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Shamrock

A shamrock is a young sprig, used as a symbol of Ireland. Saint Patrick, Ireland's patron saint, is said to have used it as a metaphor for the Christian Holy Trinity; the name shamrock comes from Irish seamróg, the diminutive of the Irish word seamair óg and means "young clover". Shamrock refers to either the species Trifolium dubium or Trifolium repens. However, other three-leaved plants—such as Medicago lupulina, Trifolium pratense, Oxalis acetosella—are sometimes called shamrocks; the shamrock was traditionally used for its medicinal properties and was a popular motif in Victorian times. There is still not a consensus over the precise botanical species of clover, the "true" shamrock. John Gerard in his herbal of 1597 defined the shamrock as Trifolium pratense or Trifolium pratense flore albo, meaning red or white clover, he described the plant in English as "Three leaved grasse" or "Medow Trefoile", "which are called in Irish Shamrockes". The Irish botanist Caleb Threlkeld, writing in 1726 in his work entitled Synopsis Stirpium Hibernicarum or A Treatise on Native Irish Plants followed Gerard in identifying the shamrock as Trifolium pratense, calling it White Field Clover.

The botanist Carl von Linné in his 1737 work Flora Lapponica identifies the shamrock as Trifolium pratense, mentioning it by name as Chambroch, with the following curious remark: "Hiberni suo Chambroch, quod est Trifolium pratense purpureum, celeres & promtissimi roburis". Linnaeus based his information that the Irish ate shamrock on the comments of English Elizabethan authors such as Edmund Spenser who remarked that the shamrock used to be eaten by the Irish in times of hardship and famine, it has since been argued however, that the Elizabethans were confused by the similarity between the Irish name for young clover seamróg, the name for wood sorrel seamsóg. The situation regarding the identity of the shamrock was further confused by a London botanist James Ebenezer Bicheno, who proclaimed in a dissertation in 1830 that the real shamrock was Oxalis acetosella, a species of wood sorrel. Bichino falsely claimed that clover was not a native Irish plant and had only been introduced into Ireland in the middle of the 17th century, based his argument on the same comments by Elizabethan authors that shamrock had been eaten.

Bicheno argued that this fitted the wood sorrel better than clover, as wood sorrel was eaten as a green and used to flavour food. Bicheno's argument has not been accepted however, as the weight of evidence favours a species of clover. A more scientific approach was taken by English botanists James Britten and Robert Holland, who stated in their Dictionary of English Plant Names published in 1878, that their investigations had revealed that Trifolium dubium was the species sold most in Covent Garden as shamrock on St. Patrick's Day, that it was worn in at least 13 counties in Ireland. Detailed investigations to settle the matter were carried out in two separate botanical surveys in Ireland, one in 1893 and the other in 1988; the 1893 survey was carried out by Nathaniel Colgan, an amateur naturalist working as a clerk in Dublin. Both surveys involved asking people from all across Ireland to send in examples of shamrock, which were planted and allowed to flower, so that their botanical species could be identified.

The results of both surveys were similar, showing that the conception of the shamrock in Ireland had changed little in a hundred years. The results of the surveys are shown in the table below; the results show that there is no one "true" species of shamrock, but that Trifolium dubium is considered to be the shamrock by half of Irish people, Trifolium repens by another third, with the remaining fifth split between Trifolium pratense, Medicago lupulina, Oxalis acetosella, various other species of Trifolium and Oxalis. None of the species in the survey are unique to Ireland, all are common European species, so there is no botanical basis for the belief that the shamrock is a unique species of plant that only grows in Ireland; the word shamrock derives from seamair óg or young clover, references to semair or clover appear in early Irish literature as a description of a flowering clovered plain. For example, in the series of medieval metrical poems about various Irish places called the Metrical Dindshenchus, a poem about Tailtiu or Teltown in Co.

