click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Sesquicentennial Exposition

The Sesqui-Centennial International Exposition of 1926 was a world's fair in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Its purpose was to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the signing of the United States Declaration of Independence, the 50th anniversary of the 1876 Centennial Exposition. In 1916, the idea for a Sesquicentennial Exposition stemmed from the mind of John Wanamaker, the only living member of the Centennial Exposition’s Finance Committee. At the time Philadelphia was a booming city, in terms of opportunity. Wanamaker was well aware of the city's corruption, believed a fair could redeem Philadelphia's reputation, he believed by hosting another world’s fair, the restoration of the city’s integrity and industry would emerge. By the end of August 1916, Wanamaker received the support of Howard French, the president of the Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce. In October, plans were underway, French assigned a committee responsible for planning the “Great International Exposition of Philadelphia in 1926.”

The Fairmount Parkway, under construction, would be the official site of the exposition. In 1917 the United States found itself involved in World War I, which caused the planning for the Sesquicentennial Exposition to be placed on hold. After World War I, Philadelphia suffered because of losses in the war, the spread of Spanish Influenza, the hardships of Prohibition; these circumstances combined made the city's atmosphere bleak with the election of the new mayor J. Hampton Moore. Through these hardships, Wanamaker's hope and vision for a celebration of Philadelphia continued. Wanamaker took advantage of an interview on July 11, 1919, by using the opportunity to discuss his ideas for a 1926 world's fair. From this interview, he received the support of other notable Philadelphians as well as The Franklin Institute and Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce, who encouraged Mayor Moore to participate in immediate planning. By November 1920, Moore hosted an event to discuss and develop plans for the Sesquicentennial Exposition, resulting in the establishment of the Committee of 100.

The committee's first meeting was held on January 24, 1921, renaming itself the Sesqui-Centennial Exhibition Association. Mayor Moore had been elected as the SCEA's president, while Wanamaker was appointed honorary chairman to its board; the honor of hosting this celebration was awarded to Philadelphia in 1921. Initial grand plans were scaled down tremendously by the time; the original director of the exposition, Colonel David C. Collier, resigned in protest over these budget cuts, his replacement, Captain Asher C. Baker, retired due to illness days before the festival opened, leaving things in the hands of E. L. Austin. Baker died less than two weeks later; the fair opened on May 31, 1926, ran through November on grounds bounded by 10th Street, Packer Avenue, 23rd Street, the U. S. Navy Yard in South Philadelphia. Known as League Island Park, these grounds are now occupied by FDR Park, Marconi Plaza, Packer Park Residential Neighborhood, the three stadiums of Philadelphia's massive South Philadelphia Sports Complex, the Philadelphia Eagles training complex which now occupy that portion of the grounds which from 1933 to 1993 were the site of Philadelphia Naval Hospital.

The senior draftsman for the design of the exposition buildings was a young Louis Kahn a world-renowned architect working under City Architect John Molitor. Sculptor Charles Tefft as chosen as the director of sculpture for the fair while noted Philadelphia sculptor and artist Albert Laessle created the fair's Medals of Award. Organizers constructed an 80-foot replica of the Exposition's symbol, the Liberty Bell, covered in 26,000 light bulbs, at the gateway to the festival. Sesqui-Centennial Stadium was built in conjunction with the fair; the stadium had been a significant aspect of the fair, due to several events being held there. These events include religious ceremonies, the patriotic pageant known as "Freedom," and numerous sporting events. One of the most infamous events was the September 23rd championship boxing match between Gene Tunney and Jack Dempsey, which drew a crowd of 125,000 people standing in the rain to witness the occasion. On display at the exposition was the Curtis Organ, still one of the largest pipe organs in the world.

In 1926 the first bridge spanning the Delaware River between center city Philadelphia and Camden, New Jersey, was built in anticipation of the attending crowds. Key speakers at the opening ceremonies were Secretary of State Frank B. Kellogg, Secretary of Commerce and future President Herbert Hoover, Philadelphia Mayor W. Freeland Kendrick. At the center of the exposition along the main thoroughfare on a segment of south Broad Street known as the Southern Boulevard Parkway was the Forum of Founders consisting of the Court of Honor, the Liberal Arts and Agriculture Buildings, a group of sculptures and the Stairway of Nations facing on the opposing side the spectacular Tower of Light. Another highlight for fair goers, revolved around the recreation of Philadelphia's High Street during the city's colonial period; this area consisted of over twenty buildings, along with guides dressed in period clothing to interact with people. The Exposition included an amusement area, located within League Island Park.

