A veil is an article of clothing or cloth hanging that is intended to cover some part of the head or face, or an object of some significance. It is especially associated with women and sacred objects, one view is that as a religious item, it is intended to show honor to an object or space. The first recorded instance of veiling for women is recorded in the Bible in Genesis, chapter 24, verse 65, when Rebecca first sees Isaac, and veils herself. Another is found from an Assyrian legal text from the 13th century BC, the Mycenaean Greek term
In the past, hats were an indicator of social status. In the military, hats may denote nationality, branch of service, Police typically wear distinctive hats such as peaked caps or brimmed hats, such as those worn by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Some hats have a protective function, some hats are worn for ceremonial purposes, such as the mortarboard, which is worn during university graduation ceremonies. Some hats are worn by members of a profession, such as the Toque worn by chefs. Some hats have religious functions, such as the mitres worn by Bishops, while there are not many official records of hats before 3,000 BC, they probably were commonplace before that. Archaeologists think that the Venus of Brassempouy from 26,000 years ago may depict a hat. One of the earliest known confirmed hats was worn by a bronze age man whose body was frozen in a mountain between Austria and Italy, where hed been since around 3,300 BC. He was found wearing bearskin cap with a strap, made of several hides stitched together.
One of the first pictorial depictions of a hat appears in a painting from Thebes, Egypt. Hats were commonly worn in ancient Egypt, many upper-class Egyptians shaved their head, covered it in a headdress intended to help them keep cool. Ancient Mesopotamians often wore conical hats or ones shaped somewhat like an inverted vase. Other early hats include the Pileus, a skull like cap, the Phrygian cap, worn by freed slaves in Greece and Rome, and the Greek petasos. Women wore veils, hoods and wimples, like Otzi, Tollund Man was preserved to the present day with a hat on, probably having died around 400 BC in a Danish bog, which mummified him. He wore a cap made of sheepskin and wool, fastened under the chin by a hide thong. St. Clement, the saint of felt hatmakers, is said to have discovered wool felt when he filled his sandals with flax fibers to protect his feet. In the Middle Ages, hats were a marker of social status, the 1215 Fourth Council of the Lateran required that all Jews identify themselves by wearing the Judenhat, marking them as targets for anti-Semitism.
The hats were usually yellow and were pointed or square. In the Middle Ages, hats for women ranged from simple scarves to elaborate hennin, structured hats for women similar to those of male courtiers began to be worn in the late 16th century
A knit cap, originally of wool is designed to provide warmth in cold weather. Typically, the cap is of simple, tapering constructions. Being found all over the world where climate demands a warm hat, most knit caps are tapered at the top. The stretch of the knitting itself hugs the head, keeping the cap secure and they are sometimes topped with a pom-pom or loose tassels. Knit caps may have a brim, or none. A South American tradition from the Andes Mountains is for the cap to have ear flaps, a special type of cap called a balaclava folds down over the head with openings for just the face or for the eyes or mouth only. Some modern variants are constructed as a parallel sided tube, with a draw-string closure at one end and this version can be worn as a neck-warmer with the draw-string loose and open, or as a hat with the draw-string pulled tight and closed. The pull-down knit cap was known in the army of the British Empire as an Uhlan cap or a Templar cap. During the Crimean War, handmade pull-down caps were sent over to the British troops to protect them from the bitter cold weather before or after the battle of Balaclava.
The cap became known a Balaclava helmet or just balaclava among the soldiers. In Scandinavia, caps resembling a typical knit cap with a pom-pom has been in use since the Viking period, the term means top cap, and refers to the pom-pom. The Rällinge statuette, depicting Viking fertility god Freyr shows him wearing a cap with pom-pom. Early caps were probably sewn or made with nålebinding, but were knitted from the 17th century onwards, inspired by the phrygian cap of the French revolution, it became largely ubiquitous during the 18th and 19th century. It is still found in many of the Scandinavian folk costumes for men, the precursor to the modern tuque was a small, close-fitting hat, brimless or with a small brim known as a Monmouth cap. In the 12th and 13th centuries, women wore embroidered toques, made of velvet, satin, or taffeta, in the late 16th century, black velvet toques were popular with men and women. Throughout the 19th century, women wore toques, often small, trimmed with fur, bows, the term tuque is French Canadian.
