click links in text for more info

Shaw Direct

Shaw Direct is a direct broadcast satellite television distributor in Canada and a subsidiary of the telecommunications company Shaw Communications. As of 2010, Shaw Direct had over 900,000 subscribers, it broadcasts on Ku band from three communications satellites, Anik F1R and Anik G1 at 107.3°W, Anik F2 at 111.1°W. The company was known as Star Choice until April 15, 2009. A full list of channels carried by these three satellites is available from satellite-related sites such as Lyngsat. Anik F1 carries most mainstream English-language programming. A third planned satellite, Anik G1, was launched on April 15, 2013, later reached orbit on May 29, 2013; this new satellite provides Shaw Direct customers with access to over 210 HD channels. Shaw Direct is now based in Calgary, Alberta, its broadcast centre is in Mississauga and has call centres in Victoria, Vancouver and Montreal. August 1996: Awarded broadcasting licence. March 1997: Opened first customer care centre. March 1997: Activated their first customer, Archie Gray, who purchased a receiver for $999 with 100 digital channels when he purchased $400 worth of programming.

September 1997: Added PPV to their lineup. September 1999: Added 60 new channels to their lineup. January 2000: Launched HDTV programming with the broadcast of Super Bowl XXXIV, the first High Definition TV broadcast in Canada. August 2000: Privatized by Shaw Communications Inc. through its acquisition of Cancom. April 2001: Activated both Anik F1 and Anik E2 satellites, becoming the first Canadian provider to broadcast services from two satellites simultaneously. March 2002: Moved its head office from Lincoln, New Brunswick to Calgary, Alberta. May 2002: Sold its one millionth receiver. August 2003: Launched its first integrated High Definition receiver, the Motorola DSR500 HD. September 2003: WTSN was dropped from lineup because of the channel's demise. February 2004: Added 16 additional standard-definition channels to their lineup, including 2 high-definition ones. July 2004: Announced the expansion of new channels as a result of the launch of the Anik F2 satellite. May 2005: Launched the dual tuner High Definition Digital Video Recorder.

November 2005: TCM is introduced to the Canadian market for the first time. September 1, 2006: AMC was debuted in Canada on Star Choice and Shaw Cable. October 2006: A&E HD, Discovery HD and SRC HD launch on October 12, 2006. Super Écran HD launches October 30, 2006, bringing the total amount of free HD channels to 15. December 2006: Showcase HD and National Geographic Channel HD launch on December 19, 2006 bringing the total amount of free HD channels to 17. January 2007: Launched the DSR317 receiver, featuring a faster processor than previous Standard Definition receivers, picture-in-guide. Super station WGN was swapped for the local Chicago feed on January 17, 2007. February 2007: Launched the DSR207 receiver, featuring a faster processor than previous Standard Definition receivers, picture-in-guide. March 2007: Star Choice announces the addition of GOL-TV, WFN, WGN HD and HD Net. March 2007: Star Choice celebrates its 10 Year Anniversary. June 2007: Séries+ HD and Vie HD launch on May 31, 2007.

Much Music and TLN move to essentials and PunchMuch is removed. Casino and Gaming Television was added on June 2007 to the essentials package. July/August 2007: A new interactive program guide was deployed to all DSR505's and DVR530's; the new interactive program guide introduced new features such as instant on capability, support for Open TV and support for 8PSK modulation. September 2007: PPV HD, MMore HD, Movie Central 2 HD, Canal Z and ABC West HD were added to the line-up. October 2007: Added NHL Centre Ice package to the line-up. December 2007: Teletoon Retro English was added to the line-up. Viewer's Choice and Canal Indigo PPV were both dropped from the lineup in favour of Shaw PPV. February 2008: Speed Channel HD, NASCAR Hot Pass and Wild TV were added to the line-up. March 2008: Port Cinema, Port Food, Port Kids, Port Select and Port World are dropped from the lineup because of the demise of the channels. May 2008: Sun TV Toronto, City TV Winnipeg, Global Maritimes, CBC Saskatchewan are dropped from the lineup.

