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Septimania

Septimania is a historical region in modern-day south of France. It referred to the western part of the Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis that passed to the control of the Visigoths in 462, when Septimania was ceded to their king, Theodoric II. Under the Visigoths it was known as Gallia or Narbonensis. Septimania territory corresponds with the former administrative region of Languedoc-Roussillon that merged into the new administrative region of Occitanie. Septimania passed to the Emirate of Córdoba, expanding from the south during the eighth century before its subsequent conquest by the Franks, who by the end of the ninth century termed it Gothia or the Gothic March. Septimania became a march of the Carolingian Empire and West Francia down to the thirteenth century, though it was culturally and politically autonomous from northern France based central royal government; the region was under the influence of the people from the count territories of Toulouse and ancient County of Barcelona. It was part of the wider cultural and linguistic region comprising the southern third of France known as Occitania.

This area was brought under effective control of the French kings in the early 13th century as a result of the Albigensian Crusade after which it was assigned governors. From the end of the thirteenth century Septimania evolved into the royal province of Languedoc; the name "Septimania" may derive from part of the Roman name of the city of Béziers, Colonia Julia Septimanorum Beaterrae, which in turn alludes to the settlement of veterans of the Roman VII Legion in the city. Another possible derivation of the name is in reference to the seven cities of the territory: Béziers, Agde, Lodève, Nîmes. Septimania extended to a line halfway between the Mediterranean and the Garonne River in the northwest. Under Theodoric II, the Visigoths settled in Aquitaine as foederati of the Western Roman Empire. Sidonius Apollinaris refers to Septimania as "theirs" during the reign of Avitus, but Sidonius is considering Visigothic settlement of and around Toulouse; the Visigoths were holding the Toulousain against the legal claims of the Empire, though they had more than once offered to exchange it for the Auvergne.

In 462 the Empire, controlled by Ricimer in the name of Libius Severus, granted the Visigoths the western half of the province of Gallia Narbonensis to settle. The Visigoths occupied Provence as well and only in 475 did the Visigothic king, cede it to the Empire by a treaty whereby the emperor Julius Nepos recognised the Visigoths' full independence; the Visigoths because they were Arians, met with the opposition of the Catholic Franks in Gaul. The Franks allied with the Armorici, whose land was under constant threat from the Goths south of the Loire, in 507 Clovis I, the Frankish king, invaded the Visigothic kingdom, whose capital lay in Toulouse, with the consent of the leading men of the tribe. Clovis defeated the Goths in the Battle of Vouillé and the child-king Amalaric was carried for safety into Iberia while Gesalec was elected to replace him and rule from Narbonne. Clovis, his son Theuderic I, his Burgundian allies proceeded to conquer most of Visigothic Gaul, including the Rouergue and Toulouse.

The attempt to take Carcassonne, a fortified site guarding the Septimanian coast, was defeated by the Ostrogoths and Septimania thereafter remained in Visigothic hands, though the Burgundians managed to hold Narbonne for a time and drive Gesalec into exile. Border warfare between Gallo-Roman magnates, including bishops, had existed with the Visigoths during the last phase of the Empire and it continued under the Franks; the Ostrogothic king Theodoric the Great reconquered Narbonne from the Burgundians and retained it as the provincial capital. Theudis was appointed regent at Narbonne by Theodoric; when Theodoric died in 526, Amalaric was elected king in his own right and he made his capital in Narbonne. He ceded Provence, which had at some point passed back into Visigothic control, to the Ostrogothic king Athalaric; the Frankish king of Paris, Childebert I, invaded Septimania in 531 and chased Amalaric to Barcelona in response to pleas from his sister, that her husband, had been mistreating her.