Some etymologists think it comes from an Old Spanish word for a type of headdress — specifically. The word tuque is similarly related to the name of the toque, an alternate spelling from Middle Breton
A scarf, known as a Kremer, muffler or neck-wrap, is a piece of fabric worn around the neck, near the head or around the waist for warmth, fashion, or religious reasons. They can come in a variety of different colours, ancient Rome is one of the many origins of the scarf, where the garment was used to keep clean rather than warm. It was called the sudarium, which translates from Latin to English as sweat cloth and they were originally worn by men around their neck or tied to their belt. Soon women started using the scarves, which were made of cloth and not made of wool, pashmina, or silk, historians believe that during the reign of the Chinese Emperor Cheng, scarves made of cloth were used to identify officers or the rank of Chinese warriors. In times, scarves were worn by soldiers of all ranks in Croatia around the 17th century. The only difference in the soldiers scarves that designated a difference in rank was that the officers had silk scarves whilst the other ranks were issued with cotton scarves, some of the Croatian soldiers served as mercenaries with the French forces.
The mens scarves were sometimes referred to as cravats, and were the precursor of the necktie, the scarf became a real fashion accessory by the early 19th century for both men and women. By the middle of the 20th century, scarves became one of the most essential, celebrities have often led fashion trends with film props subsequently becoming mainstream fashion items. In cold climates, a thick knitted scarf, often made of wool, is tied around the neck to keep warm and this is usually accompanied by a warm hat and heavy coat. Over time, this custom has evolved into an item in many cultures. The cravat, an ancestor of the necktie and bow tie, religions such as Judaism under Halakhah promote modest dress code among women. Many married Orthodox Jewish women wear a tichel to cover their hair, the Tallit is commonly worn by Jewish men especially for prayers, which they wrap around their head to recite the blessing of the Tallit. Young Sikh boys, and sometimes girls, often wear a bandanna to cover their hair, older Sikhs may wear them as an under-turban.
Islam promotes modest dress among women, many Muslim women wear a headscarf, often known as a hijab and in Quranic Arabic as the khimar. The Keffiyeh is commonly used by Muslim men, as for example Yasser Arafat who adopted a black, several Christian denominations include a scarf known as a Stole as part of their liturgical vestments. Silk scarfs were used by pilots of aircraft in order to keep oily smoke from the exhaust out of their mouths while flying. Silk Scarfs were worn by pilots of closed cockpit aircraft to prevent neck chafing, especially fighter pilots, military flight crews wear scarfs imprinted with unit insignia and emblems not for functional reasons but instead for esprit-de-corps and heritage. In India, woollen scarfs with Bandhani work are becoming very popular, Bandhani or Bandhej is the name of the tie and dye technique used commonly in Bhuj and Mandvi of the Kutch District of Gujarat State
A necktie, or simply tie, is a long piece of cloth worn for decorative purposes around the neck, resting under the shirt collar and knotted at the throat. Variants include the ascot tie, bow tie, bolo tie, zipper tie, the modern necktie and bow tie are descended from the cravat. Neck ties are generally unsized, but may be available in a longer size, in some cultures men and boys wear neckties as part of regular office attire or formal wear. Some women wear them as well but usually not as often as men, neckties can be worn as part of a uniform, whereas some choose to wear them as everyday clothing attire. Neckties are traditionally worn with the top button fastened. Among younger men, neckties are worn as a casual item, tied loosely around the neck. For the history of the tie, see Cravat, there is a long history of neckwear worn by soldiers, whether as part of a uniform or as a symbol of belonging to a particular group. Some form of other than the outdoor scarf can be traced intermittently through many centuries.