August 2008: TFO was dropped from the line-up. September 2008: TSN2 and TSN2 HD was added to the line-up. October 2008: HBO Canada 1, HBO Canada 1 HD, HBO Canada 2, HBO Canada 2 HD and The FRAME HD were added to the line-up. X-Treme Sports is dropped from the lineup because of the demise of the channel. December 2008: Star Choice launched the DSR209 receiver. Big Ten Network and Big Ten Network HD was added to the line-up. CMT and YTV move to their Essentials package. January 2009: Star Choice celebrates the sale of its 2 millionth receiver; the Accessible Channel launches. February 2009: Star Choice launched the DSR319 receiver. April 15, 2009: Star Choice becomes Shaw Direct. April 30, 2009: Shaw Direct drops the Buffalo, New York TV stations NBC Buffalo, WIVB-TV and WKBW-TV, the Detroit Fox station WJBK-TV. July 2009: TV Land Canada, Court TV Canada and BBC Kids are dropped from the lineup. However, rival Bell TV continues to use these channels. October 2009: The Score HD launched, DIY Network launched to replace Fine Living Canada.

November 2009: Nickelodeon Canada launched to replace Discovery Kids Canada. March 1, 2010: Sex TV and Drive-In Classics will be removed from the Shaw Direct lineup

William Penn School District

For other educational establishments with a similar name please see William Penn School The William Penn School District is a large suburban, public school district located in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. It comprises eight elementary schools, one middle school, one alternative school, one high school, based on two campuses; the district serves the boroughs of Aldan, Darby, East Lansdowne and Yeadon. The district is adjacent to the City of Philadelphia; the total enrollment is about 5,610. The district encompasses 5 square miles. According to 2000 local census data, it serves a resident population of 42,457. According to District officials, in school year 2005–06 the WPSD provided basic educational services to 5,359 pupils through the employment of 375 teachers, 151 full-time and part-time support personnel, 36 administrators; the district administration offices are located at 100 Green Avenue – Annex Lansdowne, PA 19050. The district was created in 1972 from the consolidation of smaller, local districts by state mandate that they merge and desegregate their schools.

High schools Penn Wood High School - occupies Cypress Street Campus and Green Avenue Campus. The William Penn School District offers: the Twilight School, a computer based credit recovery program. Middle school Penn Wood Middle School Primary schools Aldan Elementary School Report Card 2010 Ardmore Avenue Elementary School Report Card 2010 Bell Avenue Elementary School Colwyn Elementary School Report Card 2010 East Lansdowne Elementary School Report Card 2010 Evans Elementary School Report Card 2010 Park Lane Elementary School Report Card 2010 Walnut Street Elementary School Report Card 2010 Alternative school Ombudsman The William Penn School District has been identified by the Pennsylvania Department of Education as one of the lowest-performing school districts in the state; the student achievement has remained in the bottom 5% in the commonwealth for many years. In July 2012, the Pennsylvania Department of Education released a report identifying William Penn School District schools as among the lowest-achieving public school districts for reading and mathematics in 2011.

All of the District's eleven schools are among the 15% lowest-achieving schools in the Commonwealth. Parents and students may be eligible for scholarships to transfer to another public or nonpublic school through the state's Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit Program passed in June 2012; the scholarships are limited to those students whose family's income is less than $60,000 annually, with another $12,000 allowed per dependent. Maximum scholarship award is $8,500, with special education students receiving up to $15,000 for a year's tuition. Parents pay any difference between the receiving school's tuition rate. Students may seek admission to neighboring public school districts; each year the PDE publishes the tuition rate for each individual public school district. Twenty eight public schools in Delaware County are among the lowest-achieving Pennsylvania public schools in 2011. According to the report, parents in 414 public schools were offered access to these scholarships. For the 2012–13 school year, eight public school districts in Pennsylvania had all of their schools placed on the list, including: Sto-Rox School District, Chester Upland School District, Clairton City School District, Duquesne City School District, Farrell Area School District, William Penn School District, Wilkinsburg Borough School District and Steelton-Highspire School District.

