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Seoul National University

Seoul National University is a national research university located in Seoul, South Korea. Founded in 1946, Seoul National University is considered to be the most prestigious university in the country; the university has three campuses: the main campus in Gwanak and two additional campuses in Daehangno and Pyeongchang. The university comprises one graduate school and nine professional schools; the student body consists of 11,000 graduate students. According to data compiled by KEDI, the university spends more on its students per capita than any other university in the country that enrolls at least 10,000 students. Seoul National University holds a memorandum of understanding with over 700 academic institutions in 40 countries, the World Bank and a general academic exchange program with the University of Pennsylvania. Moreover, the university is part of Washington University in St. Louis’s McDonnell International Scholars Academy; the Graduate School of Business offers dual master's degrees with Duke University, ESSEC Business School, Hitotsubashi University and Yale School of Management and MBA-, MS- and PhD-candidate exchange programs with universities in ten countries on four continents.

Following a government mandate to globalize Korean universities, the university's international faculty head count peaked at 242 or 4% of the total in 2010, but subsequently declined. Seoul National University, or its undergraduate liberal arts college in particular, finds its roots in the remaining properties from the abolished Keijō Imperial University, one of the Imperial Universities founded by the Japanese Empire. In the 1940s, with US Military Ordinance No.102 of United States Army Military Government in Korea, Keijo Imperial University was abolished. The Government of Republic of Korea merged the remaining properties with nine colleges and professional schools, the consolidated institution was renamed as Seoul National University in accordance with the Act of the National University Seoul enacted in the National Assembly. Seoul National University originates from various educational institutions established by King Gojong of the Joseon Dynasty. Several of them were integrated into various colleges when Seoul National University was founded.

To modernize the country, Gojong initiated the establishment of modern higher education institutions. By means of the issue of a royal order, the law academy Beopkwan Yangseongso has been founded in 1895, it produced 209 graduates including the envoy Yi Tjoune. Hanseong Sabeomhakgyo, a training school for teachers and Euihakkyo, a medical school, are considered the origins of respected colleges. After the proclamation of the Empire of Korea in 1897, meanwhile emperor, was motivated to create more modern education institutions. In 1899, a medical school was established; this school changed its name several times to Daehan Euiwon Gyoyukbu and Gyeongseong Euihak Jeonmunhakgyo and became College of Medicine of Seoul National University. In 1901, a department for nursing was established, the forerunner of the College of Nursing. During the Japanese rule, Keijō Imperial University was established as one of Japan's nine imperial universities. After World War II and the independence of Korea, the name of the university was changed from Keijō Teikoku Daigaku to Gyeongseong Daehak.

The Hanja letters, that were used in the name, were pronounced in the Korean reading and the attribute "Imperial" was removed. The renaming of "National" was based on the academic nationalism supported by the US military regime in Korea at the time. Seoul National University was founded on August 27, 1946 by merging ten institutions of higher education around the Seoul area; the schools which have been merged were: Gyeongseong University Gyeongseong College of Education Gyeongseong Women's College of Education Gyeongseong Law College Gyeongseong Industrial College Gyeongseong Mining College Gyeongseong Medical College Suwon Agriculture College Gyeongseong College of Economics Gyeongseong Dentistry College The first president was Harry Bidwell Ansted. For over a year and a half, there was a protest movement by students and professors against the law of the U. S. military government in Korea merging colleges. 320 professors were fired and more than 4950 students left the school. The university's second president was Lee Choon-ho, who served beginning in October 1947.

The College of Law was founded by merging the law department of Kyŏngsŏng University with Kyŏngsŏng Law College. The university absorbed Seoul College of Pharmacy as the College of Pharmacy; this had been a private institution. During the Korean War, the university was occupied by North Korea and Seoul National University Hospital massacre occurred temporarily merged with other universities in South Korea, located in Busan; the main campus was in Dongsung-dong, Jongno. After the construction of a new main campus in Gwanak in February 1975, most colleges of the university relocated to the new Gwanak Campus between 1975 and 1979. Part of the former main campus in Jongno is still used b

Battle of Ballyshannon (1247)

The Battle of Ballyshannon was a battle fought in 1247 between Maurice FitzGerald, Justiciar of Ireland and Melaghlin Ó'Donnell, Lord of Tyrconnell, Kinel-Moen and Fermanagh, near Ballyshannon, Ireland. Maurice FitzGerald killed Melaghlin O'Donnell; the Annals of the Four Masters describes the battle as follows: A great army was led by Maurice Fitzgerald, the other English chiefs, first to Sligo, thence to the cataract of Aedh Roe, the son of Badharn. Cormac, the son of Dermot, son of Roderic O'Conor, joined his muster; this was on the Wednesday after the festival of St Paul. O'Donnell assembled the Kinel-Connell and Kinel-Owen against them, so that they did not allow a single man, either English or Irish, to cross the ford of Ath Seanaigh for a whole week; the English bethought them of sending Cormac O'Conor with a large body of cavalry westwards along the plain, to turn southwards through the plain, eastwards along the borders of the bog, unperceived by any one, until he should arrive at Bel-atha-Culuain a ford on the Erne.

