Shakira Isabel Mebarak Ripoll is a Colombian singer, dancer, record producer, actress. Born and raised in Barranquilla, she made her recording debut under Sony Music Colombia at the age of 13. Following the commercial failure of her first two Colombian albums and Peligro, she rose to prominence in Spanish-speaking countries with her next albums, Pies Descalzos and Dónde Están los Ladrones?. Shakira entered the English-language market with Laundry Service, it sold over 13 million copies and spawned the international number-one singles "Whenever, Wherever" and "Underneath Your Clothes". Her success was further solidified with the Spanish albums Fijación Oral, Vol. 1, Sale el Sol, El Dorado, all of which topped the Billboard Top Latin Albums chart and were certified diamante by the Recording Industry Association of America. Meanwhile, her English albums Oral Fixation, Vol. 2, She Wolf and Shakira were all certified gold, platinum, or multi-platinum in various countries worldwide. Some of her songs have charted at number one in multiple countries, including "La Tortura", "Hips Don't Lie", "Beautiful Liar", "Waka Waka", "Loca", "Chantaje".
Shakira served as a coach on two seasons of the American singing competition television series The Voice from 2013 to 2014. Shakira has received numerous awards, including three Grammy Awards, thirteen Latin Grammy Awards, four MTV Video Music Awards, seven Billboard Music Awards, thirty-nine Billboard Latin Music Awards and a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. In 2009, Billboard listed her as the Top Female Latin Artist of the Decade. Having sold more than 75 million records worldwide, Shakira remains one of the world's best-selling music artists, she is ranked as the most-streamed Latin artist on Spotify and became one of only three female artists to have two YouTube videos exceeding two billion views. Born on 2 February 1977 in Barranquilla, she is the only child of William Mebarak Chadid and Nidia Ripoll Torrado, her paternal grandparents emigrated from Lebanon to New York City. Her father immigrated to Colombia at age 5; the name Shakira is Arabic for "grateful", the feminine form of the name Shakir.
From her mother, she has Italian ancestry. She attended Catholic schools, she has eight older half-siblings from her father's previous marriage. Shakira spent much of her youth in Barranquilla, a city located on the northern Caribbean coast of Colombia, wrote her first poem, titled "La Rosa De Cristal/The Crystal Rose", when she was only four years old; as she was growing up, she was fascinated watching her father writing stories on a typewriter, asked for one as a Christmas gift. She got that typewriter at the age of seven, has continued writing poetry since then; these poems evolved into songs. When Shakira was two years old, an older half-brother was killed in a motorcycle accident; when Shakira was four, her father took her to a local Middle Eastern restaurant, where Shakira first heard the doumbek, a traditional drum used in Arabic music and which accompanied belly dancing. She started dancing on the table, the experience made her realize that she wanted to be a performer, she enjoyed singing for schoolmates and teachers at her Catholic school, but in second grade, she was rejected for the school choir because her vibrato was too strong.
The music teacher told her that she sounded "like a goat". At school, she was sent out of the class because of her hyperactivity, she says she had been known as "the belly dancer girl", as she would demonstrate every Friday at school a number she had learned. "That's how I discovered my passion for live performance," she says. To instill gratitude in Shakira for her upbringing, her father took her to a local park to see orphans who lived there; the images stayed with her, she said to herself: "One day I'm going to help these kids when I become a famous artist."Between the ages of 10 and 13, Shakira was invited to various events in Barranquilla and gained some recognition in the area. It was at this approximate time that she met local theater producer Monica Ariza, impressed with her and as a result tried to help her career. During a flight from Barranquilla to Bogotá, Ariza convinced Sony Colombia executive Ciro Vargas to hold an audition for Shakira in a hotel lobby. Vargas held Shakira in high regard and, returning to the Sony office, gave the cassette to a song and artist director.
