Serer-Ndut people

The Serer-Ndut or Ndut spelt are an ethnic group in Senegal numbering 38600 They are part of the Serer people who collectively make up the third largest ethnic group in Senegal. The Serer-Ndut live in central Senegal in the district of Mont-Roland, northwest of the city of ancient Thiès, their language Ndut, is one of the Cangin languages related to Palor. Like the other Cangin languages, the speakers are ethnically Serers but they do not speak the Serer-Sine language, their language is not a dialect of Serer-Sine. The people are agriculturalists and lake fishermen. Serer-Ndut people traditionally and still practice the Serer religion which involves honouring the ancestors covering all dimensions of life, cosmology etc, their name for the Supreme Deity is Kopé Tiatie Cac -. The Ndut initiation rite, a rite of passage in Serer religion takes its name from the Ndut language; some Serer-Ndut are Catholic. The main Catholic mission is at the town of Tiin; the Serer people to which they are a sub-group of are the oldest inhabitants of Senegambia along with the Jola people.

Their ancestors were dispersed throughout the Senegambia Region and it is suggest that they built the Senegambian stone circles although other sources suggest it was the Jola. The Ndut were the original founders of Biffeche as well as the Mt Rolland. During the colonial period of Senegal, both the French administration and the Muslim communities of Senegal tried to annihilate the Serer-Ndut people, they failed to achieve their objectives. Thiaw, Issa Laye, "La Religiosite de Seereer, avant et pendant leur Islamisation", Ethiopiques no: 54, Revue semestrielle de Culture Négro-Africaine, Nouvelle série, volume 7, 2e Semestre Dione, Salif, "L'APPEL du Ndut. ou l'initiation des garcons Seereer", IFAN Cheikh Anta Diop Gravrand, Henry, "La Civilisation Sereer - Pangool", vol.2, Les Nouvelles Editions Africaines du Senegal, p 9 and 77, ISBN 2-7236-1055-1 Echenberg, Myron J, "Black death, white medicine: bubonic plague and the politics of public health in colonial Senegal, 1914-1945", pp 141–146, Heinemann, ISBN 0-325-07017-2 Gravrand, Henry, "La civilisation Sereer - Cosaan: les origines, vol.1, pp. 140–146, Nouvelles Editions Africaines, 1983, ISBN 2-7236-0877-8 Dupire, Marguerite, "Sagesse sereer: Essais sur la pensée sereer ndut": Becker, Charles, "Les Serer Ndut: Études sur les mutations sociales et religieuses", Microéditions Hachette Klein, Martin A. "Islam and Imperialism in Senegal, Sine-Saloum" 1847-1914, pp VII-5, Edinburgh University Press, ISBN 0-85224-029-5 Daggs, Elisa, "All Africa: All its political entities of independent or other status", Hasting House, ISBN 0-8038-0336-2 Taal, Alhaji Ebou Momar, "Senegambian Ethnic Groups: Common Origins and Cultural Affinities Factors and Forces of National Unity and Stability" Gamble, David P. & Salmon, Linda K. "Gambian Studies No. 17: People of The Gambia.

I. The Wolof, with notes on the Serer and Lebou", San Francisco


Glyphoturris is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Mangeliidae. Species within the genus Glyphoturris include: Glyphoturris diminuta Glyphoturris eritima † Glyphoturris lampra Woodring 1928 Glyphoturris quadrata Glyphoturris rugirima Species brought into synonymy Glyphoturris granilirata: synonym of Pseudorhaphitoma granilirata Worldwide Mollusc Species Data Base: Mangeliidae Todd, Jonathan A. "Systematic list of gastropods in the Panama Paleontology Project collections." Budd and Foster 2006 Bouchet, P.. A new operational classification of the Conoidea. Journal of Molluscan Studies. 77, 273-308 Tucker, J. K. 2004 Catalog of recent and fossil turrids. Zootaxa 682:1-1295

Delicious Way

Delicious Way is the debut album by Japanese recording artist Mai Kuraki. It was released by Giza Studio and Giza Inc. in Japan on June 28, 2000. The album was co-written by Kuraki herself, with the help of Michael Africk and Yoko Blaqstone in some tracks, while production was handled by Kanonji; the album's background and development started in mid-to-late 1999 after her American debut single "Baby I Like", where East West Records and Giza Studio sent her back to Japan. To promote the album, four singles were released. Musically, Delicious Way is a R&B album with influences of 1980s-inspired pop, hip-hop, soul music. Upon its release, the album received positive reviews from music critics, they commended the composition and her songwriting skills, a few critics selected the singles as some of the best material in the record. Commercially, the album was a huge success in Japan, peaking at number one on the Oricon Albums Chart, it was the second highest selling album based on first week sales for a solo artist at the time, sold over 3.5 million units in Japan, making it the ninth best selling album in that region.

