Shawn Michaels

Michael Shawn Hickenbottom, better known by his ring name Shawn Michaels, is an American retired professional wrestler and television presenter. Regarded as one of the greatest professional wrestlers in history, he is known by the nicknames "Heartbreak Kid" and "Mr. WrestleMania". Michaels wrestled for WWE the World Wrestling Federation, from 1988 until a back injury forced his first retirement in 1998, he performed in non-wrestling roles for the next two years and returned to the ring for a match in his own Texas Wrestling Academy in 2000. Michaels resumed his wrestling career with WWE in 2002 and retired ceremoniously in 2010, before being assigned as a trainer in 2016, he returned for a final match in 2018. In the WWF/WWE, Michaels headlined pay-per-view events between 1989 and 2018, closing the company's flagship annual event, WrestleMania, five times, he was the co-founder and original leader of the successful stable, D-Generation X. Michaels wrestled in the American Wrestling Association, where he founded The Midnight Rockers with Marty Jannetty in 1985.

After winning the AWA World Tag Team Championship twice, the team continued to the WWF as The Rockers and had a high-profile breakup in January 1992. Within the year, Michaels twice challenged for the WWF Championship and won his first Intercontinental Championship, heralding his arrival as one of the industry's premier singles stars. Michaels is a four-time world champion, having held the WWF Championship three times and WWE's World Heavyweight Championship once, he is a two-time Royal Rumble winner, the first WWF Grand Slam Champion and the fourth WWF Triple Crown Champion, as well as a two time WWE Hall of Fame. Michaels won the Pro Wrestling Illustrated "Match of the Year" reader vote a record eleven times, his match against John Cena on April 23, 2007, was ranked by WWE as the best match aired on the company's flagship Raw program. Hickenbottom was born on July 1965 in Chandler, Arizona; the last of four children – Randy and Shari are his older siblings – he was raised in a military family and spent a brief part of his early years in Reading, England, but grew up in San Antonio, Texas.

As a child, Hickenbottom disliked the name Michael, so his family and friends just called him Shawn. Since, he has been referred to as Shawn. Additionally, Hickenbottom moved around since his father was in the military, he knew he wanted to become a professional wrestler at the age of twelve and said he performed a wrestling routine in his high school's talent show, complete with fake blood. Hickenbottom was an athlete, he was a stand-out linebacker at Randolph High School on Randolph Air Force Base and became captain of the football team. After graduating, Hickenbottom attended Southwest Texas State University in San Marcos, but soon realized that college life was not for him, he began pursuing a career in professional wrestling. Hickenbottom began to train under Mexican professional wrestler Jose Lothario. During his training, Hickenbottom adopted the ring name, "Shawn Michaels". After his training with Lothario, he debuted as Shawn Michaels with the National Wrestling Alliance's Mid-South Wrestling territory on October 16, 1984, against Art Crews, losing to Crews via swinging neckbreaker.

Michaels's performance in his debut match impressed many veterans, including Terry Taylor. In January 1985, he debuted for World Class Championship Wrestling, the NWA territory in Dallas, Texas. In April 1985, Michaels went to work for another NWA territory in Kansas City called Central States Wrestling. There, he and tag team partner Marty Jannetty defeated The Batten Twins for the NWA Central States Tag Team Championship losing it back to the Battens. After leaving Kansas City, he returned to Texas to wrestle for Texas All-Star Wrestling. During his time with TASW, Michaels replaced Nick Kiniski in the American Breed tag team, teaming with Paul Diamond. Michaels and Diamond were awarded the TASW Tag Team Championship by Chavo Guerrero Sr; the team was renamed American Force. While in TASW, Michaels and Diamond feuded with Japanese Force. Michaels made his national-level debut, as Sean Michaels, at the age of 20 in the American Wrestling Association, in a victory over Buddhakhan on ESPN, he was once again teamed with Marty Jannetty, billed as The Midnight Rockers.

The Midnight Rockers won the AWA World Tag Team Championship. In 1987, The Rockers were signed by a competing promotion: the World Wrestling Federation, they were fired from WWF two weeks for a bar incident. They returned to AWA, where they won the AWA tag team titles for a second time, but were re-signed by WWF a year later; the Rockers redebuted at a WWF live event on July 7, 1988. Due to WWF chairman Vince McMahon's desire to have his performers carry WWF-exclusive ring names and Jannetty were renamed, as The Rockers; the team proved popular with both children and women and was a mid-card stalwart of television and pay-per-view shows for the next two years. During this time, Michaels headlined his first pay-per-view for the WWF when The Rockers were involved in the 4-on-4 Survivor Series match main event of the 1989 Survivor Series. On October 30, 1990, The Rockers unofficially won the WWF Tag Team Championship from The Hart Foundation, as Neidhart, half of the championship team, was in the process of negotiating his release from the company.

