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Setnakhte

Userkhaure-setepenre Setnakhte was the first pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty of the New Kingdom of Egypt and the father of Ramesses III. Setnakhte was not the son, brother or a direct descendant of either Twosret or Merneptah Siptah—the preceding two pharaohs—nor that of Siptah's predecessor Seti II, whom Setnakht formally considered the last legitimate ruler, it is possible that he was a usurper who seized the throne during a time of crisis and political unrest, or he could have been a member of a minor line of the Ramesside royal family who emerged as pharaoh. Senakhte married Tiy-Merenese a daughter of Merneptah. A connection between Setnakhte's successors and the preceding Nineteenth Dynasty is suggested by the fact that one of Ramesses II's children bore this name and that similar names are shared by Setnakhte's descendants such as Ramesses, Amun-her-khepshef, Seth-her-khepshef and Monthu-her-khepshef. Setnakhte was believed to have enjoyed a reign of only two years based upon his Year 2 Elephantine stela but his third regnal year is now attested in Inscription No. 271 on Mount Sinai.

If his theoretical accession date is assumed to be II Shemu 10, based on the date of his Elephantine stela, Setnakhte would have ruled Egypt for at least two years and 11 months before he died, or nearly three full years. This date is only three months removed from Twosret's highest known date of Year 8, III Peret 5, is based upon a calculation of Ramesses III's known accession date of I Shemu 26. Peter Clayton assigned Setnakhte a reign of three years in his 1994 book on the Egyptian pharaohs. In a mid-January 2007 issue of the Egyptian weekly Al-Ahram, Egyptian antiquity officials announced that a discovered and well-preserved quartz stela belonging to the High Priest of Amun Bakenkhunsu was explicitly dated to Year 4 of Setnakhte's reign; the Al-Ahram article notes that this data: "contradicts...the official record, which says Setnakhte ruled Egypt for only three years. According to the new information provided by the stela, Setnakhte's reign lasted for four years, may have continued for longer."Zahi Hawass, the former Secretary General of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, declared the discovery to be one of the most important finds of 2006 because "it adjusts the history of the 20th Dynasty and reveals more about the life of Bakenkhunsu."

As Setnakhte's reign was short, he may have come to the throne late in life. However, the Al-Ahram figure does not change the fact that Setnakhte truly ruled Egypt for only 3, rather than 4, full years since there are no Year 1 dates attested for him and his famous Year 2 Elephantine stela states that Setnakhte secured his kingship after defeating all his opponents and challengers to the throne in his second year; the date of the Elephantine stela in Year 2 II Shemu day 10 of Setnakhte's reign—the date of, mentioned only halfway in the stela rather than at its start—is followed by this proclamation: "There were no opponents against His Majesty, l.p.h. in all the lands."This reference to the defeat of Setnakhte's enemies implies that this specific date marked the termination of a conflict—presumably Setnakhte's struggle for the throne—which extended into his second year and means that Setnakhte's first year would have overlapped with Twosret's final year, if Twosret was his opponent. Therefore, he did not rule Egypt in his theoretical first year and could only properly administer the country from sometime during his second year.

In any event, there was an interregnum lasting at least a year in which no ruler controlled all of Egypt and Setnakhte's effective reign length should be reduced by a year from 4 to 3 years. Setnakhte's Elephantine stela touches on this chaotic period and refers explicitly to the expulsion of certain Asiatics, who fled Egypt, abandoning the gold which they had looted from Egyptian temples, it is uncertain the degree to which this inscription referred to contemporary events or rather repeated anti-Asiatic sentiment from the reign of Pharaoh Ahmose I. Setnakhte identified with the God Atum or Temu, built a temple to this God at Per-Atum. After his death, Setnakhte was buried in KV14, designed to be Twosret's royal tomb, his mummy has never been identified with certainty, although the so–called "mummy in the boat" found in KV35 was sometimes identified with him, an attribution rejected by Aidan Dodson who rather believes the body belonged to a royal family member of Amenhotep II of the 18th Dynasty.

