Serial Experiments Lain is a 1998 Japanese anime television series produced by Yasuyuki Ueda and animated by Triangle Staff. It was directed by Ryūtarō Nakamura and written by Chiaki J. Konaka, with original character designs by Yoshitoshi ABe; the series' 13 episodes were broadcast on TV Tokyo from July 6 to September 28, 1998, explore themes such as reality and communication through philosophy, computer history, cyberpunk literature and conspiracy theory. The series focuses on Lain Iwakura, an adolescent middle school girl living in suburban Japan, her introduction to the Wired, a global communications network, similar to the Internet. Lain lives with her middle-class family, which consists of her inexpressive older sister Mika, her distant mother, her computer-obsessed father. However, the status-quo of her life becomes upturned by a series of bizarre incidents that start to take place after she learns that girls from her school have received an e-mail from a dead student, Chisa Yomoda, she pulls out her old computer in order to check for the same message.
Lain finds Chisa telling her that she is not dead, but has "abandoned her physical body and flesh" and is alive deep within the virtual reality-world of the Wired itself, where she has found the almighty and divine "God". From this point, Lain is caught up in a series of cryptic and surreal events that see her delving deeper into the mystery of the network in a narrative that explores themes of consciousness and the nature of reality; the "Wired" is a virtual reality-world that contains and supports the sum of all human communication and networks, created with the telegraph and telephone services, expanded with the Internet and subsequent networks. The series assumes that the Wired could be linked to a system that enables unconscious communication between people and machines without physical interface; the storyline introduces such a system with the Schumann resonances, a property of the Earth's magnetic field that theoretically allows for unhindered long distance communications. If such a link were created, the network would become equivalent to Reality as the general consensus of all perceptions and knowledge.
The thin invisible line between what is real and what is virtual/digital begins to shatter. Masami Eiri is introduced as the project director on Protocol Seven for major computer company Tachibana General Laboratories, he had secretly included code of his own creation to give himself absolute control of the Wired through the wireless system described above. He "uploaded" his own brain, consciousness, feelings, emotions – his self – into the Wired and "died" a few days after, leaving only his physical, living body behind; these details are unveiled around the middle of the series, but this is the point where the story of Serial Experiments Lain begins. Masami explains that Lain is the artifact by which the wall between the virtual and material worlds is to fall, that he needs her to get to the Wired and "abandon the flesh", as he did, to achieve his plan; the series sees him trying to convince her through interventions, using the promise of unconditional love, romantic seduction and charm, when all else fails and force.
In the meantime, the anime follows a complex game of hide-and-seek between the "Knights of the Eastern Calculus", hackers whom Masami claims are "believers that enable him to be a God in the Wired", Tachibana General Laboratories, who try to regain control of Protocol Seven. In the end, the viewer sees Lain realizing, after much introspection, that she has absolute control over everyone's mind and over reality itself, her dialogue with different versions of herself shows how she feels shunned from the material world, how she is afraid to live in the Wired, where she has the possibilities and responsibilities of an almighty goddess. The last scenes feature her erasing everything connected to herself from everyone's memories, she is last seen, encountering her oldest and closest friend Alice once again, now married. Lain promises herself that she and Alice will meet again anytime as Lain can go and be anywhere she desires between both worlds. Lain Iwakura Voiced by: Kaori Shimizu. Lain is a fourteen-year-old girl.
