click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Sherwood Forest

Sherwood Forest is a royal forest in Nottinghamshire, famous by its historic association with the legend of Robin Hood. The area has been wooded since the end of the Last Glacial Period. Today, Sherwood Forest National Nature Reserve encompasses 423.2 hectares, surrounding the village of Edwinstowe, the site of Thoresby Hall. It is a remnant of an older, much larger, royal hunting forest, which derived its name from its status as the shire wood of Nottinghamshire, which extended into several neighbouring counties, bordered on the west along the River Erewash and the Forest of East Derbyshire; when the Domesday Book was compiled in 1086, the forest covered a quarter of Nottinghamshire in woodland and heath subject to the forest laws. The Sherwood Forest Trust is a small charity that covers the ancient royal boundary and current national character area of Sherwood Forest, its aims are based on conservation and communities, but include tourism and the economy. Nottinghamshire County Council and The Forestry Commission manage jointly the ancient remnant of forest north of the village of Edwinstowe, providing walks, trails and a host of other activities.

This central core of ancient Sherwood is a Site of Special Scientific Interest, NNR, Special Area of Conservation. It is a important site for ancient oaks, wood pasture and fungi, as well as being linked to the legends of Robin Hood. During the second world war parts of Sherwood forest were used extensively by the military for ammunition stores, POW camps and training areas. Oil was produced at Eakring. After the war, large ammunition dumps were abandoned in the forest and were not cleared until 1952, with at least 46,000 tons of ammunition in them. Part of the forest was opened as a country park to the public in 1969 by Nottinghamshire County Council, which manages a small part of the forest under lease from the Thoresby Estate. In 2002, a portion of Sherwood Forest was designated a National Nature Reserve by English Nature. In 2007, Natural England incorporated the Budby South Forest, Nottinghamshire's largest area of dry lowland heath, into the Nature Reserve, nearly doubling its size from 220 to 423 hectares.

In August 2018, the RSPB opened a new visitor centre at the site with a shop and a café, after being granted permission to manage the woods in 2015. Some portions of the forest retain many old oaks in the portion known as the Dukeries, south of the town of Worksop, so called because it used to contain five ducal residences; the River Idle, a tributary of the Trent, is formed in Sherwood Forest from the confluence of several minor streams. Sherwood many from other countries; each August the nature reserve hosts week-long Robin Hood Festival. This event recreates a medieval atmosphere and features the major characters from the Robin Hood legend; the week's entertainment includes jousters and strolling players, dressed in medieval attire, in addition to a medieval encampment complete with jesters, rat-catchers and fire eaters. Throughout the year, visitors are attracted to the Sherwood Forest Art and Craft Centre, situated in the former Coach House and Stables of Edwinstowe Hall in the heart of the Forest.

The centre contains art studios and a cafe, hosts special events, including craft demonstrations and exhibitions. Sherwood Forest is home to the famous Major Oak, according to local folklore, was Robin Hood's principal hideout; the oak tree is between 800 and 1,000 years old and, since the Victorian era, its massive limbs have been supported by an elaborate system of scaffolding. In February 1998, a local company took cuttings from the Major Oak and began cultivating clones of the famous tree with the intention of sending saplings to be planted in major cities around the world; the Major Oak was featured on the 2005 BBC TV programme Seven Natural Wonders as one of the natural wonders of the Midlands. Thynghowe, an important Danelaw meeting place where people came to resolve disputes and settle issues, was lost to history until its rediscovery in 2005–06 by local history enthusiasts amidst the old oaks of an area known as the Birklands. Experts believe it may yield clues as to the boundary of the ancient Anglo Saxon kingdoms of Mercia and Northumbria.

English Heritage had inspected the site, have confirmed it was known as "Thynghowe" in 1334 and 1609. The current location of the Sherwood Forest Visitor Centre must be moved due to the classification of the area as a Special Area of Conservation. List of forests in the United Kingdom List of ancient woods in England Sherwood Foresters, a British Army regiment associated with Nottinghamshire Bankes, Richard. Sherwood Forest in 1609: A Crown Survey Conduit, Brian. Exploring Sherwood Forest Fletcher, John. Ornament of Sherwood Forest From Ducal Estate to Public Park Gray, Adrian. Sherwood Forest and the Dukeries 2008 Sherwood Forest and the East Midlands Walks Innes-Smith, Robert; the Dukeries & Sherwood Forest Ottewell, David. Sherwood Forest in Old Photographs Forestry Commission The News and Archaeology of The Real Sherwood Forest Nottinghamshire County Council's Official Sherwood Forest Page Sherwood Forest Regeneration Plans Sherwood Forest Trust Official Website The Living Legend details current plans for the forest.

