click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Sheepdog trial

A sheepdog trial is a competitive dog sport in which herding dogs move sheep around a field, gates, or enclosures as directed by their handlers. Such events are associated with hill farming areas, where sheep range on unfenced land; these trials take place in the United Kingdom, South Africa, Canada, the USA, New Zealand and other farming nations. Some venues allow only dogs of known; the first dog trials were held in Wanaka, New Zealand, in 1867 with reports of trials at Wanaka, Waitangi and Te Aka in 1868, at Wanaka in 1869 and Haldon Station in the Mackenzie Country in 1870. Australia has a long history of dog trialing, with a kelpie named Brutus reported in the local paper in Young, NSW, as winning a sheepdog trial in 1871. Janet Larson, in "The Versatile Border Collie," recounts the first sheepdog trials held in the United Kingdom: "The first sheepdog trial was held in Bala, Wales, on October 9, 1873, it was organized by Richard John Lloyd Price, squire of Rhiwlas Estate and friend of Sewallis Shirley, MP, founder of the Kennel Club that same year.

Ten dogs competed and over 300 spectators attended. The winner was Mr. James Thompson with Tweed, a compact and tan Scottish bred dog with a foxy face; the first Scottish sheepdog trial was held at the Carnworth Agricultural Society Show in Lanarkshire around 1874. It is reported that the winner was James Gardner of Pentland with a black and white bitch named Sly, who worked with'eye.' The prize was one pound, considerable money in those days." Trials spread in England and Scotland. From the beginning, shepherds realized that show collies becoming popular at the time lost the keen working instincts honed in working collies. In 1876, a trial was organized in Alexandra Park by the sheepman as a challenge to the show fanciers to demonstrate that show collies could still work. There were two judges for appearance; the result was a disaster for the show fanciers. Show collies barked and lost control of many sheep; the winner was a common red coated working collie named Maddie, owned by John Thomas, a Welsh shepherd.

The success of those early trials led to events in the United States in the 1880s. Today that tradition continues under the aegis of organizations such as the International Sheepdog Society in Great Britain and the United States Border Collie Handlers' Association in the United States. Today the sport continues to be popular throughout the world. In the United Kingdom, Scotland and Ireland all host national championships followed by an International Championship featuring the best dogs and handlers from each of the four, their sanctioning body, the International Sheepdog Society hosts a World Championship every three years with dogs participating from throughout the world. Among the most prestigious trials held annually today in North America are the USBCHA National Championship, held at various locations throughout North America, the Meeker Classic in Meeker and the Soldier Hollow Classic in Midway, Utah; the Soldier Hollow event, held on Labor Day weekend features competitors from around the world and boasts the world's biggest annual crowd with 26,400 attending in 2009.

Through 2009 competitors representing 16 countries and 6 continents have competed at Soldier Hollow. Events vary with different courses being predominant in different parts of the world. In the United Kingdom, North America and in Southern Africa, the British Course is most common. In Australia, there are several events, but the key element is the control of three to six sheep by one or two trained dogs under the control of a single handler. Both time and obedience play a part, as competitors are penalized if a sheep strays from the prescribed course. Another popular event involves having the dog split six sheep into two groups of three and conducting each group in turn to small pens through a defined course by heading dogs; the group not being led is guarded by one of an eye-dog. This is more difficult than it sounds because the two groups of sheep invariably try to stay together. Yard Dog Trials are gaining in popularity. In these competitions dogs are required to move sheep through several yards, including a drafting race and sometimes into and out of a truck, with minimum assistance.

The exact layout of the trial field can vary significantly. Most experienced handlers agree that there are certain elements that are important to ensure that the challenge to the dog and handler is a fair and complete test. For USBCHA-sanctioned trials, these elements include: The dog must leave the handler and fetch sheep that are some distance away The dog must take control of the sheep and bring them to the handler It is against the dog's instinct to drive the sheep away from the handler so an away drive is a good test and should be included The dog and handler should be able to combine to move the sheep into a confined space a pen but in some trials they are asked to load them onto a vehicle. Other popular test elements that are added include: The dog must separate the group into two groups in a controlled way in accordance with the instructions from the judge; this may involve some sheep being marked and the dog and handler working together to separate them from the rest or some variation of that.

