click links in text for more info

Richard Wolfson (musician)

Richard Wolfson was a British musician, performance artist and journalist. He is best remembered for the concept album Kaddish which he created with Andy Saunders using the band name Towering Inferno. Wolfson was educated at Solihull School. In his early years he learnt piano and guitar, and, at the age of 17, formed the first of a succession of bands with Saunders. Towering Inferno was conceived as a large scale multimedia stage project, involving film and electronics. Wolfson and Saunders met with and were impressed by the Hungarian poet Endre Szkárosi and his cryptic poetry was a stimulus for their major work, the stage show and album Kaddish, created over five years and is an extended reflection on the Jewish prayer of the same name, including references to the history and folk-lore of Central and Eastern Europe and to the Shoah; the music includes adaptations of Hungarian folk-songs, some of them sung by Márta Sebestyén and Szkárosi, Jewish chant and the sound of the shofar, dramatic electronic sound-effects.

Other musical guests included Chris Cutler, Tim Hodgkinson and Elton Dean. Kaddish was released in 1993 and described by its creators as'a dream history of Europe in the wake of the Holocaust'. Brian Eno called it'the most frightening record I have heard', it received outstanding reviews from both the popular music and mainstream press, performances were given all over the world. Wolfson became a successful journalist, writing on music and film for the Daily Telegraph and the Financial Times, he died of an aortic aneurysm. Saunders with Cutler, Jah Wobble, Bob Drake, Dave Kerman, Glyn Perrin, Greg Skerman, others are completing a second Towering Inferno album, started before Wolfson's death. Kaddish by Towering Inferno, Island Records CD 8039 524106-2 Obituary, The Times Peter Jones, Towering Inferno: Recording Kaddish, Sound on Sound magazine, January 1996

Minister for Families and Social Services

The Australian Minister for Families and Social Services oversees Australian government social services, including mental health and children's policy, support for carers and people with disabilities, seniors. Anne Ruston was appointed Minister for Families and Social Services in May 2019, following swearing in by the Governor-General; the Hon. Paul Fletcher served as Minister for Families and Social Services from 2018 to 2019; the current Minister for the National Disability Insurance Scheme is Stuart Robert since 2019, replacing Assistant Minister for Social Services and Disability Services the Hon. Sarah Henderson, who served from 2018 to 2019; the current Minister for Housing is Michael Sukkar since 2019. The current Assistant Minister for Children and Families is the Hon. Michelle Landry, since 26 August 2018. In the Government of Australia, the Ministers administer the portfolio through the Department of Social Services. Other portfolio bodies for which the Ministers are responsible include: Aged Care Standards and Accreditation Agency Australian Institute of Family Studies Commonwealth Advisory Committee on Homelessness Community and Disability Services Ministers' Conference Community Services Ministers' Advisory Council Emergency Relief State Advisory Committees National Childcare Accreditation Council Inc.

National Disability Advisory Council National Disability Insurance Agency National Supported Accommodation Assistance Program Coordination and Development Committee representatives and Information Sub-committee Social Security Appeals Tribunal The following individuals have been appointed as Minister for Social Services, or any of its precedent titles: The following individuals have been appointed as Minister for the National Disability Insurance Scheme, or any of its precedent titles such as Assistant Minister for Social Services and Disability Services: The following individuals have been appointed as Assistant Minister for Children and Families, or any precedent titles: The first Minister for Housing was Les Bury, appointed in 1963, although there were Ministers in charge of War Service Homes from 1932 to 1938 and 1941 to 1945. In 1945 Bert Lazzarini was appointed Minister for Works and Housing and this title continued until 1952, when Wilfrid Kent Hughes became Minister for Works. No minister included "works" or "construction" in his portfolio after Stewart West lost this title in 1987 reflecting the progressive outsourcing of the Commonwealth's construction activities and ownership of assets.

The John Howard government had no Minister of Housing reflecting the decline of the significance of the commonwealth-state housing agreements as a means of providing new housing since the post-war years. The following individuals have been appointed as Minister for Housing and Homelessness, or any precedent titles: Notes 1 Whitlam was one of a two-man ministry consisting of himself and Lance Barnard for two weeks until the full ministry was announced. Ministers for aged care or ageing were appointed from 1988 to 1993 and again from 1998 to 2013; the portfolio gained a mental health component in 2010. The latter returned to the health portfolio in 2013, with ageing moving to social services; the following individuals have been appointed as Minister for Mental Health and Ageing, or any of its precedent titles: The Turnbull Government transferred the aged care portfolio back to the Department of Health in October 2015. The following individuals have been appointed as Assistant Minister for Social Services and Multicultural Affairs, or any precedent titles: Ministers' website

Hans Memling

Hans Memling was a German painter who moved to Flanders and worked in the tradition of Early Netherlandish painting. He was born in the Middle Rhine region, spent his childhood in Mainz, he had moved to the Netherlands by 1465 and spent time in the Brussels workshop of Rogier van der Weyden. He was subsequently made a citizen of Bruges, where he became one of the leading artists in which he painted religious works that incorporated portraits of his wealthy patrons. Memling's patrons included wealthy burghers and aristocrats. Memling's portraits built upon the styles, he became successful, in 1480 was listed among the wealthiest citizens in a city tax list. He married Anna de Valkenaere sometime between 1470 and 1480, they had three children. Memling's art was rediscovered, became popular, in the 19th century. Born in Seligenstadt, near Frankfurt in the Middle Main region, Memling served his apprenticeship at Mainz or Cologne, worked in the Low Countries under Rogier van der Weyden in Brussels, Duchy of Brabant.

