Sergeant major

Sergeant major is a senior non-commissioned rank or appointment in many militaries around the world. In Commonwealth countries, the various degrees of sergeant major are appointments held by warrant officers. In the United States, there are various grades of sergeant major, but they are all of the same pay grade of E-9. However, the Sergeant Major of the Army and the Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps, as their respective service's Senior Enlisted Advisor, receive a special rate of basic pay, higher than all other sergeants major. In 16th century Spain, the sargento mayor was a general officer, he commanded an army's infantry, ranked about third in the army's command structure. In the 17th century, sergeant majors appeared in individual regiments; these were field officers, third in command of their regiments, with a role similar to the older, army-level sergeant majors. The older position became known as "sergeant major general" to distinguish it. Over time, the term sergeant was dropped from both titles, giving rise to the modern ranks of major and major general.

The full title of sergeant major fell out of use until the latter part of the 18th century, when it began to be applied to the senior non-commissioned officer of an infantry battalion or cavalry regiment. It is about this time that the U. S. and British histories with the American Revolutionary War. A sergeant major is an appointment, not a rank, it is held by the senior warrant officer of an army or marine unit. These appointments are made at several levels, for example: the senior warrant officer of a company, battery or squadron; the title consists of the unit title followed by'sergeant major', abbreviated by the initials. A sergeant major of a regiment or battalion is known as a regimental sergeant major, rather than a "regiment sergeant major" or "battalion sergeant major". In the Australian Defence Force, in addition to CSMs and RSMs, the most senior warrant officer of the army carries the appointment of Regimental Sergeant Major of the Army; the sergeant-major of a unit is directly responsible to the commanding officer for all matters pertaining to dress, discipline, performance and morale of the non-commissioned members of that unit.

Sergeant majors are addressed as "sir" or "ma'am" by subordinates, as "sergeant major" or by their full title by superiors. In the British Armed Forces, the plural is sergeant majors and not sergeants major as it is in the United States; the most senior warrant officer in the Australian Army holds the unique rank of warrant officer and the appointment of Regimental Sergeant Major of the Army. The RSM-A is responsive to all ranks across the Army; the RSM-A is a member of the personal staff of the Chief of Army. The post of RSM-A has existed since January 1983 and was held by a WO1 until 1991; the RSM-A is the equivalent of the Royal Australian Navy's Warrant Officer of the Navy and the Royal Australian Air Force's Warrant Officer of the Air Force. The RSM-A’s primary role is to represent to the Chief of Army and others, the solicited and unsolicited views and opinions of soldiers in the army, but carry the Chief of Army’s message down and across the ranks; the appointment of sergeant major is given to the senior non-commissioned member within sub-units and some formations of the Canadian Army.

The regimental sergeant-major is the senior sergeant major in a battalion-sized unit, including infantry battalions and artillery, armoured and signal regiments. This appointment is held by a chief warrant officer; the same position can be held by a master warrant officer in anticipation of promotion, or a shortage of available chief warrant officers. In company-sized units, the company sergeant-major holds the rank of master warrant officer, although in some cases, it may be held by a warrant officer if the company is smaller, or in a shortage of available master warrant officers. In artillery batteries, this appointment is known as battery sergeant-major, while in units with a cavalry heritage, the term is squadron sergeant-major. In company-sized sub-units of battalions or regiments, the company sergeant-major answers both to his or her officer commanding for matters pertaining to the company in particular, to the regimental sergeant-major on matters of concern to the regimental sergeant-major.

Company sergeant-majors and their equivalents are addressed as "Sergeant-Major" or by rank. By subordinates, they are referred to as "Sir", "Ma'am", or "Warrant" as appropriate. "CSM" is a title reserved for use by the commanding officer. Regimental sergeant-majors are never addressed as "Sergeant-Major", they are addressed by rank or as "Mr" or "Ms", thereafter by subordinates as "Sir" or "Ma'am". "RSM" is reserved for use by the commanding officer. In some unusual cases, a chief petty officer 1st class or chief petty officer 2nd class in the Royal Canadian Navy may succeed to a sergeant-major's position in units with a large number of "purple trades", such as service battalions; the forms of address remain the same, except that chief petty officers 1st and 2nd class

Aparecida de GoiĆ¢nia

Aparecida de Goiânia is a city and municipality in central Goiás, Brazil. It is the second largest city in a bustling industrial center. Bordering on the southern limits of Goiânia, 21 kilometers from the center, Aparecida has experienced rapid growth as a suburb and an option for less expensive housing than in neighboring Goiânia. Municipal boundaries are with: North: Goiânia South: Hidrolândia East: Bela Vista de Goiás and Senador Canedo West: Aragoiânia and Abadia de GoiásThe city is cut by the BR-153 and several municipal highways and bathed by the Meia Ponte River. Population density: 1,647.7 inhabitants/km2 Population growth 2000-2007: 5.06.% Population change: the population, now over 400, 000, has been growing at a fast rate since 1980, when it was 42,000. In January 2005 the mayor was José Macedo de Araújo. There were 224,835 eligible voters in December 2007 and the city council had 17 members. In October 2008 Maguito Vilela was elected mayor, who took office in January 2009; the history of Aparecida, like that of Goiânia, is recent.

In 1922 followers of Our Lady of Aparecida donated land so that their neighbors could build a church for the Virgin. In 1958 it was elevated to the condition of Vila, as a district of Goiânia with the name Aparecida de Goiás. In 1958 the name was changed to Goialândia which remained until 1963 when it emancipated itself and assumed the name of Aparecida de Goiânia, its proximity to the capital has attracted important industries like Mabel and others, concentrated in the four different industrial zones on the edge of BR-153. In recent years the number of companies has doubled. In 2007 there were 964 industries; the industrial centers in the city are Distrito Agroindustrial de Aparecida de Goiânia, Distrito Industrial, Pólo Empresarial Goiás and Cidade Empresarial. In 2007 there were 13 financial institutions in the city. Despite the heavy industrialization Aparecida still produces agricultural products; the cattle herd was 11,700 in 2003. Other agricultural products are rice, bananas and sugarcane.

Hospitals: 08 Hospital beds: 782 Infant mortality rate: 1990—35.4. Literacy rate: 1991—85.2%. One of the festivals that most attracts tourists to this industrial city is the festival of its patroness, Nossa Senhora Aparecida. List of municipalities in Goiás Frigoletto Media related to Aparecida de Goiânia at Wikimedia Commons Aparecida Net

Crime as Forgiven by Against Me!

Crime as Forgiven by Against Me!, or just Crime, was the second EP released by punk band Against Me!. It was one of the first releases to achieve any level of circulation, due to their previous self-titled 12" only having sold 145 copies; the CD version contains six songs, although only four were on the vinyl edition, released by Against Me!'s Sabot Productions. The CD version was released by Plan-It-X Records with two more songs and Burn; the CD was re-pressed by Sabot to include the bonus tracks. In early 2005, the band requested that Plan-It-X Records halt future represses of the CD version of Crime. It's been out of print since then; as no recording contract or exchange of rights had occurred, the record label complied under no obligation. All tracks are written by Laura Jane Grace. Laura Jane Grace – guitar, artwork Kevin Mahondrums, vocals Jennifer Becker – backing vocals Jordan Kleeman – backing vocals, artwork Rob McGregor – recording Mark Richardsonmastering