Funding for the scholarships comes from donations by businesses which receive a state tax credit for donating. Statewide academic ranking William Penn School District was ranked 488th out of 498 Pennsylvania school districts, in 2012, by the Pittsburgh Business Times; the ranking is based on student academic performance on the last three years of PSSA results in: reading, writing and science. The PSSAs are given to all children in grades 3rd through the 11th grade in high school. Adapted examinations are given to children in the special education programs. William Penn School District ranked 14th out of 15 public school districts in Delaware County; the highest ranking public school district in Delaware County was Radnor Township School District which ranked 4th statewide. 2011 - 488th 2010 - 488th 2009 - 489th 2008 - 491st 2007 - 488th of 501 school districts by the Pittsburgh Business Times. Statewide Overachievers Ranking In 2012, the Pittsburgh Business Times reported an Overachievers Ranking for 498 Pennsylvania school districts.

William Penn School District ranked 394th. In 2011, the district was 415th; the editor describes the ranking as: "a ranking answers the question - which school districts do better than expectations based upon economics? This rank takes the Honor Roll rank and adds the percentage of students in the district eligible for free and reduced-price lunch into the formula. A district finishing high on this rank is smashing expectations, any district above the median point is exceeding expectations."In 2009, the academic achievement, of the students in the William Penn School District, was in the 2nd percentile among all 500 Pennsylvania school districts Scale District Adequate Yearly Progress History In 2012, William Penn School District achieve

1915–16 in Scottish football

The 1915–16 season was the 43rd season of competitive football in Scotland and the 26th season of the Scottish Football League. For this season, Division Two was abandoned due to World War I. Champions: Celtic There was no Scottish Cup competition played. Petershill won the Junior Cup after a 2–0 win over Parkhead in the final. There were no official Scotland matches played, with the British Home Championship suspended due to World War I. Scotland did play an unofficial wartime international against England on 13 May 1916. England won 4–3 at Goodison Park, with Scotland represented by Ken Campbell, Billy Henry, Jimmy Frew, James Logan, James Galt, James Scott, James Reid, Percy Dawson, Willie Reid, Pat Allan and Willie Wilson. 1915–16 Aberdeen F. C. season 1915–16 Rangers F. C. season Association football during World War I Scottish Football Historical Archive

Evert Gummesson

Evert Gummesson is Professor Emeritus of Service Marketing and Management at the Stockholm Business School, where he was the Director of Research. He received his Ph. D. from Stockholm University, Stockholm School Economics. He is a Fellow and Honorary Doctor of Hanken School of Economics, Finland, a Fellow of the University of Tampere, Finland. Gummesson's research interest include services marketing, relationship marketing, service-dominant logic, organizational structure, grounded theory, case study methodology, other research methodologies, he is a Senior Advisory Board member for the European Journal of Marketing. Gummesson, E.. Case theory in business and management: Reinventing case study research. Sage. Gummesson, E.. Qualitative methods in management research. Sage. Gummesson, E.. Total relationship marketing. Routledge. Lovelock, C. & Gummesson, E.. Whither services marketing? In search of a new paradigm and fresh perspectives. Journal of service research, 7, 20-41. S-D Logic Award, ResearchGate S-D Logic Kotler Impact

Harry Carter Stuart

Harry Carter Stuart was a Virginia cattle breeder and trader, who served as the Democratic State Senator from the 18th District. A lifelong Democrat, Carter helped lead the Byrd Organization's policy of Massive Resistance to racial integration in Virginia's public schools. Harry C. Stuart was born in Abington to his wife Sally Preston White Stuart, his uncle Henry Carter Stuart operated the Stuart Land and Cattle Company along with Harry's father and his uncle Zed. Their family's cattle company was the largest ranching operation east of the Mississippi river for nearly a century. Harry had a brother, John W. Stuart, who served as U. S. Marshal for the Western District of Virginia during the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration. Harry C. Stuart studied at the Cluster Springs Academy, Virginia Military Institute and for a year at Hampden-Sydney College, he married Marion Lee Cobbs Stuart Harry C. Stuart began his career as a livestock dealer in 1909, with the family's Stuart Land & Cattle Company. During World War I, he served with the U.

