Shaoxing is a prefecture-level city on the southern shore of Hangzhou Bay in eastern Zhejiang province, China. It was known as Kuaiji and Shanyin and abbreviated in Chinese as 越 from the area's former inhabitants. Located on the south bank of the Qiantang River estuary, it borders Ningbo to the east, Taizhou to the southeast, Jinhua to the southwest, Hangzhou to the west; as of 2010, its population was 4,912,339 inhabitants. Among which, 1,914,683 lived in the built-up metropolitan area of Hangzhou-Shaoxing, with a total of 8,156,154 inhabitants. Notable residents of Shaoxing include Wang Xizhi, the parents of Zhou Enlai, Lu Xun, Cai Yuanpei, it is noted for Shaoxing wine, meigan cai, stinky tofu, was featured on A Bite of China. Its local variety of Chinese opera sung in the local dialect and known as Yue opera is second in popularity only to Peking opera. In 2010, Shaoxing celebrated the 2,500th anniversary of the founding of the city. Economically, the city's driven by manufacturing of textiles and energy-efficient lighting.
Zhejiang has the fifth highest per capita GDP in the nation, with the city itself at 32nd nationally by GDP per capita. The city was first named Shaoxing in 1131 A. D. during the Southern Song dynasty. The name comes from the Shaoxing reign period of Emperor Gaozong of Song, is a poetic term meaning "inheriting the imperial task and resurging to prosperity". Modern-day Shaoxing lies north of the Kuaiji Mountains, which were an important center of the semi-nomadic people of Yue during ancient China's Spring and Autumn period. Chinese legend connected them with events in the life of the founder of the Xia. Around the early 5th century BC, the time of Yue's famous king Goujian, his people began establishing permanent centers in the alluvial plain north of the hills. Following his freedom from captivity in Wu, Goujian commissioned his advisor Fan Li to erect a major triangular fortification in the area of present-day Shaoxing's Yuecheng District. Following Yue's conquest of Wu, its royal court was removed to its former rival's capital until its own conquest by Chu in 334 BC.
Following the area's conquest in 222 BC, the Qin Empire's Kuaiji Commandery was established in Wu but the First Emperor visited the town in the last year of his reign, ascending Mount Kuaiji and sacrificing to the spirit of Yu. The commemorative stele he erected is now lost but was visited by Sima Qian during his 1st-century BC pilgrimage of China's historical sites and was preserved in his Records of the Grand Historian. By the time of the Later Han, the lands between the Yangtze and Hangzhou Bay received their own commanderies and administration of Kuaiji—then stretching along the south shore of the bay from Qiantang to the East China Sea; the area's capital in present-day Yuecheng was known as Kuaiji until the 12th century, when it was renamed Shaoxing. The present site of Yu's mausoleum dates to the 6th-century Southern Dynasties period. Under the Ming and Qing dynasties, the area was organized as a prefecture containing the following eight counties: urban Kuaiji and Shanyin and rural Yuyao, Xiaoshan, Shangyu and Cheng.
From the Ming through the Qing, Shaoxing was famous for its network of native sons throughout the Chinese government bureaucracy, cooperating out of native-place loyalty. In addition to the substantial number of Shaoxing natives who succeeded in becoming officials via the regular civil-service examination route, this vertical Shaoxing clique included county-level jail wardens, plus unofficial legal specialists working for officials at the county and provincial levels, plus clerks working in Beijing's Six Boards the Boards of Revenue and Punishment; the legal experts were known as Shaoxing shiye, they were indispensable advisers to the local and regional officials who employed them, since their knowledge of the detailed Qing legal code permitted the officials, whose education was in the Confucian Classics, to competently perform one of their major functions, that of judging local civil and criminal cases. Coming from the same gentry social class as the officials, the legal experts were expected to adhere to the ethical dictum enunciated by Wang Huizu, Shaoxing's most famous muyou: "If not in accord leave".
During the Taiping Rebellion Shaoxing was home to a local militia leader named Bao Lisheng who organized an armed resistance to the Taiping army in his home village of Baochun. Bao was a martial arts expert and recruited thousands of people from the surrounding area to his cause by convincing them he had supernatural powers; however after a months-long siege, Baochun was captured by the Taiping. Under the Republic of China during the early 20th century, the prefecture was abolished and the name Shaoxing was applied to a new county comprising the former Shanyin and Kuaiji. Shaoxing is a municipality with a somewhat smaller land area than its Ming-Qing namesake prefecture, having lost Xiaoshan county to Hangzhou on the west and Yuyao county to Ningbo on the east; the prefecture-level city of Shaoxing administers three districts, two county-level cities and one county. There are a number of historical places connected with the writer Lu Xun: Lu Xun's residence near the centre of the city. Xianheng Hotel, founded in 1894, mentioned in works by the novelist.