She is first depicted as a shy junior high school student with few interests. She grows multiple bolder personalities, both in the physical world and the Wired, starts making more friends; as the series progresses, she comes to discover that she is, in reality an autonomous, sentient computer program in the physical and corporeal form of a human being, designed to sever the invisible barrier between the Wired and the real world. In the end, Lain is challenged to accept herself as a de facto goddess for the Wired, having become an omnipotent and omnipresent virtual being with worshippers of her own, as well as an ability to exist beyond the borders of devices, time, or space. Masami Eiri Voiced by: Shō Hayami. While working for Tachibana General Laboratories, he illicitly included codes enabling him to control the whole protocol at will and embedded his own mind and will into the seventh protocol; because of this
Phil Kaye is an Japanese-American poet. He is the co-director of Project VOICE, writes and performs as a spoken word artist both in solo and group projects. Kaye is the author of A Light Bulb Symphony and Date & Time. Phil Kaye is from California, began performing spoken word poetry at the age of seventeen, he is the co-director of Project VOICE. He also made the National Poetry Slam Finals. Phil Kaye writes and performs both solo spoken word pieces and duets with partners including Sarah Kay. In 2015 Kaye performed with the Dalai Lama as a part of his 80th birthday celebration, he has performed on NPR and at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. As of 2017 Kaye has performed in fifteen countries across several hundred events, his poetry has appeared printed on a clothing line by Uniqlo. In addition to his poetry, Kaye has worked as a filmmaker and as the head coordinator of the Space in Prisons for the Arts and Creative Expression. Kaye released his first poetry collection A Light Bulb Symphony in 2011, which covered themes including his family life and stories from his grandfathers.
In 2018, Kaye’s second book Date & Time was ranked on an Amazon bestseller list
From the time of St. Boniface during periods of revival of religious and ecclesiastical life, synods were convened by the bishops of Germany, sometimes by those of individual ecclesiastical provinces; as the German bishops were, on the one hand, princes of the Holy Roman Empire, the emperor was, on the other, the superior protector of the Roman Church, these synods came to have no little importance in the general ecclesiastical and political development of Western Christendom. Two general imperial synods were held in Augsburg; the first, convened in August 952, through the efforts of Emperor Otto the Great, provided for the reform of abuses in civil and ecclesiastical life. Frederick, Archbishop of Mainz presided, three archbishops and twenty bishops of Germany and northern Italy took part. Eleven canons were promulgated concerning ecclesiastical life and other matters of church discipline. A similar synod, convened by Anno II, Archbishop of Cologne, was concerned with the internal conditions of the empire and the attitude of the Church of Germany towards the schism of Cadalus, antipope during the reign of Alexander II.
The diocesan synods of Augsburg correspond as a rule with the synodal system as carried out in other parts of Germany. In this diocese, as elsewhere in Germany, the synodi per villas, convened under the influence of the Carolingian capitularies, they were visitation-synods, held by the bishop assisted by the archdeacon and the local lord or baron. Their purpose was judicial. After the time of St. Ulrich, in close relation to the system of provincial councils, diocesan synods were held at stated times, chiefly in connection with matters of ecclesiastical administration and the settlement of disputes. After the 13th century, these diocesan synods assumed more of a legislative character; the earliest extant are of Bishop Friedrich. These diocesan synods fell into decay during the course of the 14th century. In consequence of decrees of the Council of Basle the synods of the Diocese of Augsburg rose again to importance, so that after the middle of the 15th century they were once more held, as for example: by the able Bishop Peter von Schauenburg and his successor, Johann von Werdenburg by Friedrich von Zollern and Heinrich von Liechtenau.
The two Bishops Christopher von Stadion and Otto Truchsess von Waldburg made use of diocesan synods for the purpose of checking the progress of the Reformation through the improvement of ecclesiastical life. At a period there were but few ecclesiastical assemblies of this kind; the Bishops of Augsburg were, not only the ecclesiastical superiors of their diocese, but after the 10th century possessed the Regalia, the right of holding and administering royal fiefs with concomitant jurisdiction. The right of coinage was obtained by St. Ulrich. At a period disputes were frequent between the bishops and the civic authorities, which culminated in an agreement by which the city was made independent of the episcopal authority. Joseph Hartzheim, Concilia Germaniae C. J. Hefele, Conciliengeschichte Joseph Anton Steiner, Synodi dioecesis Augustanae Anton von Steichele, Das Bistum Augsburg historisch und statistisch beschrieben Schmid in Kirchenlexikon, I, 1651-55. Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Synods of Augsburg".
Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Synods of Augsburg". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton