Shelley Winters

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Shelley Winters
SHelleywinters.jpg
Born
Shirley Schrift

(1920-08-18)August 18, 1920
DiedJanuary 14, 2006(2006-01-14) (aged 85)
Resting placeHillside Memorial Park Cemetery, Culver City, California, U.S.
NationalityAmerican
Alma materThe New School
OccupationActress
Years active1943–2006
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Mack Paul Mayer
(m. 1942; div. 1948)

Vittorio Gassman
(m. 1952; div. 1954)

Anthony Franciosa
(m. 1957; div. 1960)

Gerry DeFord (m. 2002)
Children1

Shelley Winters (born August 18, 1920 – January 14, 2006) was an American actress whose career spanned almost six decades.

She appeared in numerous films, and won Academy Awards for The Diary of Anne Frank (1959) and A Patch of Blue (1965), and received nominations for A Place in the Sun (1951) and The Poseidon Adventure (1972). Other roles Winters appeared in include A Double Life (1947), The Night of the Hunter (1955), Lolita (1962), Alfie (1966), and Pete's Dragon (1977).

In addition to film, Winters also appeared in television, including a years-long tenure on the sitcom Roseanne, and also authored three autobiographical books.

Early life[edit]

Shelley Winters was born Shirley Schrift in St. Louis, Missouri, the daughter of Rose (née Winter), a singer with the Muny, and Jonas Schrift, a designer of men's clothing.[1] Her parents were Jewish; her father emigrated from Austria, and her mother was born in St. Louis to Austrian immigrants,[2] her parents were third cousins.[2]

Her family moved to Brooklyn, New York, when she was 9 years old,[3] and she grew up partly in Queens, New York, as well;[4] as a young woman, she worked as a model.[5] Her sister Blanche Schrift later married George Boroff, who ran the Circle Theatre (now named El Centro Theatre) in Los Angeles. At age 16, Winters relocated to Los Angeles, California,[3] and later returned to New York to study acting at the New School.[6]

Career[edit]

Theatre[edit]

Winters made her Broadway debut in The Night Before Christmas (1941) which had a short run, she had a small part in Rosalinda, an adaptation of Die Fledermaus (1942-44) which ran for 611 performances.

Winters first received a lot of acclaim when she joined the cast of Oklahoma! as Ado Annie.[7]

Columbia[edit]

She received a long term contract at Columbia and moved to Los Angeles. Winters' first film appearance was an uncredited bit in There's Something About a Soldier (1943) at Columbia, she had another small bit in What a Woman! (1943) but a bigger part in a B movie, Sailor's Holiday (1944).[8][9]

Winters was borrowed by the Producers Releasing Corporation for Knickerbocker Holiday (1944). Columbia put her small bits in She's a Soldier Too (1944), Dancing in Manhattan (1944), Together Again (1944), Tonight and Every Night (1945), Escape in the Fog (1945), A Thousand and One Nights (1945), and The Fighting Guardsman (1946).[8]

Winters had bit parts in MGM's Two Smart People (1946), and a series of films for United Artists: Susie Steps Out (1946), Abie's Irish Rose (1946) and New Orleans (1947).

She had bit parts in Living in a Big Way (1947) and Killer McCoy (1947) at MGM, The Gangster (1947) for King Brothers Productions and Red River (1948).[7]

Breakthrough - A Double Life and Universal[edit]

Winters first achieved stardom with her breakout performance as the victim of insane actor Ronald Colman in George Cukor's A Double Life (1947), it was distributed by Universal who signed Winters to a long term contract.

She had a support role in Larceny (1948) then 20th Century Fox borrowed her for Cry of the City (1948).

Winters was second billed in Johnny Stool Pigeon (1949) with Howard Duff, and Take One False Step (1949) with William Powell.

Paramount borrowed her to play Mabel in The Great Gatsby (1949) with Alan Ladd. Back at Universal she was in Winchester 73 (1950), opposite James Stewart, a huge hit.

Universal gave Winters top billing in South Sea Sinner (1950), she co starred with Joel McCrea in Frenchie (1950).[10][11]

A Place in the Sun[edit]

Winters originally broke into Hollywood films as a Blonde Bombshell type, but quickly tired of the role's limitations, she claims to have washed off her make-up to audition for the role of Alice Tripp, the factory girl, in A Place in the Sun, directed by George Stevens, now a landmark American film. As the Associated Press reported, the general public was unaware of how serious a craftswoman Winters was. "Although she was in demand as a character actress, Winters continued to study her craft. She attended Charles Laughton's Shakespeare classes and worked at the Actors Studio, both as student and teacher."[citation needed] She studied in the Hollywood Studio Club, and in the late 1940s, she shared an apartment with another newcomer, Marilyn Monroe.[12]

Her performance in A Place in the Sun (1951), a departure from the sexpot image that her studio, Universal Pictures, was grooming her for at the time, brought Winters her first acclaim, earning her a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress.

Winters went to United Artists for He Ran All the Way (1951) with John Garfield and RKO for Behave Yourself! (1951) with Farley Granger.[13]

Winters was top billed in The Raging Tide (1951) at Universal, she was loaned to 20th Century Fox for Phone Call from a Stranger (1952), with Bette Davis.

At Universal she did Meet Danny Wilson (1952) with Frank Sinatra and Untamed Frontier (1952) with Joseph Cotten, she went to MGM for My Man and I (1952) with Ricardo Montalban. She performed in A Streetcar Named Desire on stage in Los Angeles.[14]

Winters took off some time for the birth of her first child.[when?] She made her TV debut in "Mantrap" for The Ford Television Theatre in 1954. At MGM she did Executive Suite (1954) and Tennessee Champ (1954), top billed in the latter.

Winters returned to Universal to appear in Saskatchewan (1954), shot on location in Canada with Alan Ladd and Playgirl (1954) with Barry Sullivan]], she also appeared in a TV version of Sorry, Wrong Number.[15]

Europe[edit]

Winters travelled to Europe to make Mambo (1954) with Vittorio Gassman who became her husband, she then shot Cash on Delivery (1954) in England.[16]

Winters performed in a version of The Women for Producers' Showcase then had a key role in I Am a Camera (1955) starring opposite Julie Harris and Laurence Harvey. Even more highly acclaimed was Charles Laughton's 1955 Night of the Hunter with Robert Mitchum and Lillian Gish.

At Warner Bros, Winters was Jack Palance's leading lady in I Died a Thousand Times (1955), then for RKO she co starred with Rory Calhoun in The Treasure of Pancho Villa (1955), she was also in The Big Knife (1955) for Robert Aldrich.[17]

Return to Broadway[edit]

Winters returned to Broadway in A Hatful of Rain, in 1955–1956, opposite Ben Gazzara and future husband Anthony Franciosa, it ran for 398 performances. [18][19]

Girls of Summer (1956-57) was directed by Jack Garfein and co-starred George Peppard but only ran for 56 performances.

On TV she reprised her Double Life performance in The Alcoa Hour in 1957, she appeared in episodes of The United States Steel Hour, Climax!, Wagon Train, Schlitz Playhouse, The DuPont Show of the Month, and Kraft Theatre.

Diary of Anne Frank and Lolita[edit]

In 1960 she won a Best Supporting Actress Oscar for her role as Mrs. Van Daan in George Stevens' film adaptation of The Diary of Anne Frank (1959), she donated her award statuette to the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam.[20]

Winters was in much demand as a character actor now, getting good roles in Odds Against Tomorrow (1959), Let No Man Write My Epitaph (1960) and The Young Savages (1961), she received excellent reviews for her performance as the man-hungry Charlotte Haze in Stanley Kubrick's Lolita (1962).

Winters returned to Broadway on The Night of the Iguana (1962), playing Bette Davis's role, she performed Off Broadway in Cages by Lewis John Carlino in 1963.