This is known as shedding and is always required to be done in a ring marked out on the ground. Singling is an

Guadalupe Peak

Guadalupe Peak known as Signal Peak, is the highest natural point in Texas, with an elevation of 8,751 feet above sea level. It is located in Guadalupe Mountains National Park, is part of the Guadalupe Mountains range in southeastern New Mexico and West Texas; the mountain is about 90 miles east of El Paso and about 50 miles southwest of New Mexico. The peak rises more than 3,000 feet above the arid floor of the Chihuahuan Desert; the peak can be climbed by a maintained stony trail with a 3,000 feet elevation gain at any time of the year. The trail is part of the network of hiking trails in the surrounding national park. A stainless steel pyramid marks the summit, it was erected by American Airlines in 1958 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Butterfield Overland Mail, a stagecoach route that passed south of the mountain. One side of the pyramid has the American Airlines logo; the second side displays a U. S. Postal Service tribute to the Pony Express Riders of the Butterfield Stage; the third side displays a compass with the logo of the Boy Scouts of America.

A summit register contained in a metal ammunition box is located at the base of the pyramid. List of mountain peaks of North America List of mountain peaks of the United States List of U. S. states by elevation "Guadalupe Mountains National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 2011-05-21. "Guadalupe Peak". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2001-05-24. "Guadalupe Peak". SummitPost.org. Retrieved 2011-05-21. "Guadalupe Peak Trip Report". High-Powered Planet. Retrieved 2011-11-14

Lynching of Laura and L. D. Nelson

Laura and L. D. Nelson were an African-American mother and son who were lynched on May 25, 1911, near Okemah, Okfuskee County, Oklahoma, they had been seized from their cells in the Okeham county jail the night before by a group of up to 40 white men including Charley Guthrie, father of the folk singer Woody Guthrie. The Associated Press reported, she and L. D. were hung from a bridge over the North Canadian River. According to one source, Laura had a baby with her. Laura and L. D. were in jail because L. D. had been accused of having shot and killed Okemah's deputy sheriff, George Loney, during a search of the Nelsons' farm for a stolen cow. L. D. and Laura were both charged with murder. Her husband, pleaded guilty to larceny and was sent to the relative safety of the state prison in McAlester, while his wife and son were held in the county jail until their trial. Sightseers gathered on the bridge on the morning of the lynching. George Henry Farnum, the owner of Okemah's only photography studio, took photographs, which were distributed as postcards, a common practice at the time.

Although the district judge convened a grand jury, the killers were never identified. Four of Farnum's photographs are known to have survived—two spectator scenes and one close-up view each of L. D. and Laura. Three of the images were published in 2000 and exhibited at the Roth Horowitz Gallery in New York by James Allen, an antique collector; the images of Laura Nelson are the only known surviving photographs of a black female lynching victim. Historian Amy Louise Wood writes about lynchings: Compared to other forms of terror and intimidation that African-Americans were subject to under Jim Crow, lynching was an infrequent and extraordinary occurrence. Black men and women were much more to become victims of personal assault, murder, or rape than lynching... Despite, or because of, its relative rarity, lynching held a singular psychological force, generating a level of fear and horror that overwhelmed all other forms of violence. Lynching could involve victims being hanged furtively at night by a small group or during the day in front of hundreds or thousands of witnesses.

The whole community might attend. An audience of 10,000, including the mayor and chief of police, was said to have attended the lynching of Jesse Washington in Waco, Texas, in 1916; as well as being hanged, victims were sometimes burned alive. Most perpetrators were white and the victims black; the political message—the promotion of white supremacy and black powerlessness—was an important element of the ritual, so that the quieter lynchings might be photographed and the images published as postcards. According to the Tuskegee Institute, 4,745 people are recorded as having been lynched in the United States between 1882 and 1964. Lynching came to be associated with the Deep South. Between 1882 and 1903, 125 black-on-black lynchings were recorded in 10 southern states, as were four cases of whites being lynched by blacks. There were 115 recorded cases of women lynched between 1851 and 1946. Women were lynched as associates of men who were being lynched. Oklahoma Territory was said in 1892 by the governor of Oklahoma to be "about 85 per cent white, 10 per cent colored and 5 per cent Indians".

