Orient Express (magazine)
Orient Express was a monthly comic magazine published in Italy from 1982 to 1985. Orient Express was founded in 1982 by Luigi Bernardi and intended to offer to its adult audience only high quality stories by Italian cartoonists; the first issue appeared in June 1982. The magazine was published monthly and featured unreleased stories of both well-known and unpublished characters; the magazine had its headquarters in Bologna until 1984. Series published by the magazine include Lo Sconosciuto and I Briganti by Magnus, Ken Parker by Giancarlo Berardi and Ivo Milazzo, Martin Mystère by Alfredo Castelli and Giancarlo Alessandrini, Max Fridman by Vittorio Giardino, Johnny Focus by Attilio Micheluzzi, Stella Noris by Lorena Canossa and Roberto Baldazzini, Big Sleeping by Daniele Panebarco. A collection of the magazine's best stories, Orient Express Collezione, was published between June 1985 and February 1986. List of magazines published in Italy
Turin is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy. It is the capital city of the Metropolitan City of Turin and of the Piedmont region, was the first capital city of Italy from 1861 to 1865; the city is located on the western bank of the Po River, in front of Susa Valley, is surrounded by the western Alpine arch and Superga Hill. The population of the city proper is 878,074 while the population of the urban area is estimated by Eurostat to be 1.7 million inhabitants. The Turin metropolitan area is estimated by the OECD to have a population of 2.2 million. The city has a rich culture and history, being known for its numerous art galleries, churches, opera houses, parks, theatres, libraries and other venues. Turin is well known for its Renaissance, Rococo, Neo-classical, Art Nouveau architecture. Many of Turin's public squares, castles and elegant palazzi such as the Palazzo Madama, were built between the 16th and 18th centuries. A part of the historical center of Turin was inscribed in the World Heritage List under the name Residences of the Royal House of Savoy.
The city used to be a major European political center. From 1563, it was the capital of the Duchy of Savoy of the Kingdom of Sardinia ruled by the Royal House of Savoy, the first capital of the unified Italy from 1861 to 1865. Turin is sometimes called "the cradle of Italian liberty" for having been the birthplace and home of notable individuals who contributed to the Risorgimento, such as Cavour; the city hosts some of Italy's best universities, academies and gymnasia, such as the University of Turin, founded in the 15th century, the Turin Polytechnic. In addition, the city is home to museums such as the Mole Antonelliana. Turin's attractions make it one of the world's top 250 tourist destinations and the tenth most visited city in Italy in 2008. Though much of its political significance and importance had been lost by World War II, Turin became a major European crossroad for industry and trade, is part of the famous "industrial triangle" along with Milan and Genoa. Turin is ranked third after Milan and Rome, for economic strength.
With a GDP of $58 billion, Turin is the world's 78th richest city by purchasing power. As of 2018, the city has been ranked by GaWC as a Gamma World city. Turin is home to much of the Italian automotive industry. Turin is well known as the home of the Shroud of Turin, the football teams Juventus F. C. and Torino F. C. the headquarters of automobile manufacturers Fiat and Alfa Romeo, as host of the 2006 Winter Olympics. The Taurini were an ancient Celto-Ligurian Alpine people, who occupied the upper valley of the Po River, in the center of modern Piedmont. In 218 BC, they were attacked by Hannibal as he was allied with their long-standing enemies, the Insubres; the Taurini chief town was captured by Hannibal's forces after a three-day siege. As a people they are mentioned in history, it is believed that a Roman colony was established in 9 BC under the name of Julia Augusta Taurinorum. Both Livy and Strabo mention the Taurini's country as including one of the passes of the Alps, which points to a wider use of the name in earlier times.
In the 1st century BC, the Romans founded Augusta Taurinorum. The typical Roman street grid can still be seen in the modern city in the neighborhood known as the Quadrilatero Romano. Via Garibaldi traces the exact path of the Roman city's decumanus which began at the Porta Decumani incorporated into the Castello or Palazzo Madama; the Porta Palatina, on the north side of the current city centre, is still preserved in a park near the Cathedral. Remains of the Roman-period theater are preserved in the area of the Manica Nuova. Turin reached about 5,000 inhabitants at all living inside the high city walls. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the town was conquered by the Heruli and the Ostrogoths, recaptured by the Romans, but conquered again by the Lombards and the Franks of Charlemagne; the Contea di Torino was founded in the 940s and was held by the Arduinic dynasty until 1050. After the marriage of Adelaide of Susa with Humbert Biancamano's son Otto, the family of the Counts of Savoy gained control.
