Shesha known as Sheshanaga or Adishesha, is the nagaraja or King of all Nāgas and one of the primal beings of creation. In the Puranas, Shesha is said to hold all the planets of the universe on his hoods and to sing the glories of the God Vishnu from all his mouths, he is sometimes referred to as Ananta Shesha, which translates as endless-Shesha or Adishesha "first Shesha". It is said that creation takes place. Vishnu is depicted as resting on Shesha. Shesha is considered a manifestation of Vishnu, he is said to have descended to Earth in two human forms or avatars: Lakshmana, brother of Vishnu's avatar Rama, as Balarama, brother of Vishnu's avatar Krishna. "Shesha" in Sanskrit texts those relating to mathematical calculation, implies the "remainder"—that which remains when all else ceases to exist. Shesha is depicted with a massive form that floats coiled in space, or on the ocean of bliss, to form the bed on which Vishnu lies. Sometimes he is shown as five-headed or seven-headed, but more as a many thousand-headed serpent, sometimes with each head wearing an ornate crown.
His name means "that which remains", from the Sanskrit root śiṣ, because when the world is destroyed at the end of the kalpa, Shesha remains as he is. In the Bhagavadgita of Chapter 10, verse 29, Shri Krishna while describing 75 of his common manifestations, declares, "anantaś ca asmi nāgānāṁ": Of the nagas, I am Ananta; as per the Mahabharata, Shesha was born to his wife Kadru. Kadru gave birth to a thousand snakes. After Shesha, Vasuki and Takshaka were born, in order. A lot of Shesha's brothers were bent upon inflicting harm on others, they were unkind to Garuda, Kashyapa's son through Vinatha, sister of Kadru.. Shesha, disgusted by the cruel acts of his brothers, left his mother and kin, took to austere penances, he lived on air and meditated in places including Gandhamadhana, Gokarna and Himalayas. His penances were so severe that his flesh and muscles dried up and merged with his frame. Brahma, convinced of his Shesha's will, asked Shesha to request a boon. Shesha asked that he be able to keep his mind under control so that he could continue to perform ascetic penances.
Brahma gladly accepted the request. Brahma asked a favour of Shesha: to go beneath the unstable earth and stabilize it. Shesha went to the netherworld and stabilized her with his hood, he is known to support her today, thus making Patala his perennial residence. Shesha is depicted as floating in the ocean of the changing world, forming the bed of Maha Vishnu. Since he is known as Adishesha and because he is Anantashesha or Ananta. In the Bhagavata Purana Shesha is named Sankarshana, the tamasic energy of Lord Narayana himself, is said to live deep within the inner layers of patala, where there are many serpents with gems on their heads and where Sankarshana is the ruler, he is said to live since before the creation of the universe. When the universe is towards its end, he creates 11 Rudras from Them to destroy the universe for a new one to be created. Sankarshana is one of the four vyuha forms of Vishnu or Krishna, the other three being Vāsudeva and Aniruddha. Sankarshana expands himself as Garbhodakshayi-Vishnu in the beginning of the universe to create Brahma.
In other words, Lord Sankarshana is Lord Narayana himself. In previous chapters of the Purana it is said that Lord Sankarshana spoke the Bhagavata to the Four Kumaras, who in their turn passed this message of the Bhagavata. At some point the message was passed to sage Maitreya. Lakshmana and Balarama are considered avatara of Sheshanaga, it is considered in Vaishnavism, that Lord Balarama is the first manifestation from Lord Krishna, that Lord Balarama incarnates into Sesha to serve Krishna as Vishnu. In a story from the Puranas, Shesha's younger brother Vasuki loosens Mount Mandara, to enable it to be used in the churning of the ocean by the devas and asuras. According to the Mahabharata, his father was his mother Kadru; the city of Thiruvananthapuram is named after him as the "City of Lord Anantapadmanabha." "The foremost manifestation of Lord Vishnu is Sankarṣana, known as Ananta. He is the origin of all incarnations within this material world. Previous to the appearance of Lord Shri Krishna, this original Sankarsana will appear as Baladeva, just to please the Supreme Lord Shri Krishna in His transcendental pastimes."