Due to the difference between the Croatian word for Croats and the French word, the garment gained the name cravat. The boy-king Louis XIV began wearing a lace cravat about 1646, when he was seven and this new article of clothing started a fashion craze in Europe, both men and women wore pieces of fabric around their necks. From its introduction by the French king, men wore lace cravats, or jabots and these cravats were often tied in place by cravat strings, arranged neatly and tied in a bow. International Necktie Day is celebrated on October 18 in Croatia and in cities around the world, e. g. in Dublin, Tübingen, Tokyo, Sydney. The Battle of Steenkerque took place in 1692, in this battle, the princes, while hurriedly dressing for battle, wound these cravats around their necks. They twisted the ends of the fabric together and passed the twisted ends through a jacket buttonhole and these cravats were generally referred to as Steinkirks. In 1715, another kind of neckwear, called stocks made its appearance, the term originally referred to a leather collar, laced at the back, worn by soldiers to promote holding the head high in a military bearing.
The leather stock afforded some protection to the blood vessels of the neck from saber or bayonet attacks. General Sherman is seen wearing a leather stock in several American Civil War-era photographs, stock ties were initially just a small piece of muslin folded into a narrow band wound a few times round the shirt collar and secured from behind with a pin. It was fashionable for the men to wear their hair long, the ends were tucked into a black silk bag worn at the nape of the neck
A neckerchief, kerchief or scarf is a type of neckwear associated with Scouts and sailors. It consists of a piece of cloth or a rectangular piece folded into a triangle. The long edge is rolled towards the point, leaving a portion unrolled, the neckerchief is fastened around the neck with the ends either tied or clasped with a slide or woggle. Neckerchiefs worn by sailors are shaped like a square, and are folded in half diagonally before rolling, either neckerchief is placed on the wearers back, under or over the shirt collar with the ends at the front of the wearer. A slip knot will give way if the neckerchief gets caught and is less likely to choke the wearer. Sailors in the United States Navy have worn a black neckerchief since the American Civil War. It is currently part of the service dress uniform for junior enlisted sailors as well as the womens summer dress uniform. The Scouting movement makes the part of its uniform. A generally ceremonial item, the neckerchief is taught to be a practical item in the Scouting tradition.
The neckerchief, unrolled, is designed to be the size for use as a triangular bandage for first aid. Baden-Powell copied Burnhams practical style of dress, including a grey-coloured handkerchief and he continued, Every Troop has its own scarf colour, since the honour of your Troop is bound up in the scarf, you must be very careful to keep it tidy and clean. Initially, Scout neckerchiefs were tied with a variety of knots, in most countries each Scout Troop uses its own colour neckerchief. The colours are usually the Troop Colours which may have a historical significance to the troop or to the local community. In Canada, while most groups use colour neckerchiefs, there is an optional alternate universal pattern tartan neckerchief, white plaid on red for Scouts, alternating thick and thin lines of the plaid spell out CANADA in Morse code. In Australia, Queensland uses a single maroon necker for the state, while the other states allow groups, Venturer Units. Region and Branch Teams have their own neckers, in other countries individual patrols are identifiable by their neckerchiefs and so troops may have many different neckerchiefs all at once.
In both of these cases the neckerchief and its colours are an issue of identity, and become emblematic of a troop or a patrol. Neckerchiefs can have important ceremonial functions in Scouting, for example, in Nazi Germany, the Hitler Jugend, Deutsches Jungvolk and Bund Deutscher Mädel all wore a black neckerchief as part of their uniform, usually folded under the shirt collar
A blouse is a loose-fitting upper garment that was formerly worn by workmen, artists and children. It is typically gathered at the waist or hips so that it hangs loosely over the wearers body, the word most commonly refers to a girls or womans dress shirt but can refer to a mans shirt if it is a loose-fitting style. Traditionally, the term has been used to refer to a shirt which blouses out or has a feminine appearance. The term is used for some mens military uniform jackets. Blouse is a loanword to English from French, blouse means dust coat and it possibly was brought back from their travels by French Crusaders. They moved on their armor a so-called plusisian shirt, a blue-colored gowns to the dust, the derivation may be from wool, blouso short wool and blos, blouse deprived, naked taken off. It is first officially noted in 1828, from French blouse, blouses are historically a cask style, mostly mail-like garment, that were rarely part of the fashionable womans wardrobe until the 1890s. Before that time, they were popular for informal wear in styles that echoed peasant or traditional clothing.