It was awarded statehood with laws that enshrined racial segregation. In 1911 the local school had one black. There were 147 recorded lynchings in Oklahoma between 1885 and 1930; until segregation in 1907, most victims were highwaymen. In all, 77 victims were white, 50 black, 14 American Indians, five unknown, one Chinese. Five women—two black, two white, one other—were lynched in Oklahoma in four incidents between 1851 and 1946; the Nelsons lived on a farm six miles north of Paden, Oklahoma, a African-American town. Austin Nelson was born in Waco, Texas, in 1873. According to historian Frances Jones-Sneed, his parents and Rhoda Nelson, had been born into slavery in Georgia. Austin and Laura married in 1896. In 1900 the extended family moved to Oklahoma. According to Jones-Sneed and Austin were listed in the 1910 census as having two children, L. D. aged 13, Carrie, aged two. It is not known, she was the baby one witness said survived the lynching. Around 35 years old when he died, Deputy Sheriff George H. Loney had lived in Paden for several years and was held in the highest regard, according to The Okemah Ledger.

Described by the newspaper as a fearless man, he was known for having helped to stop the practice of bootlegging in Paden, on behalf of supporters of the local temperance movement. He became a state enforcement officer deputy sheriff, he was buried in Lincoln County near Paden on May 4, 1911. The Ledger wrote. George Loney formed a posse consisting of himself, Constable Cliff Martin, Claude Littrell and Oscar Lane, after a steer was stolen from Littrell's property in Paden

Angel of Retribution

Angel of Retribution is the fifteenth studio album by British heavy metal band Judas Priest, released in 2005. It is the band's first album since 1990's Painkiller to feature Rob Halford; the album debuted at No. 13 on the US Billboard 200 chart, which makes it the fourth highest chart of a Judas Priest album. The album was produced by Roy Z, who co-wrote the song "Deal with the Devil", it won a 2005 Metal Hammer award for Best Album. In the 2005 Burrn! magazine Readers' Pop Poll, it was voted Best Album of the Year and Best Album Cover. Angel of Retribution was scheduled to be released in late 2004, but the label changed the release date to early 2005, hoping for better sales. Early pressings have the year 2004 printed on the covers. In a descriptive detail about the album, Glenn Tipton explains, "We've got a lot of energy. We’re firing on all cylinders and it's obvious on this album. I think. A lot of people who have listened to it have said. You couldn't date it." Rob Halford adds, "That decade that we were out of each other's company just seems to have vanished in smoke.

When we got together to begin writing the new material for'Angel of Retribution', it was a continuation of where we would have been had we made the next record after'Painkiller'. All the pieces were in place."Six of the album's songs have been performed live, with "Hellrider", "Deal With the Devil", "Worth Fighting For" and "Revolution" only appearing on 2005 setlists. "Judas Rising" was performed in 2005 and returned for the 2011-12 and 2019 tours, "Angel" being added to the setlist in 2008-9 and reappearing for a few shows in 2018. Within the album, nods to the sound of past albums and songs are found, as well as lyrics that reference earlier songs; the song "Demonizer" references both "The Hellion" from Screaming for Vengeance, as well as "Painkiller" from Painkiller. "Hellrider" mentions the title track of Ram It Down, "Tyrant" from Sad Wings of Destiny. "Eulogy" references "Stained Class" and "The Sentinel" from the albums Stained Class and Defenders of the Faith, respectively. "Worth Fighting For" acts as a sequel/prequel to "Desert Plains" from Point of Entry.