Bhāgavata Purāṇa 10.1.24 "Sri Anantadeva has thousands of faces and is independent. Always ready to serve the Supreme Personality of Godhead, He waits upon him constantly. Sankarsana is the first expansion of Vasudeva and because he appears by his own will, He is called svarat independent, he is therefore transcendental to all limits of time and space. He Himself appears as the thousand-headed Shesha." Srila Jiva Gosvami, in his Krishna-Sandarbha "Sankarsana of the quadruple form descends with Lord Shri Rama as Lakshmana. When Lord Shri Rama disappears, Shesha again separates himself from the personality of Lakshmana. Shesha returns to his own abode in the Patala regions and Lakshmana returns to His abode in Vaikuntha." A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada In the Bhagavad-Gita, when in the middle of the battlefield Kurukshetra, Shri Krishna explaining his omnipresence, says: "Of Nāgas
Orinam is a non-funded and activist collective that works to enhance understanding of alternate sexualities and gender identities among families and society. It was founded in 2003 in Chennai under the name MovenPick and is one of the oldest collective of its kind in India. People affiliated with Orinam are from or trace their ancestry to the following geo-cultural: People of Tamil Origin from Tamil Nadu, India. Orinam provides a platform for creative expression and social commentary by Queer people of Tamil Origin and of Indian Origin primarily. Orinam acts as a local support group in Chennai for the queer community; the website is the first Queer blog in the world. Orinam partners with the city-, state- and national initiatives around decriminalisation of homosexuality by amending Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code and LGBTQ rights; the collective was co-founded on 25 December 2003 by a group of queer men with the name "MovenPick/MP". The name was changed to Orinam due to a name conflict with an unrelated restaurant, MovenPick.
"Orinam" in Tamil means "One kind" or "One Community". Orinam conducts various activities toward the awareness and celebration of issues affecting the LGBTQIA population of the Tamil and diasporic population. "Queering Literature" or Quilt is a monthly reading group that discusses fiction and non-fiction written by queer and trans people of the Indian diaspora. "Vannangal" is an annual queer performance festival held just before the Chennai Pride March and is jointly hosted by Orinam, Shakti Resource Centre, Nirangal. Orinam hosts monthly meetups for the queer community in Chennai to provide a safe space for the community to meet and interact with one another. After the Orlando shooting massacre at a gay nightclub in Florida in 2016, Orinam curated and organized protests and vigils all over the country. Orinam is associated with the Chennai Rainbow Pride March and the Chennai International Queer Film Festival; the Chennai Rainbow Pride March is held on the last Sunday of every June. It celebrates the visibility of alternate sexualities and gender identities and affirm the notion of self-respect as a key goal of the LGBT movement.
It is organized by the Tamil Nadu Rainbow Coalition. Chennai has been organizing LGBT-themed film screenings since 2004, including film festivals in 2004, 2005 and 2006, organized by the NGO Solidarity and Action Against The HIV Infection in India, curated by volunteers from Orinam. Orinam creates resources that creates awareness about LGBTQIA issues for various stakeholders, including for friends and family of LGBTQ people, for those that identify as queer themselves, for LGBTQ sensitization at the workplace and educational institutions, healthcare professionals, media professionals, law & enforcement officials, issues surrounding religion and faith, they offers a list of resources as crisis support. Orinam curated a series of 500-odd letters called 377 Letters with one aim: to ask people—members of the LGBT community, friends, supporters—to write in to the Chief Justice of India, explaining why the decriminalization of same-sex relationships matters and demand the scrapping of Section 377.
Orinam's website features a series of personal narratives by those that identify as queer under the section. After the passing of the Transgender Rights Bill by the Supreme Court in 2014, Orinam published a comprehensive list of the responses of collectives and commentators, including an in-depth critical analysis of the text of the judgment. Chennai Rainbow Pride LGBT culture in Chennai Tamil Sexual Minorities Official website Official website
Wildlife SOS is a conservation non-profit in India, established in 1995 with the primary objective of rescuing and rehabilitating wildlife in distress in the country, preserving India’s natural heritage. It is one of the largest Wildlife Organisations in South Asia. Although internationally known for groundbreaking work of eradicating the cruel and barbaric practice of dancing bears from the streets of India while creating alternative livelihoods for the nomadic communities that depended on the exploitation of the bears, WSOS is known for their efforts at rescue and rehabilitation of sloth bears and more elephants. Wildlife SOS runs active projects focused on mitigation of human wildlife conflict with regard to species like leopards, elephants, moon bears and other animals across several states in India. In addition, their work includes projects targeted at biodiversity and habitat conservation, awareness workshops and anti-poaching operations, as well as the rehabilitation of communities dependent on performing or working animals for their livelihood.