Blouses usually consist of light such as silk or thin cotton fabrics. Sometimes they are decorated with frills, embroidery or loops, the classic of the ladies blouses is the white shirt blouse. Here the combination possibilities are particularly diverse, the open spade or reverse collar is another common type of classic ladies blouse. At the end of the 19th century the sailor blouses derived from sailor suits were popular for girls to the pleated skirt. In the time of National Socialism this piece of clothing was rejected as a bourgeois-decadent, in the 1950s, the sailors look entered the leisure mode for adults. The high collar in blouses was pushed out during time by the halsferne variant. Specialist shops offered ladies cloaks, the KdW in Berlin applied in his illustrated main catalog,1913 among other things a backfisch-confection, with eight blouses between 2.75 and 9.50 Marks. The simplest model was a blouse, white spotted. A simple blouse with a plain skirt was the dress for the newly expanded female workforce of the 1890s.
In the 1900s and 1910s, elaborate blouses, such as the lingerie blouse, since then, blouses have remained a wardrobe staple, so by now blouses have not ceased to be fixed in the popular cloakroom style
Saltillo is the capital and largest city of the northeastern Mexican state of Coahuila and the municipal seat of the municipality of the same name. The city is located about 258 kilometres west of the Texas border, as of the 2005 census, Saltillo had a population of 725,095 people. 823,098 people reside within the area, making it the 19th biggest metro area in the country. The metro area comprises the municipalities of Saltillo, Ramos Arizpe, founded in 1577 by Conquistador Alberto del Canto and Spanish colonists, Saltillo is the oldest post-conquest settlement in northern Mexico. Saltillo was a commercial center on the northern frontier which served as a bridge from central Mexico to regions farther northeast, Nuevo León, Nuevo Santander, Coahuila. Saltillo supplied the mines of Zacatecas with wheat. It never rose to prominence, but it did develop a commercial core. Saltillo became administratively more important at the end of the eighteenth century, most of whom were Iberian-born peninsular Spaniards, constituted the most important economic group, handling a wide variety of goods and sold in shops.
They were the branch of the transatlantic merchant sector, with ties to Mexico City merchants. Peninsular merchants in Saltillo married into local society, acquired rural properties. In the late century, an annual trade fair was established, with goods from as far away as China and Europe. Saltillo could produce wheat commercially so long as enterprises had access to water, in the eighteenth century, there was a demand for draft animals, which Saltillo could supply. The city of Saltillo is the seat of the municipality of Saltillo. The current Mayor is Isidro Lopez Villareal from the Partido Accion Nacional, el Cerro del Pueblo and its 4-metre cross overlook the city. The citys elevation, at 1,600 metres, makes it cooler and windier than the city of Monterrey. Saltillo lies near the city of Arteaga and in the Chihuahuan Desert, the city is flanked by the Zapalinamé mountains, which are part of the Sierra Madre Oriental. By looking at the relief of the mountains, one can see, according to local legend, Saltillo is located in the Chihuahuan Desert but temperatures are cooler than other desert cities in Mexico because it is located in an altitude of 1,600 meters.
Summers are slightly hot with cool nights, and winters are sunny, rainfall is scarce but more prominent in summer
A baseball cap is a type of soft cap with a rounded crown and a stiff peak projecting in front. The front of the cap typically contains designs or logos of sports teams, the back of the cap may be fitted to the wearers head size or it may have a plastic, Velcro, or elastic adjuster so that it can be quickly adjusted to fit different wearers. The baseball cap is a part of the traditional uniform worn by players. The cap is seen in everyday casual wear. In 1860, the Brooklyn Excelsiors wore the ancestor of the modern baseball cap, which featured a long peak and a button on top, and by 1900. During the 1940s, latex rubber became the material inside the hat. The peak, known in areas as the bill or brim, was designed to protect a players eyes from the sun. Typically, the peak was much shorter in the days of the baseball hat. Also, the hat has become more structured, versus the overall cap of the 19th. The baseball cap was and still is an important means by which to identify a team, often the logo, mascot, or teams initial was placed on the cap.
