Alan Roger Davies is an English stand-up comedian and actor. He has played the title role in the BBC mystery drama series Jonathan Creek since 1997, has been the only permanent panellist on the BBC panel show QI since 2003, outlasting hosts Stephen Fry and Sandi Toksvig who took over after Fry's exit. Davies was born in Essex, his childhood years were spent in Chingford. When Davies was six, his mother died from leukaemia and he was raised by his father. Davies attended Staples Road School in Loughton and was educated at the independent Bancroft's School in Woodford Green, where he gained eight O-Levels, he moved on to Loughton College of Further Education where he gained four more O-Levels and two A-Levels. He graduated in Drama & Theatre Studies from the University of Kent in 1988, was awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the university in 2003. Davies began performing stand-up comedy in 1988 at the Whitstable Labour Club. In 1991, he was named Time Out's Best Young Comic, he continued touring and performing in the UK and Australia, winning the Edinburgh Festival Critics Award for Comedy in 1994.
That show was released on video and audio cassette in 1995 as Alan Davies Live at the Lyric recorded at the Lyric Theatre as part of the Perrier Pick of the Fringe season in October 1994. A version of his show'Urban Trauma', which ran in the West End at the Duchess Theatre and toured the UK and Australia, was shown on BBC One in 1998. In 2012, Davies planned a new tour called "Life is Pain"; the title for this show came from a story he heard about a six-year-old girl being told off by her mother and responding "Life is pain". Davies said "This made me laugh"; the tour was broadcast on Dave. In 1994 and 1995, Davies hosted Alan's Big One for three series on Radio 1 before appearing in Channel 4's spoof travel show One for the Road, he played the title role in Jonathan Creek, as a trick-deviser for a stage magician with a side interest in solving crimes, between 1997 and 2004. Jonathan Creek won a BAFTA for Best Drama and was the show which brought Davies to mainstream attention. On New Year's Day 2009, a special episode of Jonathan Creek, "The Grinning Man", was broadcast on the BBC.
Davies returned to Creek at Easter 2010 for a one-off episode, "The Judas Tree". However, the programme did return in Easter 2013 for the episode of "The Clue of the Savant's Thumb". Davies has confirmed in an interview. Davies co-wrote and starred in his own radio sitcom, The Alan Davies Show, in 1998. Cassettes of the show were produced and released by the BBC, with episodes broadcast on the digital radio station BBC7, he played Russell Boyd in the BBC comedy A Many Splintered Thing in 1998 and 2000. In 2001 Davies played Robert Gossage in Bob and Rose, a comedy drama about a gay man falling for a woman, he won the Best Actor award at the Monte Carlo TV Festival for his performance. He played Jack the dog in the radio sitcom About a Dog. In 2003, Davies appeared as a Star in a Reasonably-Priced Car on Top Gear with a time of 1:54 in wet conditions, he returned in Series 8 with 1:50.3 in dry conditions. During a period from the mid-1990s to 2002, Davies advertised for Abbey National. Davies took on a less comedic role in 2004, starring as Henry Farmer, a maverick barrister, in ITV Sunday night drama The Brief, for two series.
Subsequent drama roles include Superintendent Mallard in Agatha Christie's Marple, as well as appearances in The Good Housekeeping Guide, Roman Road and Hotel Babylon. He argued the case for John Lennon as the greatest Briton of all time on the BBC's Great Britons series in 2002. In 2007, Davies starred in the second episode of ITV's You Don't Know You're Born and on The Unbelievable Truth, he has appeared in an episode of the BBC science programme Horizon in which Professor Marcus du Sautoy attempted to introduce him to elements of mathematical thought, broadcast on BBC Two on 31 March 2009. He went on to appear in Horizon for a second time in November 2009, this time leading the episode — du Sautoy returned as a guest speaker. On 16 May 2010, Davies appeared in "Your Sudden Death Question", an episode of the ITV detective series Lewis, as Marcus Richard, a scamming quizmaster at a competition held in an Oxford college, at which some of the contestants are murdered. In September 2010, he began a three-part documentary series Alan Davies' Teenage Revolution based on his autobiographical book My Favourite People and Me, 1978–88.