Wildlife SOS was founded in 1995 by Kartick Satyanarayan and Geeta Seshamani with the motive of protecting and preserving India's natural heritage and wildlife. Dedicated to the eradication of the centuries-old practice of'dancing' bears, the organisation now runs several projects across the country focused on rescuing wildlife in distress, mitigating man-animal conflict, habitat restoration, raising awareness, training enforcement officers, conducting scientific research and conservation studies, combating illegal wildlife poaching and trafficking and rehabilitating wildlife-dependent communities. Wildlife SOS aims to protect and preserve India’s wildlife, run rehabilitation and rescue centres for wildlife, conserve habitats, raise awareness, conduct research, study biodiversity and provide sustainable alternative livelihoods for communities otherwise dependent on wildlife to earn a livelihood; the sloth bear is a medium-sized omnivorous species of bear found in the Indian subcontinent, predominantly India, with a small population in Nepal and Bhutan, a sub-species in Sri Lanka.
It is listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red list. One of the major causes of this is the exploitation of sloth bears as ‘dancing’ bears by members of a nomadic tribe known as the Kalandars or Qalandars and mistreatment of the animals to support the same, trafficking of bear parts for use in traditional Chinese medicine – contributing to the declining numbers of sloth bears in the wild. Wildlife SOS is credited with the eradication of the ‘dancing bear’ practice in India, rescuing bears from abusive owners and poachers and rehabilitating them in one of four centers in India- 1. Agra Bear Rescue Facility in Agra 2. Bannerghatta Bear Rescue Facility in Karnataka 3. Van Vihar Bear Rescue Facility in Bhopal 4. Purulia Bear Rescue Centre in West Bengal Here, the bears are given the medical care required and allowed to socialize and roam in large, free-range areas. So far, more than 640 sloth bears have been rehabilitated by the organization. Wildlife SOS carries out ex-situ conservation studies on the bears to enhance existing conservation measures for the species’ survival and provides sustainable, alternative livelihoods to the bears’ former owners and their families.
The Indian elephant is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian elephant, native to mainland Asia and is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red list. Elephants are under threat due to poaching, habitat destruction, man-animal conflict and encroachment. Ignorance and a lack of awareness have resulted in the continuous enslavement of these animals as working elephants- to beg, for display in temples, for performances and entertainment and physical labour. Wildlife SOS works in collaboration with the Government of India’s Project Elephant and in partnership with the Haryana Forest Department at Ban Santour and the Uttar Pradesh Forest Department at Mathura to confiscate abused and mistreated elephants and provide them safe and healthy retirement in one of the two elephant sanctuaries it manages - the Elephant Conservation and Care Centre in Mathura and the Elephant Rescue Centre in Haryana. Wildlife SOS is caring for 23 rehabilitated elephants at these two centers. Medical treatment is made available for injured or sick elephants, handlers, known as mahouts, are trained in humane treatment and management of the animals to improve their working conditions and reduce illicit poaching and mistreatment of the animals.
In 2014, Wildlife SOS announced its mission to rescue the 67 remaining elephants from circuses in India. At the beginning of 2016, 8 circus elephants were in the care of the organization; the Wildlife SOS Elephant Conservation and Care Centre was established in 2009 in collaboration with the Uttar Pradesh Forest Department to address the conservation issues facing Asian elephants in India. The main objectives of the centre are to eradicate illegal trafficking and holding of elephants, creating a platform for public awareness about the threats faced by Asian elephants, ensuring the safety and protection of elephants in the wild while pioneering humane and scientific management of elephants in India as a replacement of traditional methods of management that are fraught with risks to the elephants and mahouts. ECCC serves as a model centre where humane management and training of elephants is practiced in a country where traditional management methods involving abuse and starvation have been in wide use for centuries.
In 2018, Wildlife SOS established India's f
Kakyō Hyōshiki is a text on Japanese poetics written by Fujiwara no Hamanari. One volume in length, it "is the oldest extant piece of poetic criticism in the Japanese canon"; the text was commissioned by Emperor Kōnin and completed in 772. The common title today is in reference to Chinese Book of Songs. However, chronologically the name does not fit, some manuscripts do not include this title at all. Alternative titles include Uta no Shiki, to have been the original title, as well as Hamanari Shiki based on the compiler's name; the main focus of the text is an attempt to apply phonetic rules of Chinese poetry to Japanese poetry. As the two languages are fundamentally different, the application is unnatural; the text defines seven types of kahei "poetic sicknesses" which are rhetoric faults that should be avoided when composing poetry. Tōbi: the last character of the first and last verses are the same kyōbi: the last character of the first verse is the same as the third or sixth character of the second verse yōbi: the last character of the other verses is homophonous with the last character of the third verse enshi: the last character of the third verse is used in the other verses yūfū: the second and final syllables in a single verse are the same dōseiin: the final character of the third and fifth verses are the same henshin: with the exception of the final syllable of the third verse, when two or more homophones are used consecutivelyThe text defines three types of poetic forms: kyūin: chōka and tanka satai: irregular zattei: mixedHamanari quotes 34 poems to illustrate the above points.