Many of her roles now had a sexual component: in The Chapman Report (1962) she played an unfaithful housewife and she played madams in The Balcony (1963) and A House Is Not a Home (1964), she also appeared in Wives and Lovers (1963) and episodes of shows such as Alcoa Theatre, Ben Casey, and Thirty-Minute Theatre.

Winters was also featured in the Italian film Time of Indifference (1964) with Rod Steiger and Claudia Cardinale, and had one of the many cameos in the religious epic The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965), again for George Stevens.

A Patch of Blue[edit]

Winters won another Best Supporting Actress Oscar in A Patch of Blue (1965), she had good supporting parts opposite Michael Caine in Alfie (1966); and as the fading, alcoholic former starlet Fay Estabrook in Harper (1966).

She returned to Broadway in Under the Weather (1966) by Saul Bellow which ran for 12 performances.

Winters played "Ma Parker" the villain in Batman, she was in a TV version of The Three Sisters (1966) and had roles in Enter Laughing (1967) for Carl Reiner, Armchair Theatre, Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre (several episodes), The Scalphunters (1968) for Sydney Pollack, Wild in the Streets (1968), Buona Sera, Mrs. Campbell (1968), Arthur? Arthur! (1969), and The Mad Room (1969).

Final starring roles[edit]

Winters played Ma Barker in Bloody Mama (1970) a big hit for Roger Corman, she had roles in How Do I Love Thee? (1970) and Flap (1970) for Carol Reed.

She returned to the stage to play Minnie Marx, mother of the Marx Brothers in the Broadway musical Minnie's Boys (1970), which ran for 80 performances. Winters wrote an evening of three one act plays, One Night Stands of a Noisy Passenger (1970-71) which ran for seven performances; the cast included Robert De Niro and Diane Ladd.[21]

Winters had the lead in two horror films, Whoever Slew Auntie Roo? (1971), and What's the Matter with Helen? (1971), and two TV movies, Revenge! (1971), and A Death of Innocence (1971).

She was in support in Adventures of Nick Carter (1972) and had a co lead in Something to Hide (1972) with Peter Finch, she starred in The Vamp for ITV Sunday Night Theatre.

In The Poseidon Adventure (1972), she was the ill-fated Belle Rosen (for which she received her final Oscar nomination), she put on weight for the role and never got rid of it.[18]

Winters was top billed in The Devil's Daughter (1973) for TV, she had a support role in Blume in Love (1973) for Paul Mazursky and Cleopatra Jones (1973) and lead parts in Big Rose: Double Trouble (1974) and The Sex Symbol (1974).[22]

Winters guest starred on shows like McCloud and Chico and the Man and could be seen in Poor Pretty Eddie (1975), That Lucky Touch (1975), Journey Into Fear (1975), Diamonds (1975), Next Stop, Greenwich Village (1976) for Paul Mazursky, The Tenant (1976) for Roman Polanski, Mimì Bluette... fiore del mio giardino (1977) with Monica Vitti, Tentacles (1977) a horror film with John Huston, An Average Little Man (1977) with Alberto Sordi, Pete's Dragon (1977), The Initiation of Sarah (1978), and King of the Gypsies (1978).[23]

She starred in a 1978 Broadway production of Paul Zindel's The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds, which only had a short run.

Winters could still command top billing on occasion, as in the Italian horror film Gran bollito (1979), she played Gladys Presley in Elvis (1979) for TV. She was in The Visitor (1979), City on Fire (1979), The Magician of Lublin (1979) for Menahem Golan, The French Atlantic Affair (1979) and an episode of Vega$.

In 1980 Winters published a best-selling autobiography, Shelley: Also Known As Shirley [24] She followed it up in 1989 with a second memoir, Shelley II: The Middle of My Century.

1980s[edit]

Winters' 1980s performances included Looping (1981), S.O.B., episodes of The Love Boat, Sex, Lies and Renaissance (1983), Over the Brooklyn Bridge (1984) for Menahem Golan, Ellie (1984), Déjà Vu (1985), Alice in Wonderland (1985), and The Delta Force (1986) again for Golan. She did The Gingerbread Lady on stage.[25]

She had a starring role in Witchfire (1986) and was also credited as executive producer.[26]

She was in Very Close Quarters (1986), Purple People Eater (1988), and An Unremarkable Life (1989).[27]

1990s[edit]

Her final performances included Touch of a Stranger (1990), Stepping Out (1991) with Liza Minnelli, Weep No More, My Lady (1992), The Pickle (1993) for Mazursky, and The Silence of the Hams (1994).

Later audiences knew her primarily for her autobiographies and for her television work, in which she usually played a humorous parody of her public persona. In a recurring role in the 1990s, Winters played the title character's grandmother on the ABC sitcom Roseanne.

Her final film roles were supporting ones: she played a restaurant owner and mother of an overweight cook in Heavy (1995) with Liv Tyler and Debbie Harry for James Mangold, an aristocrat in The Portrait of a Lady (1996), starring Nicole Kidman and John Malkovich, and an embittered nursing home administrator in 1999's Gideon,[28] she was also in comedies such as Backfire! (1995), Jury Duty (1995), and Mrs. Munck (1995), as well as Raging Angels (1995).

Winters made an appearance at the 1998 Academy Awards telecast, which featured a tribute to Oscar winners past and present including Gregory Peck, Claire Trevor, Jennifer Jones, and Luise Rainer.

As the Associated Press reported, "During her 50 years as a widely known personality, Winters was rarely out of the news, her stormy marriages, her romances with famous stars, her forays into politics and feminist causes kept her name before the public. She delighted in giving provocative interviews and seemed to have an opinion on everything." That led to a second career as a writer. Though not a conventional beauty, she claimed that her acting, wit, and "chutzpah" gave her a love life to rival Monroe's, her alleged "conquests" included William Holden, Sean Connery, Burt Lancaster, Errol Flynn, and Marlon Brando.[29]

Personal life[edit]

Winters in publicity photo, circa 1950

Winters was married four times, her husbands were:

  • Captain Mack Paul Mayer, whom she married on December 29, 1942 in Brooklyn;[30] they divorced in October 1948. Mayer was unable to deal with Shelley's "Hollywood lifestyle" and wanted a "traditional homemaker" for a wife. Winters wore his wedding ring up until her death, and kept their relationship very private.
  • Vittorio Gassman, whom she married on April 28, 1952 in Juarez, Mexico;[31] they divorced on June 2, 1954. They had one child: Vittoria, born February 14, 1953, a physician who practices internal medicine at Norwalk Hospital in Norwalk, Connecticut, she was Winters' only child.
  • Anthony Franciosa, whom she married on May 4, 1957; they divorced on November 18, 1960.[citation needed]
  • Gerry DeFord, whom she married on January 13, 2006.[citation needed]

Hours before her death, Winters married long-time companion Gerry DeFord, with whom she had lived for 19 years. Though Winters' daughter objected to the marriage, the actress Sally Kirkland performed the wedding ceremony for the two at Winters' deathbed. Kirkland, a minister of the Movement of Spiritual Inner Awareness, also performed non-denominational last rites for Winters.

Winters also had a romance with Farley Granger that became a long-term friendship (according to their respective autobiographies).[citation needed] She starred with him in the 1951 film Behave Yourself!, as well as in a 1957 television production of A. J. Cronin's novel Beyond This Place.

Winters was a Democrat and attended the 1960 Democratic National Convention.[32][33] In 1965, she addressed the Selma marchers briefly outside Montgomery on the night before they marched into the state capitol.[34]

She became friendly with rock singer Janis Joplin shortly before Joplin died in 1970. Winters invited Joplin to sit in on a class session at the Actors' Studio at its Los Angeles location. Joplin never did.[35]

Death[edit]

Winters died at the age of 85 on January 14, 2006, of heart failure at the Rehabilitation Center of Beverly Hills; she had suffered a heart attack on October 14, 2005,[1] she is interred at Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery in Culver City[36]. Her third former husband, Anthony Franciosa, had a stroke on the same day she died, and died five days later.