In September 2010, a BBC comedy series entitled Whites starring Davies as a chef premiered. It was however cancelled after this first series, it is believed to have been a victim of the cuts at the BBC subsequent to the reduced licence fee settlement. In April 2011, Davies appeared as the guest on the return of the ABC TV conversation program A Quiet Word With.... In 2011 Davies was one of the judges on the ITV programme Show Me The Funny, a talent contest for new and aspiring stand-up comedy performers. In September 2012, Davies made his first appearance on Channel 4's Big Fat Quiz series, winning The Big Fat Quiz of the'90s alongside Phill Jupitus. In February 2014, Davies presented a chat show Alan Davies Après-Ski on BBC Two, which looked at some of the highlights of the 2014 Winter Olympic Games, he co-hosted the Brazilian Banter podcast for ITV with Tom & Dom from Bantams Banter. The show was a satirical look at the 2014 FIFA World Cup hosted by Brazil. Since 2014, he has hosted The Dog Rescuers for Channel 5 and the chat show Alan Davies: As Yet Untitled for Dave.
He has been approached by Disney to provide the voice of Bob Godfrey for an ani
I, Claudius (TV series)
I, Claudius is a 1976 BBC Television adaptation of Robert Graves' I, Claudius and Claudius the God. Written by Jack Pulman, it starred Derek Jacobi as Claudius, with Siân Phillips, Brian Blessed, George Baker, Margaret Tyzack, John Hurt, Patricia Quinn, Ian Ogilvy, Kevin McNally, Patrick Stewart, John Rhys-Davies; the series covers the history of the early Roman Empire, told from the perspective of the elderly Emperor Claudius who narrates the series. Among many other productions and adaptations, Graves's Claudius novels have been adapted for BBC Radio 4 broadcast and for the theatre. I, Claudius follows the history of the early Roman Empire, narrated by the elderly Roman Emperor Claudius, from the year 24 BC to his death in AD 54; the series opens with Augustus, the first Emperor of Rome, attempting to find an heir, his wife, plotting to elevate her own son Tiberius to this position. An expert poisoner, Livia uses the covert assassination and betrayal of all rivals to achieve her aims, beginning with the death in 22 BC of Marcellus.
The plotting, double-crossing, murder continue for many decades, through the reign of Tiberius, the political conspiracy of his Praetorian Prefect Sejanus, the depraved rule of the lunatic emperor Caligula, culminating in the accidental rise to power of his uncle Claudius. Claudius' enlightened reign is marred by the betrayals of his adulterous wife Messalina and his boyhood friend Herod Agrippa. Claudius comes to accept the inevitability of his own assassination and consents to marrying his scheming niece, Agrippina the Younger, clearing the way for the ascension of his mad stepson, whose disastrous reign Claudius vainly hopes will bring about the restoration of the Roman Republic; the series was produced by Joan Sullivan and Martin Lisemore, directed by Herbert Wise in the studios at BBC Television Centre. Production was delayed because of complex negotiations between the BBC and the copyright holders of Alexander Korda's aborted 1937 film version; this did, give the scriptwriter Jack Pulman more time to fine-tune his script.
Filming was studio based, for artistic rather than budgetary reasons. I, Claudius was made at a low cost of £60,000 for an hour of broadcast material, in a series that had a total running time of 650 minutes. Considering pound sterling inflation, the entire show would have cost £3,960,000 in 2013; as discussed in the 2002 documentary I, Claudius: A Television Epic, the scene in episode 8, "Zeus, by Jove!" where Caligula cuts the fetus from Drusilla's womb was considered too shocking and was therefore re-edited several times on the day of its premiere by order of Bill Slater head of Serials Department. After initial broadcast and a rerun two days the shot of the fetus was removed so that the episode now ends with Claudius looking in shock and horror but without the audience seeing what he sees; the deleted shot was only shown twice in 1976 and is now lost since the BBC no longer has a copy of it. Derek Jacobi was well down the list of those considered to play Claudius – among those considered for or offered the part before him were American film star Charlton Heston and British actor-comedian Ronnie Barker.