Many of these poems are not found in poetry collections of the time such as Man'yōshū. These poems are quite valuable to historical linguists as they are written in Man'yōgana, a script which preserves a historical phonological distinction known as Jōdai Tokushu Kanazukai, soon lost afterwards. 8th century in poetry Kubota, Jun. Iwanami Nihon Koten Bungaku Jiten. Iwanami Shoten. ISBN 978-4-00-080310-6. Nihon Koten Bungaku Daijiten: Kan'yakuban. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten. 1986. ISBN 4-00-080067-1. Rabinovitch, Judith. "Wasp Waists and Monkey Tails: A Study and Translation of Hamanari's Uta no Shiki, Also Known as Kakyō Hyōshiki". Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies. Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, Vol. 51, No. 2. 51: 471–560. Doi:10.2307/2719287. JSTOR 2719287
Owen Fegan is an Irish musician, singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and creative director. He is best known as the keyboard songwriter with the alternative rock band Rubyhorse; as a solo artist — VEMO — his debut EP Maps of Mars was released on November 17th, 2017. Owen was born in Cork and formed Rubyhorse in 1988 with schoolmates Dave Farrell, Decky Lucey, Joe Philpott, Gordon Ashe. After the band’s relocation to Boston in 1997, three studio albums, two major-label recording contracts, a single Sparkle which peaked at #21 on the Billboard charts in the summer of 2002, a collaboration with George Harrison on the track Punchdrunk, TV appearances including Late Show with David Letterman and Late Night with Conan O'Brien, international tours with artists including R. E. M. INXS, Culture Club, Def Leppard, Owen played his last show with Rubyhorse at the World Peace Music Awards in Bali, Indonesia in June 2003 and moved to New York City to work on his own music, pursue his lifelong passions of art and photography.
His photography has appeared in major commercial campaigns, as well as magazines such as SPIN, Rolling Stone, Blender, as well as Tom Petty’s Runnin' Down A Dream alongside Mark Seliger, Annie Leibovitz, Danny Clinch. Soon after his move to New York City, Owen joined Spin as creative director, has held the title at Rolling Stone, New York, streaming music service Grooveshark. Owen serves as Creative Director at New-York based tech company Yext which filed its "IPO", on 13 April 2017. In the years since his departure from Rubyhorse, Owen continued to write music, working his way through an array of musical directions while developing his skills as an audio engineer and mixer. In 2013, he built his own studio — The Binery — in New York City and began writing and recording new material under the name VEMO. Combining the pop sensibilities of Rubyhorse with more seasoned songwriting and production style, the EP Maps of Mars featured four tracks from these sessions which were entirely self-performed and mixed.
Heaven features drums by lead guitar and additional vocals by Chris Buckle. Buckle plays additional guitar on My Sad 71; the EP was mastered by Fred Kevorkian at Avatar Studios in New York City. In 2019 Fegan relocated to Amsterdam with his family where he has begun working on a new project under the name SVPERGROVP. Iamvemo.com owenfegan.com
Vicky Fun Ha Tchong is an East Timorese diplomat. Like many members of the ethnic Chinese minority in Timor, Tchong lived in exile in Australia during the Indonesian occupation of East Timor, before returning to East Timor after 17 years abroad. Before working for the Foreign Ministry of East Timor, she worked for the East Timor Humanitarian Response Group, which assisted in the return of refugees to East Timor. In 2002, the former secretary general of the East Timorese foreign ministry, Olimpio Branco, was appointed as acting Foreign Minister. From September onwards, he was replaced by an executive team that took over the position every four months on rotation; the team consisted of Nelson Santos, as director for bilateral relations, Vicky Tchong, as administrative director, Roberto Soares, director for regional affairs. On 1 January 2004, Santos was appointed on an interim basis as the sole secretary general, Tchong as the vice-secretary geneal. Tchong served as a counsellor at the East Timorese embassy in Beijing, where Olimpio Branco served as the first East Timorese Ambassador to the People's Republic of China, from 2005 onwards.
In 2008, Tchong returned to East Timor to serve as secretary general at the foreign ministry, the highest position after the foreign minister, Zacarias da Costa. In the same year, she became a member of the working group to set up the Comissão da Função Pública, which began its work in 2009. On 26 November 2010, Tchong was named as the East Timorese ambassador to China, succeeding Olimpio Branco, she presented her credentials to the Chinese President, Hu Jintao, on 15 February 2011. Her successor as ambassador, Bendito Freitas, was appointed on 15 November 2015 and accredited on 29 February 2016