Shikoku is one of the five main islands of Japan. Shikoku is the second smallest main island after Okinawa, it is between 50 and 150 km or 31.1 and 93.2 mi wide. It has a population of 3.8 million. It is located north east of Kyushu. Shikoku's ancient names include Iyo-no-futana-shima, Iyo-shima, Futana-shima, its current name refers to the four former provinces that made up the island: Awa, Tosa and Iyo. Shikoku island, comprising Shikoku and its surrounding islets, covers about 18,800 square kilometres and consists of four prefectures: Ehime, Kagawa, Kōchi, Tokushima. Across the Seto Inland Sea lie Wakayama, Osaka, Hyōgo, Okayama and Yamaguchi Prefectures on Honshu. To the west lie Ōita and Miyazaki Prefectures on Kyushu; the 50th largest island by area in the world, Shikoku is smaller than Sardinia and Bananal, but larger than Halmahera and Seram. By population, it ranks 23rd, having fewer inhabitants than Sicily or Singapore, but more than Puerto Rico or Negros. Mountains running east and west divide Shikoku into a narrow northern subregion, fronting on the Seto Inland Sea, a southern part facing the Pacific Ocean.
The Hydrangea hirta species can be found in these mountain ranges. Most of the 3.8 million inhabitants live in the north, all but one of the island's few larger cities are located there. Mount Ishizuchi in Ehime at 1,982 m is the highest mountain on the island. Industry is moderately well developed and includes the processing of ores from the important Besshi copper mine. Land is used intensively. Wide alluvial areas in the eastern part of the zone, are planted with rice and subsequently are double-cropped with winter wheat and barley. Fruit is grown throughout the northern area in great variety, including citrus fruits, persimmons and grapes; because of wheat production, Sanuki udon became an important part of the diet in Kagawa Prefecture in the Edo period. The larger southern area of Shikoku is sparsely populated; the only significant lowland is a small alluvial plain at the prefectural capital. The area's mild winters stimulated some truck farming, specializing in growing out-of-season vegetables under plastic covering.
Two crops of rice can be cultivated annually in the southern area. The pulp and paper industry took advantage of hydroelectric power; the major river in Shikoku is the Yoshino River. It runs 196 km from its source close to Mount Ishizuchi, flowing west to east across the northern boundaries of Kōchi and Tokushima Prefectures, reaching the sea at the city of Tokushima; the Yoshino is famous for Japan's best white-water rafting, with trips going along the Oboke Koboke sections of the river. Shikoku has four important capes: Gamōda in Anan, Tokushima on the easternmost point on the island, Sada in Ikata, Ehime on the westernmost point. Muroto in Muroto, Kōchi and Ashizuri, the southern extreme of Shikoku, in Tosashimizu, Kōchi, jut into the Pacific Ocean; the island's northernmost point is in Kagawa. Unlike the other three major islands of Japan, Shikoku has no volcanoes. Shikoku has a total population of 3,845,534 in 2015; the largest city is the capital of Ehime Prefecture. Shikoku is the main island with the third largest population density, at 204.55 km2.
Shikoku has been rather isolated and therefore it has kept the original characteristics of Japan for a longer period in regards to vegetation and some architecture techniques. There are many Buddhist temples. One of the most fascinating descriptions of the "lost" Shikoku is by the Japanologist Alex Kerr. Since 1970, the American writer lived in a remote mountain village near Oboke for many years. Ashizuri-Uwakai National Park is located in the south-western part of Shikoku. Shikoku is famous for its 88-temple pilgrimage of temples; the pilgrimage was established by a native of Shikoku. According to legend, the monk would still appear to pilgrims today. Most modern-day pilgrims travel by bus choosing the old-fashioned method of going by foot, they are seen wearing white jackets emblazoned with the characters reading dōgyō ninin meaning "two traveling together". Tokushima Prefecture has its annual Awa Odori running in August at the time of the Obon festival, which attracts thousands of tourists each year from all over Japan and from abroad.