Filmography[edit]

Uncredited in Tonight and Every Night (1945), Winters is behind Rita Hayworth.

Film[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1943 There's Something About a Soldier Norma Uncredited
What a Woman! Secretary
1944 Sailor's Holiday Gloria Flynn Credited as Shelley Winter
Knickerbocker Holiday Ulda Tienhoven
Cover Girl Chorus Girl Uncredited
She's a Soldier Too 'Silver' Rankin
Dancing in Manhattan Margie
Together Again Young Woman Fleeing Nightclub Raid
1945 Tonight and Every Night Bubbles
Escape in the Fog Taxi Driver
A Thousand and One Nights Handmaiden
1946 The Fighting Guardsman Nanette
Two Smart People Princess
Susie Steps Out Female Singer
Abie's Irish Rose Bridesmaid Uncredited
1947 New Orleans Ms. Holmbright
Living in a Big Way Junior League Girl
The Gangster Hazel - Cashier
Killer McCoy Waitress / Autograph Hound
A Double Life Pat Kroll
1948 Red River Dance Hall Girl in Wagon Train Uncredited
Larceny Tony
Cry of the City Brenda Martingale
1949 Take One False Step Catherine Sykes
The Great Gatsby Myrtle Wilson
Johnny Stool Pigeon Terry Stewart
1950 Winchester '73 Lola Manners
South Sea Sinner Coral
Frenchie Frenchie Fontaine
1951 A Place in the Sun Alice Tripp New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress (2nd place)
Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actress
Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Drama
He Ran All the Way Peggy Dobbs
Behave Yourself! Kate Denny
The Raging Tide Connie Thatcher
Meet Danny Wilson Joy Carroll
1952 Phone Call from a Stranger Binky Gay
Untamed Frontier Jane Stevens
My Man and I Nancy
1954 Tennessee Champ Sarah Wurble
Saskatchewan Grace Markey
Executive Suite Eva Bardeman Venice Film Festival Special Prize for Ensemble Acting
Playgirl Fran Davis
Mambo Toni Salermo
To Dorothy a Son Myrtle La Mar
1955 I Am a Camera Natalia Landauer
The Night of the Hunter Willa Harper
The Big Knife Dixie Evans Credited as Miss Shelley Winters
The Treasure of Pancho Villa Ruth Harris
I Died a Thousand Times Marie Garson
1959 The Diary of Anne Frank Mrs. Petronella Van Daan Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Laurel Award for Top Female Supporting Performance
Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture
Odds Against Tomorrow Lorry
1960 Let No Man Write My Epitaph Nellie Romano
1961 The Young Savages Mary diPace
1962 Lolita Charlotte Haze Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Drama
The Chapman Report Sarah Garnell
1963 The Balcony Madame Irma
Wives and Lovers Fran Cabrell
1964 A House Is Not a Home Polly Adler
Time of Indifference Lisa
1965 The Greatest Story Ever Told Healed Woman
A Patch of Blue Rose-Ann D'Arcey Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress
Laurel Award for Top Female Supporting Performance
1966 Harper Fay Estabrook
Alfie Ruby Laurel Award for Top Female Supporting Performance (2nd place)
Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture
The Three Sisters Natalya
1967 Enter Laughing Mrs. Emma Kolowitz
1968 The Scalphunters Kate
Wild in the Streets Mrs. Daphne Flatow
Buona Sera, Mrs. Campbell Shirley Newman
1969 The Mad Room Mrs. Armstrong
Arthur? Arthur! Hester Green
1970 Bloody Mama "Ma" Kate Barker
How Do I Love Thee? Lena Marvin
Flap Dorothy Bluebell
1971 What's the Matter with Helen? Helen
Revenge! Amanda Hilton
1972 Something to Hide Gabriella
Whoever Slew Auntie Roo? Mrs. Forrest
The Poseidon Adventure Belle Rosen Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture
Nominated - Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated - BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role
1973 Blume in Love Mrs. Cramer
Cleopatra Jones Mommy
The Stone Killer Drunk Woman in Police Station Cameo; uncredited
1975 Poor Pretty Eddie Bertha
That Lucky Touch Diana Steedeman
Journey Into Fear Mrs. Mathews
Diamonds Zelda Shapiro
1976 La dahlia scarlatta Catrina
The Tenant The Concierge
Next Stop, Greenwich Village Faye Lapinsky Nominated - BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role
Nominated - Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture
Mimì Bluette... fiore del mio giardino Caterina
1977 Tentacles Tillie Turner
An Average Little Man Amalia Vivaldi David di Donatello Special Distinction Award
Pete's Dragon Lena Gogan
Black Journal Lea
1978 King of the Gypsies Queen Rachel
1979 The French Atlantic Affair Helen Wabash
The Visitor Jane Phillips
City on Fire Nurse Andrea Harper
The Magician of Lublin Elzbieta
1981 S.O.B. Eva Brown
Looping Carmen
1983 Fanny Hill Mrs. Cole
1984 Over the Brooklyn Bridge Becky
Ellie Cora Jackson
1985 Déjà Vu Olga Nabokova
1986 The Delta Force Edie Kaplan
Witchfire Lydia
Very Close Quarters Galina
1988 Purple People Eater Rita
1989 An Unremarkable Life Evelyn McEllany
1990 Touch of a Stranger Ida
1991 Stepping Out Mrs. Fraser
1992 Weep No More, My Lady Vivian Morgan
1993 The Pickle Yetta
1994 The Silence of the Hams Mrs. Motel
1995 Heavy Dolly Modino
Backfire! The Good Lieutenant
Jury Duty Mom
Mrs. Munck Aunt Monica
Raging Angels Grandma Ruth
1996 The Portrait of a Lady Mrs. Touchett
1998 Gideon Mrs. Willows
1999 La bomba Prof. Summers
2006 A-List Herself