Jacobi explained that he only secured the role after another prominent British actor who had taken the part proved to be unsuitable, had to be replaced at short notice. Brian Blessed auditioned for the role of Tiberius, but was persuaded to play Augustus instead, he recounted some of director Herbert Wise's key pieces of advice on how to play Augustus – Wise told Blessed that he should "... be as you are – full of flannel...", that he should always play Augustus as an ordinary person, because the reactions of those around him would make him the Emperor. John Hurt said; because of the time-span of the production, the fact that Derek Jacobi would be the only actor to appear in every episode, the subsequent commitments of the other actors, it was decided that rather than the customary "wrap party" at the end of the series, there would be a special pre-production party instead, to give the entire cast and crew the chance to meet. Hurt explained that series director Herbert Wise deliberately invited him to attend the party, hoping he would reconsider, that he was so impressed on meeting the cast and crew that he reversed his decision and took the part.
Siân Phillips has spoken about her initial struggle in performing the character of Livia, because she focused more on making the character sympathetic and justifying her motives rather than playing her as straightforwardly evil. "I wasn't achieving anything much... I knew it, they knew it, they would stand there and look faintly worried." Herbert Wise told her not to be afraid of playing her camp, saying to "Just be evil. The more evil you are, the funnier it is, the more terrifying it is." Wilfred Josephs wrote the title music. David Wulstan and the Clerkes of Oxenford ensemble provided the music for most episodes; the initial reception of the show in the UK was negative, with The Guardian commenting sarcastically in its first review that "there should be a society for the prevention of cruelty to actors." However, the series went on to become a huge success with audiences. During its original airing in 1976, the BBC estimated that I, Claudius had an average audience of 2,500,000 viewers per episode, based on rating surveys.
Among other awards, the series won three BAFTAs in 1977: Best Actor. Director Herbert Wise won Outstanding Contribution Award at BAFTAs in 1978. In a list of the 100 Greatest British Television Programmes drawn up by the Brit
ODEON Covent Garden is a four-screen cinema in the heart of London's West End. Known as The Saville Theatre, a former West End theatre at 135 Shaftesbury Avenue in the London Borough of Camden; the theatre opened in 1931, became a music venue during the 1960s. In 1970 it became the two cinemas ABC1 Shaftesbury Avenue and ABC2 Shaftesbury Avenue, which in 2001 were converted to the four-screen cinema Odeon Covent Garden; the theatre was designed by the architect Sir Thomas Bennett, in consultation with Bertie Crewe, opened on 8 October 1931, with a play with music by H. F. Maltby, For The Love Of Mike; the theatre benefited from a capacity of 1,426 on three levels and a stage, 31.5 feet wide, with a depth of 30.5 feet. The interior was opulent, The Stage reviewed the new theatre on its openingThe stalls bar and saloon lounge adjoining, will please the public, special care has been exercised in their equipment and decoration; the bar, which has mural paintings by Mr A. R. Thompson, is 18 ft by 54 ft in front of the counters, while the lounge, decorated by the same artist, is 42 ft by 40 ft.
There is a sort of shopping arcade in and about the lounge, as in the up-to-date hotels, it is quite big enough for tea dances or concerts. So comfortable, are the lounge and the bar at the Saville, that it is to be feared that something more than a warning bell will be necessary to clear them The theatre was damaged by bombing in 1941, but reopened allowing Up and Running by Firth Shephard to complete a run of 603 performances. In 1955, the interior was refurbished by Laurence Irving, John Collins created a new mural for the stalls bar. In 1963, a musical adaption of the Pickwick Papers premièred on 4 July 1963, featuring Harry Secombe in his first role in a musical, it was a success, remaining in the West End for two years and going on to tour the US, with a run on Broadway. Brian Epstein, manager of The Beatles and himself a former drama student, leased the theatre in 1965, presenting both plays and rock and roll shows; the venue became notorious for its Sunday night concerts. During one by Chuck Berry, members of the audience stormed the stage and the police were called to clear the theatre.