Meath describes it as a plain blossoming with flowering clover. Another story tells of how St. Brigid decided to stay in Co. Kildare when she saw the delightful plain covered in clover blossom. However, the literature in Irish makes no distinction between clover and shamrock, it is only in English that shamrock emerges as a distinct word; the first mention of shamrock in the English language occurs in 1571 in the work of the English Elizabethan scholar Edmund Campion. In his work Boke of the Histories of Irelande, Campion describes the habits of the "wild Irish" and states that the Irish ate shamrock: "Shamrotes, watercresses and other herbes they feed upon"; the statement that the Irish ate shamrock was repeated in works and seems to be a confusion with the Irish word seamsóg or wood sorrel. There is no evidence from any Irish source that the Irish ate clover, but there is evidence that the Irish ate wood sorrel. For example, in

Emily Gilmore

Emily Gilmore is a fictional character who appears in the American comedy-drama television series Gilmore Girls and its revival Gilmore Girls: A Year in the Life as the matriarch of the eponymous family. Portrayed by actress Kelly Bishop, the character was created by series creator Amy Sherman-Palladino in order to add a tragic element to the show's light-hearted nature. Emily has had a complicated relationship with her daughter Lorelai since the character ran away at age 16 to raise her newborn daughter Rory on her own, they remain estranged for several years until Lorelai asks her parents to help pay for Rory's schooling, to which Emily agrees on the condition that her daughter and granddaughter visit them for dinner every Friday evening. One of the show's central storylines, Emily's relationship with Lorelai remains strained for the majority of the series, improving incrementally over time. Bishop, who prefers portraying acerbic over nice women, based her performance on her own grandmother.

In Gilmore Girls: A Year in the Life, Emily widowed after the passing away of Richard, continues to mourn his death from which she struggles to move on. The death of her co-star and close friend Edward Herrmann, who portrayed Richard, was written into the revival; the actress nearly did not reprise her role in the revival due to her own husband's health at the time. Bishop's performances in both the original series and its sequel have been positively received by television critics. Critics and audiences were divided over the character's personality, debating her unlikeability and whether or not she is a bad mother. However, their opinions towards Emily have softened in retrospect, growing to sympathize with the character and defend her as one of the show's most complex characters who cares for the well-being of her family members. Despite being accused of racism in regards to the way in which she treats her maids, Emily's arc in Gilmore Girls: A Year in the Life, in which she takes on a more central role, has been acclaimed by critics and fans alike, becoming a fan favorite and experiencing renewed popularity.

Critics and fans have since dubbed her the "third Gilmore girl", after Rory. The wealthy matriarch of the Gilmore family, Emily lives with her husband Richard, a successful insurance consultant, in a mansion in Hartford, Connecticut, her only daughter Lorelai had run away from home as a teenager to raise her daughter Rory on her own, forcing Emily to remain estranged from both her daughter and granddaughter for several years until Lorelai asks her parents to help pay for Rory's admission into Chilton Preparatory School. Emily agrees to loan Lorelai the money required on the condition that both she and Rory visit her and Richard at their home for dinner every Friday evening. Having had a strained relationship with Lorelai since she decided she would be raising Rory without her parents or then-boyfriend Christopher Hayden, Emily wants to spend as much time with Rory as possible to ensure that her granddaughter receives the opportunities her mother never did, she uses Chilton as an opportunity to forge somewhat of a "normal" relationship between herself and Rory.

Their arrangement continues when Rory graduates from Chilton and enrolls at Yale University, her grandfather's alma mater. Emily and Richard separate at one point during the series over a series of heated disagreements, but reconcile in favor of renewing their vows. Emily struggles to adjust to her husband's recent death, she is furious with Lorelai after she gives an unflattering speech during Richard's funeral, thus increasing the rift in their relationship. Emily tricks Lorelai into attending therapy with her in attempt to mend their relationship, with unfruitful results. Emily is only able to forgive Lorelai after she calls her mother to share with her the time Richard comforted her by taking her to a see a movie after she was humiliated in school. At the end of the revival, Emily sells their mansion because it reminds her of Richard's death, moving to Nantucket, Massachusetts, she quits the Daughters of the American Revolution, starts working at a whaling museum as a docent. The identity of who sent Emily the letter remains undisclosed.

