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Sharp County, Arkansas

Sharp County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,264; the county seat is Ash Flat. The county was formed on July 18, 1868, named for Ephraim Sharp, a state legislator from the area. Sharp County was featured on the PBS program Independent Lens for its 1906 "banishment" of all of its Black residents. A local newspaper at the time was quoted as saying that "The community is better off without them." According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 606 square miles, of which 604 square miles is land and 2.0 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 62 U. S. Highway 63 U. S. Highway 167 U. S. Highway 412 Highway 56 Highway 58 Highway 175 Oregon County, Missouri Randolph County Lawrence County Independence County Izard County Fulton County As of the 2000 census, there were 17,119 people, 7,211 households, 5,141 families residing in the county; the population density was 28 people per square mile. There were 9,342 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the county was 97.14% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, 1.39% from two or more races. 0.98% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,211 households out of which 25.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.90% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.70% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.79. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.90% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 22.80% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, 23.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $25,152, the median income for a family was $29,691.

Males had a median income of $23,329 versus $16,884 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,143. About 13.20% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.40% of those under age 18 and 13.20% of those age 65 or over. Over The past few election cycles Sharp County has trended towards the GOP; the last democrat to carry this county was Bill Clinton in 1996. Ash Flat Cave City Cherokee Village Hardy Highland Horseshoe Bend Evening Shade Sidney Williford Ben-Gay Ozark Acres Poughkeepsie Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county; each township includes unincorporated areas. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships. Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research; each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Sharp County are listed below.

List of lakes in Sharp County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Sharp County, Arkansas Sharp County, Arkansas entry on the Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture Sharp County official website Ozark Acres Weather

Myanna Dellinger

Myanna Dellinger, is a Danish-American law professor, climate change and international law specialist, Fulbright Scholar. Myanna Dellinger was raised in Denmark, her blue-collar parents only received seven years of education. Dellinger was the first member of her family to receive a university education, her early life interests included reading and numerous outdoor activities such as horseback riding, bike riding, learning about the environment. Dellinger received B. A. and M. Sc. degrees from the Aarhus Business School, now Aarhus University, ranked in the top 100 by several influential rankings among over 17,000 universities world-wide. She studied law at the University of Oregon School of Law, graduating first in her class in 2008, she is a Ph. D. candidate in Political Science at the University of South Dakota, expecting to complete her dissertation in 2021 or earlier. Myanna Dellinger enjoyed a successful first career in international communications, she taught English for Science and Technology at the master's degree level in Denmark as well as English as a Second Language for the University of California and California State University, Long Beach.

She started and operated a localization and interpretation agency working with such clients as DreamWorks Pictures, Warner Bros. Studios, major law firms in California and New York, she translated and interpreted in projects such as multi-million-dollar patent infringement lawsuits, the Holocaust survivors class action lawsuit against Swiss banks and Harry Potter. After law school, Myanna Dellinger clerked for the late Hon. Frances J. D’Eramo of the United States Virgin Islands Superior Court and the late Hon. Procter Ralph Hug Jr. of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. She proceeded to become a law professor at two different ABA-accredited California law schools before accepting a position as Associate Professor of Law at the University of South Dakota School of Law, she specializes in human rights law and private international law, business law. Her research focuses on climate change prevention as well as public and private financial liability for damages caused by extreme weather events.

She has written on the potential adverse effects of trophy hunting to threatened and endangered species. Myanna Dellinger earned the honorary title “Order of the Coif” by graduating in the top 10% of her law school class. In 2016, Dellinger was awarded a Fulbright specialist grant in law to conduct research and to lecture at the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies in Potsdam, Germany. Dellinger became a peer reviewer for the National Science Foundation. Dellinger's work has been cited by, among numerous others, American judges, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, the Finnish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the OECD, she has been on the top 10% of the most downloaded authors worldwide on SSRN since 2017. Professor Dellinger is fluent in English and German, she has visited 37 nations for both work and pleasure. She has lived in four different states in the U. S. as well as on St. Croix in the U. S. Virgin Islands, she enjoys reading, watching movies, learning more about people while socializing.