The venue saw several appearances of The Jimi Hendrix Experience, notably in August 1967, after their mini US tour and their groundbreaking Monterey Pop Festival performance. The Move and Procol Harum appeared on the bill. An eclectic mix of bands such as Nirvana, Fairport Convention, the Incredible String Band and The Bee Gees appeared there; the Beatles borrowed the Saville to make their "Hello, Goodbye" promo in November 1967, on 8 December 1967, Yoko Ono performed her The Fog Machine: Music of the Mind there, which included a projection of her film Bottoms in the men's room during the concert. The Rolling Stones played two shows on 21 December 1969; the theatre was sold in 1969, returned to presenting theatrical productions and under the new management it presented the London première of The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui, a production that brought Leonard Rossiter to public attention. The last play to be performed at the theatre was Enemy by Robert Maugham, opening for a short run in December 1969.
The Saville was converted to a two screen cinema. The conversion was undertaken by William Ryder and Associates, it opened on 22 December 1970 with ABC1 seating 616, ABC2 581. The stage area became administration offices and little of the original theatre internal structure remains. In 2001, the building was taken over by the Odeon cinema group and is now the four screen Odeon Covent Garden cinema; the exterior of the theatre retains many of the 1930s details, although the wrought iron window on the frontage has been replaced by glass blocks. A sculptured frieze by British sculptor Gilbert Bayes around the building for nearly 130 feet and represents'Drama Through The Ages'. For the Love of Mike Tell Her the Truth – musical He Wanted Adventure Jill Darling – musical Here Come the Boys Gay's the Word – musical Keep In A Cool Place – comedy by William P Templeton Valmouth – musical Zuleika – musical Expresso Bongo – Musical Progress to the Park – Play The Lord Chamberlain Regets...! – Revue Photo Finish – Play Semi-Detached – Play Pickwick – musical Cinema Treasures — Odeon Covent Garden Guide to British Theatres 1750–1950, John Earl and Michael Sell pp. 139 ISBN 0-7136-5688-3 History of the Saville Theatre With Images and original Programmes
Minder (TV series)
Minder is a British comedy-drama about the London criminal underworld. Produced by Verity Lambert, it was made by Euston Films, a subsidiary of Thames Television and shown on ITV; the original show ran for ten series between 29 October 1979 and 10 March 1994. The series was notable for using a range of leading British actors, as well as many up-and-coming performers before they hit the big time. In 2008, it was announced that Minder would go into production for broadcast in 2009 for a new version, though none of the original cast would appear in the new episodes; the new show focused on Arthur's nephew Archie, played by Shane Richie. The series began broadcast on 4 February 2009. In 2010, it was announced that no further episodes would be made following lukewarm reception to the first series; the original show starred Dennis Waterman as Terry McCann, an honest and likeable bodyguard and George Cole as Arthur Daley, a ambitious, but unscrupulous importer-exporter, used-car salesman and purveyor of anything else from which there was money to be made, whether within the law or not.
The series is principally set in inner West London, was responsible for putting the word minder, meaning personal bodyguard, into the UK popular lexicon. The characters drank at the local members-only Winchester Club, where owner and barman Dave acted unwillingly, as a message service for Arthur, turned a blind eye to his shady deals. Although developed to focus on Terry's character, as the series progressed, the focus shifted to feature Terry and Arthur more evenly, with more screen time to Arthur and his dealings. Barman Dave at first made only occasional appearances, but the rapport between Arthur and Dave become popular and by the second series he too was given more screen time: In Series 7, the final series to feature Dennis Waterman as Terry and thus the last to feature the original opening credits, the sequence was modified slightly to include shots of Terry and Dave at the Winchester, giving Edwards his own billing. In 1989, after filming the seventh series, Waterman announced he had left the series, feeling that the character had run its course, that it was becoming harder for the writers to come up with plots as sharp as the series had been accustomed to.
This seemed to signify the end, but the series made another return in 1991, with another character replacing Terry. Waterman's final broadcast episode, Series 7's coincidentally titled "The Wrong Goodbye", had closed as a standard episode, filmed before Waterman's announcement that he was to leave and so with no clue as to Terry's forthcoming departure. In the opening episode of series 8, "The Loneliness of the Long Distance Entrepreneur", Arthur finds Terry had married and emigrated to Australia to escape his influence. At the same time, he is stuck with looking after his nephew Ray Daley, at the request of Arthur's brother to give him employment and keep him out of trouble. With Terry out of the scene, local undesirables start to muscle in on Arthur, but it soon emerges that Ray is able to handle himself in a fight, indeed in a tight situation, Arthur appoints him his new "minder". Ray was portrayed as smarter, having a well expressed intelligence and basic education as well as being able to fight.
