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Seven Years' War

The Seven Years' War was a global war fought between 1756 and 1763. It involved all five European great powers of the time plus many of the middle powers and spanned five continents, affecting Europe, the Americas, West Africa and the Philippines; the conflict split Europe into two coalitions: one was led by the Kingdom of Great Britain and included the Kingdom of Prussia, the Kingdom of Portugal, the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, a few other small German states. The Dutch Republic, Denmark-Norway, the Italian States, the Ottoman Empire did not participate. Meanwhile, in India, some regional polities within the fragmented Mughal Empire, with the support of the French, failed to defeat a British attempt to conquer Bengal. Although Anglo-French skirmishes over their American colonies had begun in 1754, with what became known in the United States as the French and Indian War, the large-scale conflict that drew in most of the European powers was centered on Austria's desire to recover Silesia from Prussia.

Seeing the opportunity to curtail Britain's and Prussia's ever-growing might and Austria put aside their ancient rivalry to form a grand coalition of their own, bringing most of the other European powers to their side. Faced with this sudden turn of events, Britain aligned itself with Prussia, in a series of political manoeuvres known as the Diplomatic Revolution. However, French efforts ended in failure when the Anglo-Prussian coalition prevailed, Britain's rise as among the world's predominant powers destroyed France's supremacy in Europe, thus altering the European balance of power. Conflict between Great Britain and France broke out in 1754–1756 when the British attacked disputed French positions in North America. Hostilities were heightened when a British unit led by a 22-year-old Lt. Colonel George Washington ambushed a small French force at the Battle of Jumonville Glen on 28 May 1754; the conflict exploded across the colonial boundaries and extended to the seizure of hundreds of French merchant ships at sea.

Meanwhile, Prussia, a rising power, struggled with Austria for dominance within and outside the Holy Roman Empire in central Europe. In 1756, the four greatest powers "switched partners". Realizing that war was imminent, Prussia pre-emptively struck Saxony and overran it; the result caused uproar across Europe. Because of Austria's alliance with France to recapture Silesia, lost in the War of the Austrian Succession, Prussia formed an alliance with Britain. Reluctantly, by following the Imperial diet of the Holy Roman Empire, which declared war on Prussia on 17 January 1757, most of the states of the empire joined Austria's cause; the Anglo-Prussian alliance was joined by a few smaller German states within the empire. Sweden, seeking to regain Pomerania joined the coalition, seeing its chance when all the major continental powers of Europe opposed Prussia. Spain, bound by the Pacte de Famille, intervened on behalf of France and together they launched an unsuccessful invasion of Portugal in 1762.

The Russian Empire was aligned with Austria, fearing Prussia's ambition on the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, but switched sides upon the succession of Tsar Peter III in 1762. Many middle and small powers in Europe, as in the previous wars, tried steering away from the escalating conflict though they had interests in the conflict or with the belligerents. Denmark–Norway, for instance, was close to being dragged into the war on France's side when Peter III became Russian emperor and switched sides; the Dutch Republic, a long-time British ally, kept its neutrality intact, fearing the odds against Britain and Prussia fighting the great powers of Europe, tried to prevent Britain's domination in India. Naples-Sicily, Savoy, although sided with the Franco-Spanish alliance, declined to join the coalition under fear of British naval power; the taxation needed for war caused the Russian people considerable hardship, being added to the taxation of salt and alcohol begun by Empress Elizabeth in 1759 to complete her addition to the Winter Palace.

Like Sweden, Russia concluded a separate peace with Prussia. The war ended with the Treaty of Paris between France and Great Britain and the Treaty of Hubertusburg between Saxony and Prussia, in 1763; the war was successful for Great Britain, which gained the bulk of New France in North America, Spanish Florida, some individual Caribbean islands in the West Indies, the colony of Senegal on the West African coast, superiority over the French trading outposts on the Indian subcontinent. The Native American tribes were excluded from the settlement. In Europe, the war began disastrously for Prussia, but with a combination of good luck and successful strategy, King Frederick the Great managed to retrieve the Prussian position and retain the status quo ante bellum. Prussia solidified its position as a newer Europe

Chisago Lakes

Chisago Lakes is an area of Chisago County, Minnesota along Highway 8. The Chisago Lakes Area Chamber of Commerce includes the combined areas of Shafer, Center City, Chisago City, Lindström; the Chisago Lakes Area is named after an Indian phrase, "Ki Chi Saga," which means "fair & lovely waters." The Swedish called it "The Big Lake," as many of today's lakes were once one large lake. Swedish immigrants settled in the Chisago Lakes area in the mid-19th century; the area became a popular tourist area, with the lakes and railroad coming through. The Depression years dried up the tourists. There was a growth of tourism in the late 1940s. Chisago City, MinnesotaSister-city to Algutsboda, Sweden Originally platted in 1855, Chisago City was replatted at another location in 1892 and incorporated in 1906. Chisago City became a tourist resort destination. Chisago City was home to Vilhelm Moberg during the summer of 1947, while he rode his bike through the area researching for what would become his four-volume saga of Swedish Immigrants in North America, The Emigrants suite: The Emigrants, Unto a Good Land, The Settlers and The Last Letter Home.