Usually, the cap was fashioned in the colors of a particular team. The basic shape, including curved peak, is similar to styles of 19th century sun bonnets. Fitted baseball caps, those without an adjuster, are sewn in six sections. Metal grommets or fabric eyelets are often sewn or attached near the top of each of the six sections of fabric to provide ventilation, in some cases, the rear sections of the crown are made of net-like mesh material for extra ventilation. The peak is typically stiffened by a piece of paperboard or stiff plastic. Baseball caps are made of many types of material and shaped in various styles for different purposes and minor league baseball players wear classic-style caps made of wool with their teams simple logo and colors, the logo is usually embroidered into the fabric. Formerly, baseball caps only came in standard hat sizes, since 1980, they have been available in a one-size-fits-all form, with an adjustment strap in the back. The style, commonly called snapback, has become popular as fashion accessories
A shawl is a simple item of clothing, loosely worn over the shoulders, upper body and arms, and sometimes over the head. It is usually a rectangular or square piece of cloth, that is folded to make a triangle. Shawl and pashmina name comes from Kashmir, but it originates from Hamedan Persia and he took someof this goat wool and made socks which he gave as a gift to king of Kashmir, Sultan Qutabdin. Afterwards Hamadani suggested to the king that they start a weaving industry in Kashmir using this wool. That is how pashmina shawls began, the skills and knowledge that he brought to Kashmir gave rise to an entire industry. Kashmir was a point through which the wealth, knowledge. Perhaps the most widely known woven textiles are the famed Kashmir shawls, the Kanikar, for instance, has intricately woven designs that are formalized imitations of Nature. The Chenar leaf and cherry blossoms, the rose and tulip, the almond and pear, yet another type of Kashmir shawl is the Jamiavr, which is a brocaded woolen fabric sometimes in pure wool and sometimes with a little cotton added.
Still another type of Kashmir shawl is the double-sided Dourukha, a shawl that is so done as to produce the same effect on both sides. The most expensive shawls, called Shahtoosh, are made from under-fleece of the Tibetan antelope or Chiru and these shawls are so fine that even a very tightly woven shawl can be easily pulled through a small finger ring. The naksha, a Persian device like the Jacquard loom invented centuries later, enabled Indian weavers to create floral patterns. The Kashmir shawl that evolved from this expertise in its heyday had greater fame than any other Indian textile, always a luxury commodity, the intricate, tapestry-woven, fine wool shawl had become a fashionable wrap for the ladies of the English and French elite by the 18th century. Supply fell short of demand and manufacturers pressed to produce more, as early as 1803, Kashmiri needlework production was established to increase and hasten output of these shawls, which had been imitated in England since 1784 and even in France.
By 1870, the advent of the Jacquard loom in Europe destroyed the exclusivity of the original Kashmir shawl, even the characteristic Kashmiri motif, the mango-shape, began to be known simply as the paisley. The paisley motif is so ubiquitous to Indian fabrics that it is hard to realize that it is only about 250 years old and it evolved from 1600s floral and tree-of-life designs that were created in expensive, tapestry-woven Mughal textiles. The design in India originated from Persian motif called butta-jeghgha which represents a stylized cypress tree, early designs depicted single plants with large flowers and thin wavy stems, small leaves and roots. As the designs became denser over time, more flowers and leaves were compacted within the shape of the tree, by the late 18th century, the archetypal curved point at the top of an elliptical outline had evolved. In the late 18th century and 19th century, the became an important motif in a wide range of Indian textiles
A helmet is a form of protective gear worn to protect the head from injuries. More specifically, a helmet aids the skull in protecting the human brain, ceremonial or symbolic helmets without protective function are sometimes used. The oldest known use of helmets was by Assyrian soldiers in 900 BC, soldiers still wear helmets, now often made from lightweight plastic materials. In civilian life, helmets are used for activities and sports, dangerous work activities. Since the 1990s, most helmets are made from resin or plastic, the word helmet is diminutive from helm, a medieval word for protective combat headgear. The Medieval great helm covers the head and often is accompanied with camail protecting throat. Originally a helmet was a helm which covered the head only partly, all helmets attempt to protect the users head by absorbing mechanical energy and protecting against penetration. Their structure and protective capacity are altered in high-energy impacts, beside their energy-absorption capability, their volume and weight are important issues, since higher volume and weight increase the injury risk for the users head and neck.