He worked at Bruges, County of Flanders by 1465. He may have been wounded at the Battle of Nancy and cured by the Hospitallers at Bruges and to show his gratitude he refused payment for a picture he had painted for them. Memling did paint for the Hospitallers in 1479 and 1480, it is that he was known to the patrons of St John prior to the Battle of Nancy. In 1477, when he was believed dead, he was under contract to create an altarpiece for the gild-chapel of the booksellers of Bruges; this altarpiece, Scenes of the Passion of Christ, now in the Galleria Sabauda of Turin, is not inferior in any way to those of 1479 in the Hospital of St. John, which for their part are hardly less interesting as illustrative of the master's power than The Last Judgment, which since the 1470s, is in the National Museum, Gdańsk. Critical opinion has been unanimous in assigning this altarpiece to Memling; this is evidence that Memling was a resident of Bruges in 1473. The purchase of his pictures by an agent of the Medici demonstrates that he had a considerable reputation.

The oldest allusions to pictures connected to Memling point to his relations with the Burgundian court, held in Brussels. The inventories of Margaret of Austria, drawn up in 1524, allude to a triptych of the God of Pity by Rogier van der Weyden, of which the wings containing angels were painted by "Master Hans", he may have been apprenticed to van der Weyden in Bruges. The clearest evidence of the connection of the two masters is that afforded by pictures an altarpiece, which has alternately been assigned to each of them, which may be due to their joint labours. In this altarpiece, a triptych ordered for a patron of the house of Sforza, we find the style of van der Weyden in the central panel of the Crucifixion, that of Memling in the episodes on the wings, yet the whole piece was assigned to the former in the Zambeccari collection at Bologna, whilst it was attributed to the latter at the Middleton sale in London in 1872. Memling's painting of the Baptist in the gallery of Munich is the oldest form in which Memling's style is displayed.

The subsequent Last Judgment in Gdańsk shows that Memling preserved the tradition of sacred art used earlier by Rogier van der Weyden in the Beaune Altarpiece. Memling's portraits, in particular, were popular in Italy. According to Paula Nuttall, Memling's distinctive contribution to portraiture was his use of landscape backgrounds, characterized by "a balanced counterpoint between top and bottom and background: the head offset by the neutral expanse of sky, the neutral area of the shoulders enlivened by the landscape detail beyond". Memling's portrait style influenced the work of numerous late-15th-century Italian painters, is evident in works such as Raphael's Portraits of Agnolo and Maddalena Doni, he was popular with Italian customers as shown in the preference given to them by such purchasers as Cardinal Grimani and Cardinal Bembo at Venice, the heads of the house of Medici at Florence. Memling's reputation was not confined to Flanders; the Madonna and Saints, the Virgin and Child, the four attributed portraits in the Uffizi Gallery of Florence, show that his work was appreciated in the 16th century.

The Scenes from the Passion of Christ in the Galleria Sabauda of Turin and the Advent and Triumph of Christ in the Pinakothek of Munich are illustrations of the habit in Flanders art of representing a cycle of subjects on the different planes of a single picture, where a wide expanse of ground is covered with incidents from the Passion in the form common to the action of sacred plays. Around 1492, Memling was commissioned to paint the Najera Altarpiece for the Benedictine Monastery of Santa Maria la Real in Najera, Spain; the altarpiece, completed in Flanders, consisted of an image of God surrounded by angels playing a variety of musical instruments while atop a row of clouds before a golden background. Recent scholarship by Bart Fransen has determined that Gonzalo de Cabredo and Abbot Pablo Martinez commissioned the creation of this artwork. Memling became sufficiently prosperous that his name appears on a list of the 875 richest citizens of Bruges who w

Heartache Is Boring

Heartache Is Boring is the debut studio album by singer-songwriter Ainjel Emme, released in October 2003. "Long As It's Sweet" – 3:44 "In Flames" – 3:54 "A Fraction" – 4:09 "Set Up For a Fall" – 3:54 "Easier" – 5:01 "What I Know About You" – 4:08 "Cold Like Speech" – 4:46 "Dodging Fate" – 1:37 "Summerlife" – 5:37 "The Frozen Lake" – 7:02 The song "Summerlife" was featured in Todd Livingston's 2007 film So You've Downloaded A Demon. "Long As It's Sweet" made it to the finals at Independent Artist Company's Indie Song of the Year contest in 2005, but lost to a song by legendary The Who guitarist Pete Townshend and his girlfriend, Rachel Fuller. Ainjel was inducted into the IAC Hall of Fame at this time; the song "In Flames" was featured on Desperate Hippies, a Desperate Housewives spoof, featured at the 2006 Tromanale Festival in Berlin and on MySpace. "Set Up For A Fall" won Best Pop Song of 2006 at the Independent Artist Company. "Long As It's Sweet" and "In Flames" were featured in the 2007 film, Have Love Will Travel.