Official tourism website for Nottinghamshire and Sherwood Forest According to Ancient Custom: Research on the possible Origins and Purpose of Thynghowe Sherwood Forest

The Disaster Artist

The Disaster Artist: My Life Inside The Room, the Greatest Bad Movie Ever Made is a 2013 non-fiction book written by Greg Sestero and Tom Bissell. Sestero details the troubled development and production of the 2003 cult film The Room, his own struggles as a young actor, his relationship with Room director Tommy Wiseau. A film adaptation of the same name was released in 2017, directed by and starring James Franco as Wiseau and his brother Dave Franco as Sestero. 19-year-old Greg Sestero, an aspiring actor struggling with confidence, first encounters Tommy Wiseau in an acting class held by Jean Shelton in San Francisco. Sestero is at first perplexed by Wiseau's over-the-top acting technique, his unusual physical appearance, his mysterious accent and his eccentric behavior, which includes a fascination with American culture and a refusal to discuss his past. At the same time, Sestero admires Wiseau's boldness and his genuine enthusiasm for both life and acting; the two form an odd but affectionate bond as Sestero begins to learn of the many contradictions of Wiseau's personality.

Sestero signs with talent agent Iris Burton. After viewing The Talented Mr. Ripley for the first time, Sestero is struck by how similar Wiseau is to the title character and convinces him to see the film. However, instead of recognizing his own behavior, Wiseau is impressed by the film and becomes obsessed with creating a work just as powerful, he subsequently disappears from Greg's life for nine months—during which their occasional phone calls indicate that Wiseau had become depressed and suicidal—but he returns to Los Angeles with a finished script for his film: The Room, which includes a character, named after Ripley actor Matt Damon. Backed by a endless, mysterious supply of money, Wiseau develops, produces and stars in The Room, despite having no knowledge of filmmaking. On-set relationships are a disaster: the story itself is nonsensical and full of plot threads that are never addressed or resolved. By the end of shooting, along with the rest of the cast and crew, become convinced that the film will never be seen and lose their enthusiasm, resulting in lackluster performances, as well as technical and storytelling blunders that prove impossible to correct in post-production.

The production takes its toll on Sestero's relationship with his girlfriend, who breaks up with him after the Los Angeles portion of the shoot ends. These recollections are interspersed with "fantastical, self-contradictory stories" about Wiseau's conflicted past, which includes such experiences as being ridiculed for his interest in America while growing up in an unidentified Eastern Bloc country, being threatened with death by sadistic French policemen, progressing from a yo-yo and toy bird salesman to a retail and real estate tycoon, which serve to highlight his motivations for attempting to enter the film industry. Shortly after filming ends, Wiseau gives Sestero a rough cut of the film as a parting gift. Sestero screens it for his family, their reaction turns out to be prophetic when, eight months Wiseau secures a release for the film, beginning its cult reputation as "the Citizen Kane of bad movies". The book ends with Sestero's meditation on how Wiseau's handling of The Room's creation demonstrates the power of unconditional belief in one's dreams.

A film adaptation of the same name, directed, co-produced by and starring James Franco as Wiseau and Dave Franco as Sestero, premiered at South by Southwest on March 12, 2017, was released in the United States on December 1, 2017. It won Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for James Franco at the Golden Globe Awards and received an Academy Award nomination for Best Adapted Screenplay. In May 2014, an audiobook version of The Disaster Artist was released by Tantor Audio, with Sestero reading the story. Sestero's impression of Wiseau in the audiobook has received praise from critics, including The Huffington Post and Publishers Weekly; the Disaster Artist audiobook was named a finalist for the 2015 Audie Awards for Best Humor Audiobook. In March 2014, The Disaster Artist won for Favorite Non-Fiction Book of 2013 at Bookish. On November 23, 2014, The Disaster Artist won for Best Non-Fiction at the National Arts & Entertainment Journalism Awards ceremony in Los Angeles; the judges praised the book, stating "The Disaster Artist is not only a hell of a good read, it will make a great film if adapted.