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1954 The Ford Television Theatre Sally Marland Episode: "Mantrap"
1955 Producers' Showcase Crystal Allen Episode: "The Women"
1957 The Alcoa Hour Pat Kroll Episode: "A Double Life"
The United States Steel Hour Evvie Episode: "Inspired Alibi"
Wagon Train Ruth Owens Episode: "The Ruth Owens Story"
Schlitz Playhouse of Stars Mildred Corrigan Episode: "Smarty"
DuPont Show of the Month Louisa Burt Episode: "Beyond This Place"
1960 Play of the Week Rose Episode: A Piece of Blue Sky
1962 Alcoa Premiere Meg Fletcher
Millie Norman
Episode: "The Way From Darkness"
Episode: "The Cake Baker"
1964 Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre Jenny Dworak Episode: "Two is the Number"
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role
1965 Thirty-Minute Theatre Mrs. Bixby Episode: "Mrs. Bixby and the Colonel's Coat"
Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre Edith Episode: "Back to Back"
Nominated - Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role in a Drama
1966 Batman Ma Parker Episode: "The Greatest Mother of Them All"
Episode: "Ma Parker"
1967 Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre Clarry Golden Episode: "Wipeout"
1968 Here's Lucy Shelley Summers Episode: "Lucy and Miss Shelley Winters"
1971 A Death of Innocence Elizabeth Cameron Television film
1972 Adventures of Nick Carter Bess Tucker
1973 The Devil's Daughter Lilith Malone
1974 Big Rose: Double Trouble Rose Winters
The Sex Symbol Agathy Murphy
McCloud Thelma Episode: "The Barefoot Girls of Bleecker Street"
Nominated - Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in a Comedy or Drama Series
1975 Chico and the Man Shirley Schrift Episode: "Ed Steps Out"
1976 Frosty's Winter Wonderland Crystal (voice) Television film
1978 Kojak Evelyn McNeil Episode: "The Captain's Brother's Wife"
The Initiation of Sarah Mrs. Erica Hunter Television film
1979 Rudolph and Frosty's Christmas in July Crystal (voice) Television film
Elvis Gladys Presley
Vega$ J.D. Fenton Episode: "Macho Murders"
1982 The Love Boat Teresa Rosselli Episode: "Venetian Love Song/Down for the Count/Arrividerci, Gopher/The Arrangement"
1983 Parade of Stars Sophie Tucker Television film
1984 Hotel Adele Ellsworth Episode: "Trials"
Hawaiian Heat Florence Senkowski Episode: "Andy's Mom"
1985 Alice in Wonderland The Dodo Bird Television film
1987 The Sleeping Beauty Fairy
1991–1996 Roseanne Nana Mary 10 episodes