Anatomical helmets adapted to the head structure were invented by neurosurgeons at the end of the 20th century. Helmets used for different purposes have different designs, for example, a bicycle helmet must protect against blunt impact forces from the wearers head striking the road. A helmet designed for rock climbing must protect against heavy impact, sports helmets may have an integrated metal face protector. Baseball batting helmets have an expanded protection over the ear, which protects the jaw from injury, motorcycle helmets often have flip-down face screens for rain and wind protection, and they may have projecting visors to protect the eyes from glare. Hard hats for construction workers are mainly to protect the wearer from falling objects such as tools. Helmets for riot police often have flip-down clear visors and thick padding to protect the back of the neck, Modern firefighters helmets protect the face and back of the head against impact and electricity, and can include masks, communication systems, and other accessories.
Welding helmets protect the eyes and face and neck from flash burn, ultraviolet light and heat. They have a window, called a lens shade, through which the welder looks at the weld. People with some medical conditions must wear a helmet to protect the brain, due to a gap in the braincase, mixed martial arts helmets have ear pads to prevent serious injuries to the athletes, who do not usually endure such force to the ears. Crash helmets for F1 racing drivers, their design and construction have evolved enormously, nevertheless and neck trauma remains the greatest single injury risk to drivers
Huipil is the most common traditional garment worn by indigenous women from central Mexico to Central America. However, some huipils are made from commercial fabric. Lengths of the huipil can vary from a short blouse-like garment or long enough to reach the floor, the style of traditional huipils generally indicates the ethnicity and community of the wearer as each have their own methods of creating the fabric and decorations. Some huipils have intricate and meaningful designs, ceremonial huipils are the most elaborate and are reserved for weddings, women of high rank and even to dress the statues of saints. The huipil has been worn by women of the Mesoamerican region of both high and low social rank since well before the arrival of the Spanish to the Americas. It remains the most common female indigenous garment still in use and it is most often seen in the Mexican states of Chiapas, Yucatán, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Hidalgo, Michoacán, Veracruz and Morelos. In Central America it is most often used among the Mayas in Guatemala, after the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire and subsequent Spanish expansion, the huipil endured but it evolved, incorporating elements from other regions and Europe.
However, carbon 14 tests date it to the 18th century and it is exceptional not only for its age but there is none like it in any collection and it is larger than usual at 120 by 140 cm. It is made of cotton with feathers and gold thread, the design is dominated by an image of a double headed eagle, showing both indigenous and Spanish influence. It is part of the collection of the Museo Nacional de Antropología, some huipils, such as those from the Isthmus of Tehuantepec show Asian influence due to cloth brought from the Philippines. In addition, the huipil began to be worn with other garments, especially European skirts and this led to changes in the garment itself and how it was used. In some cases, the huipil became shorter, to function as a kind of blouse rather than a dress, in the same region, the huipil evolved into a long flowing and sometimes voluminous head covering which frames the face. To this day, the most traditional huipils are made with woven cloth on a back strap loom. However, the introduction of commercial fabric made this costly and many indigenous women stopped making this fabric, by the early 1800s, women began to wear undecorated huipils or European style blouses.
By the end of the 19th century, most Maya women had forgotten the technique of brocade weaving entirely, the huipil endures in many indigenous communities, if not as an everyday garment, as one for ceremonies or special occasions. When a woman puts on a huipil, especially a ceremonial or very traditional one and she becomes the center of a symbolic world as her head passes through the neck opening. With her arms, she forms a cross and is surrounded by myth as between heaven and the underworld, the huipil is a tunic-like garment made by stitching together anywhere from one to five pieces of cloth. The most common fiber is cotton, but there are made from wool