Kōchi Prefecture is home to the first annual Yosakoi festival. The largest festival in Kōchi, it takes place in August every year and attracts dancers and tourists from all over Japan. One of the major foods of Shikoku is udon. Udon is served hot as a noodle soup in its simplest form, as kake udon, in a mildly flavoured broth called kakejiru, made of dashi, soy sauce, mirin, it is topped with thinly chopped scallions. Other common toppings include tempura prawn or kakiage, or aburaage, a type of deep-fried tofu pockets seasoned with sugar and soy sauce. A thin slice of kamaboko, a halfmoon-shaped fish cake, is added. Shichimi can be added to taste. Another specialty is Kōchi's signature dish, seared bonito; the warm climate of Shikoku lends itself to the cultivation of citrus fruits. As a result, yuzu and other citrus fruits are plentiful on Shikoku and have become synonymous with the regions they are grown in. Pioneering natural farmer Masanobu Fukuoka, author of The One-Straw Revolution, developed his methods here on his family's farm.
No Shikoku-based sports team has competed in the top Japane
Charter TV3 is a local television network located in Worcester, Massachusetts, USA. Charter TV3 telecasts in central Massachusetts and part of southern New Hampshire and northeastern Connecticut; the station broadcasts in the town of Shrewsbury, Massachusetts, on Shrewsbury Community Cable/Channel 15. The flagship program, Worcester News Tonight broadcasts weeknights on Charter TV3. Worcester News Tonight is the only television news and sports program serving Central New England; the evening show telecasts at 6:00PM, 6:30PM and 9:00PM on Charter TV3. The evening newscast features stories by the Worcester News Tonight News Reporters Olivia Lemmon, Ana Bottary, Brittany Schaefer, Cam Jandrow, Chandler Walsh and Roslyn Flaherty, sports with Kevin Shea & Andy Lacombe and weather with NECN's Matt Noyes; the Worcester News Tonight 6pm News is presented by Olivia Lemmon and The "Worcester News Tonight 10pm News" is presented by Ana Bottary. The show rebroadcasts at 11:00PM, 11:30PM, 2:30AM the following morning.
The 10 pm News features weather and an extended sports segment with Kevin Shea. The station's signature sports program is the Friday Night Football Frenzy, a weekly highlight program showcasing central Massachusetts high school football. Charter TV3 provides local sports coverage, including game telecasts of select Worcester Bravehearts and Pawtucket Red Sox baseball games. Charter TV3 Sports concentrates its coverage on local high school and professional athletics; every weeknight, Kevin Shea and Andy Lacombe report on the latest sports news on Worcester News Tonight. Charter TV3 Sports schedules live; these live telecasts include high school and College of the Holy Cross football, high school and Holy Cross basketball, baseball games with the PawSox and Worcester Bravehearts. Charter TV3 provides community-based programming; every weekday, Charter TV3 simulcasts WTAG's, Jim Polito Show and The Jordan Levy Show featuring the Worcester politico and former mayor, Jordan Levy. Charter TV3 programming includes Central Mass.
Simonov Monastery in Moscow was established in 1370 by monk Feodor, a nephew and disciple of St Sergius of Radonezh. The monastery land belonged to Simeon Khovrin, a boyar of Greek extraction and progenitor of the great clan of Golovins, he took monastic vows in the cloister under the name Simon. In 1379, the monastery was moved half a mile to the east, its original location, where bodies of the warriors killed in the Battle of Kulikovo had been buried, is still commemorated by the old Simonov church. During the 15th century, the cloister was the richest in Moscow. Among the learned monks who lived and worked there were Maximus the Greek. A white stone cathedral was erected in 1405; as the monastery defended southern approaches to Moscow, it was fortified in the 1640s. The last addition to the complex was a huge multi-storied bell-tower, modelled after Ivan the Great Bell Tower of Moscow Kremlin; the monastery was abolished by the Bolsheviks in 1923, soon thereafter most of its buildings were demolished to make way for an automobile plant.
Surviving structures all date back to the 17th century and include three towers of cannon-like appearance and auxiliary buildings in the Naryshkin baroque style. The Moscow government announced plans for a full-scale reconstruction of the famous cloister. According to several sources, part of the former monastery buildings was transferred in 1990 from the Ministry of Culture of the USSR to Russian Orthodox Church and Orthodox community of deaf people, who began the works on restoration and reconstruction of its facilities; the first service after the restoration was held in 1992