The success of the album garnered Kuraki the Japan Gold Disc Award for "Rock Album of the Year". While in high school in Japan, Kuraki sent a demo tape of songs to Giza Studio, who signed her to their label. However, Giza Studio sent Kuraki to the United States to enter that region, which attributed to her debut single "Baby I Like"; the track impressed executives at East West Records. However, it failed to chart on any Billboard chart there. There onward, Giza Studio's enlisted Kanonji to produce her debut record whilst Kuraki served as the albums primary songwriter, with the help of Michael Africk on the tracks "Baby Tonight" and "Never Gonna Give You Up", Yoko Blaqstone with the track "Can't Get Enough"; the record label hired American engineers Cybersound to arrange and mix majority of the songs from Delicious Way, with the help of Stone. Delicious Way was not engineered unlike most of Cybersound's work; the composition of the album's music included Aika Ohno, Tomoo Kasahara, Miguel Sá Pessoa, Perry Geyer at Cybersound, Masataka Kitaura, Africk.

Musically, Delicious Way is an R&B album with influences of pop music, as described by a staff member from CD Journal. A majority of the album's lyrics include small English language sentences, whilst the tracks "Baby Tonight", "Never Gonna Give You Up", "Can't Get Enough" are English-prominent written tracks. Delicious Way was released by Giza Studio and Giza Inc. in Japan on June 28, 2000. The album contains 11 tracks in both physical and digital formats, has an cover sleeve photographed by Miho Mori. To promote the album, four singles were released; the first single was "Love, Day After Tomorrow", released on December 8, 1999. It was a success in Japan, reaching number two and 63 on the Oricon Singles Chart and Japan Hot 100 chart, it was certified in two categories by the Recording Industry Association of Japan and sold over 1.3 million physical units and 100,000 digital sales in that region. The second single was "Stay by My Side", released on March 15, 2000; the single sold nearly one million units in Japan, became her first single to reach the top spot on the Oricon Singles Chart in Japan.

It was certified double platinum by the RIAJ for shipments of 800,000 units. "Secret of My Heart", the album's third single, was released on April 26, 2000. It managed to reach number two on the Oricon Singles Chart, but was certified Million by the RIAJ for physical shipments of one million units; the album's final single was "Never Gonna Give You Up", released on June 7, 2000. Despite selling 434,250 units in Japan, the lowest sales count for a single on Delicious Way, it managed to reach number two on the Oricon Singles Chart was received a Platinum certification by the RIAJ. Upon its release, Delicious Way received favorable reviews from most music critics. A staff member from CD Journal enjoyed the album, but pointed out "Stepping Out", "Can't Get Enough", "Everything's All Right", "Happy Days", "Kimi to no Jikan" as the album's best tracks. Retrospectively, Alexey Eremenko, who contributed in writing the biography of Kuraki at AllMusic, highlighted the album songs "Delicious Way", "Love, Day After Tomorrow", "Never Gonna Give You Up", "Secret of My Heart", as some of her greatest work.

At the 15th Japan Gold Disc Awards in 2001, Delicious Way won the award for "Best Rock Album of the Year". Alongside this, her single "Secret of My Heart" received the "Song of the Year" award, amongst 13 other recipients; the album was a huge success in Japan. It debuted at number one on the Oricon Albums Chart with 2,218,640 units sold, making it the highest first week sales for a debut album in Japanese music history and sixth overall, it stayed at the top for two consecutive weeks and remained in the top 10 for nine consecutive weeks. By the end of 2000, Delicious Way sold 3.45 million units in Japan, making it the highest selling album of the year. As of July 2016, Delicious Way has sold over 3.5 million units in Japan, making it the 9th best selling album in Japan of all time. Alongside this achievement, it is the third best selling debut album, behind Globe's self-titled album and Utada Hikaru's First Love), is the fourth highest selling studio album by a female artist. Eremenko stated that the album's sales were a mile