She is an avid hiker, bike rider, swimmer. Electric Utility Wildfire Liability Reform in California, Environmental Law Reporter Vol #49 Issue #11 Post-Jesner Climate Change Litigation under the Alien Tort Statute, Vol. 44 no. S Colum. J. Envtl. L. 395 Trophy Hunting – A Relic of the Past, 42 J. Envtl. L. & Litig. 525 See You in Court: Around the World in 42 Wm. & Mary Envtl. L. & Pol'y Rev. 525. Rethinking Force Majeure in Public International Law, 37 Pace L. Rev. 396. Acts of God or Acts of Man? Rethinking Contractual Impracticability in Times of Climate Change, Nat. Resources & Env't, Winter 2016, at 31. An "Act of God"? Rethinking Contractual Impracticability in an Era of Anthropogenic Climate Change, 67 Hastings L. J. 1551. Trophy Hunting Contracts: Unenforceable for Reasons of Public Policy, 41 Colum. J. Envtl. L. 395. Narrowed Constellations in a Supranational Climate Change Regime Complex: The "Magic Number" is Three, 37 Fordham Int'l L. J. 373. Rethinking Fuerza Mayor in a World of Anthropogenic Climate Change, 42 J. L. & Soc.

Pontifica Universidad Católica Del Perú 45. An Unstoppable Tide: Creating Environmental and Human Rights Law from the Bottom Up, 15 Or. Rev. Int'l L. 63. Is California an Oil Boom State?, Orange County Law. May 2013, at 24 Localizing Climate Change Action, 14 Minn. J. L. Sci. & Tech. 603 Ten Years of the Aarhus Convention: How Procedural Democracy Is Paving the Way for Substantive Change in National and International Environmental Law Using Dogs for Emotional Support of Testifying Victims of Crime, 15 ANIMAL L. 171

Howard L. Fogg

Howard Lockhart Fogg was an American artist specializing in railroad art. Howard Fogg was born in Brooklyn, New York, on April 7, 1917. Raised in Wilmette, his love of railroading came from his father, a VP of the Litchfield & Madison Railroad. After graduating from New Trier High School in 1934, with honors from Dartmouth College in 1938 with a B. A. in English Literature, he enrolled in the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts, intending to pursue a career in political cartooning. Drafted into the Army in 1941, Howard transferred to the Army Air Corps and received his commission as a 2nd Lieutenant with pilot's wings in November, 1942. On April 10, 1943 he married Margot Dethier, daughter of the Belgian classical violinist Edouard Dethier, that October Howard sailed for England, assigned to the 359th Fighter Group, USAAF Station 133 in East Wretham; as chronicled in the book Fogg in the Cockpit, he flew 76 combat missions in P-47 Thunderbolts and P-51 Mustangs and was awarded the Air Medal with three clusters and the Distinguished Flying Cross with one cluster.

After his Honorable Discharge in August, 1945, family friend and famed pollster Elmo Roper introduced Howard to Duncan Fraser, President of the American Locomotive Company. Fraser hired Howard as company artist in March, 1946; that September, at an ALCO gala at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel in New York, Howard met Lucius Beebe, a journalist with the New York Herald-Tribune. Beebe planned to write a series of railroad books, in 1947 his book, Mixed Train Daily, was the first of many to use a Fogg painting on the cover. Over the next 40 years, many other distinguished railroad authors commissioned art from him. Another attendee, John W. Barriger III, would prove to be more influential in the development of Howard's career. Barriger President of the Monon Railroad, was renowned for his ability to turn around failing railroads. Barriger and Fogg established both a lifelong friendship. Barriger commissioned seventeen paintings while President of the Monon and continued to order paintings as he moved to The Pittsburg & Lake Erie, the Rock Island, other railroads.

With an increasing number of commissions from railroads, authors and industrial firms, Fogg ended his formal agreement with ALCO in 1957, although he continued to receive commissions from them for a number of years. In 1955, Howard and their three sons moved to Boulder, Colorado. Howard and Ed Trumble became close friends, over the years he created more than 70 paintings for Trumble's Leanin' Tree Publishing line of greeting cards. Howard produced four LP records of steam locomotives using recordings he made between 1955 and 1960, releasing them on his own imprint Howard Fogg Recordings, they were reissued by another Boulder company, Owl Records, run by local conservationist Oakleigh Thorne. Over the decades magazines featured his work. Limited edition prints were issued. Calendars and postcards as well as catalogues used his artwork. Books were written about him and his work, including Fogg and Steam by Frank Clodfelter, Howard Fogg and the Diesel Image by John J. Scala, The Railroad Artistry of Howard Fogg by Ronald C.

