Setra

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Setra
Division
Industry Automotive
Predecessor Karl Kässbohrer Fahrzeugwerke GmbH
Products tourist bus, city buses, and intercity buses
Owner Daimler AG
Parent EvoBus
Website Setra website

Setra is a German bus division of EvoBus GmbH, itself a wholly owned subsidiary of the Daimler AG.

The name "Setra" comes from "selbsttragend" (self supporting), this refers to the integral nature of the construction of the vehicles back in the 1950s when competitor vehicles still featured a separate chassis and body (often manufactured by separate companies). It is also possible that, with an eye to export markets, the company was mindful that for non-German speakers, the name "Kässbohrer" is difficult to pronounce, until 1995 the firm operated under the name Kässbohrer-Setra, but in that year economic difficulties enforced its sale to Daimler Benz (between 1998 and 2008 known, especially in the United States, by the name of its holding company Daimler Chrysler). Since 1995, Setra has been a member of the Daimler Benz subsidiary, EvoBus GmbH.

The North American distribution for Setra by Daimler was set to be partnered and taken over by Motor Coach Industries on April 25, 2012, as Daimler restructured its North American bus operations in 2013;[1] this agreement lasted until the end of 2017 when the REV Group assumed distribution responsibilities.

History[edit]

The first Setra bus, the Type S 8, so called because it contained eight rows of seats, was introduced in April 1951 at the German Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung. It featured a self-supporting body designed by Otto Kässbohrer, a concept now featured in most modern buses. Equally unusual at the time was the decision to locate the engine behind the rear axle; the rear-mounted engine configuration is another Kässbohrer-Setra innovation which subsequently became mainstream. It simplified the production process and created a range of passenger-focused possibilities regarding the floor level in the passenger and driver/crew sections, and for high-floor layouts, flexible use of the underfloor area.

Models[edit]

The maximum number of seat rows can be identified by the type designation; in the first Setra series, the number of seats was alone. In the second series (series 100), a 0 or 5 was affiixed, one of the numbers preceded in each of the following series (series 200, 300 and 400). Example: S 8 (= 8 seat rows), S 140 (= 14 seat rows), S 215 (= 15 seat rows), S 417 (= 17 seat rows) or S 319 UL (= 19 seat rows), the seats are reduced by comforter buildings or a certain star classification; The type designation is retained. Starting from the series 200, additions after the number indicated the equipment: current (series 400/500) are H for high-floor construction (no wheel arches in the passenger compartment), HD for high floor, HDH for extra-high floor, DT for double-deck touring bus, MD for mid-height floor (a spinoff of the GT series), UL for interurban commuter buses and NF for low-floor buses; in the past, the Grand Tourisme (GT), HDS for double-deck, SL for city buses and NR (low-floor Rational) were used for the first highway low-floor (200 series). Only a few types were given different designations, for example the S 250 Special (a modified S 215 HD which was also offered as an entry-level model after the introduction of the 300 series) and the S 300 NC (a former low-floor city bus as a predecessor of the Mercedes-Benz Citaro).

The different models of the 200 series also bore the name designations with name suffixes, whereby the designation International (with the letter I appended to the type designation) for travel and combi-buses with simplified heating/ventilation was used, the term Communal and Regional were used for regular services, and Rational for travel combination models. The short-term offered club bus model based on the S 210 H deviated the name Real. Air-conditioned high floor buses were called Optimal, the double-deck S 216 HDS Royal and the double-deck S 228 DT Imperial, the export version of the 215 HDH for the US market (later on, the HDH model for the local market was based) was called Transcontinental. Some of these designations still existed with the introduction of the 300 series, as for the S 328 DT, at the latest with the introduction of the 400 series, these name additions with the division into MultiClass, ComfortClass and TopClass were abandoned. Additionally, the name Business has been produced in Turkey since 2013, with simpler equipment.

Current[edit]

-07 -11/-12 -15 -16 -17 -19 -31
MultiClass 400

S 412 UL

S 415 H
S 415 UL
S 415 UL business
S 415 LE business

S 416 H
S 416 UL
S 416 UL business
S 416 LE business

S 417 UL
S 417 UL business

S 419 UL

ComfortClass 400

S 407 CC (North America)

TopClass 400

S 417 TC (North America)

S 431 DT

ComfortClass 500

S 511 HD

S 515 HD
S 515 MD

S 516 HD
S 516 HD/2
S 516 MD

S 517 HD

S 519 HD

TopClass 500

S 515 HDH

S 516 HDH

S 517 HDH

Historic[edit]

-06/-07 -08 -09 -10 -11 -12 -13 -14 -15 -16 -17/-18 -19/-20 -21 -28
First generation (1951)

S6
S7

S8

S9

S10

S11

S12

S14

S15

Second generation (1967) - Setra S100

S80

S110

S120

S130S

S140ES

S150

SG180M
SG180U
SG180UL
SG180S

Third generation (1976) - Setra S 200

S208H
S208HM
S208HMU
S208HU

S209H
S209HM
S209HMU
S209HU

S210H
S210HD
S210HI
S210HM
S210HMU
S210HU

S211H
S211HD
S211HDI
S211HDU
S211HI
S211HM
S211HMU
S211HU

S212H
S212HM
S212HMU
S212HU

S213H
S213HD
S213HDU
S213HI
S213HM
S213HMA
S213HMI
S213HMU
S213HR
S213HRI-GT
S213HUL
S213UL

S214H
S214HD
S214HDI
S214HDU

S215H
S215HD
S215HDH
S215HDI
S215HDS
S215HDU
S215HI
S215HM
S215HMI
S215HMU
S215HR
S215HRI-GT
S215HU
S215HUL
S215NR
S215RL
S215SL
S215UL
S250 Special

S216HDS
S216HDSI

S217HDH

SG219SL

SG220UL

S221HDS
SG221UL

S228DT
S228DTI

Fourth generation (1991) - Setra S 300

S300NC

S309HD

S312HD

S313UL
S313UL-GT

S315GT
S315GT-HD
S315H
S315HD
S315HDH/2
S315HDH/3
S315NF
S315UL
S315UL-GT

S316HDS
S316UL

S317GT-HD
S317HDH
S317UL
S317UL-GT

S319NF
S319UL
S319GT-HD

SG321UL

S328DT

Fifth generation (2006) - Setra S 400

S411HD TopClass

S415NF MultiClass
S415GT ComfortClass
S415GT-HD
S415HD
S415HDH

S416NF
S416GT
S416GT-HD
S416GT-HD/2
S416HDH

S417GT-HD
S417HDH

S419GT-HD

-06/-07 -08 -09 -10 -11 -12 -13 -14 -15 -16 -17/-18 -19/-20 -21 -28
Suffixes
DT Doppelstock-Touristikbus double-deck touring bus
HD Hochdecker high floor
HDH Hochdecker high extra-high floor
HDS Superhochdecker super-high floor (double-deck)
HR Hochdecker Regional high floor commuter
MD Mitteldecker mid(-height) floor
NR Niederflur Rational sloped (low) floor
UL Überland interurban

Major incidents[edit]

  • 2018 Kazakhstan bus fire – On January 18, 2018, a 1989 Setra bus caught fire in Kazakhstan, resulting in 52 casualties.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]