lock with the first hand behind the neck and press down. Again the attacker drives forward to roll the opponent over.

A cradle is a move where the attacker performs the cradle by grabbing the neck of his opponent with one arm, wrapping the elbow of the other arm behind the knee of the opponent. The wrestler locks both hands together, forcing the opponent's knee toward his face, rolls the opponent over onto his back; the hooked leg can be either the far leg. In this move, the top wrestler, just to his opponent's left, grasps the opponent's left elbow with his left hand, putting his right arm on his waist in front of his right hip, he pull his left arm out while still holding onto it. He pushes him down with his body, he grabs his right wrist with the right hand and pulls it outward. His belly is now down on legs flat; the aggressor is above the opponent with his chest several inches above his back. The aggressor's left knee holds up most of his own body weight; the aggressor's right leg is extended between his legs with the ball of the foot on the floor. The aggressor curls his wrist encloses the opponent's left arm inside the aggressor's left elbow joint.

With the aggressor's chest is resting on the opponent's left elbow, he uses his body to push his left shoulder into his ear, using both legs for leverage. He moves his feet into a walking position while crouched, walking in a circle and rolling the opponent over onto his back without releasing his arms; the pin is finished by the aggressor leaning on his knees with his chest toward the floor. A guillotine is initiated when both wrestlers are face down on the mat, the attacker on top of the opponent; the attacker hooks one leg around the opponent's same-side leg hooking the ankle with the foot. The attacker reaches across to grab the arm opposite to the side; this arm is pulled back and up to allow the attacker to slip his head under it, at or just above the elbow. The attacker uses his head to turn the arm and opponent; the attacker's leg-hook-side arm is applied under the opponent's arm and behind his head in a similar fashion to a half nelson. The attacker rolls backward to roll the opponent is onto his back, the attacker locks his hands around the opponent's neck

Đoàn Kiến Quốc

Đoàn Kiến Quốc is a Vietnamese table tennis player. He won a gold medal, along with his partner Dinh Quang Linh in the men's doubles, at the 2009 Southeast Asian Games in Vientiane, Laos; as of November 2012, he is ranked no. 275 in the world by the International Table Tennis Federation. Doan is left-handed, uses the shakehand grip. Doan made his official debut for the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, where he competed in the men's singles, he lost the first preliminary round match to a Chinese-born Italian table tennis player Yang Min, with a set score of 1–4. At the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, Doan qualified for the second time in the men's singles, after receiving a ticket from the Southeast Asian Qualification Tournament in Singapore. Unlike his previous Olympics, Doan defeated Australia's David Zalcberg and Olympic veteran Christophe Legoût of France in the preliminary rounds, before losing out his next match to Russia's Alexei Smirnov, with another set score of 1–4. DOAN Kien Quoc at the International Table Tennis Federation DOAN Kien Quoc at old.ittf.com at the Wayback Machine DOAN Kien Quoc at ittfranking.com at the Wayback Machine Kien Quoc DOAN at the International Olympic Committee NBC Olympics Profile