Creator Amy Sherman-Palladino pitched Gilmore Girls to The WB as a series about Lorelai and Rory Gilmore, a young mother and daughter duo whose close relationship is more similar to that of a pair of best friends as opposed to family members, but the show's concept was not realized until Sherman-Palladino introduced the idea of a third, older generation of Gilmores to the storyline: Emily and Richard Gilmore, Lorelai's wealthy, conservative parents. The creator explained that "Lorelai is made because of her experience with her family, Emily is Emily because Lorelai left", believing Emily's relationship with Lorelai "added a layer of conflict that allows you to do the comedy, but at the base of it, it’s a tragedy.” One of the show's central conflicts is drawn from the fact that Emily is a "confused" character in several ways in regards to her complicated relationship with Lorelai. Gilmore Girls' original main source conflict revolves around "the generational battle between" the domineering Emily and Lorelai, her free-spirited daughter.

Secretly, the character is proud

Bo on the Go!

Bo on the Go! is a Canadian children's television show created by Jeff Rosen produced by Halifax Film in association with CBC Television. The show emphasizes the importance of movement for ZeeQ children through a plot element called "Animoves," animations demonstrating specific body movements young viewers must learn in order to solve adventures highlighted in each program's storyline, it is ZeeQ broadcast in Canada on CBC Television in the Kids' CBC programming block. It is broadcast on 17 broadcasters around the world, in over 12 languages, including Spanish, Italian, Arabic, Finnish, Portuguese, Turkish and Gaelic. Bo lives in a castle with Dezadore the dragon, he is younger than Bo, is curious and gets into trouble as he is not as physically adept as Bo. Bo's mentor on the show is Wizard; when she encounters challenges, he gives her advice and knowledge of how to achieve the quest at hand. Bo: A positive and inquisitive young girl with blue hair, wearing blue shoes and socks, red pants and a purple shirt.

She encourages children at home to go on adventures by joining her in a variety of movements that assist her on her quest. Bo, along with her young friend Dezadore Dragon, faces challenges and obstacles and receives small rewards and achieves victories along the way. Dezadore: Dezzy is a pink and green dragon, lives in the castle with Bo. Since he is younger than his friend, he sometimes needs a little help with things. Wizard: Wizard gives Bo and Dezzy their quest of the day, he wears a blue turban, has a long white beard, wears a golden-yellow pant suit. Bo's Bluebird Bo and the Doodlebug Bo and the Whirlywart Bo and the Fuzzyflump Bo and the Stinky Snork Bo and the Snoozter Bo and the Neat Freak Bo and the Sproing Bo and The Nothing Fits Him Bo and the Lazy Bug Bo and the Dragon Queen Bo and the Drinking Flink Bo and the Hug-a-Bug Bo and the Twinkle Toed Twirler Bo and the Silly Stomper Bo and the Fruity Patooty Bo and the String Snatcher Bo and the Hokum Jokum Bo and the Switcheroo Bo and the Coolster Bo and the Litterbug Bo and the Super Stacker Bo and the Blowhard Bo and the Scribbler Bo and the Red Rosy Bo and the Knotty Noodler Bo and the Glimmer Critter Bo and the Creaky Crink Bo and the Stuffy Sniffler Bo and the Gobsobber Bo and the Blockhead Bo and the Melody Maestro Bo and the Ding-A-Ling Bo and the Fun Fair Bo and the Picture Snitcher Bo and the Eager Beaver Bo and the Unwrapping Chappy Bo and the Berrygrabber Bo and the Wrong Side Uppy Bo and the Polka Dot Snatcher Bo and the Loony Groomy Bo and Mr. Ha-choo!

Bo and the Cozy Critter Bo and the Copy Critter Bo and the Balance Beasty Bo and the Ick'em Stick'em Bo and the Shake Maker Bo and the Jeweled Mermaid Bo and the Toy Buster Bo and the Pull Apart-er Bo and the Power-On Pixie Bo and the Float Fairy Bo and the Worrywart Bo and the Costume Collector Bo and the Teeny-Tiny DHX Media's website