S. Army Infantry's 81st Division overseas; the huge cattle and farming operations, the oldest in the country, employed thousands of local people in several southwest Virginia counties. Harry C. Stuart was active in many dairymen's associations, the Elk Gardens Farm Products Corporation, the Virginia Beef Cattle Breeders Association, a steward in the Methodist Church; the Future Farmers of America gave him an award in 1959. He lived in a mansion called Rosedale in Elk Garden, which his uncle Governor H. C. Stuart had built. Harry C. Stuart was affiliated with the Byrd Organization. In 1940, voters of Buchanan and Tazewell Counties elected him to the Virginia State Senate, District 18, replacing Jack W. Witten, he was re-elected six times, serving until his death shortly before the special session in 1963. In 1956 Harry C. Stuart assisted the Massive Resistance policy of U. S. Senator Harry F. Byrd over integration of Virginia's public schools by introducing an interposition resolution, asserting Virginia's sovereignty against encroachment by the federal government.

That reacted against the United States Supreme Court decisions in Brown v. Board of Education in 1954 and 1955. Though Virginia' official response to Brown was a commission under State Senator Garland Gray to study options, Harry C. Stuart and U. S. Senator Byrd became radicalized; when the legislature met in August 1956, it debated a radicalized segregationist version of the Gray Commission plan, which became known as the Stanley plan. That in part proposed to fund segregation academies through tuition grants, was sponsored by Harry C. Stuart in the Virginia Senate as well as delegate H. Stuart Carter of Washington County and Bristol in the House of Delegates, although opposed by his cousin state senator Stuart B. Carter. Stuart died shortly before the 1963 special legislative session and was replaced by George F. Barnes. However, after the 1964 reapportionment, the district renumbered the 17th was represented by Donald A. McGlothin Sr. although the district boundaries were again redrawn for the 1966 election and Barnes won election to the 16th District and Macon M. Long was elected to the 15th District.

All of these counties are now in the 38th District. In 1984, Marion Stuart was interred beside her husband Harry Stuart at the Russell Memorial Cemetery in Lebanon, Virginia, his father Dale C. Stuart and uncle Governor H. C. Stuart are buried there, but his opponent cousin in the Massive Resistance battle, Stuart B. Carter is buried in Fairview cemetery in Buchanan, Virginia

John Graydon

Vice-Admiral John Graydon was an English officer of the Royal Navy. He was active during the War of the Spanish Succession. In June 1686 Graydon was appointed lieutenant of HMS Charles Galley. In her he took part in the battle of Bantry Bay on 1 May 1689, was shortly afterwards promoted to HMS Defiance, which he commanded in the battle of Beachy Head, 30 June 1690. In 1692 he commanded HMS Hampton Court in the action at Barfleur. From 1694 to 1695 he was appointed Commander-in-Chief and with the grand fleet through 1695. From 1695 to 1697 he commanded HMS Vanguard with the grand fleet. In April 1701 in HMS Assistance he convoyed the trade to Newfoundland, seeing the trade thence into the Mediterranean was back in England by the spring of 1702. In June, while in command of HMS Triumph at Portsmouth, he was promoted to be rear-admiral of the blue, ordered out to join Sir George Rooke on the coast of Spain, he was with him in the attempt on Cadiz, in the destruction of the enemy's ships at the Battle of Vigo Bay.

The following January he was promoted to be vice-admiral of the white, appointed commander-in-chief of a squadron sent out to the Jamaica Station. He sailed with special orders to make the best of his way out, to collect such force, both of ships and troops, as might be available, going north to reduce the French settlement of Placentia. A few days after he sailed, on 18 March, he fell in with a squadron of four French ships of force inferior to the five with him. Graydon, considered that he was bound by his instructions to avoid all chances of delay, he arrived at Barbados on 12 May, at Jamaica on 4 June but the necessity of refitting, the condition of several of the ships, some of, long on the station, the want of stores, the bad feeling with the locals, all combined to delay the expedition. It did not reach Newfoundland till the beginning of August. From that time for thirty days it was enveloped in a dense fog. On 24 September the fleet accordingly sailed for England; the expedition had been an evident failure, the neglect to engage the French squadron passed on the outward voyage appeared culpable.

He was condemned on hearsay. Graydon was cashiered, his pension was stopped, he was not reinstated, he died on 12 March 1726. His portrait, a half-length by Sir Godfrey Kneller, is in the Painted Hall at Greenwich, to which it was presented by George IV. Cundall, Frank. Historic Jamaica. West India Committee; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Graydon, John". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900