click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Serpens

Serpens is a constellation of the northern hemisphere. One of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, it remains one of the 88 modern constellations defined by the International Astronomical Union, it is unique among the modern constellations in being split into two non-contiguous parts, Serpens Caput to the west and Serpens Cauda to the east. Between these two halves lies the constellation of Ophiuchus, the "Serpent-Bearer". In figurative representations, the body of the serpent is represented as passing behind Ophiuchus between Mu Serpentis in Serpens Caput and Nu Serpentis in Serpens Cauda; the brightest star in Serpens is the red giant star Alpha Serpentis, or Unukalhai, in Serpens Caput, with an apparent magnitude of 2.63. Located in Serpens Caput are the naked-eye globular cluster Messier 5 and the naked-eye variables R Serpentis and Tau4 Serpentis. Notable extragalactic objects include one of the densest galaxy clusters known. Part of the Milky Way's galactic plane passes through Serpens Cauda, therefore rich in galactic deep-sky objects, such as the Eagle Nebula and its associated star cluster Messier 16.

The nebula measures 70 light-years by 50 light-years and contains the Pillars of Creation, three dust clouds that became famous for the image taken by the Hubble Space Telescope. Other striking objects include the Red Square Nebula, one of the few objects in astronomy to take on a square shape. In Greek mythology, Serpens represents a snake held by the healer Asclepius. Represented in the sky by the constellation Ophiuchus, Asclepius once killed a snake, but the animal was subsequently resurrected after a second snake placed a revival herb on it before its death; as snakes shed their skin every year, they were known as the symbol of rebirth in ancient Greek society, legend says Asclepius would revive dead humans using the same technique he witnessed. Although this is the logic for Serpens' presence with Ophiuchus, the true reason is still not known. Sometimes, Serpens was depicted as coiling around Ophiuchus, but the majority of atlases showed Serpens passing either behind Ophiuchus' body or between his legs.

In some ancient atlases, the constellations Serpens and Ophiuchus were depicted as two separate constellations, although more they were shown as a single constellation. One notable figure to depict Serpens separately was Johann Bayer; when Eugène Delporte established modern constellation boundaries in the 1920s, he elected to depict the two separately. However, this posed the problem of how to disentangle the two constellations, with Deporte deciding to split Serpens into two areas—the head and the tail—separated by the continuous Ophiuchus; these two areas became known as Serpens Caput and Serpens Cauda, caput being the Latin word for head and cauda the Latin word for tail. In Chinese astronomy, most of the stars of Serpens represented part of a wall surrounding a marketplace, known as Tianshi, in Ophiuchus and part of Hercules. Serpens contains a few Chinese constellations. Two stars in the tail represented part of the tower with the market office. Another star in the tail represented jewel shops.

One star in the head marked the crown prince's wet nurse, or sometimes rain. There were two "serpent" constellations in Babylonian astronomy, known as Bašmu, it appears that Mušḫuššu was depicted as a hybrid of a dragon, a lion and a bird, loosely corresponded to Hydra. Bašmu was a horned serpent and corresponds to the Ὄφις constellation of Eudoxus of Cnidus on which the Ὄφις of Ptolemy is based. Serpens is the only one of the 88 modern constellations to be split into two disconnected regions in the sky: Serpens Caput and Serpens Cauda; the constellation is unusual in that it depends on another constellation for context. Serpens Caput is bordered by Libra to the south, Virgo and Boötes to the east, Corona Borealis to the north, Ophiuchus and Hercules to the west. Covering 636.9 square degrees total, it ranks 23rd of the 88 constellations in size. It appears prominently in both the northern and southern skies during the Northern Hemisphere's summer, its main asterism consists of 11 stars, 108 stars in total are brighter than magnitude 6.5, the traditional limit for naked-eye visibility.

Serpens Caput's boundaries, as set by Eugène Delporte in 1930, are defined by a 10-sided polygon, while Serpens Cauda's are defined by a 22-sided polygon. In the equatorial coordinate system, the right ascension coordinates of Serpens Caput's borders lie between 15h 10.4m and 16h 22.5m, while the declination coordinates are between 25.66° and −03.72°. Serpens Cauda's boundaries lie between right ascensions of 17h 16.9m and 18h 58.3m and declinations of 06.42° and −16.14°. The International Astronomical Union adopted the three-letter abbreviation "Ser" for the constellation in 1922. Marking the heart of the serpent is the constellation's brightest star, Alpha Serpentis. Traditionally called Unukalhai, is a red giant of spectral type K2III located 23 parsecs distant with a visual magnitude of 2.630 ± 0.009, meaning it can be seen with the naked eye in

Monomial basis

In mathematics the monomial basis of a polynomial ring is its basis that consists of the set of all monomials. The monomials form a basis because every polynomial may be uniquely written as a finite linear combination of monomials; the polynomial ring K of the univariate polynomial over a field K is a K-vector space, which has 1, x, x 2, x 3, … as an basis. More if K is a ring, K is a free module, which has the same basis; the polynomials of degree at most d form a vector space, which has 1, x, x 2, … as a basis The canonical form of a polynomial is its expression on this basis: a 0 + a 1 x + a 2 x 2 + … + a d x d, or, using the shorter sigma notation: ∑ i = 0 d a i x i. The monomial basis is totally ordered, either by increasing degrees 1 < x < x 2 < ⋯, or by decreasing degrees 1 > x > x 2 > ⋯. In the case of several indeterminates x 1, …, x n, a monomial is a product x 1 d 1 x 2 d 2 ⋯ x n d n, where the d i are non-negative integers. Note that, as x i 0 = 1, an exponent equal to zero means that the corresponding indeterminate does not appear in the monomial.