The area was designated as “Treasure Island.” It was referred to as a children's paradise. A variety of amusements and entert

Harper Lee

Nelle Harper Lee was an American novelist best known for her 1960 novel To Kill a Mockingbird. It has become a classic of modern American literature. Lee only published two books, yet she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2007 for her contribution to literature, she received numerous honorary degrees, though she declined to speak on those occasions. She assisted her close friend Truman Capote in his research for the book In Cold Blood. Capote was the basis for the character Dill in To Kill a Mockingbird; the plot and characters of To Kill a Mockingbird are loosely based on Lee's observations of her family and neighbors, as well as an event that occurred near her hometown in 1936 when she was 10. The novel deals with the irrationality of adult attitudes towards race and class in the Deep South of the 1930s, as depicted through the eyes of two children, it was inspired by racist attitudes in her hometown of Alabama. She wrote the novel Go Set a Watchman in the mid-1950s and published it in July 2015 as a sequel to Mockingbird, but it was confirmed to be her first draft of Mockingbird.

Nelle Harper Lee was born on April 28, 1926, in Monroeville, Alabama where she grew up as the youngest of four children of Frances Cunningham and Amasa Coleman Lee. Her parents chose her middle name, Harper, to honor pediatrician Dr. William W. Harper, of Selma, who saved the life of her sister Louise, her first name, was her grandmother's name spelled backwards and the name she used. Lee's mother was a homemaker. Before A. C. Lee became a title lawyer, he once defended two black men accused of murdering a white storekeeper. Both clients, a father, son, were hanged. Lee had three siblings: Alice Finch Lee, Louise Lee Conner, Edwin Lee. Although Nelle remained in contact with her older sisters throughout their lives, only her brother was close enough in age to play with, though she grew closer with Truman Capote, who visited family in Monroeville during the summers from 1928 until 1934. While enrolled at Monroe County High School, Lee developed an interest in English literature, in part because teacher Gladys Watson became her mentor.

After graduating from high school in 1944, like her eldest sister Alice Finch Lee, Nelle attended the all-female Huntingdon College in Montgomery for a year transferred to the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa, she studied law for several years. Nelle Lee wrote for the university newspaper, a humor magazine but to her father's great disappointment, left one semester before completing the credit hours necessary for a degree. In the summer of 1948, Lee attended a summer school in European civilization at Oxford University in England, financed by her father, who hoped – in vain, as it turned out – that the experience would make her more interested in her legal studies in Tuscaloosa. I never expected any sort of success with Mockingbird. I was hoping for a quick and merciful death at the hands of the reviewers, but at the same time I sort of hoped someone would like it enough to give me encouragement. Public encouragement. I hoped for a little, as I said, but I got rather a whole lot, in some ways this was just about as frightening as the quick, merciful death I'd expected.

In 1949, Lee moved to New York City and took a job -- first at a bookstore as an airline reservation agent, in order to write in her spare time. After publishing several long stories, Lee found an agent in November 1956; the following month, at Michael Brown's East 50th Street townhouse, friends gave Nelle a gift of a year's wages with a note: "You have one year off from your job to write whatever you please. Merry Christmas." In the spring of 1957, a 31-year-old Lee delivered the manuscript for Go Set a Watchman to Crain to send out to publishers, including the now-defunct J. B. Lippincott Company, which bought it. At Lippincott, the novel fell into the hands of Therese von Hohoff Torrey—known professionally as Tay Hohoff. Hohoff was impressed. "he spark of the true writer flashed in every line", she would recount in a corporate history of Lippincott. But as Hohoff saw it, the manuscript was by no means fit for publication, it was, as she described it, "more a series of anecdotes than a conceived novel".

During the next couple of years, she led Lee from one draft to the next until the book achieved its finished form and was retitled To Kill a Mockingbird. Meanwhile, interest in racial relations in the South had increased nationally, as the U. S. Supreme Court had issued its school desegregation decisions in Brown v. Board of Education and Massive Resistance had begun. Like many unpublished authors, Lee was unsure of her talents. "I was a first-time writer, so I did as I was told," Lee said in a statement in 2015 about the evolution from Watchman to Mockingbird. Hohoff described the process in Lippincott's corporate history: "After a couple of false starts, the story-line, interplay of characters, fall of emphasis grew clearer, with each revision—there were many minor changes as the story grew in strength and in her own vision of it—the true stature of the novel became evident." Hohoff described the give and take between author and editor: "When she disagreed with a suggestion, we talked it out, sometimes for hours"...