The city has dedicated a statue, housed in the park, to Vilhelm Moberg. Center City, MinnesotaSister-City to Hassela, Sweden Center City was founded in 1851 and was the first permanent Swedish settlement in Minnesota, it became the county seat in 1875. The Chisago Lakes Lutheran Church was the first Swedish settled church in the area, being organized in 1854 in the barn of Per Berg. Highway 8 follows much of the old railroad bed through the city of Center City. Today, two blocks along Summit Avenue, including 18 homes, form a historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Lindström, MinnesotaSister-City to Tingsryd, Sweden Lindström, the largest city in the Chisago Lakes area is Sister-city to Tingsryd, Sweden. Lindström was platted in 1880 and founded in 1894 and named after Daniel Lindström from Hassela, Hälsingland, Sweden. Karl Oskar and his wife, Kristina are central to the city's celebrations, they are fictitious characters, representing the many immigrant families that settled in the "land of kichisaga" in the mid-19th century.

They'd fled from a life of struggle in their homeland of Småland, Sweden to rebuild their lives in an unclaimed territory. A statue of Karl and Kristina symbolize the Swedish peasants who migrated to America over one hundred years ago, settling in the Chisago Lakes area. Shafer, MinnesotaSister-City to Nöbbele, Sweden Shafer is a farming community and was once a potato hub. Shafer was first organized as part of Minnesota. In 1853 the town was renamed after Jacob Shafer, from Sweden; the Shafer community is proud of its heritage. Throughout the year, events are held in a "town square" type of atmosphere. U. S. Highway 8 Chisago Lakes School District Chisago Lakes Chamber of Commerce Chisago Lakes

TCB Band

The TCB Band was a group of professional musicians who formed the core rhythm section of Elvis Presley’s band from August 1969 until his death in 1977. The initialism TCB stands for Taking Care of Business, a personal motto Presley adopted in the early 1970s. Although personnel changed over the years, the original members were James Burton, Jerry Scheff, John Wilkinson, Larry Muhoberac and Ron Tutt, they first appeared live at Presley’s first Las Vegas performance at what was known as the International Hotel on July 31, 1969. When planning his return to live performing after his successful 1968 NBC television comeback, Presley had to replace original band members Scotty Moore, D. J. Fontana and Bill Black who had gone on to stardom with the Bill Black Combo before his death in 1965. Elvis’ first call was to guitarist James Burton, from Ricky Nelson's band whom he asked to help form the group after knowing about him for many years and seeing on television. After keyboardist Glen D. Hardin declined Burton's offer to join the group, Larry Muhoberac, who had played on several of Presley's movie soundtrack sessions, accepted his offer to perform.

Burton added Jerry Scheff on bass and John Wilkinson on rhythm guitar. Muhoberac suggested Ron Tutt for the drums to round out the section. By February 1970, Glen D. Hardin joined on keyboards replacing Muhoberac who returned to studio work in Los Angeles. At that time Bob Lanning, a Los Angeles session drummer joined on drums, replacing Tutt who returned that year. TCB brought roll sound of the 50s. Larrie Londin, a Nashville session drummer who recorded and toured with Presley over a nine-year period, filled in for Tutt on occasion during 1976 and 1977 performances. In 1975, Burton and Muhoberac backed Johnny Cash on his album, John R. Cash. Before Presley's death in 1977, several former members from the TCB Band went on to form Emmylou Harris's Hot Band and The John Denver Band; these musicians include Glen D. Hardin, Emory Gordy Jr. and Jerry Scheff. Burton was replaced by English guitarist Albert Lee. Scheff was never a member of the Hot Band. Gordy was replaced by Scheff. Burton and Scheff remained in John Denver's band until early 1994, was replaced by Pete Huttlinger, Chris Nole and Alan Deremo.

After drumming a few years with the Jerry Garcia Band before Presley's death, Ron Tutt was invited by Neil Diamond to become Diamond's permanent concert and recording session drummer. Tutt's drumming has since become a feature to Diamond's concert shows, punctuating moments in the Diamond concert with his TCB Band style drum fills and cymbal crashes. Tutt is a workman celebrity drummer, receives concert crowd ovations when he appears and takes his seat at his drum kit. Noteworthy during concerts is Tutt's soaring drum work on the song, "Holly Holy". Tutt has been touring with Diamond to the present day. Tutt appears on several of recordings by Nancy Sinatra; the TCB Band reunited with a new lineup to record their own album in 1979 of covers of Elvis Presley songs as a tribute. They reunited in 1981 as the backing band for Tony Sheridan, augmented by Klaus Voorman and again featuring Sheridan's recordings of Elvis Presley songs. Several members of the TCB band played with Roy Orbison in his 1987 live performance Roy Orbison and Friends, A Black and White Night.

Burton, Hardin and Tutt reunited in 1997 to perform Elvis: The Concert, with John Wilkinson rejoining for the 25th anniversary concert in Memphis. Since Burton, Hardin and Scheff have toured together. However, after the 30th anniversary concert in 2007, Scheff departed the band and was replaced on tour by Nathan East and Norbert Putnam. Wilkinson died on January 11, 2013, from cancer, at the age of 67. Putnam and East departed the band in 2013; the TCB Band tours backing Austrian singer Dennis Jale and his band playing Elvis songs. In 2019, for the first time since 2014, the TCB Band will perform a new Elvis: The Concert-style show, alongside the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, combining elements from the 2016-2018 Presley/Philharmonic tours with the old 1997-2014 TCB Band tours. Current Members: James Burton - lead guitar.