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Serge Koussevitzky

Serge Alexandrovich Koussevitzky was a Russian-born conductor and double-bassist, known for his long tenure as music director of the Boston Symphony Orchestra from 1924 to 1949. Koussevitzky was born into a Jewish family of professional musicians in Vyshny Volochyok, Tver Governorate, about 250 km northwest of Moscow, Russia, his parents taught him violin and piano. He learned trumpet. At the age of fourteen he received a scholarship to the Musico-Dramatic Institute of the Moscow Philharmonic Society, where he studied double bass with Rambusek and music theory, he excelled at the bass, joining the Bolshoi Theatre orchestra at the age of twenty, in 1894, succeeded his teacher, Rambusek, as the principal bassist in 1901. That same year, according to some sources, he made his début as a soloist in Moscow, although his biographer Moses Smith states he made his solo début earlier in 1896. In 1902 he married the dancer Nadezhda Galat; the same year, with Reinhold Glière's help, he wrote a popular concerto for the double bass, which he premiered in Moscow in 1905.

In 1905, Koussevitzky divorced Nadezhda and married Natalie Ushkova, the daughter of an wealthy tea merchant. He soon resigned from the Bolshoi, the couple moved to Berlin, where Serge studied conducting under Arthur Nikisch, using his new-found wealth to pay off his teacher's gambling debts. In Berlin he continued to give double bass recitals and, after two years practising conducting in his own home with a student orchestra, he hired the Berlin Philharmonic and made his professional début as a conductor in 1908; the concert included Sergei Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 2, with the composer at the piano. The next year he and his wife returned to Russia, where he founded his own orchestra in Moscow and branched out into the publishing business, forming his own firm, Éditions Russes de Musique, buying the catalogues of many of the greatest composers of the age. Among the composers published by Koussevitzky were Rachmaninoff, Alexander Scriabin, Sergei Prokofiev, Igor Stravinsky, Nikolai Medtner.

During the period 1909 to 1920 he continued to perform as soloist in Europe, in Russia he and his orchestra toured towns along the Volga River by riverboat in 1910, 1912, 1914. The programs included many new works. After the 1917 Russian Revolution, he accepted a position as conductor of the newly named State Philharmonic Orchestra of Petrograd. In 1920, he left Soviet Russia for Paris. In Paris he organized the Concerts Koussevitzky, presenting new works by Prokofiev and Maurice Ravel. In 1924 he took a post in the United States, replacing Pierre Monteux as conductor of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. However, he continued to return to Paris in the summers to conduct his Concerts Koussevitzky until 1929. In 1941 he and his wife became United States citizens. Koussevitzky's appointment as conductor of the Boston Symphony Orchestra was the beginning of a golden era for the ensemble that would continue until 1949. Over that 25-year period, he built the ensemble's reputation into that of a leading American orchestra.

Together with Gertrude Robinson Smith he played a central role in developing the orchestra's internationally acclaimed summer concert and educational programs at Tanglewood where today the 5,700-seat main performance venue bears his name. In the early 1940s, he discovered a young tenor named Alfred Cocozza, provided him with a scholarship to attend Tanglewood. With the Boston Symphony he made numerous recordings, his students and protégés included Leonard Bernstein, Eleazar de Carvalho, Samuel Adler, Sarah Caldwell. Bernstein once received a pair of cufflinks from Koussevitzky as a gift, thereafter wore them at every concert he conducted. Koussevitzky's second wife Natalie died in 1942, he created the Koussevitzky Music Foundations in her honor. In late 1947, he married Natalie's niece. Naumova had acted as their secretary for 18 years. Olga Naumova was the daughter of the distinguished politician and civil servant Aleksandr Naumov who served as Minister of Agriculture in the Russian Imperial Cabinet.

She has been described as quiet, soft-spoken, Leonard Bernstein and Aaron Copland counted her among their close friends. Koussevitzky died in Boston in 1951 and was buried alongside his wife Natalie at the Church on the Hill Cemetery in Lenox. Koussevitzky was a great champion of modern music, commissioning a number of works from prominent composers. During his time in Paris in the early 1920s he programmed much contemporary music, ensuring well-prepared and good quality performances. Among the well-received premieres were Honegger’s Pacific 231, George Gershwin's Second Rhapsody and Roussel’s Suite in F. For the Boston Symphony Orchestra's 50th anniversary, he commissioned Ravel's Piano Concerto in G, Copland's Ode, Prokofiev's Symphony No. 4, Paul Hindemith's Concert Music for Strings and Brass, Stravinsky's Symphony of Psalms, as well as works by Albert Roussel and Howard Hanson. In 1922, Koussevitzky commissioned Maurice Ravel's arrangement of Modest Mussorgsky's 1874 suite for piano, Pictures at an Exhibition, premiered on 19 October that year and became the most famous and celebrated orchestration of the work.