Hill and Al Chione, Fogg in the Cockpit by Richard and Janet Fogg. Whereas his earlier work was exclusively in watercolor and for corporations, in years he worked in both watercolor and oil, with individuals becoming a significant source of commissions; as his fame and reputation grew he had a waiting list measured in years, he continued to paint until his death in 1996. Per his request his sons scattered his ashes along the Union Pacific railroad tracks on Sherman Hill in Wyoming. Howard Fogg is referred to as the dean of American railroad artists, he said of himself that he wasn't an artist who painted trains, but a railroader with a paintbrush, his love of trains is reflected in his work. Many of the artists that preceded him used exaggerated colors and proportions to emphasize the power and drama of a locomotive. Fogg became known for his startling accuracy and realism, he would ensure that every detail was correct, yet his work lost none of the drama and excitement of his predecessors. Fogg in the Cockpit: Howard Fogg-Master Railroad Artist, World War II Fighter Pilot: Howard Fogg's diary as a fighter pilot with the 359th Fighter Group.

Http://fogginthecockpit.blogspot.com/ Howard Fogg Papers, Denver Public Library: http://eadsrv.denverlibrary.org/sdx/pl/doc-tdm.xsp?id=WH1612_d0e38&fmt=text&base=fa Sixteen Transcontinental Railroad paintings commissioned for the 1969 Centennial Celebration of the Completion of the Transcontinental Railroad: http://cprr.org/Museum/Fogg_1969.html ALCO reproductions of Howard Fogg prints: http://foggprints.com/ BLE Honorary Member: http://www.ble-t.org/pr/archive/fogg.html

Pinghua

Pinghua is a pair of Sinitic languages spoken in parts of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, with some speakers in Hunan province. Pinghua is a trade language in some areas of Guangxi, where it is spoken as a second language by speakers of Zhuang languages; some speakers of Pinghua are classified as Zhuang, many are genetically distinct from most other Han Chinese. The northern subgroup of Pinghua is centered on the southern subgroup around Nanning. Southern Pinghua has several notable features such as having four distinct checked tones, using various loanwords from the Zhuang languages, such as the final particle wei for imperative sentences. Language surveys in Guangxi during the 1950s recorded varieties of Chinese, included in the Yue dialect group but were different from those in Guangdong. Pinghua was designated as a separate dialect group from Yue by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in the 1980s and since has been treated as a separate dialect in textbooks and surveys. Since designation as a separate dialect group, Pinghua has been the focus of increased research.

In 2008 a report by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences of research into Chinese varieties noted an increase in research papers and surveys of Pinghua, from 7 before the 1987 publication of the Language Atlas of China based on the revised classification, about 156 between and 2004. In the 1980s the number of speakers was listed as over 2 million. Pinghua is divided into two mutually unintelligible languages: The Northern Pinghua is spoken in northern Guangxi, around the city of Guilin, in close proximity with Southwest Mandarin dialects, and in a some places in Hunan, such as Tongdao. Younian dialect The Southern Pinghua is spoken around the city of Nanning; these varieties form a dialect continuum with Yue varieties spoken in that part of Guangxi. Yu Jin subdivides this group into three types:Yongjiang, spoken along the Yong River around Nanning. Guandao, spoken to the east of Nanning in Laibin and the counties of Heng and Binyang, around the road to the Southwest Mandarin-speaking city of Liuzhou.

Rongjiang, spoken along the Rong River to the north of Liuzhou. Nanning Pinghua has a voiceless lateral fricative for Middle Chinese /s/ or /z/, for example in the numbers /ɬam/ "three" and /ɬi/ "four"; this is like some other Yue varieties such as Taishanese. Southern Pinghua has six contrasting tones in open syllables, four in checked syllables, as found in neighbouring Yue varieties such as the Bobai dialect; the split of the lower entering tone is determined by the initial consonant, with the low rising contour occurring after sonorant initials. Genetically, Pinghua speakers have more in common with non-Han ethnic minorities in southern China than with other Han groups. Xie Jianyou, et al. 2007. Studies on the Han Chinese dialects of Guangxi. Nanning: Guangxi People's Publishing House. 《广西通志·汉语方言志》课题组. 广西通志·汉语方言志:续编.第二篇,平话. Nanning: 广西人民出版社. 《广西通志·汉语方言志》课题组. 广西通志·汉语方言志:续编.第五篇,桂北土话. Nanning: 广西人民出版社. Sousa, Hilário de. "Pínghuà 平話 Dialects". In Sybesma, Rint. James. Encyclopedia of Chinese language and linguistics.