While the title of count was held by the Bishop as count of Turin it was ruled as a prince-bishopric by the Bishops. In 1230–1235 it was a lordship under the Marquess of Montferrat, styled Lord of Turin. At the end of the 13th century, when it was annexed to the Duchy of Savoy, the city had 20,000 inhabitants. Many of the gardens and palaces were built in the 15th century; the University of Turin was founded during this period. Emmanuel Philibert known under the nickname of Iron Head, made Turin the capital of the Duchy of Savoy in 1563. Piazza Reale and Via Nuova were added along with the first enlargement of the walls, in the first half of the 17th century. In the second half of that century, a second enlargement of the walls was planned and executed, with the building of the arcaded Via Po, connecting Piazza Castello with the bridge on the Po through the regular street grid. In 1706, during the Battle of Turin, the French besieged the city for 117 days without conquering it. By the Treaty of Utrecht the Duke of Savoy acquir
Diabolik is an Italian comics series created by sisters Angela and Luciana Giussani. One of the most popular series in the history of Italian comics, Diabolik was created in 1962 and consists of more than 800 volumes, leading to the birth of the fumetti neri comics subgenre; the series is named after its protagonist, an anti-heroic thief, inspired by several previous pulp fiction characters from Italy and other countries. Its stories consist of monthly digest-sized volumes; the series takes place in the fictional town Clerville and stars the titular Diabolik represented as a ruthless and cruel thief who does not hesitate to murder anyone in order to accomplish his deeds, aided by his partner and lover Eva Kant. Over the time, the character evolved his personality, developing healthy roots and ethical principles such as honor, the sense of friendship and gratitude, respect for noble souls and killing other criminals. Throughout his adventures, he is pursued by the Inspector Ginko; the series sold more than 150 million copies, becoming one of the best-known and best-selling comics series from Europe.
Its success had inspired a live action movie, a radio show, an animated television series, video games and countless parodies. The idea for the character of Diabolik was born from seeing commuters every day. Co-creator Angela Giussani, who lived near Milano Cadorna railway station, thought of making comics in a format designed for travelling and carrying in one's pocket. To better understand the tastes of her potential readers, Angela made a survey of the market, from which she concluded that many commuters read mystery novels. Another version of the story claims that the idea came from her finding a Fantomas novel abandoned in a train, thus was born the "Diabolik format", which proved popular with other publications in the same genre. The pocketbook format contributed, to the success of the character. Diabolik is a ruthless master thief, he steals from criminals, has a set of lifelike masks which he uses to fool his opponents, assuming every identity at will. He seems to have a deep knowledge in many scientific fields, including chemistry and computers.
In his first appearances, Diabolik was a more straightforward villain who did not hesitate to murder anyone in order to accomplish his deeds. He was given a more "Robin Hood"-like persona and was shown stealing from criminals, in order to soften the series’ violence and amorality, he was raised as an orphan on a secret island hideout of a criminal combiné, where he learned all his criminal skills, including developing his special masks, before killing the head of the combine. Diabolik’s true name had never been revealed in the series, he does not know it himself. Diabolik took his name from a dangerous black panther that the head of the combine killed on the secret island. From issue #3 of the series, Diabolik is aided by his "moll", Eva Kant, who has gained an increasing role as his partner and lover. Diabolik always drives a black 1961 Jaguar E-type. Graphically inspired by the actor Robert Taylor, he wears a skintight black body suit that leaves only his eyes and eyebrows exposed when going "into action".
Diabolik does not use firearms: his main weapons are the daggers he throws with uncanny ability, as well as a small dart gun with knockout darts. Eva drives a white Jaguar, unusually goes into action wearing a heavy sweater and pants, no mask and no revealing clothing; the stories are set in a fictional town, loosely inspired by Geneva, Switzerland. Diabolik’s main opponent is Inspector Ginko, known only by his surname, a fierce and incorruptible police officer, always thwarted by astute tricks devised by Diabolik; the only other recurring character is Ginko's fiancée. Principal characters Diabolik - A legendary thief who follows an ancient code of conduct. Eva Kant - Diabolik's lover and accomplice, she is a skilled and ruthless criminal in her own right, their relationship begins as adversarial he becomes her abusive lover. In the series she is reimagined as Diabolik's partner and equal. Inspector Ginko - A determined and incorruptible Clerville police detective who attempts, unsuccessfully, to capture Diabolik on numerous occasions.