The Franks however, did not try to hold the province and under Amalaric's successor, the centre of gravity of the kingdom crossed the Pyrenees and Theudis made his capital in Barcelona. In the Visigothic kingdom, which became centred on Toledo by the end of the reign of Leovigild, the province of Gallia Narbonensis shortened to just Gallia or Narbonensis and never called Septimania, was both an administrative province of the central royal government and an ecclesiastical province whose metropolitan was the Archbishop of Narbonne; the Goths may have maintained their hold on the Albigeois, but if so it was conquered by the time of Chilperic I. There is archaeological evidence that some enclaves of Visigothic population remained in Frankish Gaul, near the Septimanian border, after 507; the province of Gallia held a unique place in the Visigothic kingdom, as it was the only province outside of Iberia, north of the Pyrenees, bordering a strong foreign nation, in this case the Franks. The kings after Alaric II favoured Narbonne as a capital, but twice were defeated and forced back to Barcelona by the Franks before Theudis moved the capital there permanently.

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Anderson Creek, North Carolina

Anderson Creek is an unincorporated community located in the Anderson Creek Township of Harnett County, North Carolina. Notable landmarks near here include Anderson Creek Primary School, Anderson Creek Plaza, Overhills High School, Overhills Middle School, Overhills Elementary School, the most notable landmark is the Anderson Creek Golf Club, it is a part of the Dunn Micropolitan Area, a part of the greater Raleigh–Durham–Cary Combined Statistical Area as defined by the United States Census Bureau. Anderson Creek is located 7 Miles to the North Of Spring Lake/Pope Army Airfield/Ft. Bragg, NC. Current talks are in place on incorporating Anderson Creek as a town, which would entail a post office being stationed in the community. Most Anderson Creek residents have Spring Lake addresses with the zip code 28390. Anderson Creek is serviced by the Harnett County Sheriff's department for law enforcement and Anderson Creek Emergency Services for fire and emergency services. Anderson Creek is a fast-growing community.

Increased rapid growth of the community can be attributed to the increase of Military at nearby Ft. Bragg, as well as the Davis Love III. created golf course "Anderson Creek Club". Just at the intersection of Ray and Overhill's roads a shopping center was added; the Anderson Creek Shopping Center comprises a Food Lion, China Star Chinese takeout, Domino's Pizza, Family Dollar, a Citi Nails nail salon. The Movie Gallery location is now a Fit 4 Life Health Club; the Tigers Pizza and Subs restaurant has moved to a new location near Hwy 210 and Manchester road in neighboring Cumberland County. The Anderson Creek Plaza includes a McDonald's restaurant, Subway restaurant, a Tobacco Station, a dry-cleaners, the Anderson Creek Pharmacy; the state of North Carolina's Department of Transportation is planning road expansion along Ray Road, as a result the Short Stop Convenience Store & Gas station has closed, the State Farm Insurance Company office as well as a barber shop have moved to the Anderson Creek Plaza from a nearby location on Ray Road.

South Harnett Elementary Anderson Creek Primary Overhills High Overhills Middle Overhills Elementary Anderson Creek Emergency Services

Robert Burwell Fulton

Robert Burwell Fulton was an American university administrator. He served as the seventh Chancellor of the University of Mississippi in Oxford, Mississippi from 1892 to 1906, he was born in Sumter County, Alabama on April 8, 1849. He graduated from the University of Mississippi in Oxford, Mississippi in 1869, he taught in New Orleans, Louisiana. In 1871, he became Assistant Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Mississippi in Oxford, Mississippi. By 1875, he was a full Professor, he went on to serve as its seventh Chancellor from 1892 to 1906. Additionally, he served as President of the National Association of State Universities for five years, he married Annie Rose Garland Fulton, the daughter of Landon Garland, who served as the second President of Randolph-Macon College in Ashland, Virginia from 1836 to 1846, third President of the University of Alabama from 1855 to 1865, first Chancellor of Vanderbilt University from 1875 to 1893. They had two sons and one daughter who died in infancy, one son who survived: Landon Garland Fulton.

Louise Garland Fulton. Robert Garland Fulton. Maurice Garland Fulton, he died on May 29, 1919. He was buried in the Oxford Memorial Cemetery in Oxford, Mississippi