"Easier" won Indie Song of The Year at on April 6, 2008

Syrian Democratic Forces

The Syrian Democratic Forces is an alliance in the Syrian Civil War composed of Kurdish and Assyrian/Syriac militias, as well as some smaller Armenian and Chechen forces. The SDF is militarily led by the People's Protection Units, a Kurdish militia. Founded in October 2015, the SDF states its mission as fighting to create a secular and decentralized Syria; the updated December 2016 constitution of the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria names the SDF as its official defence force. The primary opponents of the SDF are the various Islamist and Arab nationalist rebel groups involved in the civil war, in particular the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, the Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army, al-Qaeda affiliates and their allies; the SDF has focused on the Islamic State driving them from important strategic areas, such as Al-Hawl, Tishrin Dam, Manbij, al-Tabqah, Tabqa Dam, Baath Dam, ISIL's former capital of Raqqa. In March 2019, the SDF announced the total territorial defeat of the Islamic State in Syria, with the SDF taking control of the last stronghold in Baghuz.

Since the defeat of the Islamic State, the SDF has been involved with combating the growing Turkish occupation of northern Syria. Multiple credible sources indicate that the Kurdistan Workers' Party is the driving force behind the Syrian Kurdish People's Protection Units and the YPG-led Syrian Democratic Forces; the establishment of the SDF was announced on 11 October 2015 during a press conference in al-Hasakah. The alliance built on longstanding previous cooperation between the founding partners. While the People's Protection Units and the Women's Protection Units had been operating throughout the regions of the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria, the other founding partners were more geographically focused. Geographically focused on the Euphrates Region were the YPG's partners in the Euphrates Volcano joint operations room, several mainstream Syrian rebel factions of the Free Syrian Army, who had helped defend the Kurdish town of Kobanî during the Siege of Kobanî. Liwa Thuwwar al-Raqqa was in Euphrates Volcano, it was expelled by the al-Nusra Front and ISIL from the city of Raqqa for being allied with the YPG since April 2014.

The group participated in the capture of Tell Abyad from the Islamic State. Geographically focused on the Jazira Region in northeast Syria were the Assyrian Syriac Military Council and the al-Sanadid Forces of the Arab Shammar tribe, both of whom had cooperated with the YPG in fighting ISIL since 2013; the MFS is further politically aligned with the YPG via their shared secular ideology of democratic confederalism, which in the Assyrian community is known as the Dawronoye movement. Geographically focused on the Manbij Region was the Army of Revolutionaries, itself an alliance of several groups of diverse ethnic and political backgrounds, who had in common that they had been rejected by the mainstream Syrian opposition for secular, anti-Islamist views and affiliations. However, most of the JAT component groups have always used the Free Syrian Army label and continue to use it; the following groups signed the founding document: On 10 December 2015, after a two-day conference, The Syrian Democratic Council was established as a political platform of the SDF.

Human rights activist Haytham Manna was co-chairman at its founding. The Assembly that established the Syrian Democratic Council was made up of 13 members from specific ethnic and political backgrounds; the Syrian Arab Coalition is called by the U. S. government as an alliance of programmatically ethnic Arab militias established during the Syrian Civil War. In this narrative, it consists of ethnic Arab component groups of the SDF alliance, such as the al-Sanadid Forces, the Deir ez-Zor Military Council, Arab units within the Army of Revolutionaries, along with smaller factions. At the time of its founding in late 2015, The Economist described the SDF as "essentially a subsidiary of the Kurdish YPG". At the end of October 2015, the al-Shaitat tribal militia, the Desert Hawks Brigade joined the SDF to fight ISIL in the southern countryside of Hasakah Governorate. On 15 November 2015, the FSA group Euphrates Jarabulus Battalions announced its accession to the Syrian Democratic Forces. On 2 December 2015, members of the Deir ez-Zor Governorate-based Arab tribe al-Shaitat joined the SDF, sending fighters to al-Shaddadah.

With continuous growth in particular due to Arab groups and volunteers joining, in March 2016 only an estimated 60% of the men and women in the SDF fighting force were ethnic Kurds. Growth in particular of Arab and Assyrian participation in the SDF has since continued. In an interview on the first anniversary of the SDF's founding, spokesman Talal Silo, an ethnic Turkmen and former commander of the Seljuq Brigade, stated that "we started with 13 factions and now there are 32 factions", that "90 percent" of the SDF growth since it began its operations were ethnic Arabs. In the context of the November 2016 Northern Raqqa offensive, The Economist said the SDF fighting force to be composed of "about 20,000 YPG fighters and about 10,000 Arabs"; the next month in December 2016, Colonel John Dorrian, the Operation Inherent Resolve spokesman, stated that the SDF contained around 45,000 fighters, of which more than 13,000 were Arabs. On 6 January 2016 an additional 400 members of the Arab Deir ez-Zo