Koussevitzky held the rights to this version for many years. In 1940, Koussevitzky commissioned Randall Thompson a professor at

Frances Callier

Eleanor Frances Callier, better known as Frances Callier, is an American actress, producer and comedian. Her television credits include According to Jim, My Name Is Earl and Curb Your Enthusiasm. Callier is known for her co-starring role in the British comedy, 3 Non-Blondes, she had a recurring role as Roxy the Bodyguard in the Disney Channel Original Series Hannah Montana. Frances Callier is half of the comedy duo Frangela with Angela V. Shelton, she appears as Frangela on VH1‘s Best Week Ever and together with Shelton on The Stephanie Miller Show. As of Spring 2019, the duo do two weekly podcasts for Miller's Sexy Liberal Podcast Network, she has been seen on CNN's Showbiz Tonight, Headline News, Fox News Red Eye and she is a regular contributor to NPR's Day to Day. She is a radio talk show host on KEIB Saturday afternoons, she left the NBC reality series I'm a Celebrity... Get Me out of Here!. Callier appeared in the Drake & Josh episode "Little Diva" as Helen, the movie theater manager to fill in for Yvette Nicole Brown, who could not make the taping.

She appeared in the unaired pilot episode of the Fox series Drive. She was in the movie He's Just Not That Into You in a scene in the park with her comedy co-star Shelton, she has been seen on MTV's Made helping children with their diets. Frances Callier on IMDb Frangela official website

Typhoon Damrey (2017)

Typhoon Damrey, known in the Philippines as Severe Tropical Storm Ramil, was a strong tropical cyclone that affected Vietnam during early November 2017. Damrey first originated as a tropical depression over the Philippine archipelago of Visayas on October 31. Emerging to the South China Sea few days the system strengthened into the second deadliest and twenty-third named storm of the 2017 Pacific typhoon season. Intensifying, Damrey strengthened into the tenth typhoon on November 3, reaching its peak strength as a Category 2 in the same day. Damrey made landfall over Khánh Hoà, Vietnam during the next day as it weakened, dissipated on November 5. Damrey was the strongest typhoon. Strong winds, heavy rainfall and result severe flooding in Central Vietnam by the typhoon killed 142 people and total damage reached over US$1 billion. Damrey made landfall in central Vietnam. On October 31, the Japan Meteorological Agency began monitoring on a weak tropical depression that had developed 349 km to the west of Cebu.

Six hours the JMA began issuing advisories on the system after winds near its center has reached about 55 km/h. By about 21:00 UTC of the same day, the PAGASA had classified the system as a tropical depression, assigning the local name Ramil. Around the same time, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center had issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert on the system. By November 1, the JTWC had classified Ramil to a tropical depression, giving the international designation of 28W, after convection around its low-level circulation center began to consolidate. Thereafter, on November 2, the JMA upgraded the system to a tropical storm, receiving the name Damrey, the twenty-third named storm of the season. After the system was located over in a favorable environment including continuous convective organization, the JTWC followed suit on upgrading it to a tropical storm. Satellite imagery depicted deep convective banding wrapping into its LLCC which caused Damrey to further strengthen. By 18:00 UTC of the same day, Damrey strengthened into a severe tropical storm by the JMA.

Shortly thereafter, the structure of the storm had become symmetric with much deeper convection and an improved radial outflow. Vertical wind shear was very low at around 5 knots, favorable for a cyclone to develop further; the JMA upgraded Damrey to a typhoon early on November 3. Three hours the JTWC followed suit and classified it as a Category 1-equivalent typhoon, after animated satellite imagery depicted a "strengthening" system and a well-defined circular eye feature. At this stage, Damrey was located in conditions of low shear and warm sea-surface temperatures of 27–28 °C with good outflow; the JMA had declared that Damrey reached its peak intensity with 10-minute sustained winds of 130 km/h and a minimum barometric pressure of 970 hPa. Six hours microwave images showed the eye becoming well-defined and an improved storm structure with a large centralized convective mass occluding to its center. By 21:00 UTC, the JTWC upgraded Damrey to a Category 2-equivalent typhoon, reaching its peak strength with 1-minute sustained winds of 165 km/h.

