The Seoul Capital Area, Sudogwon or Gyeonggi region is the metropolitan area of Seoul and Gyeonggi-do located in north-west South Korea. It is ranked as the fifth largest metropolitan area in the world, its area is about 11,704 km2. It forms the cultural, financial and residential center of South Korea; the largest city is Seoul, with a population of 10 million people, followed by Incheon, with 3 million inhabitants. The Capital Area occupies a plain in the Han River valley, it contains some of the most fertile land on the Korean peninsula, although little of it is now used for agriculture. The Gimpo Plain, one of the country's larger expanses of level arable land, covers much of the area of the cities of Gimpo and Bucheon; the Capital Area has been home to a Korean capital for around 2,000 years. Its central location and gentle landscape have given it a central role in the country's affairs; the first capital to be constructed in the region was that of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
The country's first capital was named Wiryeseong. This is believed to have been constructed near the modern-day boundary of Gwangju City. However, Baekje was unable to hold this territory, surrendered the Han River valley to Goguryeo in the 5th century; the land was taken over by Silla in the 6th century, at which point it came to play a critical role in helping Silla to establish ties with China. After the fall of Silla, Taejo of Goryeo established the capital of his kingdom in Kaesŏng, now just north of the Demilitarized Zone. During the Mongol invasions of Korea in the 12th century, the seat of government shifted to Ganghwa Island, now just south of the DMZ in Incheon metropolitan city, where the Mongol naval attacks were repelled for about a decade before the king voluntarily surrendered to stop the carnage the Mongols committed in the peninsula, in order to lure the king out. After the fall of Goryeo Dynasty in 1392, the newly founded Joseon Dynasty had its capital, less than 100 km south of the old dynasty's capital, Kaesŏng.
Hanyang was chosen to be the new capital for mountains surrounding it making it safe from enemies, for the Han River, separating the north and south parts of the city that let the trade business flourish. During the new dynasty's rule, extensive road systems, administrative buildings, royal palaces, new ports were built attracting wealth from all over the kingdom. During the Korean Empire period, Hanseong's public transportation was improved with the installation of streetcars and manually drawn trolleys similar to taxis. Horse carriage systems similar to the ones in Europe were established. Following the Japanese annexation of Korea in 1910, Hanseong was renamed Keijo and served as colonial Korea's capital. Upon Korea's liberation from Japan in 1945, the former colonial capital was renamed Seoul and became capital of South Korea. In the Korean War, the Capital Area became the focus of battles so destructive that most of Seoul and the surrounding regions were eradicated. Seoul was hit hard, since it exchanged hands four times during the course of the war.
During the latter half of the 20th century, the Capital Area began to develop as South Korea's economic wealth expanded. Population expanded fourfold since the Korean War. In 2001, the new Incheon International Airport took over all international flights to Seoul. Covering only about 12% of the country's area, the Seoul Capital Area is home to more than 48.2% of the national population, is the world's fifth largest urban area. This percentage has risen since the mid-20th century, the trend is expected to continue. More than half of the people who move from one region to another are moving to the capital area. By 2020, it is projected that more than 52% of South Korea's population will live within the area, or 26,310,000 people. However, the Seoul Capital Area reached 25,620,000 people by 2015, bringing the chance of reaching a population of 26.31 Million in less than 5 years. In 2017, Seoul Capital Area's gross regional product was ₩870 trillion, generating half of the country's total GDP, it is the fourth largest urban economy in the world after Tokyo, New York City and Los Angeles, the region hosts headquarters of 59 Forbes Global 2000 companies.
As the economy of Seoul Capital Area transformed to knowledge economy from the manufacturing-based economy of the 20th century, there are a number of high-tech business parks in Seoul Capital Area, such as Digital Media City and Pangyo Techno Valley. The South Korean government is now implementing a plan to create several centers for economic activities in the Capital Area. According to the plan, for example, Seoul is a'Northeast Asia's Financial and Business Hub', southwestern coast, with Incheon and Suwon, is'International logistics and High-tech Industrial Belt'; the Seoul Capital Area is home to the most affluent and livable cities and apartments in Korea but there are significant discrepancies between cities and districts between those built in the older and newer generations. Newer areas with more modern and luxurious apartments and infrastructure are more expensive, along with proximity to Gangnam District, the commercial center of the region. Various agencies have been set up to deal with the intergovernmental problems of the region.