Secondary characters Altea - A titled heiress and Ginko's lover. King - The leader of a powerful criminal organization, he became Diabolik's foster father and trains him in the skills he will need as a criminal. King betrays Diabolik and plans to murder him, but the infallible criminal kills him first. Elisabeth "Tina" Gay - A nurse who becomes Diabolik's first love after meeting him in the hospital; when she discovers his true nature, she betrays him to the police. Diabolik drives her mad and Tina is confined to an asylum. Dr. Alberto Floriani - A famous neuropsychiatrist who treats Elizabeth Gay during her stay in the asylum and marries her. Part of Diabolik's assault on Elizabeth's sanity involves him visiting her in the hospital, disguised as Albert. Bettina - a girl who should become familiar with Diabolik and Eva, until she becomes like a daughter Gustavo Garian - son of a wealthy family, which will be decimated by Diabolik. However, in the first issues of the series, Diabolik carried out his heists in Marseilles, but the authors decided to invent a new city, so as to avoid having to do continual document
Tex Willer is the main fictional character of the Italian comics series Tex, created by writer Gian Luigi Bonelli and illustrator Aurelio Galleppini, first published in Italy on 30 September 1948. It is among the most popular characters of Italian comics, with translations to numerous languages all around the world; the fan base in Brazil is large, but it is popular in Finland, Greece, Croatia, Tamil Nadu, Serbia and Spain. The Tex Willer series is an Italian-made interpretation of the American Old West, inspired by the classical characters and stories of old American Western movies. Tex is depicted as a tough guy with a strong personal sense of justice, who becomes a ranger and defends Native Americans and any other honest character from exaction and greed of bandits, unscrupulous merchants and corrupt politician and tycoons. Native Americans are portrayed in a complex way, emphasizing positive and negative aspects of their culture; the same can be said of the American authorities, like the U.
S. Army, the politicians, the business-men, the sheriffs or the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Tex had a son, named Kit, with a Native American woman, named Lilyth, the daughter of a Navajo Chief. Tex himself went on to become the Chief of the Navajo tribe. Tex is not only featured in a monthly comic book series, but in a special series called Tex Albo Speciale; the Texone have around 240 pages and some artists known outside the Tex universe have been involved, like Jordi Bernet, Joe Kubert and Ivo Milazzo. The first Tex Willer's adventure appeared on 30 September 1948, as a comic strip; the "first" Tex is an unwillingly outlawed man with a strong code of honour: to kill only for self-defence. However, Tex becomes a ranger. Thanks to the marriage with the beautiful Navajo girl Lilyth, he becomes Chief of the Navajos, known as Eagle of the Night, a defender of Native American rights. Tough, infallible with guns, enemy of prejudice and discrimination, Tex is quick and smart, has a marked disregard for strict rules.
Tex's closest friend in every adventure, since he became a ranger, is Kit Carson, loosely inspired to the historic figure of the same name. A main role has been held by Tex Willer's son, Kit Willer, by the Navajo warrior Tiger Jack. Other recurring characters include El Morisco, the Mexican Montales, the Canadian trapper Gros-Jean, the Irish boxer Pat Mac Ryan, the Mounties Colonel Jim Brandon, San Francisco Police Department Captain Tom Devlin, the Apache chief Cochise, the Navajo wizard Red Cloud. Tex Willer's nemesis is an evil magician and illusionist. Other enemies include Yama, The Black Tiger, Proteus. During the American Civil War Tex fought for the Union, although his home state, sided with the Confederacy, he participated in the battle of Glorieta Pass and served in the 7th Regiment Kansas Volunteer Cavalry. Tex Willer, the protagonist, Texas ranger, chief of the Navajo tribe and the Bureau of Indian Affairs agent of the Navajo Reservation Kit Carson, Tex's best friend and pard ranger Kit Willer, Tex's son Tiger Jack, Navajo warrior Montales, former Mexican bandido and current governor of the state of Chihuahua and vice-president of Mexico El Morisco, a warlock, scientist and doctor from Memphis, who lives in Pilares, Mexico Gros-Jean, Canadian metis, former outlaw and current trapper working in Canada Jim Brandon, Colonel of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police in Canada Cochise, chief of the Apache Chiricahua tribe Tom Devlin, Police captain in San Francisco, California Pat MacRyan, an Irish boxer Lefty Potrero, owner of a gym and health club in San Francisco Nat MacKennet, sheriff in New Orleans Ely Parker, head of the Federal Commission on Indian Affairs from 1869 to 1871 Ulysses S. Grant, General of the US Army and President of the United States from 1869 to 1877 Red Cloud, Navajo shaman Mefisto, a powerful and evil warlock and illusionist, Tex's nemesis Yama, a powerful warlock, son of Mefisto.