"And sometimes she came around to my way of thinking, sometime

U Make Me Wanna (Jadakiss song)

"U Make Me Wanna" is a song by American rapper Jadakiss, released as the second and final single from his second studio album, Kiss of Death. The song was produced by record producer Scott Storch. Billboard called this duet a highlight on album. Hip Hop DX editor J-23 wrote: "it had disaster written all over it, but it is some slick shit with a killer flute loop." Jon Caramanica of Rolling Stone wrote: "When he's undone, it's by tinkertoy production on tracks such as the insipid Mariah Carey vehicle "U Make Me Wanna." The Situation's Samantha Watson wrote: "Fans of Mariah Carey will like the track ‘U Make Me Wanna’, the distinctive Mariah vocals with Jadakiss laying down lyrics, the track plays on an Egyptian like sound with added synthesised beats, not one of the best singles but it is one you can listen to." USA Today's Steve Jones called this song "thug love anthem." Aqua Boogie of Vibe wrote that love themed "U Make Me Wanna" shows that Jada has more to offer than body counts and gun talk."

Rapreviews was favorable: "He shows love for the ladies on the Mariah Carey-blessed "U Make Me Wanna." The song was available for digital download in June 2004, but only entered the Billboard Hot 100 in November 2004 at number 75. It peaked at number 21. At the second Annual GV Music & Fashion Awards of Groovevolt, "U Make Me Wanna" was nominated in the Best Song Collaboration by Duo or Group - Hip Hop category. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Frederick Taylor Pusey

Frederick Taylor Pusey was an American politician from Pennsylvania who served as a Republican member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives for Delaware County from 1903 to 1906. Pusey was born in Philadelphia on June 3, 1872, his primary education was in the public schools in Pennsylvania. He graduated from Friends Central High School in 1899, he served in the Pennsylvania National Guard from 1892 to 1918. He served in the Spanish -- American War, he served as aide-de-camp to Governor Edwin Sydney Stuart from 1907 to 1912 and to Governor John K. Tener in 1913, he served with the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I from 1917 to 1918. He worked as an assistant manager in a hosiery mill for two years, worked as an industrial life insurance collector, he was a lawyer and solicitor for the borough of Lansdowne and served as president of the Law Academy of Philadelphia. He served two terms in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives representing Delaware County as a Republican, he did not run for re-election in 1906.

In 1903 he introduced an "anti-cartoon" bill in the legislature. The bill would have made it illegal for publishers to print cartoons depicting politicians as animals, it was inspired by a series of cartoons depicting the 1902 candidate for governor, Samuel Pennypacker, as a parrot. The bill did not become law, but it inspired a whole new series of cartoons depicting politicians as vegetables and inanimate objects. In 1895, Pusey married Nellie Oglivie and together they had one child, he died September 6, 1936 in Philadelphia, is buried in Cumberland Cemetery in Media, Pennsylvania

List of Mexican football champions

The Mexican Football Champion is the winner of the Primera División of football in Mexico. There are two champions each calendar year with one champion for the Apertura competition held in the autumn and one for the Clausura competition in the spring. Notes * Not official/recognized title ** Goal Difference. * Not official/recognized title ** Goal Difference. These teams were promoted to Primera Division until 1994 when the league created Primera Division A, automatically making Segunda Division the 3rd tier in Mexican football; these teams were promoted to Primera Division until 1994 when the league created Primera Division A, automatically making Segunda Division the 3rd tier in Mexican football. These teams were promoted to Primera Division A. In 1997, the season was divided into two tournaments: Summer. In bold, teams promoted to Primera División "A". Notes Mexican Primera División

Cristoforo Rustici

Cristoforo Rustici, known as il Rusticone, was an Italian painter active in Siena, known for his religious compositions and allegorical scenes representing the twelve months. He was born in Siena in 1552 in an artistic family of architects and artists from Piacenza who had settled in Siena in the 16th century, his father Lorenzo, known as Il Rustico or Lorenzo di Cristoforo Rustici, was a prominent Renaissance painter of stucco and grotesque decorations. His younger brother Vincenzo Rustici was a painter, his nephew Francesco Rustici was one of the leading followers of Caravaggio working in Siena. He trained with his father, Lorenzo Rustici and with il Sodoma, he is known for a series of compositions representing the twelve months. He produced many religious works for the local churches. Media related to Cristoforo Rustici at Wikimedia Commons