Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan

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Shakhbut Bin Sultan Al Nahyan
الشيخ سلطان بن زايد 19-1-1961.jpg
Sheikh Shakbut in 1961
Ruler of Abu Dhabi
PredecessorSaqr I bin Zayed Al Nahyan
SuccessorZayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Born(1905-06-01)June 1, 1905
Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, UAE
DiedFebruary 11, 1989(1989-02-11) (aged 84)
SpouseSheikha Mariam bint Rashid Al Otaiba[1]
HouseAl Nahyan family
FatherSultan bin Zayed Al Nahyan
MotherSheikha Salama bint Butti

Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan (1 June 1905 – 11 February 1989) was the ruler of Abu Dhabi from 1928 to 1966.

Early life[edit]

Shakbut was the eldest son of Sultan II bin Zayed Al Nahyan. His mother was Sheikha Salama bint Butti.[1][2]


Sheikh Shakhbut succeeded his uncle Sheikh Saqr I bin Zayed Al Nahyan in 1928, becoming the ruler of the emirate of Abu Dhabi. During his reign, he adopted an aggressively mercantilist strategy, keeping his reserves in gold.[3] His reign lasted until 6 August 1966 when he was deposed in a bloodless coup by the British-led Trucial Oman Scouts to the benefit of his brother Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan.[4] The primary reason that he was revolted against was that he refused to spend the royalties from oil sales.[5]

Sheikh Shakhbut was escorted to his plane to London by the Scouts, after which he went to Lebanon where he stayed there reportedly until the late 1960s or early 1970s, when he was allowed back to Abu Dhabi by his brother Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, who became, in 1971, the President of the federation of the United Arab Emirates.[citation needed]

He had only 2 sons, Saeed and Sultan, both of whom died young, leaving only one son each.[clarification needed]


  1. ^ a b Al Hashemi, Bushra Alkaff (27 February 2013). "Memories of a simpler time". The National. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  2. ^ Rabi, Uzi (May 2006). "Oil Politics and Tribal Rulers in Eastern Arabia: The Reign of Shakhbut (1928– 1966)" (PDF). British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. 33 (1): 37–50. doi:10.1080/13530190600603832. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 May 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
  3. ^ Pistor, Katharina; Kyle Hatton (2011). "Maximizing Autonomy in the Shadow of Great Powers: The Political Economy of Sovereign Wealth Funds". Columbia Public Law & Legal Theory. Working Papers. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  4. ^ Helene von Bismarck (29 March 2013). British Policy in the Persian Gulf, 1961-1968: Conceptions of Informal Empire. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 155. ISBN 978-1-137-32673-7. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  5. ^ Martin, Douglas (November 3, 2004). "Zayed bin Sultan, Gulf Leader and Statesman, Dies". New York Times. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Born: 1905 Died: 1989
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sheikh Saqr bin Zayed
Ruler of Abu Dhabi
1928 - 1966
Succeeded by
Sheikh Zayed II bin Sultan