The JTWC issued their final advisory on the typhoon on 03:00 UTC on November 4, as it made landfall in Vạn Ninh District, Khánh Hòa Province, Vietnam as its convective structure started to deteriorate. Three hours the JMA downgraded Damrey to a severe tropical storm to a tropical storm; the JMA issued their final advisory on 12:00 UTC on November 4. The agency continued to track the system as it dissipated on 00:00 UTC on November 5. On October 31, the PAGASA had raised a Tropical Cyclone Warning Signal #1, the lowest of five, to a few provinces over in Western Visayas and the island of Palawan. PAGASA had warned residents of risky sea travel over the areas raised by the signal warning, including northern and eastern seaboards of Luzon; some domestic flights were canceled and trips to and from the Batangas Port were canceled during November 1. Estimated rainfall around the 200 km radius of the system was classified from moderate to heavy; the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council stated that 305 people had evacuated in the provinces of Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur and in Mindoro, while some 1,938 people were stranded in ports over in Palawan and Batangas.

Eight domestic flights were canceled during November 2 while the PAGASA suspended work and classes that day. 14 landslides were recorded in a town in the province of Camarines Sur. Three students had died in Busuanga, Palawan after drowning in a river. One road and four bridges were affected and not passable in the Cagayan Valley. On November 4, the total number of fatalities rose to 8. Torrential rains caused by the storm resulted in 2.5 ft of deep flooding, damaging agricultural crops. Agricultural damages were totaled to Php1.03 million over in the city of Aurora Quezon on November 4. By November 8, at least 106 people had been killed in Vietnam as a result of the typhoon, with 197 others injured and 25 missing. Widespread flooding was reported, with more than 116,000 homes having been damaged. UNICEF estimated at least four million people had been directly impacted by the storm and were in need of support; the beach resort of Nha Trang was among the worst hit areas, 30,000 inhabitants and tourists had to be evacuated from the area.

Typhoon Damrey was referred in the U. S. President Donald Trump's statement in APEC 2017; the Russian President Vladimir Putin reliefed US$5 million because typhoon's severe damage in Vietnam. O

Rafael Spinola

Rafael Spínola was a writer, journalist and public speaker from Guatemala. Director of the well known cultura magazine La Ilustración Guatemalteca in 1896 and 1897, was Secretary of Infrastructure in Manuel Estrada Cabrera first presidential term, he created the "Fiestas Minervalias", which were a celebration to the studious youth and the president Estrada Cabrera rule. He was the one that signed the treaty granting the American company "The Central American Improvement Co. Inc." to finish the Northern Railroad -which had been left unfinished after president José María Reina Barrios assassination on 8 February 1898–, which would be the stepping stone for the operations of the United Fruit Company in Guatemala. He was the father of Guatemalan poetesse Magdalena Spínola. Cavalry lieutenant colonel José María Espínola Baeza y Bravo arrived to Guateamala on 12 June 1822, in charge of six hundred men of the Mexican Army and under the command of Vicente Filísola. After Filísola returned to México the next year, colonel Espínola stayed in Guatemala because he met miss Mariana del Águila Escobar, whom he married and had three children with: José Vicente and Mercedes Spínola del Águila.

In Guatemala he changed his last name from Espínola to Spínola, the original spelling. Rafael Spínola was son of José Vicente Spínola del Águila and Isabel Orellana Corzo, who in turn was the granddaughter of Venezuelan doctor Narciso Esparragoza y Gallardo, who graduated from the Real y Pontificia Universidad de San Carlos in 1794 and who became the first anatomy doctor in Guatemala by royal decree of King Charles IV. Spínola graduated high school from Instituto Nacional Central para Varones, where he was classmate of pioneer Guatemalan photographer Alberto G. Valdeavellano. In those years, he was known for his smart and sharp replies and jokes to his teachers, which made his classmates laugh without making the faculty angry. Strong and tall, he was a vivacious and curious individual. In 1885, after the death of general Justo Rufino Barrios on 2 April in Chalchuapa, the Nicaraguan colonel from the Guatemalan Army Rigoberto Cabezas started El Pueblo newspaper, where he tried to do healthy opposition to interim president general Manuel Lisandro Barillas.

In his first issue, Cabezas point out that opposition is the stand stone for a republican government and that, provided his newspaper reach its tenth issue, Barillas would have demonstrated he was worthy of having the Constitution modified to allow him run as president though he was the interim. Cabeza was expelled from Guatemala after only three issues of El Pueblo, Barillas modified the Constitution and became president for the 1886–1892 term. Following Cabezas exile, Spínola escaped from Guatemala and went into Mexico, where he had to do several menial jobs to survive. Spínola had to work in whichever job he could find, including a third category municipal clerk in Orizaba, Veracruz. Upon return to Guatemala, Spínola studied Medicine in the National University, although he chose Literature, journalism and -above all- public speaking. In 1893 he was a representative in the National Assembly, a philosophy professor in the National Institute and was one of the main public speakers for the general José María Reina Barrios government.

