Senet is a board game from ancient Egypt, whose original rules are the subject of conjecture. The oldest hieroglyph resembling a senet game dates to around 3100 BC; the full name of the game in Egyptian is thought to have been zn.t n.t ḥˁb, meaning the "game of passing". Senet is one of the oldest known board games. Fragmentary boards that could be senet have been found in First Dynasty burials in Egypt, c. 3100 BC. A hieroglyph resembling a senet board appears in the tomb of Merknera; the first unequivocal painting of this ancient game is from the Third Dynasty tomb of Hesy. People are depicted playing senet in a painting in the tomb of Rashepes, as well as from other tombs of the Fifth and Sixth Dynasties; the oldest intact senet boards date to the Middle Kingdom, but graffiti on Fifth and Sixth Dynasty monuments could date as early as the Old Kingdom. At least by the time of the New Kingdom in Egypt, senet was conceived as a representation of the journey of the ka to the afterlife; this connection is made in the Great Game Text, which appears in a number of papyri, as well as the appearance of markings of religious significance on senet boards themselves.
The game is referred to in chapter XVII of the Book of the Dead. A study on a senet board in the Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum, dating back to the early New Kingdom of Egypt, showed the evolution of the game from its secular origins into a more religious artifact. Senet was played by people in neighboring cultures, it came to those places through trade relationships between Egyptians and local peoples, it has been found in the Levant at sites such as Byblos, as well as in Cyprus. Because of the local practice of making games out of stone, there are more senet games that have been found in Cyprus than have been found in Egypt; the senet gameboard is a grid of 30 squares, arranged in three rows of ten. A senet board has two sets of pawns. Although details of the original game rules are a subject of some conjecture, senet historians Timothy Kendall and R. C. Bell have made their own reconstructions of the game; these rules are based on snippets of texts that span over a thousand years, over which time gameplay is to have changed.
Therefore, it is unlikely. Their rules have been adopted by sellers of modern senet sets. Scenes found in Old Kingdom tombs, dating 2686 to 2160 BC, reveal that Senet was a game of position, a bit of luck. In a presentation to the XX Board Games Studies Colloquium at the University of Copenhagen, Espen Aarseth asked if the game Senet could be said to still exist, given that the rules were unknown. In response, Alexander de Voogt of the American Museum of Natural History pointed out that games did not have a fixed set of rules, but rules varied over time and from place to place. Moreover, many players of games today, do not play the "official rules". Games historian Eddie Duggan provides a brief resume of ideas related to the ancient Egyptian game of senet and a version of rules for play in his teaching notes on ancient games. Mehen – another ancient Egyptian game Patolli – a game of pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures Royal Game of Ur - A Mesopotamian game played 3000 BC Tâb – a Middle Eastern game, sometimes confused with senet Crist, Walter.
Ancient Egyptians at Play: Board Games Across Borders. New York, NY: Bloomsbury. Pp. 41–80. ISBN 978-1-4742-2117-7. Kendall, Timothy. Passing Through the Netherworld: The meaning and play of Senet, an ancient Egyptian funerary game. Belmont, Massachusetts: Kirk Game Company. Piccione, Peter A.. Finkel, Irving L.. Ancient Board Games in perspective. London: British Museum Press. Pp. 54–63. ISBN 978-0-714-11153-7. Bell, R. C.. Board and Table Games From Many Civilizations. I. Dover Publications Inc. pp. 26–28. ISBN 978-0-671-06030-5. Bell, R. C.. "Senat". The Boardgame Book. Exeter Books. Pp. 82–83. ISBN 978-0-671-06030-5. Falkener, Edward. "§V. The Game of Senat". Games Ancient and Oriental and How to Play Them. Dover Publications Inc. pp. 63–82. ISBN 978-0-486-20739-1. Grunfeld, Frederic V.. "Senat". Games of the World. Holt and Winston. Pp. 53–55. ISBN 978-0-03-015261-0. Senet at BoardGameGeek Senet: Review of versions rules speculation at BoardGameGeek Variations in the rules at BoardGameGeek Senet compared with the Royal Game of Ur at Eurogamer Freeware Windows Senet program at SourceForge
Kingborough Lions United Football Club is a professional association football club based in Kingston, Tasmania. Founded in 1998, the club competes in the NPL Tasmania. Kingborough Lions is a strong club, has a complicated history having been formed out of several former clubs; the club formed as a merger between Kingborough United and West Hobart Lions in 1998. However, West Hobart Lions was a unified side formed out of a smaller West Hobart club, the large successful side of "Caledonians" who were a powerhouse club in the 1950s, but had since faded. Kingborough United themselves were already a merged side, having come together out of a union of Kingston and Rapid; as a result, Kingborough Lions are the inheritors of the traditions of these four clubs, have now become a large club that the municipality of Kingborough can be proud of. Although unsuccessful since merging, the club is well set in a growing community for future success. Kingborough play their home games at either Gormley park. Both grounds will go under renovations for the 2012 season – most notably Gormley Park, having a drainage system installed.
For the 2012 season the Kingborough Lions recruited Matthew Rhodes as the new head coach from Metro. The club name was changed for Kingborough Lions United Soccer Club to Football Club with the new club logo being present on the new home and away strips which will be worn by the Premier, Reserves and u19s Premier teams for the season. Correct as of 12 September 2019 Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. State Championships: 7 times.
Toft is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. It is located to the south of Knutsford and is split by the A50 road to more southern Holmes Chapel; the village comprises a small picturesque church. The parish has a population of only 81, shares a parish council with the neighbouring parishes of Plumley and Bexton. At the 2011 Census the population of the civil parish remained less than 100. Details are included in the civil parish of Peover Inferior. Toft Hall is a 17th-century country house, now used as business premises. In 1809 the hall was renovated, the park landscaped and a mere and island constructed. Other features include an arched stone bridge, ha-ha, woodland garden, "cat house" and remains of a formal garden. Much of the grounds are now used as farmland. Toft Cricket Club is an established member of the Cheshire County League playing in the ECB premier division of the Cheshire County Cricket League; the club's greatest accolade was winning the National Village Championship trophy in 1989.