Theater[edit]

  • Of V We Sing (between 1939 and 1941) (Off-Broadway)
  • The Time of Your Life (between 1939 and 1941) (understudy for Judy Haydon) (Broadway)
  • Meet The People (1939?) (U.S. Touring Company)
  • The Night Before Christmas (1941) (Broadway)
  • Rosalinda (1942) (Broadway)
  • Conquered in April (between 1942 and 1946) (Broadway)
  • Oklahoma! (replacement for Celeste Holm 1947) (Broadway)
  • A Hatful of Rain (1955) (Broadway)
  • Girls of Summer (1956) (Broadway and Summer stock)
  • Invitation to March (1960) (Boston)
  • The Night of the Iguana (1962) (replacement for Bette Davis) (Broadway)
  • Under the Weather (1966) (Broadway)
  • LUV (1967) (Broadway)
  • One Night Stands of a Noisy Passenger (1970) (writer) (Off-Broadway)
  • Minnie's Boys (1970) (Broadway)
  • The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds (1973–74) (Broadway)
  • Cages(1974) (Philadelphia, PA)
  • Kennedy's Children (1976) (Chicago)
  • The Gingerbread Lady (1981) (Chicago)
  • Natural Affection (unknown)

Summer Stock plays

  • The Taming of the Shrew (1947)
  • Born Yesterday (1950)
  • Wedding Breakfast (1955)
  • A Piece of Blue Sky (1959)
  • Two for the Seasaw (1960)
  • The Country Girl (1961)
  • A View from the Bridge (1961)
  • Days of the Dancing (1964)
  • Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1965)
  • 84 Charing Cross Road (1983)

Radio appearances[edit]

Year Program Episode/source
1953 Lux Radio Theatre Phone Call from a Stranger[37]

Books[edit]