This was accordingly done, the Kinel-Connell knew nothing of the movement until they saw the body of cavalry advancing on their rear, on their side of the river. When the English saw that the attention of the Kinel-Connell was directed towards the cavalry who had advanced on their rear, they rushed across the ford against them, being confident that they the Kinel-Connell would not be able to attend to the attacks of both; the Kinel-Connell were now in the centre of their enemies, who had surrounded them on every side. O'Donnell was slain on the spot, as well as the Cammhuinealach Wry-necked O'Boyle, the head Chieftain of the Three Tuathas, Mac Sorley, Lord of Argyle, other chiefs of the Kinel-Connell. A great number of Fitzgerald's forces were drowned here; the country was plundered and desolated by them the English, they left the chieftainship of the Kinel-Connell to Rory O'Canannan on this occasion. The Annals of Lough Cé describes the battle as follows: A great hosting by Maurice Fitz-Gerald, the foreigners along with him, until they reached Sligech in the first instance, from thence to Es-Ruaidh-mic-Badhuirn, on the Wednesday after the festival of Paul and Peter.

O'Domhnaill assembled the Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain to meet him at Bel-atha-Senaigh, so that they allowed neither Foreigners nor Gaeidhel to cross the ford during the space of a whole week. And the Cenel-Conaill observed nothing until they saw them approaching on their own side of the river, and when the Foreigners perceived the Cenel-Conaill watching the cavalry in their rear, they themselves rushed across the ford, so that the Cenel-Conaill were placed between both divisions. O'Domhnall was defeated, with his army, and many of Fitz-Gerald's army were drowned going northwards across the Finn and many of the same army were slain at Termann-Dabheog, in pursuit of the preys, including William Brit, i.e. the sheriff of Connacht, a young armed knight, his brother. However, the entire country was afterwards plundered by them. Annals of the Four Masters (Vol. 3, AD 1172–1372: original and translation Annals of Lough Cé: original and translation

Tremors (roller coaster)

Tremors is a wooden roller coaster located at Silverwood Theme Park in Athol, Idaho. It features four underground tunnels; the initial ride concept was developed by park owner and founder, Gary Norton, after the success of the parks first wooden coaster, Timber Terror. The design was finalized by Custom Coasters International, the ride was constructed in house by the park; the ride features an earthquake theme, visible in the ride's station and gift shop. This theme was extended to Aftershock roller coaster next door when it opened in 2008. Tremors held the record for most times underground on a wooden coaster from 1999-2006, when the Voyage opened at Holiday World in Santa Claus, Indiana. In 2010, the ride was the first to receive "topper track," a new track system designed by Rocky Mountain Construction of Hayden, Idaho; the new system, similar to the company's new Iron Horse I-Box track system is designed to cut down on track maintenance, as well as daily wear and tear. Rocky Mountain Construction's founder, Fred Grubb, had assisted with the initial construction of the ride as Silverwood's construction manager.

Http:// - The ride's homepage

Tommy Thompson (type designer)

Samuel Winfield "Tommy" Thompson was an American calligrapher, graphic artist and typeface designer. He was born New York. In 1944 he became the first designer to earn royalties for a type design, from Photo Lettering Inc. for his Thompson Quill Script. Designers had worked in house for foundries or had sold the rights to their faces outright, he maintained a studio in Norwalk and was the author of several books on type and lettering. Thompson designed all of these foundry types: Post Headletter cast for the Saturday Evening Post. Collier Heading cast for Collier's Magazine. Mademoiselle, matrices cut by Herman Schnorr. Cast for Mademoiselle Magazine, but offered for general sale. Baltimore Script, matrices cut by George Battee. Additional weights of Futura for Intertype. Thompson Quill Script, this was made available for phototypesetting by Photo Lettering Inc.. In addition, he prepared a version of Baskerville for the ATF Typesetter; the script letter. The ABC Of Our Alphabet, 1945. How to render roman letter forms.

A pattern for understanding and drawing roman letters and other styles of lettering and type faces related to them, New York, American Studio Books, 1946. Basic layout design.