However, the director was not overly excited and thought Shakira was something of "a lost cause". Undaunted and still convinced that Shakira had talent, Vargas set up an audition in Bogotá, he arranged for Sony Colombia executives to arrive at the audition, with the idea of surprising them with Shakira's performance. She performed three songs for the executives and impressed them enough for her to be signed to record three albums. Shakira's debut album, was recorded with Sony Music Colombia in 1990 when she was only 13 years old; the songs are a collection made by her since she was eight, mixed pop-rock ballads and disco uptempo songs with electronic accompaniment. The album was featured "Magia" and three other singles. Though it fared well on Colombian radio and gave the young Shakira much exposure, the album did not fare well commercially, as only 1,200 copies were sold worldwide. After the poor performance of Magia, Shaki
Clyde Earl Shugart was an American football guard in the National Football League for the Washington Redskins. He played college football at Iowa State University and was drafted in the seventeenth round of the 1939 NFL Draft. Shugart was born in Ames and attended Ames High School. During his high school football career, he earned first-team all-state honors and was named as "the finest prep lineman in the state" by the Des Moines Register. Shugart attended and played college football at Iowa State University, where he was a member of one of Iowa State's best football teams in school history. During his senior season, he played right tackle with All-American guard Ed Bock on the 1938 "Cyclone Eleven" squad that produced a 7-1-1 record for coach Jim Yeager. Shugart earned all-Big Six Conference honors and received All-America board recognition, playing all but 20 minutes of the entire season. In a 1960s poll, Shugart was named the best tackle in school history. Shugart was drafted in the fifteenth round of the 1939 NFL Draft by the Washington Redskins.
In 1939, the Redskins fell short of the Eastern Division championship. During the 1940 season, the Redskins posted a then-franchise-record nine wins and earned a trip to the 1940 NFL Championship game, where they lost to the Chicago Bears, 73-0, the most one-sided victory in NFL history; the Redskins beat the Bears in the 1942 NFL Championship game, 14-6, before a sellout crowd of 36,000 at Griffith Stadium. The following season, the Redskins went 6-3-1 and again met the Bears in the 1943 NFL Championship game, where they lost 41-21. Shugart retired after the 1944 season after making a salary of $4,400. Shugart never missed a game in his career. During this time, he was named to two Pro Bowls and was named second-team All-Pro in 1943. After retiring from football, Shugart took a job as a manager of a High’s Ice Cream branch plant in Baltimore, Maryland, he worked at High’s for 47 years before retiring in 1986, at one point owned 50 percent of the corporate stock. In 2007, he moved to Gulf Breeze, where he died from a stroke on July 2, 2009 at age 92.
Scott Sherman is a U. S. writer and podcaster. His first novel, First You Fall, won the 2009 Lambda Literary Award for Best Gay Mystery, his writing has appeared in many periodicals. His podcasts include The Gay Parenting Show, Digital Photography Life and the four-time Podcast Awards nominated The Digital Photography Show. Sherman's photography has been published in Popular Photography magazine. Sherman graduated from New York University in 1985 with a Masters of Science in Counseling. From 1976-1980, he attended Edward R. Murrow High School in Brooklyn, NY. Sherman has written for many publications, including The Washington Blade and Instinct. In the September 16, 2002 issue of Newsweek, Sherman's "If Our Son Is Happy What Else Matters" was selected for the prestigious "My Turn" column. For the impact of that article, which described a homophobic attack on his family, other advocacy efforts and his family won the 2004 "Families of Pride" award from the Family Pride Council (later, the Family Equality CouncilIn June 2008, Alyson Books published Sherman's first novel, the romantic, humorous mystery First You Fall.
First You Fall received positive reviews and was the winner of the 2009 Lambda Literary Award for Best Gay Mystery. Sherman's first podcast was The Gay Parenting Show, which ran from 2005-2007; the Gay Parenting Show featured personal commentary and interviews with experts in the field of gay parenting, including Dan Savage and activist Wayne Besen and Evan Wolfson of the Freedom to Marry Coalition. Sherman's next podcast, The Digital Photography Show, ran on The Podcast Network from 2006 to 2008; the Digital Photography Show was hosted by Michael Stein. The Digital Photography Show was a top-rated show in iTunes and was nominated for two Podcast Awards in both 2007 and 2008. In 2008, Sherman and Stein moved their show to Personal Life Media, where it was renamed Digital Photography Life. Guests on the show have included Rick Sammon and Nicholas Boothman. After an on-again/off-again podcasting schedule, the Digital Photography Life podcast abruptly ended on September 21, 2009 with no explanation for the termination of the show.