Proposals for consolidating some or all of the cities of the capital area into a handful of metropolitan cities have thus far n
B. V. S. M. P. was an American hip hop group, formed in the 1980s. The band consisted of Calvin Williams and Frederick Eugene Byrd. B. V. S. M. P. is best remembered for the hit single "I Need You", which became a worldwide hit in the summer of 1988. It spent 12 weeks on the UK Singles Chart, peaking at Number 3 in July 1988; the background music and vocal was sampled on the hit dance song, "The Electric Slide". Goldie Lookin Chain's 2004 hit "You Knows I Loves You" is, in part, based around "I Need You", containing many of the same lyrics, for instance "I'm after your heart/Oh don't you see", "What's it gonna take to get your attention?". B. V. S. M. P. are mentioned by name in the track, "Roller Disco" on Goldie Lookin Chain's Greatest Hits album. The Best Belong Together Shake That Thang B. V. S. M. P. On discogs
Aldo Mazza is an internationally recognized drummer and recording artist. He is a clinician and educator, the founder of KoSA Music. Aldo Mazza has performed on over 100 CDs and soundtracks, recorded with such well-known artists as Celine Dion, Jon Bon Jovi and Aldo Nova, he has performed live with artists such as James Brown, Chris De Burgh, Frank Sinatra, Nikki Yanofsky and Oliver Jones. For over 25 years Aldo Mazza has been a member of the internationally acclaimed percussion quartet, Répercussion. Répercussion has gone around the world twice, recorded five CDs and performed over 2,500 concerts and radio appearances including live CBC Radio recordings. Mazza has performed special concerts for dignitaries including Canadian prime ministers and American presidents, has performed at many prestigious events such as Expo 92 in Spain, Expo 86 in Canada, the Montreal Jazz Festival, the Hong Kong Arts Festival, as a soloist with many distinguished symphony orchestras such as the Montreal Symphony Orchestra and the National Arts Centre Orchestra of Canada.
Mazza has been covered in magazines and newspapers such as PAS magazine, Modern Drummer, Canadian Musician, SOCAN, DRUM!, The Montreal Gazette, Maclean's magazine and Drumclub. He has published a number of articles in music trade magazines such as La Scena Musicale, PAS, Vice Versa and SBO, his sponsors include Pro-Mark, Sabian cymbals, Latin Percussion, Mike Balter. Aldo Nova Blood on the Bricks Celine Dion Chante Noel, Incognito Pagliaro Sous penne d'amour Buzz band Buzz Band Répercussion New Kong, Les fantaisies classiques, Repercussion I Musici Carmen Suite Kathleen Cette fille là Montreal Jubilation Choir Jubilation V Cooper Brothers Cooper Brothers, Cooper Brothers Phil Wilson conducts the Jazz Band Live and Cooking Claude Valade Comme tu es grand – chansons chrétiennes The Plouffe Family Film Soundtrack André Gagnon St. Laurent Antonino Mazza The Way I Remember It Nikki Yanofsky Ella... of Thee I Swing Serge Laprade De la tête aux pieds Ronald McDonald Ton sourire et mon sourir Daniel Janke Daniel Janke Concept Neuf Concept Neuf Le Montreal Pop Le Montreal Pop, On est tous musiciens Hanna Tifert A Voice Calls Mazza is the founder and artistic director of the KoSA Academy and the KoSA International Percussion Workshops and festivals in Canada, Italy and the United States.
He has beenan instructor at McGill University's Faculty of Music and is teaching at the KoSA Academy in Montreal. He travels world-wide giving music seminars and clinics. Aldomazza.com kosamusic.com
The Crowd was a charity supergroup formed to produce a charity record for the Bradford City stadium fire, in which 56 people died on 11 May 1985. The group consisted of singers, television personalities and others. Gerry Marsden of Gerry and the Pacemakers had decided to make a charity record to aid the families of the victims of the disaster; the re-recording of the 1963 number 1 hit song "You'll Never Walk Alone" from the broadway musical Carousel a'football anthem' for Liverpool supporters, entered the UK charts at No. 52, leaping to number 4 the following week and reaching Number 1 on 1 June 1985. The record topped the Irish Singles Chart; the single gave Gerry Marsden a'first' in British recording history, by becoming the first person to top the charts with two versions of the same song. The band and celebrity members included: Bruce Forsyth, Denny Laine, Jim Diamond, Tony Christie, Rick Wakeman, John Conteh, The Barron Knights, Jess Conrad, Kiki Dee, the Foxes, Rolf Harris, Graham Gouldman, Kenny Lynch, Rick Wild of The Overlanders, Keith Chegwin, Tony Hicks, Colin Blunstone, Tim Hinkley, Johnny Logan, Zak Starkey, Black Lace, John Otway, Gary Holton, Nigel Holton, Hank Hancocks, Peter Cook, the Nolans, John Entwistle of The Who, Motörhead, Karen Clark, Dave Lee Travis, Graham Dene, Ed Stewart, Phil Lynott, Joe Fagin, Eddie Hardin, Gerard Kenny, Chris Robinson, Tim Healy, Kin Kelly, John Verity, Rose Marie, David Shilling, Chris Norman, Pete Spencer, Bernie Winters, Robert Heaton, Frank Allen of The Searchers.