Similar to the case of univariate polynomials, the polynomials in x 1, …, x n form a vector space or a free module, which has the set of all monomials as a basis, called the monomial basis The homogeneous polynomials of degree d form a subspace which has the monomials of degree d = d 1 + ⋯ + d n as a basis. The dimension of this subspace is the number of monomials of degree d, = n ⋯ d!, where denotes a binomial coefficient. The polynomials of degree at most d form a subspace, which has the monomials of degree at most d as a basis; the number of these monomials is the dimension of this subspace, equal to = = ⋯ n!. Despite the univariate case, there is no natural total order of the monomial basis. For problem which require to choose a total order, such Gröbner basis computation, one chooses an admissible monomial order, a total order on the set of monomials such that m < n ⇔ m q < n q and 1 ≤ m for every monomials m, n, q. A polynomial can always be converted into monomial form by calculating its Taylor expansion around 0.

For example, a polynomial in Π

Paul Palmer (swimmer)

Paul Palmer is a former international freestyle swimmer for England and Great Britain. Coached by Ian Turner at the City of Lincoln Pentaqua Swimming Club, Palmer qualified for the 200 m, 400 m and 1500 m freestyle at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, finishing a respectable 9th position in the 200 m, 10th position in the 400 m. After this success, in order to increase his chances of a medal at the following Atlanta games, Palmer relocated to Bath, along with Turner. Training in a 50 m pool, alongside other Olympic hopefuls at the performance centre allowed Palmer to take his swimming to a new level, he won the silver medal in the 400 m freestyle at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Georgia. A year at the 1997 European Aquatics Championships in Seville, he won gold in the 200 m freestyle, he won the 2001 British Championship in the 100 metres freestyle, was six times winner of the 200 metres freestyle and a six times winner of the 400 metres freestyle in. List of Olympic medalists in swimming

Sylvia (2018 film)

Sylvia is a 2018 Nigerian thriller film directed by Daniel Orhiari, written by Vanessa Kanu produced by Trino Motion Pictures. The movie was screened at the Nollywood Week in Paris on May 5th 2018 and was released across cinemas on September 21st. Richard Okezie decides to leave Sylvia, his lifelong imaginary friend and lover for Gbemi a flesh-and-blood real woman, but complications arise when Sylvia decides to destroy Richard's peaceful life Chris Attoh as Richard OkezieZainab Balogun as SylviaIni Dima-Okojie as Gbemi Udoka Onyeka as Obaro Ijeoma Grace Agu as Hawa Captain Coker as Little Richard Amina Mustapha as Little Sylvia Precious Shedrack as Teenage Sylvia Dumpet Enebeli as Teenage Obaro Ndifreke Josiah Etim as Teenage Richard Mohammed Abdullahi Saliu as Mr Hassan Omotunde Adebowale David as Mrs Iweta Lord Frank as Mr Temidayo Davies Bolaji Ogunmola as Nurse Karen Elsie Eluwa as Richards Mum The movie was first screened in May 2018 at the Nollywood Week Paris; the official Trailer was released August 6th, 2018.

After a premiere at Terra Kulture on the 16th of September, the movie was made available in all cinemas on September 21st, 2018 Sylvia received reviews from critics. Franklin Ugobude of PulseNG said, “There's a lot to like about Sylvia really: for one, there's this fresh feel to an existing story on spirituality, something, pretty common in our world today”. Precious Nwogwu of MamaZeus described the movie as “Spellbinding: The best Nollywood thriller in recent times”; the Maveriq of Tha Revue’s take was “Sylvia is one of the darkest thrillers that has come out of Nollywood and I must commend Trino studios for their courage in making this film because this isn’t the quintessential Nollywood production”. Oris Aigbokhaevbolo in his feature review on BellaNaija shared “It was heartening to have the origin of the spirit-spouse be broached but never explained; the film shows it is the product of a Nigerian mind in how the existence of the spiritual realm is taken as a given, its characters are modern figures wrestling ancient myths, citified kids fighting what we think of us as village people.”