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Printing out the Internet

Printing out the Internet is a work of art created by poet and uncreative writer, Kenneth Goldsmith, with the help of LABOR and UbuWeb. In May 2013, Goldsmith asked for people to print out pages from the Internet and send it to an art gallery, LABOR in Mexico City, over “Printing out the Internet” Tumblr for an exhibition from 26 July to 30 August 2013. Goldsmith dedicated a 500 square meter space with a six meter tall ceiling to the exhibit, filled with ten tons of paper during the exhibit. Aaron Swartz, a programmer and Internet activist, inspired the project in his movement to liberate information, making academic files available in the public domain for free; the exhibit was controversial due to the environmental impact entailed with printing out the Internet and the copyrighted materials included in the exhibit. In 2013, Kenneth Goldsmith called for people to send pages printed from the internet to the art gallery, LABOR, located in Mexico City. Ten tons of paper submitted 20,000 contributors filled at 1,100 square meter room, after the exhibition the paper was recycled.

250,000 pages of JSTOR articles were submitted in Printing out the Internet exhibit in honor of Aaron Swartz, an internet activist that pushed to have more information made public on the Internet information from the legal system. These unpurchased materials were worth $353,229.00. Kenneth Goldsmith is an author and artist that teaches in the English Department at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Goldsmith was born in 1961 in New York, he graduated from the Rhode Island School of Design in 1984 with a BFA in Sculpture. He is the founding editor of UbuWeb and has written a variety of books, including Uncreative Writing: Managing Language in the Digital Age and Against Expression: An Anthology of Conceptual Writing. Kenneth Goldsmith engages in uncreative writing. One example is his book, that composed of descriptions of traffic reports of the Brooklyn Bridge every ten minutes over the course of twenty-four hours. Aaron Swartz was an Internet activist and programmer that inspired the project, Printing out the Internet.

Swartz downloaded millions of academic articles from the JSTOR database. Earlier, Swartz had published court documents from PACER that charge a fee for downloading the files. Federal prosecutors mounted a case against Swartz, he was arrested in January 2011 by the MIT police. JSTOR asked for the case to be dropped in light of Swartz's apology. In January 2013, Swartz declined a plea bargain for a six-month sentence in jail, opposed to the 35-month sentence and $1 million in fines, he was found dead in his apartment on January 11, 2013. A Dutch Web consultant, Maurice de Kunder, calculated that the Internet consists of 4.7 billion pages of searchable Web. Each webpage is 6.5 printed pages. To print the Internet it would take about 305.5 billion pages. This paper equates to 74.6 million copies of the Harry Potter series, 212.2 million copies of War and Peace, 256.3 million copies of Women and Men, 276.7 million copies of Infinite Jest, or 280.8 million copies of Atlas Shrugged. 20,000 contributors submitted ten tons of paper to the exhibit.

Goldsmith's project, Printing out the Internet, inspired other works of art and a marathon group reading of the entire Internet. On 6 July 2013, Goldsmith held a marathon reading of the work submitted to his exhibit starting at 6 PM. There was a sign-up for half hour time slots for people to read. In July,aA PhD piano composer at the University of York wrote Goldsmith in an email, asking to use text from the "Printing out the Internet" Tumblr in a music piece; the composer wanted to use a combination of criticisms about Printing out the Internet and Goldsmith's responses in the piece. There were a number of controversies surrounding the project. One controversy was the environmental issues associated with the resources used to print out the internet; when Goldsmith announced his project, Printing out the Internet, people expressed concern with the potential environmental impact that the project may have. Goldsmith announced that he plans to recycle the paper after the exhibit, but there are environmental impacts that the act of printing of the Internet would have.

Logging and transportation of paper all require energy and produce carbon dioxide emissions. Trees help to sequester carbon dioxide, acting as carbon sinks, cutting down trees increases carbon dioxide emissions and decreases the amount of carbon that can be sequestered from the atmosphere. Printing itself uses energy, which produces carbon emissions. Environmentalists are concerned with the contribution of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, to global warming. There is waste generated from non-paper products, such as plastic and ink waste from ink cartridges. Justin Swanhart started a petition called, “Please don’t print out the Internet,” asking Goldsmith to not continue with his project in light of the environmental impact that printing out the internet would have. Swanhart collected 475 signatures on the petition. Goldsmith acknowledged the petition on the Tumblr account created for the project and chose to continue the project. Printing out the Internet - Tumblr site

Robert McCracken (footballer)

Robert McCracken known as Roy McCracken, was a Northern Irish professional footballer who played as a defender or as a wing half. He was a cousin of Billy McCracken who had a career as a professional footballer. McCracken was born in Dromore, County Down, at that time part of a united Ireland, but subsequently within the region of Northern Ireland, part of the UK, he began his youth career with local club Dromore United. In 1910, he joined Lisburn Distillery at that time known as plain Distillery or, unofficially, as Belfast Distillery, he made 118 appearances, in all competitions, between and 1920. His career was interrupted by service in World War I but he returned to play for the club thereafter. In 1920, he signed for Crystal Palace playing in the Football League Third Division in its inaugural season. Although he sustained a broken leg in December, he made 18 league appearances in 1920–21 as Palace won the title and promotion to the Football League Second Division; that season, he made his debut for the Northern Ireland national football team.

McCracken returned from injury to play in Palace's first season in the second division, making 35 appearances in the league, scoring once. Over the subsequent three seasons, he made 40, 37 and 25 league appearances but without scoring. In 1925, Palace were relegated but McCracken remained with the club for one further season, making 20 appearances, before returning to Ireland in 1926 to play for Portadown. Robert McCracken at