It's equal parts Ed Wood, American Hustle and demented Citizen Kane—with a dash of Monty Python thrown into the mix". On February 11, 2015, The Disaster Artist was nominated for Best Humor Audiobook at the Audie Awards, was narrated by author Greg Sestero; the awards ceremony was held May 28, 20

Baskerville, Western Australia

Baskerville is an outer northeastern rural suburb of Perth, Western Australia, in the Swan Valley region, 31 km from Perth's central business district via Midland and Great Northern Highway. Nearly all of it is under cultivation with viticulture being the main economic activity, several well-established Swan Valley wineries are based here, its local government area is the City of Swan. The name Baskerville was given by William Tanner, a prominent Perth citizen and landowner, to Swan Location 5 when he took up a grant there in 1831, he never lived on the properties and left the Swan River Colony in 1835. In the 1880s, the land was acquired by Walter Padbury, who employed his relative, Henry Hardwick, to manage it. In 1886 a homestead was built for him on. After World War I, the Government decided to commence a soldier resettlement scheme in the Swan Valley region, subdivided it into lots of about 10-50 acres which would be operated as small farms. However, many of the soldiers had no agricultural experience, sold the land to new migrants those from Yugoslavia and Italy who had experience in viticulture.

A 1953 map by a CSIRO viticultural expert shows nearly all of Baskerville was used for grape growing, with some citrus orchards on the riverfront near what is now Amiens Crescent. In 1989, the white-berried seedling of Cabernet Sauvignon, Cygne blanc, was discovered growing in a Baskerville garden planted next to a Cabernet Sauvignon vineyard. Although the name of Baskerville was in use for the area, it was not approved for the suburb until 1992. Baskerville is a narrow strip of land, starting on a curve in the Swan River and measuring 800 m north-south by 7.5 km east-west, with Haddrill Road providing the centre line. A small area of native forest exists to the east of the suburb, accessible from Joshua Mews. No explicitly residential areas exist in the suburb. A hall and oval are located on Memorial Avenue, a fuel station is located on Great Northern Highway and many of the small family-run wineries, including an organic winery, on Memorial Avenue and Haddrill Road offer cellar door tastings.

Belvoir Amphitheatre, an open-air concert venue, is just north of the suburb's boundary. Great Northern Highway, a two-lane single carriageway at this point, travels through the west of the suburb, Haddrill Road, a minor distributor, provides access from the highway to the suburb's interior. Transperth bus routes 310 and 311 serve Great Northern Highway while route 312 serves Railway Parade and Haddrill Road further inland. All services are operated by Swan Transit. Swan Valley, Western Australia Swan Valley Wine Guide Swan Valley Winery Guide

Karakalpak language

Karakalpak is a Turkic language spoken by Karakalpaks in Karakalpakstan. It is divided into Northeastern Karakalpak and Southeastern Karakalpak, it developed alongside neighboring Uzbek languages, being markedly influenced by both. Typologically, Karakalpak belongs to the Kipchak branch of the Turkic languages, thus being related to and mutually intelligible to Kazakh. Karakalpak is a member of the Kipchak branch of Turkic languages, which includes Tatar, Kumyk and Kazakh. Due to its proximity to Uzbek, much of Karakalpak's vocabulary and grammar has been influenced by Uzbek. Like all Turkic languages, Karakalpak has vowel harmony, is agglutinative and has no grammatical gender. Word order is subject–object–verb. Karakalpak is spoken in the Karakalpakstan Autonomous Republic of Uzbekistan. 2,000 people in Afghanistan and smaller diaspora in parts of Russia, Kazakhstan and other parts of the world speak Karakalpak. Karakalpak has official status in the Karakalpakstan Autonomous Republic; the Ethnologue identifies two dialects of Karakalpak: Southwestern.