Among his most famous speeches were the one that he gave in the name of the National Assembly during the seventy second anniversary of the Independence of Central America on 15 September 1893, the one about general Miguel García Granados when the remains of the former president were moved to the newly built Guatemala City General Cemetery on 30 June 1894, the one we pronounced in Nicaragua celebrating the expulsion of William Walker on 15 September 1895. Spínola married Florencia Strecker Frías, a resident of Mexico, a descendant of Lope Ruiz de Esparza, Basque nobleman from Pamplona and patriarch of the prominent Ruiz de Esparza family from Aguascalientes, Zacatecas y Altos de Jalisco. From 1896 to 1897 Spínola was editor in chief of La Ilustración Guatemalteca, a biweekly cultural magazine that though it was only published until 1898, is to this day an important reference for the economic and political situation of Guatemala during the last year of general José María Reina Barrios government.

La Ilustración Guatemalteca included extended articles about the Exposición Centroamericana of 1897 –in which Spínola pronounced the inaugural speech– the demarcation of the international border with Mexico in 1897 and the economical crisis that resulted in the September 1897 revolts and the eventual assassination of president Reina Barrios on 8 February 1898. Spínola, as director of La Ilustración Guatemalteca and professional speaker, pronounced the inaugural speech of the Exposition on 15 March 1897, his speech gives a complete idea of the large efforts that the Guatemalan government had to make in order to make the Exposition and the hopes that Reina Barrios had in its success. Summarizing it, Spínola welcomed the Central America nations that joined the event, the other countries that presented their products and services: Germany, Chile, the United States, England, Italy, México, Perú and Rusia, he described the nature of the exhibitions: industrial and scientific inventions -among which the most important by far was electricity and its applications- and all kinds of artistic work.

Afterwards, Spínola explained that this event was a socioeconomic one, with the aim to address the main problem Guatemala faced at the time: the lack of civilization of the in

Julius Paltiel

Julius Paltiel was one of the 26 Norwegian Jews who returned from Auschwitz. For their efforts in telling about the atrocities in the Nazi extermination camps, both Paltiel and his widow were awarded St. Olav's Medal, he in 2004 and she in 2016. Paltiel was given a Norwegian state funeral, attended by King Harald V. During the Second World War, Paltiel's family were textile merchants in Trondheim. On 6 October 1942, he and his family were arrested and sent to Falstad concentration camp, where they stayed until they were deported to Auschwitz on 24 February 1943; when the Russians advanced to Poland in January 1945, the Germans evacuated 66,000 Jewish prisoners, sent them on a death march to Buchenwald. At the time of his arrival there, Paltiel's weight was 39 kg. One day, the prisoners got the message that the Scandinavians were going to be released and sent in the white buses back to their home countries, but to Paltiel's misfortune, Quisling had removed the Norwegian Jews' citizenship so they were not included on the evacuation lists.

On 11 April 1945, Paltiel and four other Norwegian Jews were saved by the Americans, after taking numbered clothing from dead non-Jews. Paltiel was buried in Trondheim, the city where he was born; the government of Norway decided to honor Paltiel by giving him a state funeral. Prime minister Jens Stoltenberg said: "With Julius Paltiel, Norway has lost a central witness from the Nazi extermination camps during the Second World War; as one of the few Norwegian Jews that survived, Paltiel has until the last been a clear voice for all who wanted to learn from his and his generation's experiences."The funeral was attended by King Harald V of Norway, Minister of Culture Trond Giske and Evangelical-Lutheran Bishop of Nidaros Finn Wagle among others. He was survived by his wife, the Danish-born author Vera Komissar, his two adult children by his first wife Rita who died in 1987. Aftenposten: Julius Paltiel er død Trønder-Avisa: Tok farvel med Julius Paltiel Norwegians in Auschwitz on YouTube English subtitles Komissar, Vera: På tross av alt: Julius Paltiel - norsk jøde i Auschwitz, Aschehoug 1995, ISBN 978-82-92400-10-4


Nyaksimvol is a rural locality in Beryozovsky District of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, located on the left bank of the Severnaya Sosva River, 60 kilometers southwest of Khulimsunt. Its name derives from the Mansi words nyakhsyam or nyaksi combined with vol, hence means either "Gill reach" or "Dirty Flatwater." Nyaksimvol has a subarctic climate. Winters are cold with average temperatures from −24.2 to −14.9 °C in January, while summers are mild with average temperatures from +11.2 to +23.3 °C in July. Precipitation is somewhat higher in summer than at other times of the year. Sergey Sobyanin, Russian politician, born here