He was a snappy dresser seen in designer suits, not a heavy drinker seen sipping mineral water or soft drink. Ray did not have a regular car and was lumbered with the beaten up old blue Ford Transit from Arthur's lock-up; the original theme tune was replaced by a rock-style instrumental version, credited to "Kenny". By this stage, the rough and ready elements of the early series had been toned down, concentrating on the comedic aspects of Arthur's dodgy dealings. Waterman praised Gary Webster for fitting into the series, but was vocal in his comments that the series was no longer about a minder and that the re-vamped version should go under a different title, reflecting its orientation solidly around Arthur. Other new characters in this revamped version were Sidney Livingstone as Bert Daley, Arthur's gullible, over-trusting brother, who views Arthur as a successful businessman and not a con-man and entrusts Ray into his care; the new police nemesis was Detective Sergeant Michael Morley, paired with D.
C. Park in series 8, who in turn, was replaced by D. C. Field in series 9; the end of the final episode of Series 10, "The Long Good Thursday", saw Arthur being caught and driven away in a police convoy. In a final monologue over closing credits, Arthur was bemused, citing himself as a hardworking, upstanding citizen; the following week, a repeat showing of the first episod
London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans; the City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of the London Assembly. London is considered to be one of the world's most important global cities and has been termed the world's most powerful, most desirable, most influential, most visited, most expensive, sustainable, most investment friendly, most popular for work, the most vegetarian friendly city in the world. London exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism and transportation.
London ranks 26 out of 300 major cities for economic performance. It is one of the largest financial centres and has either the fifth or sixth largest metropolitan area GDP, it is the most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the busiest city airport system as measured by passenger traffic. It is the leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. London's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games. London has a diverse range of people and cultures, more than 300 languages are spoken in the region, its estimated mid-2016 municipal population was 8,787,892, the most populous of any city in the European Union and accounting for 13.4% of the UK population. London's urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census.
The population within the London commuter belt is the most populous in the EU with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016. London was the world's most populous city from c. 1831 to 1925. London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London. Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London has numerous museums, galleries and sporting events; these include the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world. "London" is an ancient name, attested in the first century AD in the Latinised form Londinium. Over the years, the name has attracted many mythicising explanations; the earliest attested appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, written around 1136. This had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
Modern scientific analyses of the name must account for the origins of the different forms found in early sources Latin, Old English, Welsh, with reference to the known developments over time of sounds in those different languages. It is agreed; this was adapted into Latin as Londinium and borrowed into Old English, the ancestor-language of English. The toponymy of the Common Brythonic form is much debated. A prominent explanation was Richard Coates's 1998 argument that the name derived from pre-Celtic Old European *lowonida, meaning "river too wide to ford". Coates suggested that this was a name given to the part of the River Thames which flows through London. However, most work has accepted a Celtic origin for the name, recent studies have favoured an explanation along the lines of a Celtic derivative of a proto-Indo-European root *lendh-, combined with the Celtic suffix *-injo- or *-onjo-. Peter Schrijver has suggested, on these grounds, that the name meant'place that floods'; until 1889, the name "London" applied to the City of London, but since it has referred to the County of London and Greater London.
"London" is sometimes written informally as "LDN". In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge; this bridge either reached a now lost island in it. Two of those timbers were radiocarbon dated to between 1750 BC and 1285 BC. In 2010 the foundations of a large timber structure, dated to between 4800 BC and 4500 BC, were found on the Thames's south foreshore, downstream of Vauxhall Bridge; the function of the mesolithic structure is not known. Both structures are on the south bank. Although there is evidence of scattered Brythonic settlements in the area, the first major settlement was founded by the Romans about four years after the invasion
Nancy (Oliver Twist)
Nancy is a fictional character in the novel Oliver Twist and its numerous adaptations for theatre and films. She is a member of Fagin's gang and the lover, eventual victim, of Bill Sikes; as well as Nancy being a thief, a common misapprehension is that she is a prostitute, in the modern sense of the word. At no point is this stated in the novel. However, it has been convincingly argued that he is invoking the term's synonymous usage referring to a woman living out of wedlock or otherwise on the margins of "respectable" society. Despite of her criminality, Nancy is portrayed as a sympathetic figure, whose concern for Oliver overcomes her loyalty to Sikes and Fagin. By the climax of the novel, she is emaciated with sickness and worry, filled with guilt about the life she is leading. Nancy was tainted and played at a young age by Fagin, the receiver of stolen goods who persuades downtrodden youths to do his bidding, her exact age is not mentioned in the book. From this it can be deduced that she is around seventeen.