David Lopez is a former American telecommunications executive who served as the Oklahoma Secretary of State after having served as the Oklahoma Secretary of Commerce under Republican Governor of Oklahoma Mary Fallin. In March, 2017, Governor Fallin appointed Lopez as Secretary of State and he was confirmed by the Oklahoma Senate in May, 2017. In January, 2018, Lopez' duties were expanded and his title was changed to Secretary of State and Workforce Development, he retained that title until resigning effective March 30, 2018. Governor Fallin had named Lopez to serve as her Oklahoma Secretary of Commerce and Tourism in January, 2011. Lopez was appointed to serve in the dual role of both the Secretary of Commerce and Tourism as well as the Executive Director of the Department of Commerce. In 2013, Lopez's position was reorganized by separating Commerce agencies from Tourism agencies, retitling his position to "Secretary of Commerce". Lopez resigned as Secretary of Commerce on August 26, 2013 effective August 30, 2013 after being named as the interim Superintendent of Schools for the Oklahoma City Public School District, succeeding Karl Springer.
Lopez current serves for Hall Capital. Previous corporate boards on which Lopez has served include BOK Financial, American Fidelity Corporation and ITC Holdings. Non-profit boards on which Lopez serves are the Greater Oklahoma City Chamber of Commerce, United Way and the Stitch Crew Foundation. Lopez received a master's degree from New Mexico State University, he had a 22-year career with SBC Communications rising to the position of President for the Oklahoma and completed his career as President of Texas for SBC, the predecessor company to AT&T. After retiring from SBC, he returned to Oklahoma where resumed his professional career as President of Downtown Oklahoma City Inc. and he served as President of American Fidelity Foundation. Lopez, a long-time advocate of public education, has served on the board of regents for the Texas Tech University System and on the board of trustees for Oklahoma City Community College, he has been honored with an honorary doctorate degree from Oklahoma Christian University and he was named to the Hall of Honor at Oklahoma City University.
Lopez and his wife, reside in Oklahoma City and have five children and eight grandchildren. Governor Fallin Selects Dave Lopez as Secretary of Commerce, Office of Governor Fallin, 2011-01-27 Fallin names Lopez commerce secretary, Daily Oklahoman, by Michael McNutt, 2011-01-27 Fallin names longtime telecom exec to her Cabinet, Tulsa World, by Barbara Hoberock, 2011-01-27
Manu Toigo is a survivalist from Queensland, featured on Discovery Channel's TV show Naked and Afraid and Curiosity. Manu was lived on her parents' farm. At the age of 17 she joined the Infantry Reserve Unit in the Australian Army and served for eight years until she sustained an injury. In 1998 Manu moved to Seattle. Manu appeared on the Discovery Channel series Curiosity during the "I, Caveman" episode which aired on October 2, 2011. In 2013, Manu was featured on the second season of Discovery Channel's Naked and Afraid for a special double episode titled "Double Jeopardy" which took place in the Panama Jungle; the episode attracted 2.4 million viewers. Manu made it through the 21 day challenge but contracted dengue fever from a mosquito bite and went to the hospital three days after she finished the challenge. Manu said that she got to the hospital just in time — any and she might have died. Manu spent a total of two weeks in several months in physical therapy, she finished with a Primitive Survival Rating of 8.0.
In 2019, Manu returned to the Naked Afraid series as she was casted with 14 other survivalists for Naked and Afraid XL. For this challenge the survivalists had to survive 40 days in the Palawan in the Philippines. Manu was partnered in a group with Rylie Parlett and Christina McQueen, but tapped out on Day 7 due to her brother receiving treatments for jaw cancer. Manu appeared on National Geographic's show Mygrations in 2016; the National Geographic team contacted Manu via Twitter and asked her if she would like to be featured in the show. Manu said she enjoyed being on the show, but commented on the show's large production, which took much of the wilderness experience away from her. Manu runs a wilderness camp in California to educate youth about the environment called camp Manu, she runs an organization called Walk-about that gives survival tips and tells people how to respect the environment. The organization is partnered with Leave No Women Owned. On November 9, 2019 Manu released a song titled "Plastic Solution" with Two Roads Plastic Project.
100% of the song profits will go to efforts in fighting against plastic pollution