3. Leiden: Brill. Pp. 425–431. Doi:10.1163/2210-7363_ecll_COM_00000332. ISBN 978-90-04-18643-9. Sousa, Hilário de. "The Far Southern Sinitic languages as part of Mainland Southeast Asia". In Enfield, N. J.. Languages of Mainland Southeast Asia: The state of the art. Pacific Linguistics. 649. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. Pp. 356–439. Doi:10.1515/9781501501685-009. ISBN 978-1-5015-0169-2. Classification of Pinghua Dialects

Charles Collett

Charles Benjamin Collett was Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Great Western Railway from 1922 to 1941. He designed the GWR's 4-6-0 King Class express passenger locomotives. Collett's predecessor, George Jackson Churchward had delivered to the GWR from Swindon a series of class leading and innovative locomotives, arguably by the early 1920s the Great Western‘s 2-cylinder and 4-cylinder 4-6-0 designs were superior to the locomotives of the other railway groupings. In 1922 Churchward retired, Collett inherited a legacy of excellent standardised designs. But, with costs rising and revenues falling, there was a need to rationalise the number of pre-grouping designs and to develop more powerful locomotives. Collett was a practical development engineer and he took Churchward's designs and developed them - the Hall from the Saint class, the Castle from the Star, he was responsible for more humble locomotives, such as many of the pannier tank classes. In 1926, something bigger than the Castle class was required to haul heavy expresses at an average speed of 60 miles per hour.

General Manager Sir Felix Pole told Collett to proceed with the design and construction of a "Super-Castle". The result was the King class 4-6-0 design which emerged from Swindon works in June 1927, designed to the maximum loading gauge allowed by the GWR's broad gauge legacy; the locomotive had dimensions never seen, represented the ultimate development of Churchward's four cylinder concept. It was the heaviest, had the highest tractive effort of any 4-6-0 locomotive to run in the United Kingdom; because of its scale, the King class was restricted to a limited number of the major GWR routes. In 1931, using the same maximum loading-gauge theory, Collett designed the GWR Super Saloons for use on the boat train services from London to Plymouth. A gifted, technical Engineer, who could look at existing designs and reliably improve them, Collett produced a standardized fleet of locomotives ideally suited to the GWR's requirements, he was able to extract substantial performance gains out of the Churchward designs, the Castle Class is noted for producing more power per lb of water than any locomotive built by any of the other members of the big four.

Collett has received criticism by contemporary engineers and railway historians for undertaking little innovation in his designs, instead sticking with Churchward's style in every case. Arguably this meant that by the time Collett retired the superiority of Great Western locomotives was lost to more modern designs those of William Stanier, who worked at Swindon before moving to the LMS in 1932, took Churchward's style with him but developed it in line with the progression in steam technology. Locomotives of the Great Western Railway Charles Collett

John B. Felton

John Brooks Felton was an American jurist and politician who served as the 14th Mayor of Oakland, California. Felton was the son of an almshouse superintendent in Cambridge and brother of Cornelius Conway Felton, a classics scholar at Harvard University and Samuel Morse Felton, Sr. a railroad executive. He graduated from Harvard in 1847 and served as a Greek tutor before pursuing the law, he became fluent in French and Spanish. In 1854, Felton moved to San Francisco to open a law practice with Harvard classmate, E. J. Pringle; the firm, joined by A. C. Whitcomb, became known for litigating land claims and their clients included Kelsey Hazen, José Yves Limantour, James Lick Future Congressman Binger Hermann apprenticed under Felton before moving to Oregon. Felton was a legal advisor to Levi Parsons of the San Francisco Dock and Wharf Company during Parsons' attempt to have the "Bulkhead Bill" passed. Felton campaigned unsuccessfully for a seat in the U. S. Senate in 1867 and 1874, he was Mayor of Oakland from 1869-1870 and a Presidential Elector for California during the 1868, 1872, 1876 Presidential Elections.

Felton was the first President of the Board of Trustees of Toland Medical College and was tasked with obtaining the school's charter, which he failed to do. He was a regent of the University of California from its inception in 1868 until his death. Felton served as the President of the San Francisco and Oakland Railroad; the town of Felton, CA, is named after John Brooks Felton. His wife, Kate S. Baldwin, was the daughter of Joseph G. Baldwin, his law partner who served on the California Supreme Court