She is depicted in her teens or mid 20s in film versions of the novel. She looks older than her years, as she tells Rose Maylie "I am younger than you would think, to look at me, but I am well used to it." Nancy is one of the members of Fagin's gang that few, if any, know about in central London, since she has moved from the suburbs — something referred to by Sikes when he and Fagin, concerned that Oliver might inform on them, are trying to convince her to attend his impending trial after he is mistakenly arrested for pickpocketing. Her excuse for not attending is. In the novel she drinks heavily, she is described thus when she first appears: In the original illustrations by George Cruikshank, Nancy is depicted as stout and fleshy, with a round, bulbous face. By the end of the novel Nancy has lost weight through anxiety, she is described as "so pale and reduced with watching and privation, that there would have been considerable difficulty in recognising her as the same Nancy who has figured in this tale."In the preface, Dickens states in writing dialogue for Nancy that he deliberately avoided using the crude language that would have been used by a real person like Nancy: Instead and her friend Bet are introduced using faux-genteel terminology, portrayed as if seen though Oliver's innocent eyes, but recognisably ironic to the reader.
Bet's brash refusal to get something for Fagin is described as "a polite and delicate evasion of the request" showing "the young lady to have been possessed of natural good-breeding." Nancy's visit to the magistrates is described in similar language. Only when Nancy speaks to Rose, does she explicitly describe herself as degraded and corrupted, their criminal enterprises are spoken of in euphemisms, creating for the reader a "game of guessing the crime". Nancy, fiercely protective of Oliver and harbors a great deal of motherly affection and pity for him, tries to prevent him from being kidnapped a second time, after Oliver has managed to find safety in the household of the Maylie family, whom Sikes tried unsuccessfully to rob, she gives Rose Maylie and Mr. Brownlow, Oliver's benefactor, information about Oliver's evil half-brother Monks, in league with Fagin. However, she has managed to keep Bill's name out of it, but Fagin has sent a spy out after her, when the spy reports on what he has heard and seen, furious at what she has done, tells Sikes about her actions.
However, he twists the story just enough to make it sound as if she informed on him, knowing that this will result in her being murdered and thus silenced. It is her murder and the subsequent search for Sikes, her killer, that helps bring down Fagin's gang. Nancy commits one of the most noble acts of kindness in the story when she defies Bill, in order to help Oliver to a better life, she is subsequently martyred for it, her character represented Dickens' view that a person, however tainted by society, could still retain a sense of good and redeem for past crimes. One of the main reasons Dickens puts Nancy in Oliver Twist is so that she can be contrasted with the pure, gentle Rose Maylie. Dickens was criticised for featuring a positive character, a thief. However, he defended his decision in the preface to the 1841 edition, explaining that it was his intention to show criminals, however petty, in "all their deformity", that he had thought that dressing Nancy in anything other than "a cheap shawl" would make her seem more fanciful than real as a character.
Nancy is one of literature's earliest examples of the stock character of the "tart with a heart"—the stereotypical character of a tragic or fallen woman who makes her way through life through crime but is still a good and compassionate person. I'd Do Anything
Golders Green Hippodrome
The Golders Green Hippodrome was built in 1913 by Bertie Crewe as a 3,000-seat music hall, to serve North London and the new London Underground Northern line expansion into Golders Green in the London Borough of Barnet, England. Taken over by the BBC in the 1960s as a television studio, it has been put to more recent use as a radio studio and multi-purpose concert venue. In 2007, it became an evangelical church building. Since 2017, it is an Islamic centre; the Grade II listed, Hippodrome Theatre building next to Golders Green Underground station was built as a 3,000-seat music hall by Bertie Crewe, opened on Boxing Day 1913. Its capacity was reduced by half with the construction of a full theatre stage, it began to be used for pre- and post-London tours, has been used as a receiving venue for West End transfers - Laurence Olivier, Marlene Dietrich, Stephane Grappelli, Arthur Askey, Charlie Chester, Django Reinhardt and Chico Marx played there. Donald Swann's Wild Thyme played in 1955, its regular performances included an annual pantomime and Ralph Reader's Gang Show.