Menges mentions a third possible dialect spoken in the Fergana Valley. The Southwestern dialect has /tʃ/ for the Northeastern /ʃ/. Karakalpak has 21 native consonant phonemes and uses four non-native phonemes in loan words. Non-native sounds are shown in parentheses. Vowel harmony functions in Karakalpak much as it does in other Turkic languages. Words borrowed from Russian or other languages may not observe rules of vowel harmony, but the following rules apply: men I, sen you, ol he, she, it, biz we, siz you, olar they bir 1, eki 2, úsh 3, tórt 4, bes 5, altı 6, jeti 7, segiz 8, toǵıs 9, on 10, júz 100, mıń 1000 Karakalpak was written in the Arabic and Persian script until 1928, in the Latin script from 1928 to 1940, after which Cyrillic was introduced. Following Uzbekistan's independence in 1991, the decision was made to drop Cyrillic and revert to the Latin alphabet. Whilst the use of Latin script is now widespread in Tashkent, its introduction into Karakalpakstan remains gradual; the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets are shown below with their equivalent representations in the IPA.

Cyrillic letters with no representation in the Latin alphabet are marked with asterisks. The last changes to the new Karakalpak alphabet were made in 2016: instead of letters with apostrophes, letters with acutes were introduced. Therefore, the new Karakalpak alphabet will act in the same way the new Kazakh and Uzbek alphabets represent – that is, with acutes. Before 2009, C was written as TS. A'jiniyaz

UPMC Shadyside School of Nursing

The UPMC Shadyside School of Nursing is a public nursing school in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It is affiliated with UPMC Shadyside Hospital, it is located in the East Liberty neighborhood of Pennsylvania. The school is housed at 5900 Baum Blvd in the AAA Motor Square Garden building. Named the Pittsburgh Training School for Nurses, the school was founded in 1884 by three physicians from Pittsburgh Homeopathic Hospital: Dr. James H. McClelland, Dr. Lewis H. Willard and Dr. Charles F. Bingaman, they developed the idea for the school after a meeting with Florence Nightingale three years prior. The school was the first nursing school in Western Pennsylvania. In 1942 the school was renamed to Shadyside School of Nursing, four years after the hospital changed its name to Shadyside Hospital. In December 2009, the UPMC Shadyside School of Nursing received an endowment of $900,000, the largest donation in the school's history, from 1939 alumnae Jane Pesci; the UPMC Shadyside School of Nursing offers a diploma in nursing.

The school has an 18-month, full-time daylight program and 3-year, part-time evening/weekend program. The school is accredited by the National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission and approved by the State Board of Nursing Commonwealth of Pennsylvania; the school received the Center of Excellence designation for 2009-2012 by the National League for Nursing. Mary Roberts Rinehart Brignano, Mary. Inheritors of a Glorious Reality: a history of Shadyside Hospital. Pittsburgh: Shadyside Hospital. ISBN none. Miller, Miriam C.. Through the Years with the Nurses at the Shadyside Hospital. Pittsburgh: Davis and Warde. ISBN none. Official website

Wild Life (Hedley album)

Wild Life is the fifth studio album by Canadian pop/rock band Hedley. It was released via Universal Music Canada on November 11, 2013 in their native Canada, while the album was via Capitol Records in the US on May 20, 2014; the album peaked at No. 4 on the Canadian Albums Chart. It sold 64,000 copies in Canada in 2013. Wild Life was certified Platinum by Music Canada on March 10, 2014; the album was released in the US on May 19, 2014. The album's lead single "Anything" was released on August 27, 2013, the music video premiered on September 10; the song has peaked at number 5 on the Billboard Canadian Hot 100."Crazy for You" was released as a promotional single on October 22, 2013, as the second official single from Wild Life on January 10, 2014. It was released to hot adult contemporary radio in the US on March 17, 2014. A music video for the song premiered February 14, 2014; as of June 2014, the song has peaked at No. 7 on the Canadian Hot 100 and within the top 10 on the CHR, Hot AC, AC radio formats.

The music video stars actress Aurelia Scheppers. "Heaven In Our Headlights" was issued to radio as the third official single from the album on June 17, 2014, while the music video premiered that week on June 20. It debuted at No. 47 on the Canadian Hot 100 for the chart dated July 3, 2014."Pocket Full of Dreams" was announced as the fourth single from the album on November 18, 2014. The band uploaded an official lyric video to YouTube on the same day