Seen three times so far. Proteus, a man who can camouflage himself and change appearance with ease. El Muerto, a Mexican pistolero, one of three brothers, who were killed by Tex; the Black Tiger, a malay prince from Borneo. Killed by Tom Devlin; the Master, a mad scientist Massimo Rotundo In Argentina, Tex was published in the 1950s by Editorial Abril in his weekly magazine Rayo Rojo, with the name of Colt Miller. In Brazil, Tex has been published uninterruptedly since 1971, it is being published by Mythos Editora. In Finland, Tex Willer was published 1953–1965. After a break of five years, Tex Willer has been published continuously since 1971; the series is still popular and 16 numbers are published a year. In Greece, Tex was published in 1980s and 2010's under three different titles. In India, Tex was published in the 1980s by Lion comics; the series is being p
Alberto Ongaro known by his pseudonym Alfredo Nogara, was an Italian journalist and comics writer. Born in Venice, Italy, he lived for a long time in South America and England, before returning to Venice in 1979. A friend and collaborator of Hugo Pratt, he worked for Il Corriere dei Piccoli; as a journalist, he was a foreign correspondent of L'Europeo, he wrote historical and adventure books, including La taverna del doge Loredan, La partita and Il ponte della solita ora. Ongaro died in Venice on 23 March 2018, aged 92. Online biography Interview with Alberto Ongaro
Il Giornalino is an Italian comics magazine published in Italy. Il Giornalino was founded by the Catholic publisher Edizioni San Paolo of Alba in 1924. During its history, the magazine has published the Italian translation of numerous American and European comics series, such as Looney Tunes, The Smurfs, Lucky Luke, Hanna-Barbera's characters and the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, it featured adaptations of famous novel and literary works, including The Betrothed, Robinson Crusoe and Pantagruel, Hamlet and others. Original characters published on the pages of Il Giornalino include Commissario Spada, Dodo & Cocco, Jack Speed, Larry Yuma, Nicoletta, Piccolo Dente and Rosco & Sonny. Authors who worked for Il Giornalino include Dino Battaglia, Benito Jacovitti, Sergio Zaniboni, Ferdinando Tacconi, Luciano Bottaro, Franco Caprioli, Sergio Toppi, Tiziano Sclavi, Giorgio Cavazzano, Alfredo Castelli, Lino Landolfi, Daniele Panebarco, Massimo Mattioli, Carlo Peroni. List of magazines published in Italy
Comic Art was a magazine and edited by Todd Hignite, which surveyed newspaper comic strips, magazine cartoon panels and comic book art, both historical and contemporary. Comic Art was established in 2002; the first seven issues featured articles on Art Spiegelman, Daniel Clowes, Harvey Kurtzman, Crockett Johnson and Frank King. According to critic Tom Spurgeon, "Comic Art is a comics publication that... has chosen to investigate the good and interesting no matter when it's been done." Daniel Zimmer was the publication's graphic art director for the first seven issues. The eighth and ninth issues were expanded and published annually in book form by Buenaventura Press. Alvin Buenaventura assisted Hignite with editing these two issues, they were designed and art directed by Jonathan Bennett, it is not connected with the original fanzine Comic Art, published by Maggie and Don Thompson. Comic Art #1, 2002, 80p. M. Todd Hignite & Daniel Zimmer Comic Art #2, 2003, 80p. M. Todd Hignite & Daniel Zimmer Comic Art #3, 2003, 80p.
M. Todd Hignite & Daniel Zimmer Comic Art #4, 2003, 80p. M. Todd Hignite & Daniel Zimmer Comic Art #5, 2004, 80p. M. Todd Hignite & Daniel Zimmer Comic Art #6, 2004, 80p. M. Todd Hignite & Daniel Zimmer Comic Art #7, 2005, 80p. M. Todd Hignite & Daniel Zimmer Comic Art #8, 2006, 176p. Buenaventura Press Comic Art #9, 2007, 208p. ISBN 9780976684862, Buenaventura Press In 2003 the magazine was nominated for both the Eisner Awards and Harvey Awards, won the 2004 Harvey Award for Best Historical, Biographical, or Journalistic Presentation. In 2006, Yale University Press published a collection of Hignite's "In The Studio" columns in an expanded 320-page hardback, In the Studio: Visits with Contemporary Cartoonists, ISBN 0-300-11016-2. Allan Holtz Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum The Comics Journal Dave Strickler Graphic Story Magazine Hogan's Alley Nemo, the Classic Comics Library Sequart Organization