Tottenham Hale station

Tottenham Hale is a National Rail and London Underground interchange station located in Tottenham Hale in north London, England. On the National Rail network it is on the Lea Valley line that forms part of the West Anglia Main Line, 6 miles from London Liverpool Street, is served by Greater Anglia and Stansted Express. On the Underground it is on the Victoria line between Seven Sisters; the station is in Travelcard Zone 3. The station was opened in 1840, with Underground services added in 1968. A new station building is under construction, an additional platform is being added as part of a regeneration scheme. Locations served by Tottenham Hale trains in previous years included London St Pancras, North Woolwich via the low level platforms at Stratford and York; until the next station served to the south on the line to Liverpool Street was Clapton, but only a small number of trains to and from Tottenham Hale served Clapton. Clapton is now served by trains on the Chingford branch instead, except for the last train to Hertford East on Mondays to Fridays, which stops at Clapton before Tottenham Hale.

The station opened on 15 September 1840 as Tottenham, on the Northern & Eastern Railway line from Stratford in east London to Broxbourne in Hertfordshire. The Northern and Eastern Railway was leased by the Eastern Counties Railway in 1844 who took over operation of the line; the line was laid to a gauge of 5 ft. On 12 September 1858 a passenger train collided with some goods wagons, shunted onto the main line. Nobody was injured. Eighteen months on 20 February 1860 the station was the site of a serious railway accident when a locomotive derailed, killing the driver and seven passengers; the Eastern Counties Railway was taken over by the Great Eastern Railway in 1862. Until 1868 Tottenham Hale was a railhead for cattle traffic from East Anglia. Trains were unloaded there, the cattle driven miles down what is now the A10 road towards London. In 1868 the link to the Tottenham and Hampstead Junction Railway was opened and the cattle traffic transferred to Tufnell Park, closer to the site of the cattle market off Caledonian Road.

Four years in 1872 the route via Clapton was opened, offering a more direct route to Liverpool Street. In 1875, the suffix'Hale' was added to the station's name. In 1882 the line through Tottenham Hale became part of a major rail freight artery, with the opening of the Great Northern and Great Eastern Joint Railway; this provided a link for the Great Eastern from the coalfields in the north to London. This led to a second pair of running lines known as the Slow Lines being added in 1913; the slow lines that exist today were known as the fast lines. On 29 August 1913 a northbound mail train ran into the back of a freight train just south of the station at Tottenham South Junction; the cause was a signal passed at danger in foggy conditions. Two passengers were badly injured, 16 less so; the area was always susceptible to flooding, one of the worst instances being between 18 and 22 February 1919 when the River Lea overflowed its banks and rail traffic was suspended. In 1919 there were, as well as the two sets of main lines, some private sidings serving local industries.

Other sidings in the area were used to clean passenger rolling stock when not in service. In 1923 operation passed to the London & North Eastern Railway, following nationalisation in 1948 the station became part of British Railways Eastern Region. On 12 February 1927 an express passenger train was in collision with a lorry on a level crossing. Owing to foggy conditions, the train was not travelling at high speed. On 4 October 1929 another accident occurred at Tottenham North Junction when a goods train passed a signal at danger and was hit by a passenger train. There were no fatalities. On 21 March 1944 a number of incendiary bombs fell close to the station. In 1961 the link from Tottenham South Junction to the Tottenham and Hampstead Line was closed. On 14 July 1967 planning permission was granted for the addition of the London Underground Victoria line station; the station was renamed Tottenham Hale on 1 September 1968, when it became an interchange station with London Underground on the opening of the first stage of the Victoria line.

The Lea Valley line between Copper Mill Junction and Cheshunt was electrified at 25 kV in 1969. Many of the private goods sidings were removed at this time. Prior to electrification, between 1958 and 1969 passenger services between Cheshunt and London Liverpool Street through Tottenham Hale were operated by Class 125 diesel multiple units; when sectorisation was introduced in the 1980s, the station was served by Network SouthEast until the privatisation of British Railways. In the late 1990s, at the same time as the Stansted Express service to Stansted Airport was started, the British Rail station at Tottenham Hale was rebuilt. None of the original Victorian station now exists. With the privatisation of the UK's railways in 1994 operation of the station was allocated to a business unit which succeeded the old British Railways structure before being taken over by West Anglia Great

Signature Sounds Recordings

Signature Sounds Recordings is an independent record label specializing in Americana and modern folk music. Jim Olsen and Mark Thayer founded the label in 1995 to promote acoustic musicians who were playing in Northampton, Massachusetts. Signature recorded Josh Ritter, Erin McKeown, Mary Gauthier, Lori McKenna; the label's albums are distributed worldwide by Redeye Distribution. Thayer established the Signature Sounds Recording Studio in 1982 and created the label with Olsen in 1995; the studio in Pomfret, Connecticut has recorded folk and jazz musicians, including many Signature Sounds recordings. The label's main office moved in 2012 from its original location in Whately, Massachusetts to a more prominent site in downtown Northampton; the new offices include an intimate music venue, called The Parlor Room, in which concerts are held regularly. List of record labels Official website