  • Winters, Shelley (1980). Shelley: Also known as Shirley. Morrow. ISBN 978-0-688-03638-6.
  • Winters, Shelley (1989). Shelley II: The Middle of My Century. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-671-44210-4.
  • Shelley: The Middle of My Century (audiobook; audio cassette)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Harmetz, Aljean (January 15, 2006). "Shelley Winters, Tough-Talking Oscar Winner in 'Anne Frank' and 'Patch of Blue', Dies". New York Times. Retrieved May 23, 2010.
  2. ^ a b "Shelley Winters". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  3. ^ a b Winters, Shelley (1988). "Shelley Winters". Skip E. Lowe Looks at Hollywood (Interview). Interviewed by Skip E. Lowe.
  4. ^ 1930 United States Federal Census
  5. ^ 1940 United States Federal Census
  6. ^ Collins, Glenn (April 7, 1994). "Actors Studio to Teach Program at New School". The New York Times. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  7. ^ a b Obituary of Shelley Winters Versatile actress whose career spanned half a century and took her from good-time girls to Jewish mothers The Daily Telegraph16 Jan 2006: 021.
  8. ^ a b Two-time Oscar winner first won fame as sexpot: [Third Edition] Thomas, Bob; THE ASSOCIATED PRESS15 Jan 2006: A.2.
  9. ^ "Sailor's Holiday (1944)". imdb.com. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  10. ^ HEDDA HOPPER. (1949, Jul 26). Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/165977394
  11. ^ Scheuer, P. K. (1949, Nov 13). SHELLEY WINTERS MAY DO JEAN HARLOW'S LIFE. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/166060791
  12. ^ Grant, James (April 9, 1995). "Movies: OFF-CENTERPIECE: Dishing the Dirt With Shelley: At 72, Shelley Winters shows no sign of slowing down--but she'll stop long enough to talk about Marilyn, Monty, and the men in her life". The Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  13. ^ Outspoken actress Shelley Winters dies Aljean Harmetz New York Times News Service.15 Jan 2006: A02.
  14. ^ SHELLEY WINTERS' ROLE CREATES STIR Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 11 Aug 1952: B6.
  15. ^ FILMING SPEEDED AT MAJOR STUDIOS: 44 Features Will Se Made in Hollywood This Month, a Big Rise Over Spring By THOMAS M. PRYOR Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES 8 Aug 1953: 14.
  16. ^ SHELLEY: THE NOT-SO-DUMB BLONDE Richards, Dick. Answers; London Vol. 126, Iss. 3256, (Sep 25, 1954): 2.
  17. ^ SHELLEY WINTERS ; Blonde sexpot who won two Oscars: [First Edition] Vosburgh, Dick. The Independent 16 Jan 2006: 37.
  18. ^ a b Shelley Winters: Still running her own three-ring circus Tempo Shelley Winters runs own three-ring circus Clifford, Terry. Chicago Tribune 2 Apr 1985: d1.
  19. ^ Shelley Winters? By MAURICE ZOLOTOW; the Washington Post and Times Herald 12 Feb 1956: AW6.
  20. ^ "Anne Frank". Anne Frank Website. September 28, 2018.
  21. ^ News of the Rialto: Shelley Winters, Author Shelley Winters, Author Shelley Winters, Playwright By LEWIS FUNKE. New York Times 11 Oct 1970: 107.
  22. ^ Shelley Winters Guest on Chico Los Angeles Times 6 Dec 1974: h32.
  23. ^ Busy Summer for Shelley Winters Los Angeles Times 28 Aug 1979: f6.
  24. ^ STYLE MARIAN CHRISTY; ; THIS WINTERS IS A STORMY ONE; PUSHING 60, SHELLEY IS ASCINTILLATING MATRON WHOSE ADRENALIN IS FANTASY: [FIRST Edition] Christy, Marian. Boston Globe 29 June 1980: 1.
  25. ^ THEATER: Shelley: Also known as the durable star Kart, Larry. Chicago Tribune 19 July 1981: c5.
  26. ^ SHELLEY WINTERS BATTLES HER EMOTIONS: [THIRD Edition] Christy, Marian. Boston Globe 3 Sep 1989: 91
  27. ^ Shelley Winters speaks and speaks Boulware, Hugh. Chicago Tribune 30 Oct 1989: C1.
  28. ^ "Overview for Shelley Winters". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  29. ^ Winters, Shelley (1980). Shelley: Also known as Shirley. Morrow. ISBN 0-688-03638-4.
  30. ^ New York City, Marriage Indexes, 1907-1995
  31. ^ Washington Post Marriages, 1952
  32. ^ "Actress Shelley Winters at the Democratic National Convention of 1960. :: Alabama Photographs and Pictures Collection". digital.archives.alabama.gov.
  33. ^ 1960 Democratic Convention Los Angeles Committee for the Arts. YouTube. 1960.
  34. ^ Adler, Renata (April 10, 1965). "Letter from Selma". The New Yorker. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
  35. ^ Amburn, Ellis (October 1992). Pearl: The Obsessions and Passions of Janis Joplin: A Biography. Time Warner. ISBN 0-446-51640-6.
  36. ^ Wilson, Scott (August 17, 2016). "Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed". McFarland – via Google Books.
  37. ^ Kirby, Walter (January 4, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 38. Retrieved June 19, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access

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External links[edit]