Touring opera was still popular at the time, pre-war performances included the British National Opera Company and post-War in 1952 with the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company and a filmed production of The Mikado in 1966. The theatre appeared in an early British sexploitation nudist film called Naked as Nature Intended directed by Harrison Marks and starring Pamela Green. In 1969, the BBC were looking for additional television studio capacity to cope with the introduction of colour transmissions, they took out a long leasehold on the Hippodrome to 2060 In 1969, the Hippodrome was converted into a radio studio and concert hall with reduced capacity of 700 seats, as the BBC had been looking for a north London venue, became home for the BBC Concert Orchestra, saw broadcasts and concerts from the BBC Big Band and BBC Radio Orchestra. As a concert venue, it was used in various configurations for: Light music concerts - including Maria Friedman Rock bands - the first were Queen in 1973, Jethro Tull in 1977 and many that followed were for the John Peel show including Gentle Giant, AC/DC, ELO, Barclay James Harvest, The Kinks, UFO, Procol Harum, Roxy Music and Stiff Little Fingers.
A private Christmas concert given by The Jam for members of their fan club in December 1981 was subsequently broadcast by the BBC. Theatre - including an early performance by Sir Ian McKellen in a performance of James Saunders play A Scent of Flowers, which became his first West End performance and his first Award Boxing - as both a regional and national venue Comedy - including performances before he won New Faces by Jim Davidson as well as two episodes of the first series of Monty Python's Flying Circus in October 1969, The Val Doonican Show, The Roy Castle Show; the BBC recorded various radio specials at the Hippodrome, including the famous BBC Sight and Sound concert of January 1978. AC/DC's 27 October 1977 appearance at the Hippodrome for Sight and Sound in Concert was released on DVD as Live'77; the BBC broadcast the weekly radio programme Friday Night is Music Night, a traditional old light entertainment programme it had moved from the Camden Palace Theatre. Presented by Robin Boyle and conducted by Sydney Torch, it was presented latterly by Ken Bruce.
However, with a public brief to bring music to all of the people of the UK, with additional high-quality space available all over London, the BBC announced its intention to leave the building in August 2003, after mounting minor repair work, saw the BBC Concert Orchestra relocate to the Mermaid Theatre in central London, among other places. In 2003, the BBC left the Grade II listed building vacant and deteriorating, although it was bought by El Shaddai International Christian Centre, an evangelical church. After the BBC left the theatre in August 2003, it was left unused and deteriorated to the extent that, in early 2005, the venue was placed on English Heritage’s ‘buildings at risk’ register as its future had become so uncertain. Barnet Council was keen for the building to carry on being used as an entertainment venue, the BBC was given 18 months to sell it as such. However, since no buyer was forthcoming, the local authority allowed it to be sold at auction in September 2006 with the potential for being developed for other uses - for which the BBC had applied but been turned down.
For planning purposes the Hippodrome came to be classed as'D2' under the'Use Classes Order' and not under'Sui Generis' as a theatre - no stage productions had taken place for more than 40 years. The'D2' class meant that potential buyers could use the theatre for: "Cinemas and Concert Halls, Sports Halls, Swimming Baths, other Indoor Sports and Leisure Uses." The theatre's potential fate galvanised a group formed of various interest groups and local newspapers, including Save London’s Theatres Campaign, the Theatres Trust, the Hendon Times and the Hampstead & Highgate Express. In early 2007, the Christian group El Shaddai International Christian Centre purchased the Hippodrome for £5million, despite local concerns over the group's beliefs and its intentions for the building. In 2017, El Shaddai International Christian Centre sold the building and it was bought by the Islamic centre. Save London Theatres page on Golders Green Hippodrome includes original planning cross section Old Recording studios page on Golders Green Hippodrome includes some interesting pictures Theatre history with original Bertie Crewe plans and archive images El Shaddai