In front of the gate is a statue of Kong Yiji, a character in one of his stories. Sanwei School, built around 18
John Drake was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1614 and 1626. Drake was the eldest son of Sir Bernard Drake, of Mount Drake, Devon, he matriculated at Hart Hall, Oxford in 1573, aged 17 and studied law at the Middle Temple in 1578. He succeeded his father in 1586, he sat on the bench as Justice of the Peace for Devon by 1601 to his death and for Dorset from 1614 to his death. He was appointed High Sheriff of Devon for 1604–05 and deputy-lieutenant for Devon from 1614 to his death, he was a member of the Virginia Company from 1612 and the New England Company from 1620. In 1614, he was elected Member of Parliament for Devon, he was re-elected MP for Devon in 1621 and 1624. In 1625 he was elected MP for Lyme Regis, he was elected MP for Devon again in 1626. Drake died and was buried at Musbury the same day on 11 April 1628, he had married Dorothy, the daughter of William Button of Alton Priors, with whom he had two sons and a daughter. John Drake, Mary Drake and William Drake.
"DRAKE, John, of Mount Drake and Ash, Devon". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 10 May 2013
Kara Patria Constantino David-Cancio is a Filipino journalist and television host. She is the news anchor of News to Go at GMA News TV, as well as a host and writer for i-Witness at GMA Network, she hosts Pinas Sarap. She is founder and president of Project Malasakit, a foundation that helps the people she has featured in her documentaries. David was the only woman named in 2007's Ten Outstanding Young Men award. In 2010, she was awarded the Outstanding Women in the Nation's Service. David won the Peabody Award. Kara Patria David was born to Professor Emeritus Randy David of the University of the Philippines Diliman and former Chairperson of the Civil Service Commission, the late Karina Constantino-David, she graduated cum laude from the University of the Philippines, Diliman with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in Broadcast Communication. She worked as a production assistant and researcher for GMA Network in 1995, she was promoted as writer/researcher for the program “Emergency” and hosted “Huling Hirit”, a regular two-minute segment in the daily news doing adventure-oriented and inspiring features.
David hosted several public affairs programs such as Case Unclosed, a documentary program that investigates unsolved cases and mysteries. She hosted a public service program that reaches out to Filipino overseas workers, she is the news anchor of News to Go, a former morning news program on GMA News TV. She is the host of the informative show Pinas Sarap, she replaced Jessica Soho as the host of Brigada on June 11, 2019. David has a hundred documentaries to her name. In “Bitay” she helped stop the execution of a convict on death row. For this she was honored as Investigative Journalist of the Year by the Rotary Club of Manila. In the documentary "Selda Inosente", David entered the world of children raised in prison; the film won her the UNICEF Child Rights Award, besting more than a hundred entries from all over the world. In Buto’t Balat, she explored the state of malnutrition in the country and the reality that extreme inequalities and the absence of a concrete and cohesive nutrition and population policy has resulted in a state not far from what occurs in Africa.
For this documentary she was chosen as one of twenty finalists for the Japan Prize. She won a silver medal at the US International Video Festival. Ambulansiyang de Paa is about the lack of access to health services of the Mangyan tribe, who live in Mindoro Oriental. David documented the plight of the Mangyans, who have to carry their sick in hammocks for eight hours just to get to the nearest hospital; this documentary won the Peabody Award. David is the second Filipino to win this recognition. In 2007, David was chosen as one of the Outstanding Young Men of the country and was honored as Broadcast Journalist of the Year. In 2011, she was chosen as one of the Ten Outstanding Women in the Nation's Service. In 2002, David founded Project Malasakit – a non-stock non-profit foundation that sends poor Filipino children to school, it embarks on community outreach programs that gives food and school supplies to remote communities that do not have access to basic government service. Project Malasakit now has 15 scholars.
It has helped more than 800 families through its quarterly outreach programs. David has embarked on long-term projects for communities. Paraisong Uhaw, her documentary on waterless communities in Masbate, has led to the construction of 10 water wells in the municipality of Balud. David and her Project Malasakit team constructed a sustainable solar power facility in a community of Mangyans in Mindoro Province. Project Malasakit Kara David profile, GMA News Online Kara David blogsite