In any case the mummy was destroyed in a looting in 1901. While Setnakhte's reign was still comparatively brief, it was just long enough for him to stabilize the political situation in Egypt and establish his son, Rameses III, as his successor to the throne of Egypt; the Bakenkhunsu stela reveals that it was Setnakhte who began the construction of a Temple of Amun-Re in Karnak, completed by his son, Ramesses III. Setnakhte started work on a tomb, KV11, in the Valley of the Kings, but stopped it when the tombcarvers accidentally broke into the tomb of the Nineteenth Dynasty Pharaoh Amenmesse. Setnakhte appropriated the tomb of Queen Twosret, his predecessor, for his own use. Setnakhte's origins are unknown, he may have been a commoner, although many Egyptologists believe he was related to the previous dynasty, the Nineteenth, through his mother and may thus have been a grandson of Ramesses II. Setnakhte's son and successor, Ramesses III, is regarded as the last great king of the New Kingdom; the beginning of the Great Harris Papyrus or Papyrus Harris I, which documents the reign of Ramesses III, provides some details about Setnakht

Acacia spirorbis

Acacia spirorbis is a tree belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Juliflorae, native to eastern Australia. The tree grows to a maximum height of 12 m and has slender, glabrous branchlets. Like most species of Acacia it has phyllodes rather than true leaves; the glabrous and dark green coloured phyllodes have a narrowly elliptic shaped and recurved to a sickle shape. They are 9 to 17 cm in length and have a width of 6 to 16 mm with two main longitudinal veins that have greater prominence than the others; when it blooms it produces simple inflorescences. The cylindrical flower-spikes have a length of 3 to 8 cm with creamy coulurd flowers that occur in interrupted bands. Following flowering flat and spirally coiled seed pods form that have a width of 3.5 to 5 mm are glabrous and covered in a fine white powder. The seeds inside the pods are arranged longitudinally or obliquely; the shiny dark brown seeds have an oblong shape with a bright yellow aril, folded many times under the seed. The species was first formally described by the botanist Jacques Labillardière in 1825 as part of the work Sertum austro-caledonicum.

It was reclassified by Leslie Pedley in 1987 as Racosperma spirorbis and transferred back to genus Acacia in 2006. There are two subspecies: Acacia spirorbis subsp. Spirorbis Acacia spirorbis subsp. Solandri It is endemic to the coastal parts of Queensland extending from Townsville in the north down to around MacKay in the south including numerous islands off the coast and a smaller isolated population on Rat Island further south near Rockhampton; the tree is situated along the margins of rainforest communities or as a part of Eucalyptus woodlands in drier areas. It is native to Vanuatu and New Caledonia. List of Acacia species

Australian Affordable Housing Party

The Australian Affordable Housing Party is a political party registered with the Australian Electoral Commission for federal elections in Australia. Its first election contest was in the 2017 Bennelong by-election; the party's registration was announced to the public as an exclusive by News.com.au journalist Benedict Brook on 24 August 2017. The party's leader and lead Senate candidate for NSW is Andrew Potts, a former newspaper editor and opinion columnist and the executive and associate producer of two Australian feature films, The Dream Children and Mongolian Bling; the party's president and second announced Senate candidate for NSW is Anthony Ziebell, a tenants rights activist and owner of the website DontRentMe.com - a service which allows renters to review bad landlords and property managers. Ziebell has appeared on several episodes of Channel 9's A Current Affair program and has been interviewed by a large range of other media. After the High Court ruled that the Nationals MP and Deputy Prime Minister Barnaby Joyce was ineligible to have been elected to the Australian Parliament, the New England byelection was called.

The party announced. He secured the number three spot on the ballot paper for the election in which seventeen candidates were running, outpolling six other candidates and finishing just 23 votes behind the Sustainable Australia candidate; the party announced on 16 November that Ziebell would contest the Bennelong byelection after sitting member John Alexander resigned his seat, fearing that the High Court might find him ineligible. Twelve candidates contested Ziebell outpolled four of those candidates, it was registered with effect from 24 January 2017. The party had been refused registration by a delegate of the Electoral Commission, but this was overturned by the full Commission on 9 August 2017; the issue of concern had been whether the party had been able to satisfy the Electoral Commission that it had at least 500 electors in its membership. This was achieved following random sampling of the membership list submitted during March and April 2017; the party's policies include: Phasing out negative gearing and capital gains discount on investment property sales Stopping overseas buyers from buying Australian properties Taxing properties left empty by investors Reducing Australia's population growth to where it was under the Hawke and Keating Labor governments Banning full-time Airbnb properties Ending "no fault" evictions for rental properties