The song "Deal With the Devil" can be viewed as an autobiography of Judas Priest, telling their origins from the Black Country of England's West Midlands, mentioning their transitory days gigging around England and practising at the Church of Holy Joseph in Walsall, where Judas Priest was born. "Deal With the Devil" mentions the song "Blood Red Skies" from Ram It Down and "Take on the World" from Killing Machine. The album was released on the DualDisc format which had traditional CD content on one side and DVD content on the other side; the DVD side of this album featured a documentary entitled "Reunited" as well as the entire album in an enhanced audio format. In Japan, it was released as a 2-disc set containing DVD video. All tracks written by Rob Halford, K. K. Downing and Glenn Tipton except where noted Credits adapted from liner notes: Official album website

Blood and Ties

Blood and Ties is a 2013 South Korean crime-thriller film written and directed by Guk Dong-seok, starring Son Ye-jin and Kim Kap-soo. It follows a budding journalist who suspects that her doting father may have been the culprit in a kidnap-murder case 15 years ago. Da-eun is set to become a newspaper reporter, she lives with her father Son-man who lovingly refers to her as "my heart." Although her father does menial work, Da-eun is proud of him. One day, Da-eun goes to the movies with her boyfriend friend Bo-ra, they watch a movie based on a real-life unsolved crime: A boy was kidnapped and the kidnapper demanded ransom from the parents, but the child was found dead. The only clue the police had to the killer's identity was the ransom phone call he made to the parents. At the end of the film, they play the actual recorded audio from that phone call. Da-eun freezes; when Da-eun gets back home, she looks up the crime that took place nearly 15 years ago on the internet. Awash with horror and guilt for suspecting her father, she begins to look into his past with only a few days remaining before the statute of limitations lapses on the unsolved crime.

As the relationship between father and daughter wrenches apart due to mounting distrust, a man from Son-man's past appears. Blood and Ties was released in theaters on October 24, 2013, it topped the box office during its opening weekend. It reached 1 million admissions in eight days, at the end of its run, totaled 1,766,283 admissions with a gross of ₩12,333,094,882; the film received a limited North American release, opening in six cities in the U. S. and Canada. It screened at the CGV Cinema in Los Angeles on November 1, 2013, followed by Vancouver's Cineplex Silvercity, New York City's AMC Bay Terrace, Atlanta's AMC Colonial, Honolulu's Consolidated Pearlri and Toronto's Yonge-Dundas on November 8. Official website Blood and Ties at the Korean Movie Database Blood and Ties on IMDb Blood and Ties at HanCinema

Adolf Jensen

Adolf Jensen was a German pianist and music teacher, was the brother of Gustav Jensen, a violinist and composer. Jensen was born in 1837 in Königsberg to a family of musicians. Although self-taught, he had instruction from Louis Ehlert, Louis Köhler and Friedrich Marpurg. Marpurg was the director of the Königsberg Theater and the great-grandson of the music theorist Friedrich Wilhelm Marpurg. In 1856 Jensen went to Russia to teach in the hope of earning enough money to take lessons with Robert Schumann with whom he had been in correspondence. However, Schumann had died in the interim. In 1857 he became. From 1858 until 1860 he lived in befriended Niels Gade, he composed much of his music during that time. He taught advanced piano at Carl Tausig's "Schule des höherin Clavierspiels" in Berlin from 1866 until 1868 when serious illness forced him to retire, he went to Dresden, to Graz in 1870 and to Baden-Baden where he died of tuberculosis at the age of 42. Jensen wrote about 160 art songs as well as choral pieces.

His music for piano includes a Sonata in F-sharp minor, a set of 25 Études, Erotikon, Op. 44, seven pieces depicting scenes from Greek legends. He wrote music for piano four hands, his orchestral music consisted of a Concert Overture in a Geistliches Tonstück. He did not finish it. After his death, Wilhelm Kienzl adapted the music to a new libretto, written by Jensen's daughter Elsbeth, who wrote under the pseudonym "Egbert Jensen". Petty, Wayne C.. "Brahms, Adolf Jensen and the Problem of the Multi-Movement Work". Music Analysis, Vol. 22, No. 1/2, pp. 105–137. Wiley Free scores by Adolf Jensen at the International Music Score Library Project Audio: "Lehn' deine Wang' an meine Wang'" by Jensen sung by George Hamlin, recorded in 1912 on the Victor label