List of Nigerian films of 2018 Official website Sylvia on IMDb

5th Parliament of Great Britain

The 5th Parliament of Great Britain was summoned by George I of Great Britain on 17 January 1715 and assembled on the 17 March 1715. When it was dissolved on 10 March 1722 it had been the first Parliament to be held under the Septennial Act of 1716; the composition of the new House of Commons represented a massive Whig landslide victory at the election, reversing the pro-Tory landslide of the previous election, with 341 Whigs and 217 Tories. Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington, the Whig member for Sussex, was installed as Speaker of the House of Commons. George I's administration was composed of Whigs, being the party which had wholeheartedly supported his accession, which now enjoyed the full support of the Commons. Viscount Townshend, Secretary of State for the Northern Department and chief ministerial spokesman in the Lords, emerged as the King’s chief minister; the leader of the Whig ministry in the House of Commons was James Stanhope, Secretary of State for the Southern Department. However, during the first session Stanhope was eclipsed by Robert Walpole, the Paymaster-general and brother-in-law of Viscount Townshend.

In October 1715 Walpole was promoted to the post of First Lord of the Treasury. The dominance of Townsend and Walpole caused discontent within the party and by early 1717 both had been forced out of their positions. Townsend was replaced by Lord Sunderland, Lord President of the Council and who in March 1718 became First Lord of the Treasury consolidating his position to that of a Prime Minister. For the next three years George I's ministry would be led jointly by Lord Sunderland and James Stanhope, with Townshend and Walpole in opposition; however by 1721, with Sunderland now in the House of Lords, Stanhope dead and the crisis caused by the South Sea Bubble, both Townshend and Walpole had been able to get back into power, Townshend as Secretary of State and Walpole as First Lord of the Treasury in place of Sunderland. Much of the first session of the Parliament was concerned with debating the activities of some of Queen Anne's senior ministers, negotiating in secret with the Jacobite court in exile.

The landing in Scotland of the Old Pretender in June 1715 added urgency to the proceedings. The rebel ministers were impeached and tried and emergency actions taken such as the suspension of Habeas Corpus. Before the first session closed, the Septennial Act was passed, lengthening the life of Parliaments to seven years. An attempt to restrict the royal prerogative to create peers was defeated in 1719. Riot Act 1714 Queen Anne's Bounty Act 1714 Schism Act 1714 Security of the Sovereign Act 1714 Attainder of Duke of Ormonde Act 1714 Building of Churches and Westminster Act 1714 Septennial Act 1715 Papists Act 1715 Bank of England Act 1716 Queen Anne's Bounty Act 1716 Papists Act 1716 Transportation Act 1717 Indemnity Act 1717 Religious Worship Act 1718 Corporations Act 1718 Adulteration of Coffee Act 1718 Dependency of Ireland on Great Britain Act 1719 Royal Exchange and London Assurance Corporation Act 1719 1715 British general election First Townshend ministry 1714–1718 First Stanhope–Sunderland ministry 1717–1718 Second Stanhope–Sunderland ministry 1718-1721 Walpole–Townshend ministry 1721–1730 List of Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain, 1707–19 List of Parliaments of Great Britain "First Parliament of George I: First session - begins 17/3/1715".

British History Online. Retrieved 12 November 2017

S. Debono

S. Debono was a Maltese scientist and minor philosopher. In philosophy he specialised in ontology, his exact Christian name is unknown. Neither do. Details about Debono’s personal life are still unidentified. Considering his philosophical contribution, this is indeed unfortunate. Research might bring to light who this person was, the whole extent of his philosophical production, it is regretful that Debono’s philosophy has still not been studied well and thoroughly. Only one philosophical work of Debono is known to exist: Lezioni di Filosofia su i Principi della Ontologia. Another writing, insignificant to philosophy, is Note Grammaticali concernenti la Lingua Inglese. Debono’s Lezioni is a 415-page book in Italian published in Malta, it is a great pity that this is just one of a multi-volume work, all of the rest have as yet not been discovered. The work opens with a preface and proceeds with thirty-three ‘lessons’ organised in four sections, of which the first serves as a general introduction; the other sections deal successively with general metaphysics, special metaphysics, moral philosophy Debono insists on the central importance which concepts should have within the framework of ‘erudite philosophy’, hence within the methods used to have understanding and acquire sure knowledge.

In this context, Debono reveals his dislike of philosophical materialism that proposed by Spinoza and Cousin. In the preface, Debono expounds on the esteem; this is derived from the nobility of its object. In the introduction he explores the concepts on which philosophical teaching is based, the objectives which such teaching tries to achieve. In the context, Debono deals with the concept of truth, the main principle of philosophy, the intellective method, syllogistic argumentation, the aim of rational thought, logical judgement, the centrality of concepts to philosophy. In the section dealing with general metaphysics, Debono discusses the concepts of the structure of being and of truth as the correspondence to reality, the inclinations of humans as contingent beings, simple and composite being. Next, in the part dealing with special metaphysics, Debono deals with the beginning and progress of philosophy, the world, destiny and non-natural effects, the non-elementary virtues of humans, the generation of the human spirit, the existence of God, internal cult.

One of these ‘lessons’ is dedicated to Locke, in which Debono opposes him on all counts. In the final section, that dealing with moral philosophy or ethics, Debono discusses religion, happiness as humans’ highest end, the duties of scientists, on right behaviour, duties in general, genuine ethical mistakes, the principal reason for acquiring knowledge and science. Mark Montebello, Il-Ktieb tal-Filosofija f’Malta, PIN Publications, Malta, 2001. Philosophy in Malta